Gps vehicular navigation


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gps and its applications

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  • Health and movement of satellites- prepares ephimeris and almanac for each satellite and upload the file to each satellite
  • This Almanac and ephemeris received by gps reciever and is stored in its memory,,,,, the Satellite always transmits the PRC, when
  • , whether it be inland rivers or the open seas most boat owners now consider marine GPS systems an essential part of their equipment.
  • Gps vehicular navigation

    1. 2. <ul><li>The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a worldwide radio-navigation system formed from a constellation of 24 satellites and their ground stations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide location within meters or less anywhere on the globe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created and operated by the US Department of Defense </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Orbit 20,000 Kms above earth </li></ul><ul><li>Satellites in 12 hour orbit </li></ul>
    2. 3. Three Segments of the GPS Control Segment Space Segment User Segment Monitor Stations Ground Antennas Master Station
    3. 4. Control Segment Kwajalein Atoll US Space Command Hawaii Ascension Is. Diego Garcia Cape Canaveral Ground Antenna Master Control Station Monitor Station
    4. 5. <ul><li>Knowing precise orbital location of satellites. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Almanac and ephemeris. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Finding the distance b/w the GPS and the satellite. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Distance=velocity * time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>To find the time delay of Pseudo random code. </li></ul><ul><li>Positioning the GPS receiver.(Triangulation). </li></ul>
    5. 9. <ul><li>Let the receiver coordinates be the vector: (U x , U y , U z ) </li></ul><ul><li>And let the satellite coordinates be (X i , Y i , Z i ), where i = 1, 2, 3, …, the satellite number. </li></ul><ul><li>The ranging equations are thus: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(X 1 - U x ) 2 + (Y 1 - U y ) 2 + (Z 1 - U z ) 2 = (PR 1 – τ c) 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(X 2 - U x ) 2 + (Y 2 - U y ) 2 + (Z 2 - U z ) 2 = (PR 2 – τ c) 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(X 3 - U x ) 2 + (Y 3 - U y ) 2 + (Z 3 - U z ) 2 = (PR 3 – τ c) 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(X 4 - U x ) 2 + (Y 4 - U y ) 2 + (Z 4 - U z ) 2 = (PR 4 – τ c) 2 where τ is the receiver clock error. </li></ul></ul>
    6. 12. <ul><li>Better accuracy in landing enhanced flight safety and better navigation service from one point to another. </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease unnecessary travel and fuel consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced the ground based operational and maintenance cost. </li></ul>
    7. 13. <ul><li>To determine the position and velocity of a satellite. </li></ul><ul><li>To guide the space craft in a defined path. </li></ul><ul><li>To launch the satellite in a specific position in the space. </li></ul>
    8. 14. <ul><li>A  marine GPS system  is a specialized system for navigation on the water. </li></ul><ul><li>Very specific information related to the sea beds, navigable channels and other useful maritime data allows boat captains to navigate safely. </li></ul><ul><li>Fleet and other professional fishermen use marine GPS to precisely locate their vessels, track the movements of fish, and even to predict the fish location for the next day.  </li></ul>
    9. 15. <ul><li>Determine the position of vehicle. </li></ul><ul><li>Searching the Point of interest . </li></ul><ul><li>Search of a route that is short, less congested. </li></ul><ul><li>  As long as technology helps, as the navigation facilites will reach to a point, at which when vehicles will become smart vehicle, which is self-driven vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>It aids the soldier in navigating without the help of a map and automatic reporting of the position of the troop to control station.  </li></ul>
    10. 17. Receiver PRN Satellite PRN Time Difference