Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Emily Dickinson


Published on

Published in: Education

Emily Dickinson

  1. 1. Megan Splain July 12, 2008
  2. 2. <ul><li>Emily Dickinson was born on December 10, 1830 in Amherst, MA </li></ul><ul><li>Her family were pillars of the local community </li></ul><ul><li>Their home, Homestead or The Mansion was used as a meeting place for distinguished visitors including Ralph Waldo Emerson </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Distinguished as original thinker </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In her brother’s words: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Her compositions were unlike anything ever heard – and always produced a sensation – both with the scholars and Teachers – her imagination sparkled – and she gave it free reign. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Education was “ambitiously classical for a Victorian girl” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attended primary school on Pleasant Street </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attended Amherst Academy for 7 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Had a few terms off due to illness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attended Mary Lyon’s Mount Holyoke Female Seminary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only there for 10 months before returning home </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Believed to have returned home due to homesickness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>While attending Amherst Academy and Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, Emily was considered to be an outgoing and energetic person. </li></ul><ul><li>However, in her mid-twenties she began to grow reclusive. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1848 – Severe religious crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The one student unwilling to publicly confess faith in Christ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She keenly felt her isolation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1852 – Leonard Humphrey dies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1853 – Ben Newton dies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1855 – Mother’s long illness begins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1862 – Suffers emotional crisis </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Stayed home to help take care of her sick mother </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote to a friend in 1858 that she would visit if she could leave “home, or mother. I do not go out at all, lest father will come and miss me, or miss some little act, which I might forget, should I run away – Mother is much as usual. I Know not what to hope of her.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic responsibilities increased as mother grew increasingly ill and Emily confined herself within Homestead. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sister Vinnie stated that because their mother was ill, one of them needed to stay with her and Emily took on this role. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ finding the life with her books and nature so congenial, continued to live it.” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>During lifetime, “was known more widely as a gardener, perhaps, than as a poet.” </li></ul><ul><li>As she withdrew more from society, she began what would be her legacy in 1858. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reviewed previously written poems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made clean copies of her work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assembled them in manuscript books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>These 40 fascicles created from 1858 – 1865 held nearly 800 poems. No one knew of them until after her death. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Befriended Samuel Bowles in the late 1850s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Owner and editor-in-chief of the Springfield Republican </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emily sent him over three dozen letters and nearly fifty poems </li></ul><ul><li>Friendship brought out some of her most intense work </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel published some of her poems in his journal </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The first half of the 1860s proved to be her most productive writing period </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is after she had mostly withdrawn from public life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wrote many fewer poems after 1866 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal loss and loss of domestic help may have kept Emily too overwhelmed to keep up with previous levels of writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1867 she began to talk to visitors from the opposite side of the door rather than face to face. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Despite physical seclusion, Emily remained socially active and expressive through notes and letters. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>June 16, 1874 – Father dies in Boston </li></ul><ul><li>June 15, 1875 – Mother stricken with paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>January 16, 1878 – Samuel Bowles dies </li></ul><ul><li>April 1, 1882 – Rev. Charles Wadsworth dies </li></ul><ul><li>November 14, 1882 – Mother dies </li></ul><ul><li>October 5, 1883 – Nephew Gilbert dies of typhoid </li></ul><ul><li>March 13, 1884 –Judge Lord dies </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Dyings have been too deep for me, and before I could raise my Heart from one, another has come.” </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Fainted while baking in the June 1884 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First attack of final illness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Confined to bed in fall of 1885 </li></ul><ul><li>Dies on May 15, 1886 from Bright’s Disease (nephritis) </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Vinnie kept promise to Emily to burn her correspondence </li></ul><ul><li>Sister Vinnie discovered Emily’s large poetry collection after she died – nearly 1800 poems, though less than a dozen published in lifetime. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emily had left no instructions for these </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vinnie recognized their worth and became obsessed with their publication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Published first volume four years after her death </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavily edited </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complete Poems not published until 1955 by Thomas H. Johnson </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Three Distinct Periods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-1861: conventional and sentimental in nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1861 – 1865: most creative period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post 1866: only about 1/3 of collection written </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Structure and Syntax </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short lines, no titles, extensive use of dashes, unconventional capitalization, idiosyncratic vocabulary and imagery, utilized slant rhyme and unconventional punctuation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three Major Themes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flowers and Gardens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Master Poems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morbidity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gospel Poems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Undiscovered Continent </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Though mostly unknown in her lifetime, Emily Dickinson is now recognized as one of the greatest poets of all time. </li></ul><ul><li>Some critics believe that her withdrawal enabled her to write her poetry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave her the space to write (her room) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave her time to write (free from woman’s duties) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Writing poetry may have served as a way of releasing or escaping from pain </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Crumbley, Paul. “Emily Dickinson’s Life” Modern American Poetry . 14 Jul 2008. http://www.english/ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Emily Dickinson. 7 Mar 2005. 14 Jul 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Emily Dickinson.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 14 Jul 2008, Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 14 Jul 2008 . </li></ul><ul><li>Ferlazzo, Paul. Emily Dickinson . Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1976. </li></ul><ul><li>Habegger, Alfred. My Wars Are Laid Away in Books: The Life of Emily Dickinson . New York: Random House, 2001. </li></ul>