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  1. 1. PRESENT article Informative Global illumination in 3D By definition Global illumination is a group of algorithms used in 3D graphics and CAD that are meant to add more realistic lighting to 3D scenes. Images rendered using global illumination algorithms are more photorealistic than images rendered using local illumination algorithms. In Global illumination any algorithm that are used to render simulates the inter-reflection of light between surfaces. So that how the rendered image in CAD and 3D graphics become very realistic. When local illumination is used in render, rendered image is not look so realistic like when GI(Global illumination) is used. Reason is about way of using light and shadows. Goal is to create realistic lighting depictions in complex scenes in the most efficient manner. Basic about lighting in global illumination starts out the same as for lighting without it. If is added light from the sun, light from the sky, and any artificial light sources, rendered image it well look fine. But, instead of adding bounce lights, simple put on part where software's global illumination is. Then essentially adds all of the bounce lighting.
  2. 2. In most of local illumination the ceiling and shadow areas are pure black, because the directly lit surfaces are not reflecting light. In GI is opposite of that, therefore rendered image got good quality and looks very real almost like photo. Photos made with Global Illumination Visit us Generally in CAD and 3D computer graphics for Global illumination there are several settings. Using or adjustment those setting in GI, makes render or rendered image with got good quality and gives her real look.
  3. 3. Rendered model made without global illumination. Same rendered model made with global illumination. Just informative let we introduce and explain some of them. - Final Gathering-shortly. Rendering option that can be used in conjunction with photon mapped global illumination to smooth out your results, producing continuous illumination instead of the blotchy output you can get from photon mapping used
  4. 4. alone. Use final gather to add fine details to your scene(CAD and 3D). When global illumination is used, photons usually miss cracks and crevices in objects and therefore these areas may appear artificially dark. Final gather adds details by adding light to the scene, brightening and softening it and making the final render more realistic. If details are washed out by global illumination because your scene is too bright, use ambient occlusion to add detail to your scene by subtracting light. -Radiosity-shortly. Radiosity is an application of the finite element method to solving the rendering equation for scenes(CAD and 3D) with surfaces that reflect light diffusely. Radiosity is a global illumination algorithm in the sense that the illumination arriving at the eye comes not just from the light sources, but all the scene surfaces interacting with each other as well. Also radiosity is a method of rendering based on an detailed analysis of light reflections off diffuse surfaces. Radiosity calculations are viewpoint independent which increases the computations involved, but makes them useful for all viewpoints. The images that result from a radiosity renderer are characterized by soft gradual shadows. Typically is used to render images of the of inside space interior. Therefore
  5. 5. can achieve extremely photo-realistic results for scenes that are comprised of diffuse reflecting surfaces. Here some advantages of radiosity that are used in GI while is rendering: -Spread color “energy” throughout the scene until a stasis point is reached; -Only handles diffuse reflection, no specular reflections; -Large memory consumption; -Very realistic soft illumination images can be produced; Ray tracing-shortly. Method for producing views of a virtual 3D scene on a computer is called ray tracing. Is technique based at generating an image by tracing the path of light through pixels. Also it tries to simulate the path that light rays take as they bounce around within the world - they are traced through the scene. Here some of his advantages: -Handles specular reflections well -Recursive, which can be very time consuming -Captures shadows, reflections, and refractions -Creates images that have a distinct synthetic “signature” Two methods : Forward – from the eye (view dependent) Backwards - from the light source to the objects
  6. 6. SEE AND READ MORE AT WWW.TOPCADSERVICES.COM Visit us Photon maps -shortly. Two-pass global illumination algorithm, that approximately solves the rendering equation is called photon mapping. Photon mapping decouples the illumination solution from the geometry and the solution is represented in a spatial data structure called the photon map. So, it proves to be quite powerful as the rendering equation’s terms can be calculated separately and stored into separate photon maps. it is capable of simulating the refraction of light through a transparent substance such as glass or water, diffuse inter-reflection between
  7. 7. illuminated objects, the subsurface scattering of light in translucent materials. Here some of his advantages: -An efficient way to store light intensity on surfaces -Created by “emitting packets of energy (photons)” from a light source using backwards ray tracing; -Store the photon when it hits a surface; -High resolution map used for caustics, lower resolution map for diffuse and secondary reflection approximation and e.t.c. It developed by Henrik Jensen. There is a plenty of them, because every program in CAD and computer graphic have less or more of them, but generally this are most common. They’ll be explained more widely each of them in a single post. SEE AND READ MORE AT WWW.TOPCADSERVICES.COM mechanical engineer Kuzmanovski Zoran