Joshua Reynolds, an English artist


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This presentation is devoted to biography and creative works by an outstanding English ceremonial portrait painter Joshua Reynolds.

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Joshua Reynolds, an English artist

  1. 1. “ Three Ladies Adorning the Term of Hymen” by Sir Joshua Reynolds 1774
  2. 2. Joshua Reynolds, the Outstanding British Artist <ul><li>Born in Devonshire, England </li></ul><ul><li>Possessed an exceptionally strong will, determination to succeed, personal creative power and variety of pictorial invention </li></ul><ul><li>Specialized in portraiture, group pictures and historical themes </li></ul><ul><li>Brought fresh tendencies to the ceremonial portraiture </li></ul><ul><li>Worked mostly with socially prominent people </li></ul><ul><li>Became an important influence on his contemporaries </li></ul>
  3. 3. “ Three Ladies Adorning the Term of Hymen” The Subject Matter <ul><li>The 3 daughters of Sir Montgomery are depicted draping a garland of flowers on a bust of a Greek god of marriage; </li></ul><ul><li>The sisters were famous both as beauties and as amateur actresses; </li></ul><ul><li>The portrait was ordered by Luck Gardener, the fiancé of one of the models. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Biggest and Most Ambitious Portrait by Reynolds <ul><li>A golden opportunity to portray the noble models conforming exactly to his concept of the grand manner was given to Reynolds. </li></ul><ul><li>Size: 234 X 291 sm </li></ul>
  5. 5. Symbolism of the Images <ul><li>Barbara Montgomery. </li></ul><ul><li>a basket full of flowers; </li></ul><ul><li>the farthest disposition from Hymen. </li></ul><ul><li>Elisabeth Montgomery. </li></ul><ul><li>is knelt before the term of Hymen hinting at her soon marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>Ann Townsend (Montgomery). </li></ul><ul><li>is depicted on the other side of the term due to being already married. </li></ul><ul><li>The statue of Hymen. </li></ul><ul><li>holds a torch symbolizing conjugal love. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Colour Scale <ul><li>The prevailing rich warm colours are interrupted by flesh tints of face and arms; </li></ul><ul><li>The specifically individual manner to apply colours – life-like portrayal of the figures and the background; </li></ul><ul><li>A glorious sense of colour is demonstrated to the onlooker. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Composition <ul><li>The masterpiece delights the eye by its unity of composition ; </li></ul><ul><li>The figures are posed against the background of the solemn nature; </li></ul><ul><li>The executed models are caught between one movement and the next . </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Borrowed Motives <ul><li>The “ideal” beauty of Greek statues; </li></ul><ul><li>The images of the Three Graces; </li></ul><ul><li>The Greek mythological theme; </li></ul><ul><li>The borrowings from ancient and Renaissance masters are combined skillfully and inserted into the canvas harmonically. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Our Impression <ul><li>The group portrait touches deeply because </li></ul><ul><li>A vigorous image of the noble sisters is created with great mastery; </li></ul><ul><li>The luminous colour scheme produces a rapturous and major effect; </li></ul><ul><li>It is clearly seen that the author abandoned himself to inspiration while painting. </li></ul><ul><li>The portrait captivated our attention </li></ul><ul><li>at first sight! </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reynolds remarkable, gifted rendered, depicted, conveyed being a master of Portraiture. National Gallery, London