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THE 3 Cs OF
NOVEL WRITING
Characters,
Characters Conflict
and Construction
Bay to Ocean Conference,
February 23, 2008
y ,
...
THE $90K QUESTION
This is the investment a traditional publisher
will make in a book before hits the shelves.
Publishers a...
CHARACTERS
The folks—good and bad—who
populate your world.
CHARACTERS:
Things to Remember
Even in genre fiction, which is frequently plot
driven, we must have strong, empathetic,
be...
CHARACTERS:
Things to Remember
Every character, minor or major, moves the
story forward to its logical, satisfying
conclus...
CONFLICT
Why your characters do what they
do and what’s stopping them
from reaching their goals
CONFLICT:
Things to Remember
Plot. You’ve got to have one, even if you’re
writing literary fiction, just as you need
chara...
CONFLICT:
Things to Remember
A plot is a series of scenes arranged by cause
and effect to create dramatic action filled wi...
CONFLICT:
Things to Remember
The principle of pacing






The beginning of your book—where the reader
gets to know you...
CONFLICT:
Things to Remember
Don’t tell us everything that happened; just
tell us what we need to know. Alfred
Hitchcock i...
CONFLICT:
Things to Remember
Subplots with your protagonist and secondary
characters are important. Typically, two to
four...
CONSTRUCTION
All the other stuff.
CONSTRUCTION:
Things to Remember
Point of view is who’s telling the story.
Skilled writers sometimes mix POV; first
noveli...
CONSTRUCTION:
Things to Remember
Show, don’t tell. 
If you choose to
employ flashbacks and flashforwards,
consider using ...
CONSTRUCTION:
Things to Remember
Melanie’s Pet Peeves




Pop culture/brand references
p
Song lyrics and quotations
The...
Helpful Writing Craft Books
Writing the Breakout Novel and Writing
the Breakout Novel Workbook by
Donald Maass

Blockbuste...
THANKS!
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3 Cs of Fiction Writing: Characters, Conflict and Construction

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Novels entertain. Memorable novels either inspire or educate, as well as entertain. Classic novels do all three. Does yours? Learn the things to remember about characters, conflict, and construction, when writing a novel. (Presented at Bay to Ocean Conference, Wye Mills, Maryland.)

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3 Cs of Fiction Writing: Characters, Conflict and Construction

  1. 1. THE 3 Cs OF NOVEL WRITING Characters, Characters Conflict and Construction Bay to Ocean Conference, February 23, 2008 y , Melanie Rigney editor@editorforyou.com
  2. 2. THE $90K QUESTION This is the investment a traditional publisher will make in a book before hits the shelves. Publishers are looking for authors they can build into brands within a category. Still, Still new authors get published every year in every genre. Midlist authors like Dan Brown and Barry Eisler break into the best-seller lists. li t Novels entertain. Memorable novels either inspire or educate as well as entertain Classic entertain. novels do all three.
  3. 3. CHARACTERS The folks—good and bad—who populate your world.
  4. 4. CHARACTERS: Things to Remember Even in genre fiction, which is frequently plot driven, we must have strong, empathetic, believable characters. b li bl h t All storytelling comes down to four words: SOMETHING happens; SOMEBODY changes changes. If nobody changes, the “something” doesn’t matter. matter Choose your narrator based on who is changed most by the story’s events. story s
  5. 5. CHARACTERS: Things to Remember Every character, minor or major, moves the story forward to its logical, satisfying conclusion in some way. way Great protagonists and antagonists are multifaceted. They’re like us; not unbelievably y ; y good or unbelievably bad. Sketches or other means of getting inside your character’s skin are essential. But only h t ’ ki ti l B t l include the details relevant to the character’s journey in this book.
  6. 6. CONFLICT Why your characters do what they do and what’s stopping them from reaching their goals
  7. 7. CONFLICT: Things to Remember Plot. You’ve got to have one, even if you’re writing literary fiction, just as you need characters in genre fiction. You need a story fiction story, which is conflict shown in scene. In media res: start with the action. Grab them with the first paragraph or at most the first page. Your protagonist needs t b i one place Y t i t d to be in l when the story begins and in another— mentally, emotionally, physically at the end. physically—at
  8. 8. CONFLICT: Things to Remember A plot is a series of scenes arranged by cause and effect to create dramatic action filled with tension and conflict to further the character’s character s emotional development and create thematic significance. Scenes show outward action in the now, moment by moment, using dialogue and action. action Scenes move the story forward to its ultimate, LOGICAL, satisfying conclusion. If they don’t, cut them.
  9. 9. CONFLICT: Things to Remember The principle of pacing    The beginning of your book—where the reader gets to know your protagonist, what he/she wants protagonist and what is preventing him/her from obtaining it— accounts for 20 to 25 percent. The ending how the protagonist does or does not ending—how get what he/she wanted at the beginning and how he/she has grown either way—accounts for 15 to 20 percent. percent The devil resides in those 110 to 120 pages in between. This is where plot and scene development are crucial.
  10. 10. CONFLICT: Things to Remember Don’t tell us everything that happened; just tell us what we need to know. Alfred Hitchcock id d Hit h k said drama is real life with the dull i l lif ith th d ll parts left out. Make sure you leave them out. Raise the stakes. Then raise them again If stakes again. there’s nothing for the protagonist to fight for or against if there s no one or no force trying against, there’s to stop him/her, there’s no story.
  11. 11. CONFLICT: Things to Remember Subplots with your protagonist and secondary characters are important. Typically, two to four per b k will do. Make sure they tie back f book ill d M k th ti b k to the central conflict. The protagonist doesn’t have to get what he/she wanted at the beginning (in many genres), genres) but the ending has to be logical and satisfying. The book ends shortly after the climax.
  12. 12. CONSTRUCTION All the other stuff.
  13. 13. CONSTRUCTION: Things to Remember Point of view is who’s telling the story. Skilled writers sometimes mix POV; first novelists are typically advised to stick with one. Dialogue. Each major character needs to g j have his/her own unique voice. This can be done through sentence length, use of adjectives, adjectives choice of verbs verbs. Use setting to move the story forward, to provide backstory for your characters.
  14. 14. CONSTRUCTION: Things to Remember Show, don’t tell.  If you choose to employ flashbacks and flashforwards, consider using a “home base” place in time to home base which the story returns periodically. Make sure the scenes/chapters are ordered in a way that is clear to the reader and escalates h l h d d l the tension throughout the work. Every chapter closing should propel the readers forward “just five minutes” more to find out what happens next. pp
  15. 15. CONSTRUCTION: Things to Remember Melanie’s Pet Peeves    Pop culture/brand references p Song lyrics and quotations The publishable first draft p
  16. 16. Helpful Writing Craft Books Writing the Breakout Novel and Writing the Breakout Novel Workbook by Donald Maass Blockbuster Plots Pure & S p e by oc buste ots u e Simple Martha Alderson On Writing by Stephen King The Writer’s Journey by Chris Vogler
  17. 17. THANKS!

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