Informal Tú Commands

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Informal Tú Commands

  1. 1. Informal Commands WALK! EAT! SLEEP!
  2. 2. In Spanish… <ul><li>When we want to tell a friend to do something we use informal (tú) commands… </li></ul><ul><li>¡Come! – EAT! </li></ul><ul><li>¡Camina!- WALK! </li></ul><ul><li>¡Duerme!- SLEEP! </li></ul><ul><li>What looks familiar about these endings? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Commands are used for both do’s and don’ts </li></ul><ul><li>Lets begin with the do’s (positive tú commands) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To state the do’s of most verbs, drop the –s ending of the verb. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STATEMENT COMMAND </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(tú) caminas ¡Camin a ! Walk! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(tú) comes ¡Com e ! Eat! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(tú) duermes ¡Duerm e ! Sleep! </li></ul></ul>Positive Commands
  4. 4. Let’s work on positive commands… <ul><li>Open the window!… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verb Abrir </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Put it in the tú form = tú abres </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drop the –s = abre </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>¡Abre la ventana! </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Speak now!... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verb hablar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Put hablar in the tú form= hablas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drop the –s = habla </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>¡Habla ahora! </li></ul></ul>Let’s work on positive commands…
  6. 6. <ul><li>Drink water!... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verb beber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Put beber in the tú form= bebes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drop the –s = bebe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>¡Bebe agua! </li></ul></ul>Let’s work on positive commands…
  7. 7. Negative Commands <ul><li>To state the don’ts- negative (tú) commands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Switch the –as ending to –es and the –es endings to – as </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STATEMENT COMMAND </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(tú) fumas ¡No fum es ! Don’t smoke! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(tú) corres ¡No corr as ! Don’t run! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(tú) duermes ¡No duerm as ! Don’t sleep! </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Don’t buy pizza!... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verb comprar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Put comprar in the tú form= compras </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Change the –as to –es= compres </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>¡No compres la pizza! </li></ul></ul>Let’s work on negative commands…
  9. 9. <ul><li>Don’t open the door!... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verb abrir </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Put abrir in the tú form= abres </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Change the –es to –as= abras </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>¡No abras la puerta! </li></ul></ul>Let’s work on negative commands…
  10. 10. <ul><li>Don’t drink soda!... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verb beber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Put beber in the tú form= bebes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Change the –es to –as= bebas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>¡No bebas los refrescos! </li></ul></ul>Let’s work on negative commands…
  11. 11. Verbs with spelling changes… <ul><li>There are several verbs that change spelling when made into negative commands to keep their sound… </li></ul><ul><li>1. Jugar - ¡No jue gues ! </li></ul><ul><li>- g changes to gue to keep the hard g sound </li></ul><ul><li>2. Verbs ending in –car like </li></ul><ul><li>Practicar - ¡No practi ques ! </li></ul><ul><li>-c changes to a que to keep the hard k sound </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>These next verbs have spell changes… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Either g changes to gue OR c changes to a que </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t play in the house! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Verb jugar- in tú form = juegas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Change –as to –es and remember spelling change!= juegues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>¡No juegues en la casa! </li></ul></ul>Let’s work on negative commands…
  13. 13. <ul><li>Don’t arrive late! </li></ul><ul><li>¡No llegues tarde! </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t touch the piano! </li></ul><ul><li>- Verb tocar in tú form = tocas </li></ul><ul><li>-Change –as to –es and </li></ul><ul><li>remember the spelling change!= toques </li></ul><ul><li>¡No toques el piano! </li></ul>Let’s work on negative commands…
  14. 14. <ul><li>Eat more fruit! </li></ul><ul><li>¡Come más frutas! </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep 8 hours a day! </li></ul><ul><li>¡Duerme ocho horas al día! </li></ul>Te toca a ti…
  15. 15. <ul><li>Don’t run in the house! </li></ul><ul><li>¡No corras en casa! </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t open the book! </li></ul><ul><li>¡No abras el libro! </li></ul>Te toca a ti…

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