Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
ChemistryChapter 4 - Section 2            Other Organic             Compounds                        
SubstitutedHydrocarbons?
Substituted Hydrocarbons  A hydrocarbons that is changed byreplacing one or more hydrogen atoms         with another atom(...
toxic chemicalChloromethane             paint remover          Dichloromethane non stick frying panTrichloromethane       ...
Alcohols The hydroxyl group is ______.  -OH An alcohol is formed when a hydroxylgroup replaces a hydrogen atom in ahydroca...
Ethanol is an alcohol producednaturally when sugar in corn, grains, andfruit ferments.
Carboxylic Acid A carboxyl group consists of a carbonatom that has a double bond with oneoxygen atom and a single bond wit...
Carboxylic Acid  Many carboxylic acids occur infoods.  Citric acid is found in citrus fruitssuch as oranges and grapefruit...
Amines Amines are a group of substitutedhydrocarbons formed when anamino group (NH2) replaces ahydrogen atom. Methylamine ...
Amines              ExamplesMethylamine        Ethylamine
Amines A more complex amine is thenovocaine dentists once used tonumb your mouth during dentalwork.
Amino Acids When BOTH an amino group (NH2)and a carboxyl acid group (COOH)replace hydrogens on the samecarbon atom in a mo...
Amino AcidsThere are 20 amino acids that are needed in thebody.They are formed by replacing the yellowhighlighted hydrogen...
Amino Acids -The Building Blocks    of Proteins
Proteins  The 20 different amino acids bond in differentcombinations to form a large variety ofproteins.  These are needed...
Proteins Proteins can be as long as approximately25,000 amino acids long. WOW!! That’s long!
Other Organic Compounds
Other Organic Compounds
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Other Organic Compounds

802 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Other Organic Compounds

  1. 1. ChemistryChapter 4 - Section 2 Other Organic Compounds 
  2. 2. SubstitutedHydrocarbons?
  3. 3. Substituted Hydrocarbons A hydrocarbons that is changed byreplacing one or more hydrogen atoms with another atom(s). The hydrogen can be replaced by various molecules/atoms, one example is a halogen group (Cl, F, etc).
  4. 4. toxic chemicalChloromethane paint remover Dichloromethane non stick frying panTrichloromethane toxic chemical Carbon tetrachloride
  5. 5. Alcohols The hydroxyl group is ______. -OH An alcohol is formed when a hydroxylgroup replaces a hydrogen atom in ahydrocarbon.
  6. 6. Ethanol is an alcohol producednaturally when sugar in corn, grains, andfruit ferments.
  7. 7. Carboxylic Acid A carboxyl group consists of a carbonatom that has a double bond with oneoxygen atom and a single bond with ahydroxyl group. Its formula is COOH. When a carboxyl group is substituted in ahydrocarbon, the substance formed iscalled a carboxylic acid.
  8. 8. Carboxylic Acid Many carboxylic acids occur infoods. Citric acid is found in citrus fruitssuch as oranges and grapefruit. Lactic acid is present in sour milk. Acetic acid dissolved in water, thisis also known as vinegar.
  9. 9. Amines Amines are a group of substitutedhydrocarbons formed when anamino group (NH2) replaces ahydrogen atom. Methylamine is formed when one ofthe hydrogens in methane is replacedwith an amino group.
  10. 10. Amines ExamplesMethylamine Ethylamine
  11. 11. Amines A more complex amine is thenovocaine dentists once used tonumb your mouth during dentalwork.
  12. 12. Amino Acids When BOTH an amino group (NH2)and a carboxyl acid group (COOH)replace hydrogens on the samecarbon atom in a molecule, anamino acid is formed. Amino acids are essential forhuman life.
  13. 13. Amino AcidsThere are 20 amino acids that are needed in thebody.They are formed by replacing the yellowhighlighted hydrogen atom with different groups.For example, in alanine,one hydrogen atom is replaced by a methyl (CH3)group.
  14. 14. Amino Acids -The Building Blocks of Proteins
  15. 15. Proteins The 20 different amino acids bond in differentcombinations to form a large variety ofproteins. These are needed in the human body. Some amino acids are made in our bodiesand are called nonessential. The essential amino acids, must beconsumed by eating protein-rich foods. The human body stores fat and starches forlater use, but it does not store excess aminoacids for later use—these amino acids musteaten every day.
  16. 16. Proteins Proteins can be as long as approximately25,000 amino acids long. WOW!! That’s long!

×