Presentation 8 Digestive System

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Presentation about procedures and diagnostic tests used for the digestive system.

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Presentation 8 Digestive System

  1. 1. By Megan Moran
  2. 2.  Procedure to examine the a portion of the large intestine (the rectum and colon) Used to find:  Ulcers  Polyps  Tumors  Areas of Inflammation and Bleeding
  3. 3.  Colonoscope  Thin flexible tube  48-72 inches long  Camera on the end  Passed through the anus into the colon
  4. 4.  Collect biopsy samples Remove polyps and small growths Recommended for cancer screening
  5. 5.  Blood test Determines amount of bilirubin waste in bloodstream High levels may indicate liver disease
  6. 6.  Yellowish metabolic byproduct of heme catabolism Excreted in urine and bile Accumulation causes yellowish appearance to skin called: jaundice
  7. 7.  Gastric Lavage: aka pumping of the stomach or gastric irrigation Uses NG (nasogastric tube) to wash out the stomach
  8. 8.  Empty stomach contents after ingestion of dangerous substances (drugs, poison, alcohol) Used to empty stomach prior to surgery
  9. 9.  Surgical repair of a hernia
  10. 10.  A sac formed by the peritoneum Sac comes through a hole or weak area in the fascia Types:  Hiatal Hernia- protrusion of stomach through the diaphragm  Inguinal Hernia - protrusion of a loop of small intestines into inguinal region
  11. 11.  Long incision made Protrusion is pushed back into place or tied off and removed Weak tissue where bulge occurred is made stronger by stitching health muscle tissue together: herniorrhaphy Recovery Time  3 weeks to light activity  6 weeks to return to heavy or strenuous activity
  12. 12.  Fremgen, Bonnie F., and Suzanne S. Frucht. Medical Terminology: A Living Language. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009. Print. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed http://www.webmd.com

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