mId-termPowerpoint<br />September 17, 2011<br />By: Melissa Goodwin<br />Ways of the WorldParts I & II, Robert W. Strayer<br />
Homo Sapiens & The Paleolithic Era<br />250,000 years ago<br />Hunters and gatherers<br />Paleolithic artwork, communication<br />Populated the globe, beginning in Africa<br />Represent %95 of time humankind has inhabited Earth<br />
The Hazda<br />Last people to practice Paleolithic lifestyle<br />1,000 members<br />Nomadic group moving frequently within their region<br />Living in grass huts<br />Are threatened by modern society<br />
Manipulated by humankind and grew from only centimeters to 6-8 inches long, present day
Came to America in 1000 B.C.E. with migrating farmers
Peruvians began making Maize beer about 500 B.C.E.
Maize farming became widespread even before the arrival of pilgrims
Maize then migrated to Europe, Africa and Asia in the 16th-18th centuries</li></ul>The History of Corn/Maize<br />
Olmec History:<br />Founded in 1200 B.C.E.<br />Located along the Gulf of Mexico<br />Created from several competing chiefdoms<br />First written language in America around 900 B.C.E. <br />Economy relied on the farming of maize, beans and squash<br />Had great influence on coming and future civilizations in America<br />Famous for their artwork<br />Created the “Colossal Heads”<br />First civilization to practice ritual bloodletting and mesoamerican ballgame<br />The Final First Civilization: OLMEC<br />
<ul><li>Located on the Iranian plateau in 500 B.C.E.
The largest empire and surpassed their predecessors by far.
The Persian Empire encompassed a population of 35 million .
Satraps, Persian governors in each of the Persian provinces.</li></ul>THE PERSIAN EMPIRE<br /><ul><li>Persian Empire also had coinage, taxes and a man-made canal for commerce and communication.
Persian postal system was eventually adopted by the United States.
Known for their elaborate construction. </li></li></ul><li>Rome: City-Stateto Empire<br />509 B.C.E. a republic was formed where the wealthy dominated.<br />Took pride in their political system, believed it gave them freedom.<br />Eventually encompassed entire Mediterranean basin.<br />Their army built the empire.<br />As the empire grew, their authority was questioned.<br />Imperial riches lead to the Roman civil war.<br />After civil war, an Emperor was chosen, Caesar Augustus.<br />The republic became an Empire.<br />One sole authority and a professional army.<br />The first two centuries were known as the Roman peace, the era of their greatest authority.<br />
PERSIAN MONOTHEISM<br />Introduced monotheism to Persia after the polytheism of earlier times.<br />Zarathustra believed in one God, Ahura Mazda<br />The source of all truth, light, and goodness. <br />Achieved widespread support among Persian community.<br />Never became and active missionary religion.<br />Alexander the Great’s invasion was devastating to Zoroastrianism. <br />It survived and held popularity through the Parthian and Sassanid dynasties.<br />Did not spread past Persia.<br />Some of it’s ideals found a place in the emerging Judaism religion.<br />Zoroastrianism<br />Zoroaster<br />
Jesus of Nazareth<br />Leader of the world’s second great universal religion, Christianity.<br />His life and teachings had dramatic impact on world history.<br />Born into a lower class family from a rural area.<br />A “wisdom leader”, challenging beliefs of His time.<br />Called for personal transformation and kindness to one another.<br />Performed miracles through the<br />power of God.<br />He spoke on behalf of the <br />poor and oppressed.<br />His public life only lasted around<br />three years, yet had a enormous impact.<br />