• The key threatening processes include: (1)
habitat loss and modification; (2) over-use of
biological resources; (3) pollution; (4) effects
of introduced and non-native species; and (5)
• A number of species of foreign origin have been
introduced to the natural ecosystems of Armenia.
The effects of introduced species through
competition with native species, is not clear and
their broader effects on biodiversity are unknown.
The temperature rise in Armenia
• The impact of climate
change on biodiversity
remains unclear but a
temperature rise of 23°C is predicted, which
would result in increased
possibly to species
The endangered bird
• Of around 17,500 species of invertebrate
and vertebrates recorded in Armenia,
approximately 300 are considered to be
rare or declining.
• A total of 99 vertebrates are currently
listed in the Armenian Red Data Book, of
which 39 are also listed in the Red Data
Book of the Former Soviet Union.
Distribution of some threatened
animals in Armenia
2. France: endangered species
• Of the many species of animals to become
endangered in France some of the most well
known include the Corsican deer, Pyrenean Ibex
as well as a dozen different species of bat. River
Otters have become endangered primarily due to
trapping as their fur is a prized possession.
• The once famous brown bear which was
commonly seen in the mountains of France in
previous centuries has all but disappeared since
the 1930’s although it is believed that there are still
France 2 – sea wildlife
• While accurate figures are difficult to
obtain, it is estimated that as many as a
quarter of the fish species indigenous to
the waters off France have become
endangered over the past few decades.
• Reasons for dwindling numbers of fish
include over fishing as well as factors
related to the changing climate in France.
Some endangered animals in
Some of the most
well known include
the Corsican deer,
Pyrenean Ibex as
well as a dozen
different species of
• Like many former Soviet republics,
Ukraine suffers from air and water
pollution from industrial plants that had
few environmental controls.
• This has contributed to a decline in the
health of the Black Sea.
• Today, the 20 or so remaining species of
kovyl have been entered into the
Chervona Knyha (‘Red Book’), or the book
of endangered species of Ukraine.
• Another feature of the steppe was the
• The numbers of this majestic bird of prey
have drastically reduced, and the eagle
has also been entered into the ‘Red
Book of Ukraine.’
• A species of eagle known as the orel
kurhannyk, or eagle of the burial
mounds, has been especially hard hit
and also entered into the ‘Red Book of
Endangered flora in Ukraine
How very sad?!
4. Poland –endangered species
• Mud turtle – it lives in overgrown lakes and
• – Short-eared owl – a rare bird of large marshes
• – Pygmy owl – the smallest of European owl
species, living in primeval forests;
• – Eagle owl – the biggest of European owl
species, living in primeval forests and rocky
• – Western curlew – a rare species, living on wet
Endangered in Poland 2
• – Roller – the edges of old forests are its favourite
• – Wolf – the only area it can be spotted is eastern
• – Lynx – it can be encountered in large and dense forest
• – Snake-head fritillary – a rare plant of wet meadows;
• – Bog rosemary – it is found on wood peatland;
• – Water chestnut – ponds and old riverbeds of southern
Poland are its natural habitat;
• – Aldrovanda vesiculosa – this carnivorous plant grows
11/03/13lakes and feeds on little insects.
• Water chestnuts…and well known animals
• Impressive mammals, such as the brown
bear, the wolf, the Caucasian goat (also
called the Tur), graze on the mountains of
the Greater Caucasus range. One of the
last remaining populations of goitered
gazelle in the South Caucasus lives on the
lowland steppes of Azerbaijan.
Some species in Azerbaijan
Plants in the Red Book
Hirkan box tree, Iron tree,
Chestnut leave oak, Garachohra
Eastern Plane, Caucasian
• Velvet Guilder rose,
• Araz oak, The Caucasian
• Water lily, The Caucasian iron
Some animals in the Red Book
Black stork, Curly tail pelican
Marble poult, White tail Sea Eagle
Grave Eagle, Golden eagle
Trout fish, He-goat
Moufflon, Caucasian tetra
Caucasian ular, Swan
Gazelle, Pit nose jullut (Cokekburun jullut)
White tail pit nose (agquyruq cokekburun)
Field fork shaped tail jullut
• Some of threatened species are:
Environment - current issues:
• - air pollution, principally from vehicle and
power plant emissions;
• - nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the
• - drinking and surface water becoming
polluted from animal wastes and
A few endangered plantsDenmark
• On postage stamps, too! Wise!
Denmark pays a lot of attention to
What to say in the end?!
• When sifting through resources, both of us found
out the IDENTICAL REASONS for the fabulous
and most precious species, both flora and fauna
to face proper extinction unless people totally
CHANGE the present life habits and abolish
further demolition of the living life, HUMAN
• WHICH WAY TO USE?
THE RIGHT ONE!
• Yours, Melita and Niculina
Etiwnning project: LET’S TALK
ABOUT THE FUTURE