HORNE METHOD IN SCIENCE: TOWARDS IMPROVING PUPIL ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AT BIGNAY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL BY: B. SAMSON
Situation: Low Performance Level of Grade Six Pupils in Science and Health at Bignay Elementary School due to language barrier. Problem: How to make teaching of Science and Health more understandable to pupils, Enrich their vocabulary development and improve their academic performance. Action Taken: Applying Horne Method in Teaching Science and Health. What is Horne Method? Horne method is one of the internationally accepted strategy towards vocabulary development which focuses spelling, correct pronunciation, word definition, usage and sentence construction. It is known and widely used in teaching English.
Why use it in Science Instruction? Results of the National Achievement Test (NAT), Regional Achievement (RAT-Mock Test), Division Achievement Test (DAT), School-Based Periodic Test would reveal that Science and Health is the subject that gets the lowest achievement level the experts in the field is the language barrier. Children shows less interested with the subject since it is taught in English. The pupils are hard up in understanding the concepts presented it them even though the teacher explain it to them. So, the researcher taught of using the Horne Method in Science and Health because Science itself is English.
Subject of the Study: The method was tested to the Fifty Four (54), Grade Six-Section 6 pupils of Bignay Elementary School. Purpose of the Study: This study attempts to: <ul><li>Improve the vocabulary development of pupils to include skills on spelling, pronunciation, definition and correct usage of words in sentence construction. </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the level of performance of pupils academic achievement in Science and Health. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase awareness in the use of the method among teachers. </li></ul>
Methods and Procedures The researcher utilized the Static-Group Comparison Design. In this design two already existing or intact groups are used. Comparison are made between groups where one receiving treatment (method) while the other do not. A diagram of this design is as follows: The Static-Group Comparison Design X 1 O X 2 O
Bignay Elementary School implements heterogeneous grouping of pupils as means of sectioning. The researcher utilized the Fifty Four (54) pupils of Grade Six-Sec. 6 as the Experimental Group and the Fifty Five (55) pupils of Grade Six-Sec. 3 as the Control Group. Meaning, the Horne Method will not be used. The researcher will present five science terms to the experimental group, where 5 words will be spelled on a Monday, pronounce the word correctly on the Tuesday, define the words on a Wednesday. Use the words in a sentences on a Thursday and comprehend the words the formative on a Friday.
The researcher conducted this study for four continuous week, WEEK DURATION WORDS USED 1 January 7-11, 2008 Tsunami, erosion, devastation, magma, lava 2 January 14-18, 2008 Precaution, eruption, warning, latitude, altitude 3 January 21-25, 2008 Orbit, vision, astronomy, spectroscope, probe 4 January 31, Feb. 1,7,8,11, 2008 Illustrate, giant, stargaze, temperature, twinkle A Twenty (20) item test was given to the experimental and control group at the end of the duration of the implementation. Attached is the results of the test given and summary of the results is presented below
Computation of Mean and Mastery Level Experimental Group Grade VI-Sec. 6 76.93 3.84 207.75 Average 307.74 15.38 831 Total 74.40 3.72 201 4 80.74 4.03 218 3 70.00 3.5 189 2 82.6 4.13 223 1 Mastery Level Mean Total Scores Week Duration
Control Group-Grade VI-Sec. 3 Interpretation of Results The control group, which the teacher did not employ the Horne Method in teaching got a Mastery Level of 66.20 while the experimental group where the method was employed as a routine in the teaching learning process got a mastery level of 76.93. An increase of 10.73 was recorded. 66.20 3.31 185.75 Average 264.40 13.24 743 Total 71.6 3.58 201 4 60.2 3.01 169 3 63.4 3.17 178 2 69.6 3.48 195 1 Mastery Level Mean Total Scores Week Duration
Summary of Findings The table shows the performance of the two groups of Grade Six pupils, the experimental group and the control group after the study. The table presents the mastery level of the two groups. As gleaned on the table, the experimental group recorded 76.93% mastery level while the control group showed a 66.20% mastery level. This proves that the pupils who received science instruction using the Horne Method has better academic performance. 66.20 76.93 MASTERY LEVEL 3.31 3.84 MEAN POST TEST RESULT POST TEST RESULT Grade VI-Sec. 3 Grade VI-Sec. 6 SUBJECT CONTROL GROUP EXPERIMENTAL GROUP GROUP
Conclusion Based on the findings, the researcher came up with the following conclusions: <ul><li>Horne Method as commonly used by English teachers in Language teaching can also be effectively used in Science instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>Horne Method is an effective intervention tool in improving the level of performance of pupils. </li></ul><ul><li>The use of Horne Method may arouse the interest of pupils in Science and Health. </li></ul><ul><li>Horne method encourages the use of dictionary and make this a pupils habit. </li></ul><ul><li>This methos may maximize pupils participation in class recitation. </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing this method serves a venue for tremendous vocabulary development. </li></ul>
Recommendation Based on the findings and conclusions, the following recommendations are drawn; <ul><ul><li>The school administration and teachers may extend help with each other to strictly implement this method both in English and Science. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A training program and reorientation be conducted among school heads and teachers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Principals and Area supervisors should supervise its implementation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A replication of this study should be made to validate the result of this study. </li></ul></ul>
Action Plan <ul><li>Paper and Pencil Test </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative Report </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation Checklist </li></ul>October – March 2008 Monitoring List and Evaluation Form Div. Sup. Dist. Sup. Principals Teachers Regular Supervision of Principals and Supervisors <ul><li>Implement the utilization of Horne Method </li></ul>June – September 2008 Time Frame Checklist Interview Discussant Principal Principal School Coordinator Science Teacher FGD SLAC meeting <ul><li>Orient Science and Health Teachers on the Implementation of Horne Method. </li></ul>Evaluative Measure Resources Involved Persons Involved Strategies / Activities Objective