Chemistry                           Chapter 3 - Section 1                                          What is a              ...
Water                               No matter what                               you do to it                             ...
Salt Water                               If you boil salt                               water, the                        ...
Pulpy                               Orange                               Juice                               If you strain...
Substances           Water, salt water and pulpy orange                 juice are different. These           differences c...
Atoms and ElementsWednesday, July 11, 2012
Atoms and Elements            C                O2      H2O                           N a C lWednesday, July 11, 2012
Atoms and Elements        N aCl        C                  Boil                           Grind                           F...
Atoms and Elements        N aCl                       N aCl        C                  Boil                           Grind...
Substance             matter that has the same fixed             composition and properties. It           can’t be broken d...
Wednesday, July 11, 2012
Wednesday, July 11, 2012
CompoundsWednesday, July 11, 2012
Compounds      Water is a compound      but it is not an element.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
Compounds      Water is a compound      but it is not an element.     Compounds have fixed composition. The ratio of     th...
Compounds      Water is a compound      but it is not an element.     Compounds have fixed composition. The ratio of     th...
MixturesWednesday, July 11, 2012
Mixtures     Lemonade is water and sugar     and lemon juice.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
Mixtures     Lemonade is water and sugar     and lemon juice.     A mixture is a combination     of substances that are no...
Mixtures     Lemonade is water and sugar     and lemon juice.     A mixture is a combination     of substances that are no...
HeterogeneousWednesday, July 11, 2012
Heterogeneous    Heterogeneous mixture - type of mixture    where the substances are not mixed evenly.Wednesday, July 11, ...
Heterogeneous    Heterogeneous mixture - type of mixture    where the substances are not mixed evenly.    The different ar...
Homogeneous                             (Solution)Wednesday, July 11, 2012
Homogeneous                             (Solution)    A homogeneous mixture contain 2 or more    substances that are evenl...
Homogeneous                               (Solution)              C6H12O6 H 0                       2                     ...
How     Solutions       FormWednesday, July 11, 2012
How     Solutions       Form Sugar molecules spreading out until they are evenly spaced is called dissolving.Wednesday, Ju...
How     Solutions       Form Sugar molecules spreading out until they are evenly spaced is called dissolving.  Solute-subs...
How     Solutions       Form Sugar molecules spreading out until they are evenly spaced is called dissolving.  Solute-subs...
Forming Solids  from SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
Forming Solids  from Solutions  When a solid comes back out of its solution and  form a solid it is called crystallization...
Forming Solids  from Solutions  When a solid comes back out of its solution and  form a solid it is called crystallization...
Forming Solids from SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
Forming Solids from Solutions   Stalactites and stalagmites in   caves are formed from   solutions.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
Forming Solids from Solutions   Stalactites and stalagmites in   caves are formed from   solutions.   First, water with di...
Forming Solids from Solutions   Stalactites and stalagmites in   caves are formed from   solutions.   First, water with di...
Forming Solids from Solutions   Stalactites and stalagmites in   caves are formed from   solutions.   First, water with di...
Forming Solids from Solutions   Stalactites and stalagmites in   caves are formed from   solutions.   First, water with di...
Forming     Solids      from    SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
Forming     Solids      from    Solutions   Sometimes a solid forms because of a chemical   reaction. This solid is called...
Forming     Solids      from    Solutions   Sometimes a solid forms because of a chemical   reaction. This solid is called...
Solutions Making Solids         PHYSICALWednesday, July 11, 2012
Solutions Making Solids                           CHEMICAL         PHYSICALWednesday, July 11, 2012
Wednesday, July 11, 2012
Types of SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
Types of SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
Liquid SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
Liquid Solutions                                In a liquid-gas solution                                the solute is a ga...
Liquid SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
Liquid Solutions                                   In a liquid-solid                                   solution the       ...
Liquid SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
Liquid Solutions                                In a liquid-liquid                                solution both the       ...
Gaseous                           SolutionWednesday, July 11, 2012
Gaseous                           Solution                           A smaller amount                           of one gas...
Gaseous                                Solution                               A smaller amount                            ...
Solid SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
Solid Solutions    The solvent is a solid, the solute is a solid, liquid or    gas. The most common is solid-solid solutio...
Solid Solutions    The solvent is a solid, the solute is a solid, liquid or    gas. The most common is solid-solid solutio...
Finished!Wednesday, July 11, 2012
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Chemistry 3.1

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Chemistry 3.1

  1. 1. Chemistry Chapter 3 - Section 1 What is a solution? Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  2. 2. Water No matter what you do to it physically -- boil, freeze, stir, shake, strain -- it is still water. 2Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  3. 3. Salt Water If you boil salt water, the water turns to gas and leaves the salt behind. 3Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  4. 4. Pulpy Orange Juice If you strain pulpy orange juice, it loses its pulp. 4Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  5. 5. Substances Water, salt water and pulpy orange juice are different. These differences can be explained using CHEMISTRY! 5Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  6. 6. Atoms and ElementsWednesday, July 11, 2012
  7. 7. Atoms and Elements C O2 H2O N a C lWednesday, July 11, 2012
  8. 8. Atoms and Elements N aCl C Boil Grind Filter O2 H2OWednesday, July 11, 2012
  9. 9. Atoms and Elements N aCl N aCl C Boil Grind Filter C O2 O2 H2O H2OWednesday, July 11, 2012
  10. 10. Substance matter that has the same fixed composition and properties. It can’t be broken down into simpler parts by ordinary physical processes, such as boiling, grinding, or filtering.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  11. 11. Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  12. 12. Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  13. 13. CompoundsWednesday, July 11, 2012
  14. 14. Compounds Water is a compound but it is not an element.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  15. 15. Compounds Water is a compound but it is not an element. Compounds have fixed composition. The ratio of the atoms in a compound is ALWAYS the same.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  16. 16. Compounds Water is a compound but it is not an element. Compounds have fixed composition. The ratio of the atoms in a compound is ALWAYS the same. Water is always 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  17. 17. MixturesWednesday, July 11, 2012
  18. 18. Mixtures Lemonade is water and sugar and lemon juice.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  19. 19. Mixtures Lemonade is water and sugar and lemon juice. A mixture is a combination of substances that are not bonded together and can be separated by physical processes.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  20. 20. Mixtures Lemonade is water and sugar and lemon juice. A mixture is a combination of substances that are not bonded together and can be separated by physical processes. Mixtures do not always contain the same proportions of the substances that they are composed of. Example: weak and strong lemonade.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  21. 21. HeterogeneousWednesday, July 11, 2012
  22. 22. Heterogeneous Heterogeneous mixture - type of mixture where the substances are not mixed evenly.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  23. 23. Heterogeneous Heterogeneous mixture - type of mixture where the substances are not mixed evenly. The different areas of the mixture have different compositions.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  24. 24. Homogeneous (Solution)Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  25. 25. Homogeneous (Solution) A homogeneous mixture contain 2 or more substances that are evenly mixed on a molecular level but still are not bonded together.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  26. 26. Homogeneous (Solution) C6H12O6 H 0 2 H20 C6H12O6 C6H12O6 H20 A homogeneous mixture contain 2 or more substances that are evenly mixed on a molecular level but still are not bonded together.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  27. 27. How Solutions FormWednesday, July 11, 2012
  28. 28. How Solutions Form Sugar molecules spreading out until they are evenly spaced is called dissolving.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  29. 29. How Solutions Form Sugar molecules spreading out until they are evenly spaced is called dissolving. Solute-substance that dissolves or seems to disappear. (sugar)Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  30. 30. How Solutions Form Sugar molecules spreading out until they are evenly spaced is called dissolving. Solute-substance that dissolves or seems to disappear. (sugar) Solvent-substance that dissolves the solute.(water)Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  31. 31. Forming Solids from SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
  32. 32. Forming Solids from Solutions When a solid comes back out of its solution and form a solid it is called crystallization.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  33. 33. Forming Solids from Solutions When a solid comes back out of its solution and form a solid it is called crystallization. This is the result of a physical change.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  34. 34. Forming Solids from SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
  35. 35. Forming Solids from Solutions Stalactites and stalagmites in caves are formed from solutions.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  36. 36. Forming Solids from Solutions Stalactites and stalagmites in caves are formed from solutions. First, water with dissolved minerals flows through rocks at the top of the cave.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  37. 37. Forming Solids from Solutions Stalactites and stalagmites in caves are formed from solutions. First, water with dissolved minerals flows through rocks at the top of the cave. This solution drips from the ceiling of the cave.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  38. 38. Forming Solids from Solutions Stalactites and stalagmites in caves are formed from solutions. First, water with dissolved minerals flows through rocks at the top of the cave. This solution drips from the ceiling of the cave. When drops evaporate, the minerals are left behind.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  39. 39. Forming Solids from Solutions Stalactites and stalagmites in caves are formed from solutions. First, water with dissolved minerals flows through rocks at the top of the cave. This solution drips from the ceiling of the cave. When drops evaporate, the minerals are left behind. Stalactites develop downward, stalagmites upwards.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  40. 40. Forming Solids from SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
  41. 41. Forming Solids from Solutions Sometimes a solid forms because of a chemical reaction. This solid is called a precipitate.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  42. 42. Forming Solids from Solutions Sometimes a solid forms because of a chemical reaction. This solid is called a precipitate. Minerals that are dissolved in tap water react chemically with soap. The product is soap scum.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  43. 43. Solutions Making Solids PHYSICALWednesday, July 11, 2012
  44. 44. Solutions Making Solids CHEMICAL PHYSICALWednesday, July 11, 2012
  45. 45. Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  46. 46. Types of SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
  47. 47. Types of SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
  48. 48. Liquid SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
  49. 49. Liquid Solutions In a liquid-gas solution the solute is a gas and the solvent is liquid. In carbonated beverages, the solute is CO2 and the solvent is water.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  50. 50. Liquid SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
  51. 51. Liquid Solutions In a liquid-solid solution the solute is a solid and solvent is a liquid.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  52. 52. Liquid SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
  53. 53. Liquid Solutions In a liquid-liquid solution both the solute and solvent are liquids.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  54. 54. Gaseous SolutionWednesday, July 11, 2012
  55. 55. Gaseous Solution A smaller amount of one gas is dissolved in a larger amount of another gas.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  56. 56. Gaseous Solution A smaller amount of one gas is dissolved in a larger amount of another gas. Nitrogen makes up 78% of dry air and is the solvent.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  57. 57. Solid SolutionsWednesday, July 11, 2012
  58. 58. Solid Solutions The solvent is a solid, the solute is a solid, liquid or gas. The most common is solid-solid solutions.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  59. 59. Solid Solutions The solvent is a solid, the solute is a solid, liquid or gas. The most common is solid-solid solutions. A solid-solid solution made from 2 metals is called an alloy.Wednesday, July 11, 2012
  60. 60. Finished!Wednesday, July 11, 2012

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