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  1. 1. Camera Group 2 - Pekayz
  2. 2. Photography <ul><li>Method of picture making developed in the early 19th century, based on principles of light, optics and chemistry. </li></ul><ul><li>It comes from the Greek words and means “ drawing with light  ” . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Uses of photographs <ul><li> preserve personal memories </li></ul><ul><li>(family snapshots). </li></ul><ul><li>inform us public events (news) . </li></ul><ul><li>means of identification (for IDs) </li></ul><ul><li>glamorization (movie-star portraits) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Uses of photographs <ul><li>Views of far-off places on Earth </li></ul><ul><li>(travel photographs) </li></ul><ul><li>And in space (astral photographs). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Camera <ul><li>is a device that records images, either as still photograph or as moving images known as videos or movies. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Camera <ul><li>the term comes from the latin word “ camera obscura  ” or dark chamber. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Parts of a typical camera
  8. 8. Parts of a typical camera
  9. 9. Parts of a typical camera
  10. 10. Photography timeline <ul><li>5th - 4th Century B.C. – Chinese and Greek philosophers describe the basic principle of optics and the camera </li></ul><ul><li>1664 – 1666 – Isaac Newton discovers that white light is composed of different colors. </li></ul><ul><li>1727 – First Panorama opens, the forerunner of the movie house invented by Robert Barker. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Camera timeline <ul><li>It is believed that the very idea of creating such a device appeared long ago, before the middle ages. An Arab mathematician named Ibn Al-Haytham created the first model of camera, but the principle of its building was well known even earlier, in Aristotle period. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Camera timeline <ul><li>1814 – Joseph Nicéphore Niépce made the first permanent photographic images with camera obscura , however, the image required eight hours of light exposure and later faded. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Camera timeline <ul><li>Joseph Niépce’s earliest photograph captured with camera obscura. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Camera timeline <ul><li>Camera obscura or Folding Camera </li></ul>
  15. 15. A brief history of camera <ul><li>Aug 19, 1839 - Louis Daguerre's first daguerreotype the first image that was fixed and did not fade and needed under thirty minutes of light exposure. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Daguerreotype camera
  17. 17. A brief history of camera <ul><li>1840 - First American patent issued in photography to Alexander Wolcott for his camera. </li></ul><ul><li>1841 - William Henry Talbot patents the Calotype process - the first negative-positive process making possible the first multiple copies. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Calotype process
  19. 19. A brief history of camera <ul><li>1843 - First advertisement with a photograph made in Philadelphia. </li></ul><ul><li>1851 - Frederick Scott Archer invented the Collodion process - images required only two or three seconds of light exposure. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Collodion process
  21. 21. A brief history of camera <ul><li>1859 - Panoramic camera patented - the Sutton. </li></ul><ul><li>1861 - Oliver Wendell Holmes invents stereoscope viewer. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Panoramic camera
  23. 23. Stereoscope viewer
  24. 24. A brief history of camera <ul><li>1865 - Photographs and photographic negatives are added to protected works under copyright. </li></ul><ul><li>1871 - Richard Leach Maddox invented the gelatin dry plate silver bromide process - negatives no longer had to be developed immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>1880 - Eastman Dry Plate Company founded. </li></ul>
  25. 25. A brief history of camera <ul><li>1884 - George Eastman invents flexible, paper-based photographic film. </li></ul><ul><li>1888 - Eastman patents Kodak </li></ul><ul><li>roll-film camera. </li></ul>
  26. 26. A brief history of camera <ul><li>1898 - Reverend Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film. </li></ul><ul><li>1900 - First mass-marketed camera—the Brownie. </li></ul><ul><li>1913/1914 - First 35mm still camera developed. </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Brownie Box - Kodak.
  28. 28. 35mm still camera
  29. 29. A brief history of camera <ul><li>1927 - General Electric invents the modern flash bulb. </li></ul><ul><li>1932 - First light meter with photoelectric cell introduced. </li></ul><ul><li>1935 - Eastman Kodak markets Kodachrome film. </li></ul><ul><li>1941 - Eastman Kodak introduces Kodacolor negative film. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Kodachrome Film
  31. 31. A brief history of camera <ul><li>1942 - Chester Carlson receives patent for electric photography (xerography). </li></ul><ul><li>1948 - Edwin Land markets the Polaroid camera. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Xerography
  33. 33. Polaroid camera
  34. 34. A brief history of camera <ul><li>1954 - Eastman Kodak introduces high speed Tri-X film. </li></ul><ul><li>1960 - EG&G develops extreme depth underwater camera for U.S. Navy. </li></ul><ul><li>1963 - Polaroid introduces instant color film. </li></ul><ul><li>1968 - Photograph of the Earth from the moon. </li></ul>
  35. 35. A brief history of camera <ul><li>1973 - Polaroid introduces one-step instant photography with the SX-70 camera. </li></ul><ul><li>1977 - George Eastman and Edwin Land inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. </li></ul><ul><li>1978 - Konica introduces first point-and-shoot, autofocus camera. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Polaroid SX-70 camera
  37. 37. A brief history of camera <ul><li>1980 - Sony demonstrates first consumer camcorder. </li></ul><ul><li>1984 - Canon demonstrates first digital electronic still camera. </li></ul><ul><li>1985 - Pixar introduces digital imaging processor. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 - Eastman Kodak announces Photo CD as a digital image storage medium. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Vintage Camera Collection
  39. 39. Researched by: <ul><li>Mazon, Psalm C. </li></ul><ul><li>Ramirez, Jinly </li></ul><ul><li>BSIT IV-1 </li></ul>Special thanks to