Artificial Intelligence

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  • Database find-deduct,reason- why. Plan –which gives utilisation
  • Artificial Intelligence

    1. 1. Artificial Intelligence(AI)<br />By<br />K.Arunkumar<br />AIT-07-002<br />
    2. 2. Intelligence:<br />“Intelligence is the name we give to the data processing activity of entities which respond to information with behaviour which appears to be intended to be optional with respect to pre-set goals”.<br />The Ability to:<br />Learn and adapt from experience.<br />Use knowledge to make decisions.<br />Problem solve.<br />Show Creativity<br />Handle and manipulate language<br />
    3. 3. AI:<br />“Artificial intelligence is concerned with building machines that can act and react appropriately, adapting their response to the demands of situation.”<br />
    4. 4. History:<br />Earlier developments(1940-65)<br />In the beginning the focus of AI research was on modelling the human brain. <br />Research shifted to using games like noughts and crosses, chess etc to create “AI” systems<br />These games were effective as they had limited problem domains.<br />The games also had a number of rules that were easy to define.<br />Then the focus shifted to language processing.......<br />
    5. 5. Language Processing (1965-1975)<br />ELIZA (1966)<br />1st language processing program<br />Responded to users inputs by asking questions based on previous responses.<br />PARRY (1972)<br />Parry modelled a conversation with a paranoid person<br />This seems odd but the program was created by a psychiatrist <br />SHRDLU (1970)<br />The program could interpret verbal commands to move coloured blocks.<br />&quot;Move the red block behind the green one“ <br />It could understand and carry out the instruction.<br />Chatter bots??<br />
    6. 6. Problems of AI:<br />1.Deduction, reasoning, problem solving <br />eligible<br />&gt;18<br />&lt;18<br />no<br />yes<br />2.knowledge representation<br />3. Planning <br />4. Natural language processing <br />
    7. 7. Motion and manipulation.<br />Perception.<br />Social intelligence.<br />Creativity.<br />General intelligence.<br />
    8. 8. Tools of AI:<br /><ul><li>Search and optimization:</li></ul>Many problems in AI can be solved in theory by intelligently searching through many possible solutions: Reasoning can be reduced to performing a search. <br /><ul><li>Logic</li></li></ul><li>Neural networks<br />Specialized languages<br /><ul><li>IPL
    9. 9. Lisp
    10. 10. Prolog
    11. 11. STRIPS 
    12. 12. Planner </li></li></ul><li>Evaluating artificial intelligence:<br />Test for identifying intelligence<br /> -Turing test<br />
    13. 13. Requirements :<br />Faster processors<br />More memory<br />Increased backing storage capacity<br />multiple processors <br />
    14. 14. Applications of artificial intelligence<br /> medical diagnosis<br />stock trading<br /> robot control law<br />scientific discovery<br />Smart Embedded Technology<br /> video games and toys. <br />
    15. 15. Disadvantage:<br />I Hate HUMANS !!<br />
    16. 16. Thank you<br />

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