English283 presentationfall2013

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English283 presentationfall2013

  1. 1. ENGLISH 283 Research for Creative Writing I
  2. 2. The Research Process Ask a Question Brainstorm Background Information Search Evaluate Results
  3. 3. Ask a Question Research starts with Curiosity What do you want to know? May start with a general question Ex. What would life have been like for a young woman immigrating to New York from Ireland during the Great Famine?
  4. 4. Ask a Question Brainstorm Background Information Search Evaluate Results
  5. 5. Brainstorm Related Terms and Ideas Pick out the key ideas in your topic/question Try to think of synonyms or alternate phrasing List any related terms (broader/narrower) you can think of Ireland | Irish | Éire | Gaelic | County Cork, etc. Great Famine | Potato Famine | an Gorta Mór (“the Great Hunger”) | an Drochshaol (“the bad life”) New York | Ellis Island | Five Points Immigration | Emigration 1845 – 1852
  6. 6. Ask a Question Brainstorm Background Information Search Evaluate Results
  7. 7. Initial Search for Background Information Read for general information on your topic Identify gaps in your existing knowledge Narrow and focus your research Sources Encyclopedias and other Reference Books Skim a Book on the general topic Web Search
  8. 8. Ask a Question Brainstorm Background Information Search Evaluate Results
  9. 9. Define a Search Strategy Articulate what you need to know Determine where/how you are most likely to find it If you don’t know, ASK!
  10. 10. Types of Information Sources  Primary Sources Information in its original form when it first appears  Secondary Sources Restates, rearranges, examines, or interprets information from one or more primary sources  Tertiary Sources Leads you to secondary sources
  11. 11. Primary Sources  Has not been published anywhere else or put into a context, interpreted, filtered, condensed, or evaluated by anyone else  Examples A speech, lecture, or presentation Writing by the witnesses of an event, person, or place  Newspaper articles  A diary or journal  Letters, correspondence, or transcribed conversations Artwork, poetry, and other artistic expressions An original scientific study Historical documents or publications  The U.S. Constitution
  12. 12. Secondary Sources  Has been removed from its original source and repackaged  Examples Notes or summary of a speech, lecture, or presentation Book or journal article analyzing an historical person or event and attempting to put it in context Critic’s response to artwork, poetry, and other artistic expressions Encyclopedia article on a topic Newspaper article reporting on a scientific study published elsewhere  May also lead you to primary information Bibliography or index of primary sources
  13. 13. Tertiary Sources  Commonly used to identify and locate secondary sources  Examples Bibliography of critical works about a person, period, work, or other topic Index to secondary sources  Index to journal, magazine, or newspaper articles  Library catalog
  14. 14. Timeline of Primary and Secondary Sources
  15. 15. Where Do I Find… Primary Sources Library’s Catalog Library’s Databases  ARTstor Print Indexes Archives Historical Societies Manuscript Collections Museums Embedded in Secondary Sources Secondary Sources Library’s Catalog Library’s Databases PsychINFO ERIC MLA International Bibliography Print Indexes
  16. 16. Creative Writing Research Guide http://libguides.sdstate.edu/creativewriting
  17. 17. Ask a Question Brainstorm Background Information Search Evaluate Results
  18. 18. Evaluate Your Results Did you find an answer to your research question? Yes – Is the answer useful for your research project?  Fact vs. Opinion  Sufficient detail? No – Re-evaluate your search strategy and try something different
  19. 19. Repeat? Research is an iterative process Finding the answer to your initial question may raise new, more interesting questions Ask a Question Brainstorm Background Information Search Evaluate Results
  20. 20. Ask a Question Original Question What would life have been like for a young woman immigrating to New York from Ireland during the Great Famine? Focus and Narrow What would have been popular or common knowledge? Stories and Tales Flowers Clothes Occupations

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