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Mehmet Secilmis, GISP, EIT
Environmental Engineer/GIS Specialist
Parsippany, NJ
Using GIS forUsing GIS for
Civil/Environme...
Using GIS forUsing GIS for
Civil/Environmental ProjectsCivil/Environmental Projects
GIS Overview
Selected Projects
 Trans...
Aerial Imagery
Elevation
Geodetic Control
Boundaries
Surface Waters
Transportation
Land Ownership
Other Thematic DataFrame...
Online GISOnline GIS
Why Use GIS?Why Use GIS?
 Build compelling maps that help visually portrayBuild compelling maps that help visually portra...
Who Uses GIS?Who Uses GIS?
 City and county governments manage local zoning, land use, and property taxCity and county go...
GIS Data Available from NJDEPGIS Data Available from NJDEP
Head of Tide (hot)Head of Tide (hot)
Natural Heritage Priority ...
GIS Data Available from NJDEP (Cont.)GIS Data Available from NJDEP (Cont.)
Planning
ParcelsParcels
ZoningZoning
Aerial Pho...
Municipal Stormwater Management Plan
GIS Use for Transportation ProjectsGIS Use for Transportation Projects
 Assess environmental impactsAssess environmental impacts
- residential and commercial- residential and commercial
- comm...
 Digital elevation model and drainage calculationsDigital elevation model and drainage calculations
 Map contaminant mig...
Community Facility and Recreational Impacts
Hazardous Waste Sites
Floodplain Impacts
Wetlands Impacts
Archaeological Resource Impacts
Alternative D Distinguishing Criteria
Land Use and Zoning
Potential Wetland Mitigation Sites
Water Resources, Land DevelopmentWater Resources, Land Development
and Municipal Projectsand Municipal Projects
 GIS was used to determine watershed parameters forGIS was used to determine watershed parameters for
use in the HEC-HMS ...
GIS Task Steps:
 Identify and group the soil types within the drainage areaIdentify and group the soil types within the d...
Stormwater Runoff Analysis
Stormwater Runoff Analysis
Municipal Build Out Analysis
Municipal Build Out Analysis
Municipal Build Out Analysis
Highway Widening Digital Elevation Model and Drainage Calculations
Water Supply Pipeline Route Options
• Cultural ResourcesCultural Resources
• Land ResourcesLand Resources
• Water ResourcesWater Resources
• Living ResourcesL...
MTA Metro North Drainage Structure Inventory Using GIS
NYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps InventoryNYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps Inventory
GIS Database ProposalGIS Database Proposal
We understan...
Collecting Field Data for ExistingCollecting Field Data for Existing
RampsRamps
ocation (Street names and direction)ocatio...
NYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps Inventory GIS Database ProposalNYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps Inventory GIS Database Proposal
NYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps Inventory GIS Database ProposalNYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps Inventory GIS Database Proposal
New Haven Bridge Inventory Using GIS
Mehmet Secilmis, GISP
Environmental Engineer/GIS Specialist
Dewberry
Parsippany, NJ
Bridge InventoryBridge Inventory
Using...
IntroductionIntroduction
ity of New Haven needed engineering services fority of New Haven needed engineering services for
...
Data CollectionData Collection
he project included an inventory and assessmenthe project included an inventory and assessm...
Site VisitsSite Visits
he intent of the site visit was to perform a visualhe intent of the site visit was to perform a vis...
Typical Site Photos (Cont’d)Typical Site Photos (Cont’d)
Two-Page Bridge Summary ReportTwo-Page Bridge Summary Report
rief description of the bridgerief description of the bridge
...
Bridge Summary Report (Cont’d)Bridge Summary Report (Cont’d)
Quarterly Bridge ReportQuarterly Bridge Report
Bridge Inventory DatabaseBridge Inventory Database
Site No.
Bridge ID (BIN)
Route Carrying
Route Crossing
Moveable Bridge
...
Prioritization of Bridge ConditionsPrioritization of Bridge Conditions
Bridge Locations on Aerial PhotoBridge Locations on Aerial Photo
Incorporating with Survey DataIncorporating with Survey Data
City of New Haven Inventory and Assessment “in action” showing how the program
lines the various pieces of information req...
ConclusionsConclusions
 GIS (Geographic Information System) was used toGIS (Geographic Information System) was used to
st...
elivering the report and recommendations in aelivering the report and recommendations in a
GIS “digital map” format enable...
pen communication combined with the City’spen communication combined with the City’s
willingness to be forward thinking re...
Using GIS for Civil/Environmental Projects
Using GIS for Civil/Environmental Projects
Using GIS for Civil/Environmental Projects
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Using GIS for Civil/Environmental Projects

Using GIS for Civil/Environmental Projects

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Using GIS for Civil/Environmental Projects

  1. 1. Mehmet Secilmis, GISP, EIT Environmental Engineer/GIS Specialist Parsippany, NJ Using GIS forUsing GIS for Civil/EnvironmentalCivil/Environmental ProjectsProjects
  2. 2. Using GIS forUsing GIS for Civil/Environmental ProjectsCivil/Environmental Projects GIS Overview Selected Projects  TransportationTransportation  Water Resources, Land DevelopmentWater Resources, Land Development  Municipal ApplicationsMunicipal Applications  Bridge InventoryBridge Inventory
  3. 3. Aerial Imagery Elevation Geodetic Control Boundaries Surface Waters Transportation Land Ownership Other Thematic DataFramework Data Relationships Among DataRelationships Among Data Build Once, Use Many TimesBuild Once, Use Many Times Soils Sewer Lines Water Lines Landcover Demographics Flood Zones
  4. 4. Online GISOnline GIS
  5. 5. Why Use GIS?Why Use GIS?  Build compelling maps that help visually portrayBuild compelling maps that help visually portray patterns, trends, and exceptions in your datapatterns, trends, and exceptions in your data  Integrate data from multiple sources includingIntegrate data from multiple sources including CAD drawings, aerial photographs,CAD drawings, aerial photographs, demographics, Web services, and databasesdemographics, Web services, and databases  Create and edit geographic and associatedCreate and edit geographic and associated attribute dataattribute data
  6. 6. Who Uses GIS?Who Uses GIS?  City and county governments manage local zoning, land use, and property taxCity and county governments manage local zoning, land use, and property tax assessments such as impact of a new development,, high traffic areas, land parcelassessments such as impact of a new development,, high traffic areas, land parcel info etcinfo etc  Law enforcement teams track and analyze crime incidentsLaw enforcement teams track and analyze crime incidents  Real estate professionals locate new commercial development sites, store locationsReal estate professionals locate new commercial development sites, store locations  Fire and rescue services officials map fire spread, property damage, and resourceFire and rescue services officials map fire spread, property damage, and resource allocationallocation  Utility companies map services and customersUtility companies map services and customers  Bankers map mortgage loansBankers map mortgage loans  Marketing professionals analyze demographic data to target advertising expendituresMarketing professionals analyze demographic data to target advertising expenditures and locate existing and target customersand locate existing and target customers  Environmental agencies and consultants visualize pollution in 2D or 3DEnvironmental agencies and consultants visualize pollution in 2D or 3D  Military commanders analyze tactical plansMilitary commanders analyze tactical plans
  7. 7. GIS Data Available from NJDEPGIS Data Available from NJDEP Head of Tide (hot)Head of Tide (hot) Natural Heritage Priority SitesNatural Heritage Priority Sites Drought RegionsDrought Regions Open Space - State OwnedOpen Space - State Owned Open Space - Federal OwnedOpen Space - Federal Owned Shoreline Type and StructuresShoreline Type and Structures South Jersey MarshSouth Jersey Marsh TidelandsTidelands Water Quality Stations (Existing)Water Quality Stations (Existing) Shellfish Classification 2002Shellfish Classification 2002 Public Community Water Supply WellsPublic Community Water Supply Wells Principal and Sole Source AquifersPrincipal and Sole Source Aquifers Highlands Preservation and PlanningHighlands Preservation and Planning AreaArea Highlands Preservation Sewer ServiceHighlands Preservation Sewer Service AreaArea Elevation ContoursElevation Contours StreamsStreams LakesLakes Freshwater WetlandsFreshwater Wetlands National Wetlands Inventory (NWI)National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) Watersheds and SubwatershedWatersheds and Subwatershed Beach Hazard (Coastal Flooding)Beach Hazard (Coastal Flooding) Landscape Project (Beach/Dune,Landscape Project (Beach/Dune, Emergent Wetland, Forest,Emergent Wetland, Forest, Grassland, Wetland Forest)Grassland, Wetland Forest) Ambient Stream Quality MonitoringAmbient Stream Quality Monitoring SitesSites AMNET Biological Monitoring SitesAMNET Biological Monitoring Sites Fish Index of Biotic Integrity SamplingFish Index of Biotic Integrity Sampling PointsPoints Surface Water Quality StandardsSurface Water Quality Standards Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) Soils (SSURGO)Soils (SSURGO) GeologyGeology Natural Resources
  8. 8. GIS Data Available from NJDEP (Cont.)GIS Data Available from NJDEP (Cont.) Planning ParcelsParcels ZoningZoning Aerial Photos 1930 - 1997 – 2002 - 2007Aerial Photos 1930 - 1997 – 2002 - 2007 Land Use1986, 1995, 2002, 2007Land Use1986, 1995, 2002, 2007 State Planning AreasState Planning Areas Water Supply Planning AreasWater Supply Planning Areas Counties and Municipalities of NJCounties and Municipalities of NJ Cross Acceptance LayersCross Acceptance Layers Municipal Tier AssignmentsMunicipal Tier Assignments (Stormwater Regulation)(Stormwater Regulation) Historical properties and shorelinesHistorical properties and shorelines Census DataCensus Data Zip Code AreasZip Code Areas USGS QuadranglesUSGS Quadrangles Golf Courses (Statewide)Golf Courses (Statewide) PinelandsPinelands CAFRA BoundaryCAFRA Boundary BIG Map (Blueprint for Intelligent Growth)BIG Map (Blueprint for Intelligent Growth) Hazardous Waste Known Contaminated SitesKnown Contaminated Sites Classification Exception Areas (CEA)Classification Exception Areas (CEA) Groundwater Contamination Areas (CKE)Groundwater Contamination Areas (CKE) NJPDES Ground Water DischargesNJPDES Ground Water Discharges NJPDES Surface Water DischargesNJPDES Surface Water Discharges Deed NoticesDeed Notices BrownfieldsBrownfields UST Contamination SitesUST Contamination Sites Historic Fill AreasHistoric Fill Areas
  9. 9. Municipal Stormwater Management Plan
  10. 10. GIS Use for Transportation ProjectsGIS Use for Transportation Projects
  11. 11.  Assess environmental impactsAssess environmental impacts - residential and commercial- residential and commercial - community facility and recreational- community facility and recreational - hazardous waste sites- hazardous waste sites - floodplain- floodplain - wetlands- wetlands - historic architectural / archaeological resource s- historic architectural / archaeological resource s - community cohesion- community cohesion  Identify current land use and zoningIdentify current land use and zoning  Identify land use historyIdentify land use history  Identify potential wetland mitigation sitesIdentify potential wetland mitigation sites GIS Use for Transportation ProjectsGIS Use for Transportation Projects
  12. 12.  Digital elevation model and drainage calculationsDigital elevation model and drainage calculations  Map contaminant migrationMap contaminant migration  Map public outreach activitiesMap public outreach activities  Prioritize sites based on environmental constraintsPrioritize sites based on environmental constraints  Perform alternative analysisPerform alternative analysis  Coordinate and manipulate data from various sources suchCoordinate and manipulate data from various sources such as Microstation, AutoCAD drawings and various imagesas Microstation, AutoCAD drawings and various images  Prepare maps to highlight distinguishing criteriaPrepare maps to highlight distinguishing criteria (Ecological, Socioeconomic and Noise) for each alternative(Ecological, Socioeconomic and Noise) for each alternative GIS Use for Transportation ProjectsGIS Use for Transportation Projects
  13. 13. Community Facility and Recreational Impacts
  14. 14. Hazardous Waste Sites
  15. 15. Floodplain Impacts
  16. 16. Wetlands Impacts
  17. 17. Archaeological Resource Impacts
  18. 18. Alternative D Distinguishing Criteria
  19. 19. Land Use and Zoning
  20. 20. Potential Wetland Mitigation Sites
  21. 21. Water Resources, Land DevelopmentWater Resources, Land Development and Municipal Projectsand Municipal Projects
  22. 22.  GIS was used to determine watershed parameters forGIS was used to determine watershed parameters for use in the HEC-HMS hydrologic model which was useduse in the HEC-HMS hydrologic model which was used to determine runoff values for the watershed.to determine runoff values for the watershed.  GIS was used to help compute the curve numbers forGIS was used to help compute the curve numbers for the watershed using digital soil maps to define thethe watershed using digital soil maps to define the different soil types and land-use data to define thedifferent soil types and land-use data to define the prevailing land-use types. It was also used to help defineprevailing land-use types. It was also used to help define the drainage areas.the drainage areas.  Without GIS, available paper soil and land use (zoning)Without GIS, available paper soil and land use (zoning) maps would have been computed by hand. Using GISmaps would have been computed by hand. Using GIS increased the accuracy and saved time (~%50).increased the accuracy and saved time (~%50). Stormwater Runoff AnalysisStormwater Runoff Analysis
  23. 23. GIS Task Steps:  Identify and group the soil types within the drainage areaIdentify and group the soil types within the drainage area based on the hydrologic class (A, B, C, C/D and D)based on the hydrologic class (A, B, C, C/D and D)  Identify and group the land use types within the drainageIdentify and group the land use types within the drainage areaarea  Calculate the area (acres) of land use types with sameCalculate the area (acres) of land use types with same hydrologic class soilshydrologic class soils  Use the data to get C (roughness coefficient) and AUse the data to get C (roughness coefficient) and A (Surface Area) for Rationale formula (Q=C.i.A)(Surface Area) for Rationale formula (Q=C.i.A) Stormwater Runoff AnalysisStormwater Runoff Analysis
  24. 24. Stormwater Runoff Analysis
  25. 25. Stormwater Runoff Analysis
  26. 26. Municipal Build Out Analysis
  27. 27. Municipal Build Out Analysis
  28. 28. Municipal Build Out Analysis
  29. 29. Highway Widening Digital Elevation Model and Drainage Calculations
  30. 30. Water Supply Pipeline Route Options
  31. 31. • Cultural ResourcesCultural Resources • Land ResourcesLand Resources • Water ResourcesWater Resources • Living ResourcesLiving Resources • Air ResourcesAir Resources • Natural ResourceNatural Resource UseUse • Conclusions andConclusions and RecommendationsRecommendations Englewood Environmental/Natural Resources Inventory
  32. 32. MTA Metro North Drainage Structure Inventory Using GIS
  33. 33. NYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps InventoryNYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps Inventory GIS Database ProposalGIS Database Proposal We understand that NYC DDC is in need of a pedestrian ramps database with the following information: Indication If Ramp Is Needed Or Existing Nearest Corner Street Names Existing Pedestrian Ramp Type Location Interference (Pole, Sign, Bus Shelter, Traffic Light, Etc) Curb And Sidewalk Type And Condition Photo Link Comments As Needed To Reveal Special Circumstances
  34. 34. Collecting Field Data for ExistingCollecting Field Data for Existing RampsRamps ocation (Street names and direction)ocation (Street names and direction) ypeype urface Conditionurface Condition aterialaterial op Landing Width and Slopeop Landing Width and Slope umber of Slopes at Cornerumber of Slopes at Corner amp width and Slopeamp width and Slope amp Cross Slopeamp Cross Slope lip-resistant Surfacelip-resistant Surface idewalk Approachidewalk ApproachNYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps Inventory GIS Database ProposalNYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps Inventory GIS Database Proposal
  35. 35. NYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps Inventory GIS Database ProposalNYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps Inventory GIS Database Proposal
  36. 36. NYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps Inventory GIS Database ProposalNYCDDC Pedestrian Ramps Inventory GIS Database Proposal
  37. 37. New Haven Bridge Inventory Using GIS
  38. 38. Mehmet Secilmis, GISP Environmental Engineer/GIS Specialist Dewberry Parsippany, NJ Bridge InventoryBridge Inventory Using GISUsing GIS City of New Haven, CTCity of New Haven, CT
  39. 39. IntroductionIntroduction ity of New Haven needed engineering services fority of New Haven needed engineering services for an inventory and assessment of bridges locatedan inventory and assessment of bridges located within the city limits to develop a program to aidwithin the city limits to develop a program to aid the City in managing its bridge infrastructurethe City in managing its bridge infrastructure resources.resources. he City was open to using new technology, yethe City was open to using new technology, yet not 100 percent sure of what the results wouldnot 100 percent sure of what the results would offer.offer.
  40. 40. Data CollectionData Collection he project included an inventory and assessmenthe project included an inventory and assessment of all bridges in New Haven which the city eitherof all bridges in New Haven which the city either owned or was responsible for maintenance, andowned or was responsible for maintenance, and the development of a program to aid the City inthe development of a program to aid the City in managing its infrastructure resources.managing its infrastructure resources. his required coordination with the Connecticuthis required coordination with the Connecticut Department of Transportation and Railroads toDepartment of Transportation and Railroads to determine ownership details. Historical inspectiondetermine ownership details. Historical inspection reports were reviewed prior to scheduling sitereports were reviewed prior to scheduling site visits.visits.
  41. 41. Site VisitsSite Visits he intent of the site visit was to perform a visualhe intent of the site visit was to perform a visual inspection of the various bridge elements toinspection of the various bridge elements to assess the condition.assess the condition. ite visits included photo documentation and visualite visits included photo documentation and visual condition inspection.condition inspection. ridge location coordinates were collected withridge location coordinates were collected with GPS units and confirmed with aerial photos.GPS units and confirmed with aerial photos.
  42. 42. Typical Site Photos (Cont’d)Typical Site Photos (Cont’d)
  43. 43. Two-Page Bridge Summary ReportTwo-Page Bridge Summary Report rief description of the bridgerief description of the bridge ey map locationey map location gege hotographhotograph eneral condition assessment/evaluationeneral condition assessment/evaluation ecommendations for maintenance/repairs/replacementecommendations for maintenance/repairs/replacement
  44. 44. Bridge Summary Report (Cont’d)Bridge Summary Report (Cont’d)
  45. 45. Quarterly Bridge ReportQuarterly Bridge Report
  46. 46. Bridge Inventory DatabaseBridge Inventory Database Site No. Bridge ID (BIN) Route Carrying Route Crossing Moveable Bridge Over Waterway Over Railroad Over Roadway Over 20 Feet Owned by Maintenance Agency Inspection Agency Bridge Type Org. Const. Date (year) Major. Rehab. Date (year) Prev. Insp. Date Prev. Inspected by Condition of Bridge -Description Condition of Bridge - Rating (1-9) X Y Elevation (ft) Photos Link (or ID) Summary Report Link Follow-Up Flags
  47. 47. Prioritization of Bridge ConditionsPrioritization of Bridge Conditions
  48. 48. Bridge Locations on Aerial PhotoBridge Locations on Aerial Photo
  49. 49. Incorporating with Survey DataIncorporating with Survey Data
  50. 50. City of New Haven Inventory and Assessment “in action” showing how the program lines the various pieces of information required to provide the City of New Haven a thorough bridge evaluation.
  51. 51. ConclusionsConclusions  GIS (Geographic Information System) was used toGIS (Geographic Information System) was used to store, manipulate and analyze the data collected forstore, manipulate and analyze the data collected for the inventory and assessment.the inventory and assessment.  ArcGIS was utilized to assess and analyze the fieldArcGIS was utilized to assess and analyze the field data collected at each bridge. GIS integrated anddata collected at each bridge. GIS integrated and inter-related geographic data (including locations,inter-related geographic data (including locations, land use, municipal boundaries, natural resourceland use, municipal boundaries, natural resource data and aerial photos) with database information.data and aerial photos) with database information.  Users view and analyze the inter-related data in aUsers view and analyze the inter-related data in a way that would be impossible by studying stand-way that would be impossible by studying stand- alone maps and spreadsheets.alone maps and spreadsheets.  Statistical data was collected, evaluated, andStatistical data was collected, evaluated, and presented which illustrated how the City of Newpresented which illustrated how the City of New Haven’s bridge infrastructure matched up to otherHaven’s bridge infrastructure matched up to other peer cities in the state.peer cities in the state.
  52. 52. elivering the report and recommendations in aelivering the report and recommendations in a GIS “digital map” format enabled the City to clickGIS “digital map” format enabled the City to click through to digital photography and access thethrough to digital photography and access the key data for each bridge.key data for each bridge. uarterly reports are filled out by the Engineeringuarterly reports are filled out by the Engineering Department for each of the red flagged bridges inDepartment for each of the red flagged bridges in the initial evaluation. This innovative processthe initial evaluation. This innovative process keeps the Mayor’s office up-to-date on the statekeeps the Mayor’s office up-to-date on the state of these bridges, and makes the inventory aof these bridges, and makes the inventory a “living document”.“living document”. ConclusionsConclusions
  53. 53. pen communication combined with the City’spen communication combined with the City’s willingness to be forward thinking resulted in thewillingness to be forward thinking resulted in the use of technology to generate a ‘live’ finaluse of technology to generate a ‘live’ final document that will not only assist them indocument that will not only assist them in maintaining their bridge program but will alsomaintaining their bridge program but will also allow a tie-in to future transportation projects.allow a tie-in to future transportation projects. s noted by City Engineer, Richard Miller, PE, “…its noted by City Engineer, Richard Miller, PE, “…it is viewed as a useful tool for the City to ensureis viewed as a useful tool for the City to ensure these critical bridges are managed in a forwardthese critical bridges are managed in a forward thinking and planned effort to ensure safe andthinking and planned effort to ensure safe and reliable transportation linkage over time.” ConclusionsConclusions

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