MODERNISMModernism is literary and cultural internationalmovement which flourished in the first decades ofthe 20th century. Modernism is not a term in which asingle meaning can be ascribed. It may be appliedto both the content and to the form of a work or toeither in isolation. It reflects a sense of culturalcrisis which was both exciting and disquieting, inthat it opened a whole new vista of humanpossibilities, at the same time as putting intoquestion any previously accepted means ofgrounding and evaluating new ideas Modernism ismarked by experimentation, particularlymanipulation of form, and by the realization thatknowledge is not absolute.
Quotes and parts inPassage To India thatrelate to Modernism ( Chapter 1-5 )
• P.g 23 “Miss Quested… announced anew that she was desirous of seeing the real India”• Adela truly wanted to experience to “real India”. It is something new and exciting to her. She realises that knowledge is not absolute, where what little she has seen before this could not truly be what India has to offer.
• P.g 27 Mrs. Moore questions Ronnie on the difference between the Indians and the English.• “ „He didn‟t come into the club. He said he wasn‟t allowed to‟ ” – Mrs. Moore• “ „It‟s different, it‟s different; you don‟t understand.‟ ” – Ronnie• “ „I know I don‟t, and I want to. What is the difference, please?‟ ”• She feels that they (Indians) should be thought of as equals and not inferior beings [referred to the previous conversation between Mrs. Moore and Dr. Aziz in the mosque (p.g 17 to 20)]• Here, we are presented with a cultural crisis. People such as Ronnie believe that the Indians and the English do not “mingle” in a social way. Here, we see Mrs. Moore and Adela believing that it is possible, where possibilities of friendship may bloom and the casting aside of cultural differences.
• P.g 39 “ „I wonder whether you would allow us to call on you some day‟ ” – Mrs. Moore asked an Indian lady.• Same as before, Mrs. Moore is hospitable to the Indian lady because she believes in the casting aside of cultural differences for the possibilities of friendship.
• P.g 43 Adela promises to go against the flow and then subsequently challenges the social norm.• “ ‘I should never get like that,’ she thought… she knew she had come up against something that was both insidious and tough, against which she needed allies…”• Adela challenges the old values and norms. She is individualistic and this brings forth a new form of thinking.
• P.g 46 Mrs. Moore argues with her son.• “ „I‟m going to argue, and indeed dictate,‟ she (Mrs. Moore) said, clinking her rings. „The English are out here to be pleasant.‟ ”• Mrs. Moore disputes the notion of British superiority and that they (the English) should treat the Indians with more respect and kindness.
• http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/passage/ (THIS ONE IS REALLY GOOD!) http://www.novelguide.com/APassagetoIndia/theme analysis.html http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/Guides6/Pass age.html• http://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=49920
Group Members • Ivor Yip• Angela Lee• Manesh Selvan• Manessha K.• CaSSSSSSovia Khoo