Italian PossessivesItalian Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns
Adjectives are used to describe or give additional information about nouns whereas pronouns are used in place of nouns
Italian PossessivesAs in English, Italian possessives express ownership or possessionUsually possessive adjectives precede the nouns they modify and areaccompanied by the definite article.For example:la mia camicia (my shirt)
Italian PossessivesPossessive adjectives agree with the gender and number of the noun and are modified accordingly.La mia camera Il mio libro I miei genitori Le mie amiche
Italian PossessivesIl suo, la sua, i suoi, and le sue can refer to either his or her, depending on the gender of the noun not the owner.For example la sua macchina. The gender of the owner is unknown.
Italian PossessivesThe definite article is not used with certain informally used singular nouns; usually regarding family members.Tuo padre Vostra nonna casa Mia
Italian PossessivesLoro is a special case. It never changes form and is usually accompanied by the definite article, regardless of the gender and number of the noun it modifies.For example;La loro casa I loro genitoriNOTE: the form never changes only the definite article
Italian PossessivesThe indefinite article is used before the noun to express of mine, of yours, of his/hers, of ours, and of theirs.For example:Un mio libro A book of mine
Italian Possessives English uses an apostrophe followed by s after a noun or name to show ownership. Italian uses di and [noun or name]. Di chi è il gatto? È di mia sorella. È di Stefano.Whose cat is it? It’s my sister’s. It’s Stefano’s.
Italian PossessivesItalian polite address takes the third person singular, Italian pronouns also take this form.To distinguish between polite address and third person singular in written form, the first letter of the polite address pronoun is capitalized.For example; Signora, ecco il Suo caffè