All About Bones     By Megan Moran
What do bones do? All the bones in the  body together are  called a skeleton   Skeleton provides:      Support for the ...
Oste/o = Bone        Each bone = individual         organ!          Bones are alive!        Bone Cells          Osteop...
Classification of Bones Shape:     Long Bones     Short Bones     Flat Bones     Irregular Bones
Long Bones        Components:          Greater length than           width        Examples:          Humerus         ...
Short Bones Components:   Wider than long Examples:   Carpals of wrist   Tarsals of ankle                        Carp...
Flat Bones         Components:           Plate-shaped         Examples:           Scapula           Sternum          ...
Irregular Bones Components:   Shapes of bones differs from other classifications Examples:   Vertebrae
Divisions of the Skeleton Axial Skeleton                      Appendicular Skeleton   Bones in:                        ...
Divisions of the Skeleton              Green = Axial               Skeleton              Purple =               Appendic...
Common Bone Pathology Fractures Sarcoma (bone cancer) Osteoporosis Osteomalacia Paget’s Disease Rickets
Injuries to Spinal Column Spina Bifida Spondylosis Whiplash Scoliosis Herniated Nucleus  Pulposus     Herniated disc
Who treats the bones? Orthopedics =specializing  in musculoskeletal system Podiatrist = specializing in  feet and lower ...
References Fremgen, Bonnie F., and Suzanne S. Frucht. Medical  Terminology: A Living Language. Upper Saddle River,  NJ: P...
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About the Bones

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About the Bones

  1. 1. All About Bones By Megan Moran
  2. 2. What do bones do? All the bones in the body together are called a skeleton  Skeleton provides:  Support for the human body  Protection of organs
  3. 3. Oste/o = Bone  Each bone = individual organ!  Bones are alive!  Bone Cells  Osteoprogenitor cells  Undifferentiated bone cells that develop into osteoblasts  Osteoblasts  Immature bone cells  Osteocytes  mature bone cells
  4. 4. Classification of Bones Shape:  Long Bones  Short Bones  Flat Bones  Irregular Bones
  5. 5. Long Bones  Components:  Greater length than width  Examples:  Humerus  Femur
  6. 6. Short Bones Components:  Wider than long Examples:  Carpals of wrist  Tarsals of ankle Carpals of the Wrist
  7. 7. Flat Bones  Components:  Plate-shaped  Examples:  Scapula  Sternum  Bones of Skull
  8. 8. Irregular Bones Components:  Shapes of bones differs from other classifications Examples:  Vertebrae
  9. 9. Divisions of the Skeleton Axial Skeleton  Appendicular Skeleton  Bones in:  Consists of:  Head  Pectoral girdle  Neck  Lower extremities  Spine  Upper extremities  Trunk  Pelvic Girdle  Create central axis for entire  Mainly responsible for body movement of the body  Protect important organs
  10. 10. Divisions of the Skeleton  Green = Axial Skeleton  Purple = Appendicular Skeleton
  11. 11. Common Bone Pathology Fractures Sarcoma (bone cancer) Osteoporosis Osteomalacia Paget’s Disease Rickets
  12. 12. Injuries to Spinal Column Spina Bifida Spondylosis Whiplash Scoliosis Herniated Nucleus Pulposus  Herniated disc
  13. 13. Who treats the bones? Orthopedics =specializing in musculoskeletal system Podiatrist = specializing in feet and lower legs Chiropractor = specializing treatment of spine Prosthetics = specializing in making artificial body parts
  14. 14. References Fremgen, Bonnie F., and Suzanne S. Frucht. Medical Terminology: A Living Language. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009. Print. Marieb, Elaine N., and KatjaHoen. Human Anatomy & Physiology. Boston, MA: Pearson Learning Solutions, 2010. Print.

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