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Business Markets and Business Buyer Behavior

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Business Markets and Business Buyer Behavior

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Business Markets and Business Buyer Behavior

  1. 1. Business Markets and Business Buyer Behavior Chapter 6
  2. 2. Learning Goals <ul><li>Define the business market and how it differs from consumer markets </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior </li></ul><ul><li>List and define the steps in the business buying decision process </li></ul><ul><li>Compare the institutional and government markets and explain how they make their buying decisions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Case Study UPS <ul><li>Customer Needs </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers need fast, friendly, low-cost package delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Business needs are more complex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shipping part of complex logistics process including purchasing, inventory, order status, invoices, payments, returns </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>Its 360,000 people and 88,000 vehicles offer ground, air, freight worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Helps customer navigate the complexities of international shipping </li></ul><ul><li>Offers a wide range of financial services </li></ul><ul><li>Provides consulting services to improve logistics operations </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definition <ul><li>Business Buyer Behavior: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The buying behavior of organizations that buy goods and services for use in the production of other products and services that are sold, rented, or supplied to others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also included are retailing and wholesaling firms that acquire goods for the purpose of reselling or renting them to others at a profit. </li></ul></ul>Goal 1: Define the business market
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>Sales in the business market far exceed sales in consumer markets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business markets differ from consumer markets in many ways. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing structure and demand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nature of the buying unit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Types of decisions and the decision process </li></ul></ul></ul>Characteristics of Business Markets Goal 1: Define the business market
  6. 6. Business Markets <ul><li>Compared to consumer markets: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>have fewer but larger customers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>are more geographically concentrated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand is different </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demand is derived </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demand is price inelastic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demand fluctuates more </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Marketing Structure and Demand </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of the Buying Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Decisions and the Decision Process </li></ul>Characteristics Goal 1: Define the business market
  7. 7. Business Markets <ul><li>Marketing Structure and Demand </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of the Buying Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Decisions and the Decision Process </li></ul><ul><li>Compared to consumer purchases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involve more buyers in the decision process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More professional purchasing effort </li></ul></ul>Characteristics Goal 1: Define the business market
  8. 8. Business Markets <ul><li>Marketing Structure and Demand </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of the Buying Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Decisions and the Decision Process </li></ul><ul><li>Compared to consumer purchases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More complex buying decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The buying process is more formalized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buyers and sellers work more closely together and build long-term relationships </li></ul></ul>Goal 1: Define the business market Characteristics
  9. 9. <ul><li>Major Types of Buying Situations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Straight rebuy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reordering without modification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modified rebuy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Requires modification to prior purchase </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First-time purchase </li></ul></ul></ul>Business Buyer Behavior Goal 1: Define the business market
  10. 10. Business Buyer Behavior <ul><li>Systems Selling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buying a packaged solution to a problem from a single seller. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often a key marketing strategy for businesses seeking to win and hold accounts. </li></ul></ul>Goal 1: Define the business market
  11. 11. Business Buyer Behavior <ul><li>Buying Center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The decision-making unit of a buying organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes all individuals and units that participate in the decision making </li></ul></ul>Goal 1: Define the business market
  12. 12. Business Buyer Behavior <ul><li>Users </li></ul><ul><li>Buyers </li></ul><ul><li>Influencers </li></ul><ul><li>Deciders </li></ul>Members of the Buying Center Gatekeepers Goal 1: Define the business market
  13. 13. Major Influences on Business Buyers <ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul><ul><li>Economic trends </li></ul><ul><li>Supply conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Technological, political and competitive changes </li></ul><ul><li>Culture and customs </li></ul>Key Factors Goal 2: Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior
  14. 14. Major Influences on Business Buyers <ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational structure </li></ul><ul><li>Systems </li></ul>Key Factors Goal 2: Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior
  15. 15. Major Influences on Business Buyers <ul><li>Influence of members in the buying center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empathy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persuasiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul>Key Factors Goal 2: Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior
  16. 16. Major Influences on Business Buyers <ul><li>Personal characteristics of members in the buying center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age and income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk attitudes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buying styles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul>Key Factors Goal 2: Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior
  17. 17. Stages in the Business Buying Process <ul><li>Stage 1: Problem Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 2: General Need Description </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 3: Product Specification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Value analysis helps to reduce costs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage 4: Supplier Search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplier development </li></ul></ul>Goal 3: List and define the steps in the business buying decision process
  18. 18. <ul><li>Stage 5: Proposal Solicitation </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 6: Supplier Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 7: Order-Routine Specification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blanket contracts are often used for maintenance, repair and operating items. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage 8: Performance Review </li></ul>Stages in the Business Buying Process Goal 3: List and define the steps in the business buying decision process
  19. 19. <ul><ul><li>E-procurement is growing rapidly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online auctions and online trading exchanges (e-marketplaces) account for much of the online purchasing activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-procurement offers many benefits: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access to new suppliers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lower purchasing costs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quicker order processing and delivery </li></ul></ul></ul>Business Buying on the Internet Goal 3: List and define the steps in the business buying decision process
  20. 20. <ul><li>Institutional Markets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consist of churches, schools, prisons, hospitals, nursing homes and other institutions that provide goods and services to people in their care. </li></ul></ul>Institutional and Government Markets Goal 4: Compare the institutional and government markets
  21. 21. <ul><li>Institutional Markets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often characterized by low budgets and captive patrons. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketers may develop separate divisions and marketing mixes to service institutional markets. </li></ul></ul>Institutional and Government Markets Goal 4: Compare the institutional and government markets
  22. 22. Government Markets <ul><li>More than 82,000 buying units in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Require suppliers to submit bids and often give job to lowest bidder </li></ul><ul><li>Favor domestic suppliers </li></ul><ul><li>Much “red tape” can exist </li></ul>Goal 4: Compare the institutional and government markets

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