Teaching Students with Languageand Communication Disabilities Chapter 1: Language and Language Disorders
Chapter Goals:• After reading this chapter students should be able to:• 1. Differentiate between speech, language, and communication.• 2. Explain the characteristics of a language.• 3. Identify the components needed for successful communication.• 4. Identify characteristics of language disorder.
Case Study: Kevin• Partner Share 1. Use the chart paper and markers provided to create an action plan for Kevin. 2. Remember to answer all four questions to the best of your knowledge and experiences working with children.
What is SPEECH?• Neuromuscular act of producing sounds used in LANGUAGE• Example of “Clicking” sounds: – Human Echolation• Example of “Clicking” sounds: – African "Click" Language
What is LANGUAGE?• Rule-governed symbol system for communicating meaning through a shared code of arbitrary symbols – Communication! – Shared Code! – Arbitrary Symbols! – Generative! – Creative!• Secret Twin-Talk: VIDEO
What is COMMUNICATION?• 4 Must-HAVE Elements: – SENDER of the Message – RECEIVER of the Message – Shared INTENT to communicate – Shared MEANS of communication Animals and Communication:
American Speech-Language-HearingAssociation (ASHA) Definition of LANGUAGE:SOLO Think Time:3. Read the ASHA definition of LANGUAGE.4. Choose ONE of the bulleted descriptors for language to create a meaningful interpretation.5. Demonstrate your understanding by turning in a quick-write, thinking map or sketch of your reflection.
Childhood Speech and Language Delays • Things to Keep in Mind
Language Disorder (as defined by ASHA):• A language disorder is impaired comprehension and/or use of spoken, written and/or other symbol systems. The disorder may involve (1) the form of language (phonology, morphology, syntax), (2) the content of language (semantics), and/or (3) the function of language in communication (pragmatics) in any combination.
Characteristics of Children withLanguage and Communication Disorders• Academic Performance: – Reluctance to contribute to discussions – Difficulty organizing ideas – Difficulty recognizing phonemes – Difficulty producing sounds – Failure to follow directions – Difficulty finding the right word for things Expressive Language Disorder
Characteristics of Children withLanguage and Communication Disorders• Social Interaction – Reluctance to interact with other children – Exclusion or rejection by other children – Difficulty carrying on a conversation – Problems negotiating rules for games Apraxia – Specific Speech Disorder
Characteristics of Children withLanguage and Communication Disorders• Cognitive Functioning – Difficulty organizing information for recall – Slow responding – Inattentiveness Ava and her ABC’s
Characteristics of Children withLanguage and Communication Disorders• Behavior – High level of frustration – Frequent arguments – Fighting with peers – Withdrawing from interaction
Definitions for STUDY GUIDE:• communication• dialect• language• language disorder• speech – Definitions found on page 12 – This will be on the mid-term!