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Other Organic Compounds

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Other Organic Compounds

  1. 1. CHEMISTRY Chapter 4 Section 2
  2. 2. Other OrganicCompounds
  3. 3. Substituted Hydrocarbons?
  4. 4. Substituted HydrocarbonsScientists change hydrocarbons by replacing one or morehydrogen atoms another atoms, such as halogens.
  5. 5. natural gas toxic chemical paint remover non stick frying pan toxic chemical
  6. 6. Alcohols
  7. 7. AlcoholsThe hydroxyl group is ______.
  8. 8. AlcoholsThe hydroxyl group is ______. -OH
  9. 9. Alcohols The hydroxyl group is ______. -OH An alcohol is formed when a hydroxylgroup replaces a hydrogen atom in ahydrocarbon.
  10. 10. Alcohols The hydroxyl group is ______. -OH An alcohol is formed when a hydroxylgroup replaces a hydrogen atom in ahydrocarbon.
  11. 11. Alcohols The hydroxyl group is ______. -OH An alcohol is formed when a hydroxylgroup replaces a hydrogen atom in ahydrocarbon.
  12. 12. Alcohols The hydroxyl group is ______. -OH An alcohol is formed when a hydroxylgroup replaces a hydrogen atom in ahydrocarbon.
  13. 13. Ethanol is an alcohol produced naturallywhen sugar in corn, grains, and fruitferments.
  14. 14. Carboxylic Acid
  15. 15. Carboxylic Acid A carboxyl group consists of a carbonatom that has a double bond with oneoxygen atom and a single bond with ahydroxyl group. Its formula is COOH.
  16. 16. Carboxylic Acid A carboxyl group consists of a carbonatom that has a double bond with oneoxygen atom and a single bond with ahydroxyl group. Its formula is COOH. When a carboxyl group is substitutedin a hydrocarbon, the substance formedis called a carboxylic acid.
  17. 17. Carboxylic Acid A carboxyl group consists of a carbonatom that has a double bond with oneoxygen atom and a single bond with ahydroxyl group. Its formula is COOH. When a carboxyl group is substitutedin a hydrocarbon, the substance formedis called a carboxylic acid. The simplest carboxylic acid is formicacid.Formic acid consists of a singlehydrogen atom and a carboxyl group.
  18. 18. Carboxylic Acid
  19. 19. Carboxylic Acid A carboxyl group consists of a carbonatom that has a double bond with oneoxygen atom and a single bond with ahydroxyl group. Its formula is COOH.
  20. 20. Carboxylic Acid A carboxyl group consists of a carbonatom that has a double bond with oneoxygen atom and a single bond with ahydroxyl group. Its formula is COOH.
  21. 21. Carboxylic Acid
  22. 22. Carboxylic Acid Many carboxylic acids occur infoods.
  23. 23. Carboxylic Acid Many carboxylic acids occur infoods. Citric acid is found in citrus fruitssuch as oranges and grapefruit.
  24. 24. Carboxylic Acid Many carboxylic acids occur infoods. Citric acid is found in citrus fruitssuch as oranges and grapefruit. Lactic acid is present in sour milk.
  25. 25. Carboxylic Acid Many carboxylic acids occur infoods. Citric acid is found in citrus fruitssuch as oranges and grapefruit. Lactic acid is present in sour milk. Acetic acid dissolved in water, thisis also known as vinegar.
  26. 26. Amines
  27. 27. Amines Amines are a group of substitutedhydrocarbons formed when an aminogroup (NH2) replaces a hydrogenatom.
  28. 28. Amines Amines are a group of substitutedhydrocarbons formed when an aminogroup (NH2) replaces a hydrogenatom. Methylamine is formed when one ofthe hydrogens in methane is replacedwith an amino group.
  29. 29. Amines
  30. 30. Amines A more complex amine is thenovocaine dentists once used tonumb your mouth during dentalwork.
  31. 31. Amines A more complex amine is thenovocaine dentists once used tonumb your mouth during dentalwork. Amino groups are importantbecause they are a part of manybiological compounds that areessential for life.
  32. 32. Amino Acids
  33. 33. Amino Acids When both an amino group (NH2)and a carboxyl acid group (COOH)replace hydrogens on the samecarbon atom in a molecule, anamino acid is formed.
  34. 34. Amino Acids When both an amino group (NH2)and a carboxyl acid group (COOH)replace hydrogens on the samecarbon atom in a molecule, anamino acid is formed. Amino acids are essential forhuman life.
  35. 35. Amino Acids ~The Building Blocks of Proteins
  36. 36. Proteins
  37. 37. Proteins The 20 different amino acids bond indifferent combinations to form a largevariety of proteins.
  38. 38. Proteins The 20 different amino acids bond indifferent combinations to form a largevariety of proteins. These are needed in the human body.
  39. 39. Proteins The 20 different amino acids bond indifferent combinations to form a largevariety of proteins. These are needed in the human body. Some amino acids are made in our bodiesand are called nonessential.
  40. 40. Proteins The 20 different amino acids bond indifferent combinations to form a largevariety of proteins. These are needed in the human body. Some amino acids are made in our bodiesand are called nonessential. The essential amino acids, must beconsumed by eating protein-rich foods.
  41. 41. Proteins The 20 different amino acids bond indifferent combinations to form a largevariety of proteins. These are needed in the human body. Some amino acids are made in our bodiesand are called nonessential. The essential amino acids, must beconsumed by eating protein-rich foods. The human body stores fat and starches forlater use, but it does not store excess aminoacids for later use—the amino acids musteaten every day.
  42. 42. Proteins Proteins can be as long as approximately25,000 amino acids long. WOW!! That’s long!
  43. 43. Finished!

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