Sleep and Emotional Effects

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This presentation is about the physical and emotional effects of sleep deprivation.

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Sleep and Emotional Effects

  1. 1. By: Corinne, Lizzie, and Meital
  2. 2. • Norepinephrine is a neurotransmitter and hormone, which, when secreted, raises the body’s stress levels. During REM sleep is inactive.
  3. 3. • Serotonin is a neurotransmitter which regulates the sleep-wake cycle. Serotonin is inactive during REM sleep. Higher levels of serotonin tend to correspond to more wakefulness, while lower levels relate to sleepiness.
  4. 4. • Histamine is a hormone in the body which helps to wake a person from sleep. It is inactive during REM sleep
  5. 5. • People who don’t get enough sleep have twice the risk of getting heart conditions. Not getting enough sleep can increase levels of the stress hormone cortisol, which causes inflammation that clumps the plaque in the arteries and blocks the blood flow in the heart or brain. Blood pressure also drops during sleep, so when people get less sleep they have shorter periods of low blood pressure, which increases the risk of plaque clogging the arteries.
  6. 6. • Another explanation, blood pressure drops during sleep, so when people get less sleep they have shorter periods of low blood pressure, which increases the risk of plaque clogging the arteries.
  7. 7. • The immune system doesn’t work as effectively when people don’t get enough sleep because norepinephrine, which is not secreted during REM sleep, becomes active and doesn’t allow the body to rest.
  8. 8. • Lack of sleep is closely linked to depression.• Not getting enough sleep slows down your thought process and impairs judgment.• Driving without enough sleep can affect driving as much as driving while under the influence of alcohol.
  9. 9. • When you do not get enough sleep, then you can get very, VERY cranky.
  10. 10. • When the body doesn’t get enough sleep, it causes the amygdala, which is part of the limbic system, overreact. The amygdala is related to feelings such as anger and rage
  11. 11. • When we sleep, our brain “recharges” itself.• You can control your emotions properly.• You can react more positively to stress.
  12. 12. • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histamine#Sleep_regulation• http://www.nytimes.com/2004/06/15/health/teasing-apart-chemicals- scientists-unlock-one-more-of-sleep-s-secrets.html• http://journals.lww.com/anesthesiology/Fulltext/2011/07000/Sleep_an d_Anesthesia__The_Histamine_Connection.9.aspx• http://www.livestrong.com/article/136959-how-does-serotonin-affect- sleep/• http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science/discoveries/2007-10-22-sleep- deprivation-brain_N.htm• http://www.livescience.com/4658-emotions-run-amok-sleep- deprived-brains.html• http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/news/20071022/sleep- deprivation-stirs-up-emotion• http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1868406,00.html• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norepinephrine
  13. 13. • http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/norepinephrine.aspx http://neuroskeptic.blogspot.com/2010/03/life-without-serotonin.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Histamine.png http://www.patienthealthinternational. com/high-cholesterol/?itemId=1620472 http://dreladiomedina.com/Hypertension_cure.html http://minneapoliskruegers.blogspot.com/2010/12/baby-talk.html http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_gIgrzv5WcvM/R7Bj_mEUs7I/AAAAAAAAAjI/V6pmzahOyfY/s400/sick_guy.jpg http://www.shutterstock.com/pic-35008390/stock-photo-one-depressed-person-stands-lonely-apart-from- the-group.html http://blog.thoughtpick.com/2011/02/watch-out-drunk-drivers-facebook-is-out-to-shame-you.html http://spokanefitnesssecrets.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/cranky-baby.jpg http://www.feministe.us/blog/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/dumb-neanderthal.jpg http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/limbicsystem.gif http://www.memorylossonline.com/glossary/amygdala.html http://i.mnpls.com/1048/104837.gif http://www.naturalimageworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Garden_adventure-2.jpg http://media.photobucket.com/image/happy%20sleeping%20cat/njckjen/animals/sleeping-happy-cat.jpg http://poisonous-roses.blogspot.com/2010/06/adorable-sleeping-cats.html http://cutestlife.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/t• http://cutestlife.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/then_now_cat_kitten_0111.jpg http://myfunnypics.org/d/12172-1/Fun+puppy+sleeping+on+its+back+with+limps+straighten+out.PNG

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