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Modern paradigms in Education


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Modern Paradigms in Education-difference between past classroom and the modern one- critical pedagogy-issue based curriculum- social constructivism

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Modern paradigms in Education

  1. 1. Modern Paradigms in Pedagogy and Curriculum By Hathib k.k.
  2. 2. Change in eras bring forth new philosophies and ideas…And so happens in educational field, too. There have been tremendous changes in pedagogy and curriculum all these decades By Hathib k.k.
  3. 3. And this long journey has made a huge pedagogical shift from the past to post modern classroom i.e. From an orthodox teacher centred classroom to a modern dynamic learner centred classroom By Hathib k.k.
  4. 4. Let’s have a comparative study By Hathib k.k.
  5. 5. Let’s have a comparative study By Hathib k.k.
  6. 6. Teacher Centred Predetermined Classroom Learner Centred Flexible Classroom By Hathib k.k.
  7. 7. Teacher= Dictator Teacher= Facilitator By Hathib k.k.
  8. 8. Teacher= Exclusive Member Teacher= Co- Learner By Hathib k.k.
  9. 9. Passive Listening or Reception Active Participation By Hathib k.k.
  10. 10. Content Oriented Process Oriented By Hathib k.k.
  11. 11. Individual Learning Co-operative or Collaborative Learning By Hathib k.k.
  12. 12. Artificial or Ready Made Learning Life Oriented Learning By Hathib k.k.
  13. 13. Receiving Knowledge Constructing Knowledge By Hathib k.k.
  14. 14. Orthodox Language Learning Language Across Curriculum By Hathib k.k.
  15. 15. Single Method Classroom Multi- Method Classroom By Hathib k.k.
  16. 16. Culturally Biased Pedagogy Culturally Responsive Pedagogy By Hathib k.k.
  17. 17. Mere Indoor Learning Indoor+ Outdoor By Hathib k.k.
  18. 18. Unreliable Content Oriented Evaluation Continues Comprehensive evaluation By Hathib k.k.
  19. 19. Mere Schooling Continues Self Study By Hathib k.k.
  20. 20. Based on Philosophical Assumptions Based on Modern Psychology By Hathib k.k.
  21. 21. Severe Punishments to Students Psychological Approach By Hathib k.k.
  22. 22. And these people contributed much to such a pedagogical shift Rousseau Froebel Vygotsky Frier Bruner By Hathib k.k.
  23. 23. Contributions of Rousseau To Modern Education His book ‘ Emile or On Education’ , which put forth some revolutionary Ideas on educating children, is his most regarded contribution to Education By Hathib k.k.
  24. 24. Contributions of Rousseau To Modern Education His negative Education, though aroused controversies, was powerful enough to change the educational scenario all over the world By Hathib k.k.
  25. 25. Contributions of Rousseau To Modern Education His concept of ‘ Discipline through natural consequence’, introduced a novice concept of freedom By Hathib k.k.
  26. 26. Contributions of Rousseau To Modern Education Child Centred Methodology Direct Experience Learning by Doing Play Way Method By Hathib k.k.
  27. 27. Contributions of Froebel To Modern Education His three laws of unity put forth some touching concept on the relationship between God, man and Nature By Hathib k.k.
  28. 28. Contributions of Froebel To Modern Education He is the founder of ‘ Kinder Garten’ By Hathib k.k.
  29. 29. Contributions of Froebel To Modern Education His ‘Gifts and Occupation’ is a great contribution to the primary education sector By Hathib k.k.
  30. 30. Contributions of Vigotsky To Modern Education The Educational concept of this great psychologist is being discussed in detail in the coming slides By Hathib k.k.
  31. 31. Socio-Cultural Learning vygotsky By Hathib k.k.
  32. 32. By Hathib k.k.
  33. 33. Social Interaction Plays a vital Role in Cognitive ………………………Development…………………….. He sees child as a product of social interaction, ………………….not an individual…………………. Child’s development is not as a part of universal features, but it is related to the culture, he belongs to By Hathib k.k.
  34. 34. According to vygotsky A person’s Cultural Development has two stages Inter Psychological Intra Psychological By Hathib k.k.
  35. 35. Vygotsky Introduced the Concept MKO More Knowledgeable Others Any one who keeps better understanding level than the child May be An Elder Student An MK Peer The Teacher The Parent By Hathib k.k.
  36. 36. Vygotsky also Introduced the Concept ZPD Zone Of Proximal Development He feels that there are three different zones related to the ability of a child They are Child can do alone (Unaided) ZPD ( Child can do only with assistance) Child cannot do. Impossible for him By Hathib k.k.
  37. 37. ZPD Zone Of Proximal Development Child can do alone (Unaided) By Hathib k.k.
  38. 38. According to Vygotsky, learner constructs new knowledge, information, skill etc., but through social interaction. Vygotsky’sSocialConstructivism By Hathib k.k.
  39. 39. Should be a scaffolder who would realize the ZPD of his learner and would assist him construct his own knowledge and skill So the teacher By Hathib k.k.
  40. 40. And the teacher should opt in classroom Group Activities Group Projects Pair Works Senior-junior Contact Sessions By Hathib k.k.
  41. 41. And the teacher should opt out of classroom Field Trips Community Contact Interview Projects Consultation Hours By Hathib k.k.
  42. 42. And the teacher should Group the Students not randomly, but with care that he should try to include Students of different understanding Level in each group so that to Ensure MKOs in each group. GRUOPING By Hathib k.k.
  43. 43. The teacher should give opportunity for clarifying their doubts by consulting him, as he is the ‘best’ MKO inside the classroom During Group Activity By Hathib k.k.
  44. 44. Contributions of Paulo Frier To Modern Education His ‘ Banking Concept of Education’, throws some sharpened arrows towards the traditional education By Hathib k.k.
  45. 45. Contributions of Paulo Frier To Modern Education He argued that students should be allowed to come out of ‘Culture of Silence’ inside the classroom, as it makes the students unresponsive to the injustice in his future life, too. By Hathib k.k.
  46. 46. Contributions of Paulo Frier To Modern Education His famous book ‘Pedagogy of Oppressed’, says that students are the oppressed ones in the traditional classroom, and hence, it is high time we created a pedagogy of the oppressed i.e. student centred pedagogy . By Hathib k.k.
  47. 47. Contributions of Paulo Frier To Modern Education Critical Pedagogy He argued that students should be regarded just as grown up people who have their own ideas, and we should create a sort of ‘Critical Pedagogy’. By Hathib k.k.
  48. 48. Contributions of Paulo Frier To Modern Education Issue Based Curriculum The modern concept of ‘ Issue Based Curriculum’ is built upon his concept of critical pedagogy. By Hathib k.k.
  49. 49. Thank You