Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Galicia and its bodies of water


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Galicia and its bodies of water

  1. 1. Geography of Galiciaand its bodies of waterMarch 2012
  2. 2. Spain: location
  3. 3. Southern EuropeArea: 504,645 km²7.800 km of coast,incluiding theCanary andBalearic IslandsSpain: location
  4. 4. Spain: seas and oceans
  5. 5. Mediterranean Sea: warmer thanthe othersCantabric SeaAtlantic Ocean
  6. 6. The mediterranean coasts:∗ Mild temperatures∗ Irregular rainfallSpain: different climatesInland : the climate is more extreme• Low temperatures in Winter and high in Summer• Irregular rainfallNorth:•Low temperatures in Winter and mild inSummer•Abundant rainfall
  7. 7.  Situated in Northwestern Spain Area of 29,574 km² 1500 km of coast Four provinces: three of them are in the sea shore. Oceanic climate: Winters and Summers are mild with abundant rainfallGalicia: our region
  8. 8. ∗ Ocean/Seas. Most important. They condition theclimate∗ Rivers∗ Lakes (fresh water) and lagoons (salt water)∗ Subterranean watersGalicia’s bodies of water: types
  9. 9. ∗ The most important geographical feature of our coast∗ Inlet that advances into the ocean∗ They coincide with the mouth of a river∗ They are subject to the tidesRias (estuaries)Rivers that flow into the rias
  10. 10. RiasNorthernRias:Ferrol,Coruña…SouthernRias:Arousa,Pontevedra…They are different in theheight of the coast and intheir size
  11. 11. They are very productive due to the rise of cold waterscoming from Atlantic currentsRiasRias of Coruña, Betanzos and Ferrol
  12. 12. TIDESThe average tide is approximately 2.7 metersToday (March 15th) High tide: 1 m Low tide: 1,1 m
  13. 13. Ria of Ferrol:data Average salt in sea: 34-35,6/1000 g salt/kg water Mix of fresh water and seasalt water. Salinity suffers variations inWinter due to continentalwater. This influence is muchsmaller at depths over 20metersSurface water temperatureMinimum of 10-12 ºC in WinterMaximum of 18-20 ºC in Summer
  14. 14. Rias uses Fishing RecreationCariño harbour (near Ferrol)Coruña harbour
  15. 15. Fishing in Galicia1,500 km of coast4,500 km2aprox. of fishing groundINDICATORS:1 boat/km217 fishermen/km of coast4 fishermen/km24 sale points/100km of coastCedeira harbour (near Ferrol)
  16. 16. Fishing• Shellfish on foot: 5,693people• Shellfish on boat: 4,836people• Inshore fishing: 9,249 people• Deep-sea fishing: North Sea5,177 people• Aquaculture (turbot): 4,264people• Rafts: mussels and oysters Ría of Vigo with rafts
  17. 17. Shellfishing
  18. 18. Main species captured
  19. 19. ∗ Ferrol∗ A Coruña∗ Vigo∗ Vilagarcía∗ Marín∗ San CipriánHarboursFerrol harbour with a huge cruise
  20. 20. ∗ A Coruña∗ Vigo∗ Cedeira∗ Celeiro∗ RibeiraFishing portsGran Sol fleet, Vigo Celeiro (Lugo)A Coruña
  21. 21. ∗ Beaches. In Galicia there are hundreds of beaches. Only 15km from Ferrol we have more than 21 beachesWater sports:∗ Surf∗ Rowing∗ Sailing∗ Canoeing∗ Scuba divingRecreational usesGalicia has:• 86 nautical installations (20% of Spain’s)•12,000 moorings•19,000 licenses to practice water sportsDoniños beach. Ferrol
  22. 22. The Pantin ClassicInternationalCompetition takes placein Pantín, near Ferrol,every SeptemberSurf
  23. 23. Dinghy sailing race. Ferrol,August 2011Tall ships AtlanticChallenge 2009. VigoSailingSailing is a sport with a big tradition here in Galicia
  24. 24. Tradicional Galician BoatsChalanaDorna
  25. 25. NATIONAL PARKSAtlantic Islands National Park (SouthwesternGalicia)Cies Island National Park
  26. 26. Coastal LagoonsThey are small and briny in different degreesThey are important to safeguard the typical Galicianflora and fauna (wetlandNear Ferrol we have two lagoonsDoniños lagoon Valdoviño lagoon
  27. 27. ∗ Shipyards in Ferrol and Vigo∗ 2011: 55 % of all the vessels built in Spain.∗ 2012: 28 % of all the vessels built in Spain.The Naval restructuring began in 1982 and hasn’t finished yet.Naval IndustryFerrol shipyard
  28. 28. In Galicia there are many small rivers, but the most importantones are the Miño(310 km) and its tributaire the SilRiversMiño river and Roman bridgein OurenseSil river
  29. 29.  Human supply. Recreation. Power IrrigationRiver UsesTraditional irrigation channel in Galicia
  30. 30. Human supply: damForcadas dam: Ferrol’s supply of drinking water
  31. 31. Used years ago to wash clothes by hand. Now theyare being restored and preserved as part of Galicia’sethnographic heritage.Human supply: washing places
  32. 32. Waste water treatment plantsin Galicia
  33. 33. Energetic use of the rivers Galicia is one of thebiggest producers ofhydroelectric power inSpain 147 hydroelectric powerstations (large and small) 38 large hydrolectricpower stationsFervenza dam in the Xallas river(Coruña)
  34. 34. Small Hydroelectric Power Stations(less than 10 MW)Belelle river
  35. 35. Hydroelectric Power Stations(10-50 MW)
  36. 36. Subterranean Waters• Wells: used years ago to get drinking water.• Fountains: very common in many Galician towns andvillages.St. Roque fountain (18thcentury) FerrolFurado river fountain (Ferrol)
  37. 37. ∗ Very common in Galicia.∗ Used since Roman times to treat respiratory, rheumatic or skin deseases.∗ The most important ones are in Ourense and the hot water flows at morethan 60 ºC.∗ Nowadays, most of them are part of spas.Hot springsRoman hot spring in Ourense