<ul><li>Pre Class </li></ul><ul><li>Recall our discussion from last week: </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Europeans become inter...
<ul><li>Between 1450 and 1800 10-15 MILLION Africans were kidnapped and sold into slavery </li></ul>The Trans-Atlantic Sla...
<ul><li>The extent of the slave trade   Estimates of the number of slaves sold into the Americas have been hotly debated, ...
<ul><li>Portuguese – looking for a sea route to India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapped the coast of West Africa; searched for ...
 
<ul><li>N. & S. American plantations </li></ul><ul><li>SUGAR = $$$ </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies needed LABOR in order to be ...
The African Diaspora
 
<ul><li>Most slaves were prisoners of war </li></ul><ul><li>Some sold themselves into slavery during famines </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>What goods were exchanged? </li></ul><ul><li>Who profited the most from this trade? </li></ul>Triangular Trade
Orange = development of British colonies; DIRECT trade in slaves with Africans
<ul><li>Triangle Trade  linked Europe, Africa and the Americas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ outward passage” – Africans exchang...
 
Olaudah Equiano Falconbridge’s Account Online
Pre Class <ul><li>In your notebook , draw an annotated map (in this case, one that shows goods that were exchanged) of the...
Triangular Trade
How to Analyze an Image <ul><li>What questions should you ask yourself? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Try to imagine that you are African who has experienced the horrific  middle passage .  Write an account of your e...
 
 
 
<ul><li>When I looked round the ship too and saw a large furnace of copper boiling, and a mulititude of black people of ev...
 
 
<ul><li>&quot;I had seen a black woman slave as I came through the house, who was cooking the dinner, and the poor creatur...
<ul><li>1807-08 – Britain & US ban Atlantic trade </li></ul><ul><li>1834 – Britain bans slavery </li></ul><ul><li>1865 – U...
<ul><li>Depopulation (W. Africa) </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulation of warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Dependant relationship with Eu...
<ul><li>Moral/religious shifts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New openness to democratic ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Slave rebelli...
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The Slave Trade

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The Slave Trade

  1. 1. <ul><li>Pre Class </li></ul><ul><li>Recall our discussion from last week: </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Europeans become interested in the African continent? </li></ul><ul><li>React to this image. What emotions does it evoke for you? </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Between 1450 and 1800 10-15 MILLION Africans were kidnapped and sold into slavery </li></ul>The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
  3. 3. <ul><li>The extent of the slave trade Estimates of the number of slaves sold into the Americas have been hotly debated, but the following figures are a broad outline: 1551 – 1600 0.7 million 1601 - 1650 1 million 1651 - 1700 1.7 million 1701 - 1750 3 million 1751 – 1800 3.8 million ** 1801 - 1850 3.2 million (source: The Penguin Dictionary of British History; Gardiner, Juliet. Penguin Books: London, p. 622) </li></ul>invention of the cotton gin
  4. 4. <ul><li>Portuguese – looking for a sea route to India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapped the coast of West Africa; searched for W. African kingdoms (gold) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Euro. join in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trading posts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sent missionaries to “civilize” Africans; convert them to Christianity </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>N. & S. American plantations </li></ul><ul><li>SUGAR = $$$ </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies needed LABOR in order to be profitable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Native Americans died off in large #s </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. The African Diaspora
  7. 9. <ul><li>Most slaves were prisoners of war </li></ul><ul><li>Some sold themselves into slavery during famines </li></ul><ul><li>Treated as servants rather than property </li></ul><ul><li>“ A slaves who knows how to serve inherits his master’s property” </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalized slavery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mid 1700s – 100,000/year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As demand for slaves increased, so did price </li></ul><ul><li>Racism justified treating African slaves as property </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>What goods were exchanged? </li></ul><ul><li>Who profited the most from this trade? </li></ul>Triangular Trade
  9. 11. Orange = development of British colonies; DIRECT trade in slaves with Africans
  10. 12. <ul><li>Triangle Trade linked Europe, Africa and the Americas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ outward passage” – Africans exchanged war captives for manufactured goods ( guns , jewelry, cloth, rum) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ middle passage” – horrific transport of slaves across the Atlantic, to the Caribbean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ return passage” – raw materials (sugar, tobacco, rice, cotton) from plantations in the Caribbean to Europe </li></ul></ul>
  11. 14. Olaudah Equiano Falconbridge’s Account Online
  12. 15. Pre Class <ul><li>In your notebook , draw an annotated map (in this case, one that shows goods that were exchanged) of the triangular trade that linked Europe, Africa and the Americas. </li></ul>
  13. 16. Triangular Trade
  14. 17. How to Analyze an Image <ul><li>What questions should you ask yourself? </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>Try to imagine that you are African who has experienced the horrific middle passage . Write an account of your experience in which you use 7 facts that you gathered from viewing the pictures and reading the accounts of Alexander Falconbridge. </li></ul><ul><li>Underline the facts in your writing. </li></ul>
  16. 22. <ul><li>When I looked round the ship too and saw a large furnace of copper boiling, and a mulititude of black people of every description chained together, every one of their countenances expressing dejection and sorrow, I no longer doubted of my fate and quite overpowered with horrow and anguish, I fell motionless on the deck and fainted. . . . I asked if we were not to be eaten by those white men with horrible looks, red faces and long hair?“ -_Olaudah Equiano </li></ul>
  17. 25. <ul><li>&quot;I had seen a black woman slave as I came through the house, who was cooking the dinner, and the poor creature was cruelly loaded with various kinds of iron machines; she had one particularly on her head, which locked her mouth so fast that she could scarcely speak, and could not eat or drink. I [was] much astonished and shocked at this contrivance, which I afterwards learned was called the iron muzzle.“ (Olaudah Equiano) </li></ul>
  18. 26. <ul><li>1807-08 – Britain & US ban Atlantic trade </li></ul><ul><li>1834 – Britain bans slavery </li></ul><ul><li>1865 – U.S. bans slavery (Civil War) </li></ul>
  19. 27. <ul><li>Depopulation (W. Africa) </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulation of warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Dependant relationship with Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of slave trade-dependant economies </li></ul>About a quarter of all Africans who were enslaved between 1500 and 1870 were transported across the Atlantic in the years after 1807 2 new African nations were created: Sierra Leone – 1787 (blacks from England) Liberia – 1822/47 (freed blacks from U.S.) http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761595721_3/Atlantic_Slave_Trade.html
  20. 28. <ul><li>Moral/religious shifts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New openness to democratic ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Slave rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Changing economy </li></ul>Detail from ‘ Portrait of William Roscoe ’ by Sir Martin Archer Shee http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/ism/slavery/europe/abolition.aspx

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