Conditional if

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tugas softskil: pembelajaran bahasa inggris berbantuan komputer; conditional if

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Conditional if

  1. 1. CONDITIONAL IF by TRYA MEIGIANA (19610091) 4sa05
  2. 2. Conditionals are sentences with two clauses an if clause and a main clause  There are four basic types of conditional sentence:  Zero conditional  First conditional  Second conditional  Third conditional
  3. 3. zero conditional to express a simple statement of fact or to talk about things that are always true. With zero conditional we express a general truth or we give advice
  4. 4. For example:  If you don’t water flowers, they die. The present simple is used in both clauses If clause: PRESENT SIMPLE Main clause: PRESENT SIMPLE or IMPERATIVE zero conditional
  5. 5. first conditional  The first conditional refers to the present and future. It expresses a possible (real) condition and its probable result in the future.  In first conditional sentences, the structure is usually if + present simple and will + infinitive. It’s not important which clause comes first.
  6. 6. first conditional For example:  If the weather is nice, we will go for a walk. If clause: PRESENT SIMPLE Main clause: FUTURE SIMPLE We use the First Conditional to talk about future events that are likely to happen.
  7. 7. Second conditional  The Second Conditional is used to talk about 'impossible' or unreal situations.The situation or condition is improbable, impossible, imaginary, or contrary to known facts.  The structure is usually if + past simple and would + infinitive. It’s not important which clause comes first.
  8. 8. Second conditional For example:  If I knew his number, I would phone him. if-clause: PAST TENSE SIMPLE main clause: PRESENT CONDITIONAL would + infinitive
  9. 9. Third conditional  We can use the Third Conditional to talk about 'impossible' conditions, impossible because they are in the past and we cannot change what has happened.
  10. 10. Third conditional For example:  If you had studied harder, you would have passed your test. if-clause: PAST PERFECT SIMPLE main clause: PAST CONDITIONAL would + have + past participle

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