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16 Video Cam


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16 Video Cam

  1. 1. Video camera
  2. 2. Video camera <ul><li>is a  camera  used for electronic  motion picture  acquisition, initially developed by the  television  industry but now common in other applications as well. </li></ul><ul><li>The earliest video cameras were those of  John Logie Baird , based on the electromechanical  Nipkow disk  and used by the  BBC  in experimental broadcasts through the 1930s. </li></ul><ul><li>All-electronic designs based on the  cathode ray tube . </li></ul>
  3. 3. 2 Modes of Use of Video cameras: <ul><li>The first, characteristic of much early television, is what might be called a  live broadcast , where the camera feeds  real time  images directly to a screen for immediate observation; in addition to live television production, such usage is characteristic of security, military/tactical, and industrial operations. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The second is to have the images recorded to a storage device for archiving or further processing; for many years,  videotape  has been the primary format used for this purpose, but  optical disc  media,  hard disk , and  flash memory  are all increasingly used. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Designs and Uses of Video Cameras: <ul><li>Professional video cameras , such as those used in  television  and sometimes film production; these may be studio-based or mobile. Such cameras generally offer extremely fine-grained manual control for the camera operator, often to the exclusion of automated operation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Camcorders , which combine a camera and a  VCR  or other recording device in one unit; these are mobile, and are widely used for television production, home movies, and etc. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Closed-circuit television  cameras, generally used for security, surveillance, and/or monitoring purposes. Such cameras are designed to be small, easily hidden, and able to operate unattended; those used in industrial or scientific settings are often meant for use in environments that are normally inaccessible or uncomfortable for humans, and are therefore hardened for such hostile environments (e.g. radiation, high heat, or toxic chemical exposure).  </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Digital cameras  which convert the signal directly to a digital output; such cameras are often extremely small. These cameras are sometimes incorporated directly into computer or communications hardware, particularly  mobile phones ,  PDAs , and some models of  laptop computer . </li></ul>
  9. 10. Most Expensive Modern Video Camera Vendor: Canon Model: XL H1 Price: $9,000
  10. 11. Oldest and Most Expensive Camera: Daguerrotype Inventor: Lois Daguerro Price: starting bid $132,00O