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aif{ ! c+s ^ ?s'd !! c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/ Aaha Sanchar National Weekly 25 Jun 2013 k[i7 $ d"No ?= %.—
www.aahasanchar.blogspot.com
ca ufpFaf6} t/sf/L lap lalqm
^ ufla; v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm
?s'd÷cfˆgf] ;+u7gsf du/ft /fHo
;ldlt ;lrjfno ;b:o tyf lgat{dfg
?s'd lhNnf ;lrj s[kfnfn k'g
…kjgÚsf] xTofk|lt of]Ë sDo'lgi6 lnu
du/ft /fHo ;ldltn] ulDe/
Wofgfsif{0f ePsf] hgfPsf] 5 . /fHo
;+of]hs lhtdfg k'g …dfz{nÚ 4f/f
hf/L k|]; lj1KtLdf /x:odo tl/sfn]
ePsf] xTofn] l;Ëf] ;+u7gnfO{ g} ddf{xt
agfPsf] pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . kjgsf]
xTofdf ;+nUgnfO{ tTsfn lu/ˆtf/ ul/
sfg"gL sfaf{xL ug{ :yfgLo k|zf;g ;+u
dfu klg la1KtLdf ul/Psf] 5 .
;+u7gsf] cfu|xnfO{ a]jf:tf u/]df cfkm}n]
pgLx?nfO{ lemsfP/ hgsfaf{xL ug]{
r]tfjgL klg la1KtLdf lbO{Psf] 5 .
lj1KtLsf] cGTodf 36gfsf] ;To tYo
kQf nufpg ;j} ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo
;dIf ;xof]usf] ck]Iff klg ul/Psf] 5
. o;}ljr jfO;LPn ?s'dn] klg cfˆgf]
;+u7gsf du/ft /fHo ;lrjfno ;b:o
s[kfnfn k'g …kjgÚ sf xTof/fnfO{
tTsfn kqmfp ul/ sfg"gL sf/jfxL cl3
a9fpg dfu u/]sf] 5 . sfdsf]
l;nl;nfdf l;:g] ufla;af6
;b/d'sfdtkm{ kms{g] qmddf af6f]af6}
a]kQf ePsf kjgsf] xTof ePsf] eGb}
To;df ;+nUg uf]kfn k'g nufot #
hgfnfO{ tTsfn kqmfp ug{ :yfgLo
k|zf;g;+u dfu u/]sf] xf] . lhNNff
OGrfh{ ;l/tf a'9f du/ / lhNnf
pkfWoIf u+uf/fd rgf/f …hLjgÚ4f/f
x:tfIf]/Lt la1KtLdf kjgsf] d[To' s'g}
b'3{6gf ge} ;'lgof]lht tj/af6 ePsf]
pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . c;f/ @ ut] /fª;L
uflj; ( b]pvf]nf b]lv a]kQf kjgsf]
zj c;f/ % ut] u/fPnf uflj;sf]
a]n6fk'df e]l6Psf] lyof] .
xTof/fnfO{
sfaf{xLsf] dfu
cfxf ;~rf/
 ?s'd
?s'd lhNnfsf ^ j6f ufla;x? v'Nnf
lbzfd'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff ePsf 5g . z'qmaf/
lhNnfsf] k'lt{dsfF8f ufla;nfO{ v'Nnf
lbzfd'Qm ufla; 3f]if0ff ul/P;u} ^ cf]6f
ufla;x? k'u]sf x'g . v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm
ufla;x?df cf7la;8fF8fufp, rf}vfafª,
dUdf, vf/f / ?F3f ufla; /x]sf 5g .
;g @)!% ;Dd ?s'dsf $# j6}
ufla;x? v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ug]{ nIo
/flvPsf] 5 . clxn] lhNnfsf afFsL
ufla;x?df klg cleofgs} ?kdf v'Nnf
lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff tyf cfaZos k'a{wf/
lgdf0f{ ug]{ sfo{ wdfwd e}/x]sf] 5 .
h;cg';f/ cfpFbf] ;ftf ?s'dsf] d'?
ufla; v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ffsf] tof/L
ul/Psf] 5 . ?s'dsf :yflgo lasf;
clwsf/L e/t s'df/ zdf{n] lhNnfdf
clxn] zf}rfno lgdf0f{ tyf v'Nnf
lbzfd'Qm ufla; 3f]if0ff ug]{ sfd lta|
?kdf cufl8 al9/x]sf] hfgsf/L lbP .
pgsf cg';f/ cfwfbh{g a9L cGo
ufla;x?klg v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff ug]{
clGtd tof/Ldf k'u]sf 5g . …lhNnfsf
laleGg ufla;x? wdfwd v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm
ufla;x? 3f]if0ff e}/x]sf 5gÚ :yflgo
lasf; clwsf/L zdf{n] eg], …of]
cleofgnfO{ ;kmn agfpg tkfO{
ldl8ofsld{x?sf] klg 7'nf] e'ldsf 5
;xof]u ug'{xf]; .Ú lhNnfsf] ;/;kmfO{ tyf
zf}rfno lgdf{0f cleofgdf lhNnf lasf;
;ldlt, lhNnf vfg]kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO{
;a lelehg sfof{no, ;DaGwLt ufp
lasf; ;ldlt tyf cGo ;/f]sf/jfnf
;+3;:yfx?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] 5 . To:t}
vfg]kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO{ :jR5tf ;dGjo
;ldlt, laleGg ;d'x, Snj, dlxnf tyf
cfdf ;d'xnfO{ kl/rfng ul//x]sf 5g .
lhNnfsf laleGg ufla;x?nfO{ v'Nnf
lbzfd'Qm ;u} 3/ leqsf] w'Fjf d'Qm /
k'0f{vf]ko'Qm uflj; klg 3f]if0ff ul/Psf
5g . 3f]if0ff sfo{qmdx?nfO{ ;Daf]wg
ub} :yfgLo ljsf; clwsf/L zdf{n]
?s'dsf ufpFufpFdf klg lbzfd'Qm ug]{
nx/ :jfut of]Uo ePsf] atfpb} cfPsf
5g . cGo ufla;x? v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm
3f]if0ff sfo{qmddf ;xefuL :yflgo
lasf; clwsf/L zdf{ z'qmaf/ v'Nnf
lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] k'lt{dsfF8f
ufla;df sfo{Ao:ttfn] hfg gkfPklg
:yflgo /]l8of] dfkm{t To;If]qsf
afl;Gbfx?nfO{ ;Daf]wg u/] . /]l8of]
;fgLe]/Laf6 k|ToIf k|zf/0f dfkm{t
;Djf]wg ub}{ :yfgLo ljsf; clwsf/L
zdf{n] dflg;sf] k|ToIf hLjg;+u
hf]l8Psf] ;/;kmfO{df ;j}n] laif]z Wofg
lbg'kg]{ atfPsf lyP .
?s'ddf pTkfbg ePsf] t/sf/L lap ca
s[ifsx?nfO{ sxfF / s;/L a]Rg] eg]/
ef}tfl/g' kg]{ ca:yfdf x6]sf] 5 .
lautsf aif{x?df s[ifsx?n] pTkfbg
u/]sf] t/sf/L lap lalqm ug{ pgLx?n]
lgs} ;d:of em]Ng'k/]klg o;aif{b]lv 3/
cfFugaf6} ;a}vfn] t/sf/L lap
lalqmlat/0f ug{ kfPsf 5g . ut
aif{x?df ?s'dsf t/sf/L lap pTkfbs
s[ifsx?n] s]lx lap a]Rgsf nflu /fhwfgL
sf7df0f8f} ;Dd uP/ 7'nf] b'vsf ;fy
lalqm u/]sf lyP eg] s]lx s[ifsx?sf]
lap ;d]t lalqm ePsf] lyPg . h;sf
sf/0f cfkm'n] pTkfbg u/]sf] lap lalqm
gx'Fbf cfly{s ?kdf 3f6f t ;xg'k/]sf]
lyof] cfpbf lbgx?df Aoj;flos lap
pTkfbg sfo{qmdf ;d]t kl5 x6]sf lyP
. t/ o;aif{b]lv ?s'dsf s[if{sx?nfO{
lap lalqmsf nflu s'g} ;d:of x'g] 5}g .
:yflgo s[lif ;xsf/L / lap vl/b
sDkgLlar pTkfbg u/]sf] ;a} lap ufpFd}
cfP/ vl/b ug]{ ;Demf}tf eO{;s]sf] 5 .
;a}eGbf /fd|f] / w]/} t/sf/L lap pTkfbg
ug]{ ?s'dsf s[ifsx?sf] o:tf ;d:of
b]lvPkl5 n3' pBd lasf; sfo{qmd -
d]8]k_ ?s'dn] o:tf] lap vl/blalqm
;Demf}tf lgdf0f{df ;xhLs/0f u/]sf] xf] .
sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f kZrft b'O{ klIfo
t/sf/L lap vl/blalqm ;DaGwfdf
x:tfIf/ ;d]t e};s]sf] d]8]k ?s'dsf
pBd lasf; clws[t /fhg uf}tdn]
hfgsf/L lbP . pgsf cg';f/ klxnf]
r/0fdf ;dlztf]i0f pGgt t/sf/L lap
pTkfbg ;xsf/L ;+:yf lnld6]8 vf]nfufpF,
lahoZj/L pGgt lap pTkfbg
;xsf/L ;+:yf lnld6]8 / ?s'd]sL s[lif
;xsf/L ;+:yf lnld6]8 ;fFv ?s'd tyf
rf;f] PS;kf]6{ ODkf6{ k|fnL sf7df08f}
lar t/sf/L lap vl/b lalqm ;DdGwdf
;Demf}tf ePsf] xf] . ;Demf}tfdf sDkgLsf]
tkm{af6 zj]{z/fh zj0f{ / vf]nfufpFsf]
;xsf/L tkm{af6 uf]kf laPdn] x:tfIf/
u/]sf 5g . h;df ;fFIfLsf] ?kdf lhNnf
s[lif lasf; sfof{nosf al/i7 s[lif
lasf; clws[t s'nk|;fb clwsf/L,
;dlztf]i0f t/sf/L lap ptkfbg s]Gb|sf
afuafgL lasf; clws[t lbn axfb'/
l;+x,o'PdPg ?s'dsf sfo{qmd clws[t
;'/]; a/fn, l;k|]8 ?s'dsf sni6/
l6dln8/ /fdeQm Gof}kfg],d]8]ksf pBd
lasf; clws[t /fhg uf}td / lhNnf
nB't pBdL ;d'x ;+3 ?s'dsf lhNnf
sfo{qmd ;+of]hs ledaxfb'/ s];Ln]
x:tfIf/ /x]sf 5g . To:t} cGo
ufla;x?df /x]sf s[lif ;xsf/L dfkm{t
d]u/fh v8sf÷cfxf ;~rf/
 ?s'd
afFsL # k[i7df
b'O{klIfo vl/blalqm ;Demf}tfdf x:tfIf/ ub{} sDkgL tyf
;xsf/Lsf k|ltlgwL, ;fydf ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox? .
@!! c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/  ;DkfbsLo÷ cfxf larf/ ÷ cfxf /+u  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  @
v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm
cleofg / ;xsfo{

cJojl:yt lzIff If]q
;'wf ld>
gofF lzIff ;q ;'¿ ePsf] sl/a
b'O{ dlxgf hlt eof] . x/]s
afnaRrfnfO{ lzlIft agfpgsf]
nflu gofF lzIff ;q a}zfv
dlxgfsf] klxnf] ;ftfaf6 ;'¿jft
ul/G5 . a}zfv dlxgfaf6 ;'¿
eP/ r}t dlxgfdf aflif{s
k/LIff lnP jfkt lzIff ;qsf]
cGt ePsf] dflgG5 .
cleefjsx¿n] cfcfˆgf]
aRrfnfO{ lzIff k|flKtsf] lglDt
a}zfv dlxgfdf cfˆgf] aRrfnfO{
ljBfnodf egf{ u/L ljBfno
a7fpg] sfd ub{5g . ;'¿sf]
dlxgf b]lv g} sIff lgoldt
¿kdf ;+rfng eO{ lzIfs
x¿åf/f kf7oqmd k9fpg yflnG5
. laBfyL{nfO{ laBf cfh{gsf]
lglDt ljBfno, lzIfs /
kf7ok':t pknAw x'g' clt
h¿/L x'G5 . t/ b'ef{Uosf] s'/f
lzIff ;q ;'¿ ePsf] b'O{ dlxgf
x'g nfUbf ;d]t klg dw]zsf
sltko lhNnfdf kf7ok':tssf]
ljt/0f ePsf] 5}g .
laBfyL{x¿nfO{ lzIff cfh{gsf]
lglDt rflxg] clt cfjZos
;fdu|L kf7ok':ts ljBfyL{x¿n]
k|fKt u/]sf 5}gg . kf7ok':ts
lagf lzIff cfh{g ug'{ slt sl7g
sfd xf] ;fob eGg' kg]{ s'/f g}
xf]Og . b'O{ dlxgf nfUg nfUbf
;d]t ljBfyL{x¿n] clt cfjZos
;fdu|L kf7ok':ts gkfpg' eg]sf]
lgs} g} b'ef{Uosf] s'/f xf] . o;n]
g} lzIff h:tf] ;+j]bgzLn If]q
sltsf] cJojl:yt 5 eg]/
b]vfO/x]sf] 5 . Ps t dw]zsf
lhNnfx¿df To;} g} laBfyL{
egf{ b/ yf]/} /x]sf] 5 To;df
klg clxn] ;Dd kf7ok':ts
gkfpg'sf] sf/0f ePsf] egf{b/
af6 klg ljBfyL{sf] ;+Vof 36g'
:jefljs g} xf] . cleefjsx¿n]
laBfnodf ;f]wk'5 ubf{ s]Gb|af6
g} kf7ok':ts gcfPsf]n] xfdL
ljBfyL{nfO{ ljt/0f ug{ g;s]sf
xf}+ . eg]/ u'gf;f] kf]V5g .
;/sf/n] ;f]Rg' kg]{ s'/f xf] .
lzIff / :jf:Yo eg]sf] dflg;sf]
cfwf/e"t cfjZostf xf] . lzIff
/ :j:YonfO{ g]kfnLsf] clGt/df
;+ljwfg @)^# n] df}lns xs
leq /fv]sf 5g . lzIff xfl;n
ug'{ dflg;sf] hGdl;4 clwsf/
xf] . lzIffsf] Hofltaf6 aRrfnfO{
6f9f /fVg' eg]sf] l;+uf] g]kfnnfO{
g} cWof/f] lt/ ws]Ng' xf] . hgtf
clzlIft ePs} sf/0f d'n's
u/La dfq} geP/ x/]s If]qaf6
kl5 kg{ hfG5 . d'n'snfO{
ljsf;sf] lglDt tyf cGt/f{li6«o
:t/df k'¥ofpgsf] lglDt ;j{k|yd
;/sf/n] lzIff / :jf:Yodf Wofg
k'¥ofpg' kg]{ x'G5 . h'g b]z hlt
g} a9L ljsl;t x'G5 To; b]zdf
;fIf/tf b/ klg Tolt a9L
/x]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . d'n'sdf zflGt
/ cfly{s ;DkGtf Nofpgsf]
lglDt x/]s 3/3/df lzIffsf]
pHofnf] k'Ug} kg]{ x'G5 . lzlIft
gful/sn] g} d'n'snfO{ zlGt /
Jojl:yt agfpg' ;xof]u
k'¥ofpF5 . lzIff h:tf]
cltcfjZos If]qdf klg oltsf]
nfk/jfxL sxfFsf] Gofo xf] <
;/sf/n] lzIff h:tf] ;+j]bgzLn
If]qnfO{ lsg cgb]v u/]sf] xf]nf
< s] ;/sf/sf] bfloTj xf]Og
;dodf kf7ok':ts pknAw
u/fpg' < ;fob oxL sf/0fx¿n]
ubf{ ;fj{hlgs ljBfnox¿
emgemg kl5 kb}{ uO/x]sf 5g /
lghL :t/sf ljBfno lt/
dflg;x¿ cfslif{t e}/x]sf 5g
. dw]zsf sltko lhNnfx¿df
ul/aLsf sf/0f cleefjsx¿
cfˆgf aRrfnfO{ ;fj{hlgs
ljBfno egf{ ub{5g . pgLx¿nfO{
xftd'v hf]g{ t ;d:of x'G5 eg]
sxfF o:tf] dxFuf] lghL ljBfnodf
cfˆgf aRrfnfO{ k9fpg ;S5g
. cfˆgf] aRrf klg lzlIft xf];
eg]/ ljBfno egf{ u5{g t/
pgLx¿nfO{ s] yfxf ;/sf/n]
slxn] klg ul/asf] ;d:ofnfO{
k|fyldstfdf /fv]sf 5}gg .
;/sf/sf] k|fyldstf eg]sf] t
slt nfdf] ;do;Dd ;Qfdf
l6sL /xg kfpF xf] . dw]zsf
sltko lhNnfx¿df st}
ljBfno 5 eg] lzIfssf] cefj
5 st} gfdsf] nflu dfq}
laBfno /x]sf] 5 . laBfnosf]
ejgx¿ eTs]sf] sf/0f laBfyL{
rf}/df a;]/ k9g afWo ePsf
5g . sltko laBfnodf t Pp6}
sIffdf b'O{,tLg sIffsf
laBfyL{nfO{ /fv]/ cWofkg u/fpg'
kg]{ afWotf /x]sf 5 . clxn]
jiff{ofdsf] sf/0fn] ubf{ lh0f{ sIff
sf]7fx¿sf] dd{t ;Def/ gePsf]
sf/0fn] ubf{ sIffsf]7f leq kfgL
r'lxg] ePsf]n] cWofkg u/fpg
lgs} g} sl7g eP/ uPsf] 5 .
hgr]tgfsf] sdL ;Fu;Fu} lzIff
If]qdf b]lvPsf] lo ;d:ofx¿n]
ubf{ dw]zsf lhNnfx¿df
;fIf/tf b/ af/]df ;f/]sf/jfnf
If]qsf] Wofg hfg' clt g}
cfjZos ePsf] 5 . gq eg]
dw]zsf lhNnfx¿df ;fIf/tf b/
a9g' abnf lbg k|ltlbg 36b}
hfg]5 . lgtL dfq} dfWolds
tx;Dd lzIff lgMz'Ns eP/ dfq}
x'Fb}g . To;nfO{ Jojxf/df klg
nfu' ug'{ kg]{ x'G5 . dfWolds
tx ;Dd ;a}n] lzIff k|fKt
u/f]; eGg] p2]Zo k|flKtsf] nflu
laBfno Joj:yfkg Jojl:yt x'g'
k¥of] . ljBfnosf] jftfj/0f
;dfj]zL tyf x/]s b[li6sf]0faf6
k"0f{ xf]; h;sf/0f Pp6f
ljBfyL{n] ;xh / ;/n ¿kdf
ljBf cfh{g ug{ ;sf]; .
-dw]z bk{0f lkmr/ ;]jf_
;]S;sf] laifonfO{ lnP/ gfos
/fh]z xdfnnfO{ clego
u/fOPsf] rnlrq lsg lsgdf
/fh]z xdfn lgs} efj's ePsf
5g . gfos /fh]z xdfnnfO{
hlt hlt a'9of}nLkgn] 5'b}+
uPsf] 5, Tolt g} pgsf] dgeg]
clxn] cfP/ tGg]/L cj:yfdf
k|j]z ug{ yfn]sf] xf] h:tf]
b]lvG5 . klxnf] r8bf] a9bf]
pd]/df ;fdfGo r'Dagsf b[Zo
;d]t lbg gdfg]sf xdfnnfO{
clxn] s]6LnfO{ a]8 l;g /
r'Dagsf b[Zo lbg s]xL vf;}
ufx|f] kb}{g . rnlrq d]/f] hLjg
;fyLdf xdfnn] gflosf ;'idf
sfsL{nfO{ pgn] a]8 l;g lbPsf
5g eg] rnlrq lsg lsgdf t
pgn] gflosf c?l0fdf nfdf;+u
lbPsf] a]8 l;g ´g} pTh]s 5 .
lsg lsg rnlrqsf lgb]{zs
ps]z bfxfnn] lgdf0f{ u/]sf]
rnlrqdf /fh]z xdfn / gflosf
c?l0fdf nfdfsf] /f]dfG; eg]
w]/} /fd|f] /x]sf] kfOG5 . dxfgfos
/fh]z xdfn / csf{ rlrt{ gfos
;'jf; yfkf;+u 6ª ls; lbPsf]
tl:a/ ;fj{hlgs eP;+u} pgsf]
rrf{ r'lnPsf] 5 . 6ª ls; /
;]ldGo'8 l;g lbPkl5 pgsf]
cfnf]rgf klg ;'? ePsf] 5 .
sltkon] pgnfO{ ;'hftf
l;6f}nf;+u t'ngf ug{ yfn]sf 5g,
;'hftf ltg} gflosf x'g, hf]
bfxfnn] o;cl3 lgb]{zg u/]sf]
rnlrq …knkndfÚdf o:t}
cZnLn / ljjfb:kb l;g lbPsf]
sf/0f rnlrq If]qaf6} knfog
ePsL lyOg . tg a'9f] ePklg
dg j'9f] x'b}gÚ eGg] laifonfO{
d'Vo ?kdf p7fg u/]sf] of]
rnlrqdf gfos /fh]z xdfn
/ gflosf c?l0fdf nfdflarsf]
pTt]hs b[Zox? k|z:t ;dfj]z
ul/Psf] 5 . t/ rnlrq ;]G;/
af]8{n] o:tf b[Zodf s}rL grnfO{
P8N6 ;l6lkms]{6 lbPsf] 5 .
knkndf dfkm{t g]kfnL rnlrq
pBfudf lgb]{zssf ?kdf b]vf
k/]sf ps]; bfxfnsf] lgb]{zgdf
rnlrq lsg lsg tof/ ePsf]
5 . ;Dk'0f{ k|flawLs sfo{ ;sfP/
clxn] k|rf/ k|;f/df nfu]sf] o;
rnlrq cfufdL ;fpg #@ ut]
b]lv b]ze/af6 ;fj{hlgs
k|b{zgdf cfpg] tof/Ldf 5 .
;fef/ -/ftf]kf6L 86sd_
lsglsgdf /fh]zsf]
pQ]hs l;g
cfxf ;~rf/

clxn] b]z}e/L v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm If]q agfpg] cleofg rln/x]sf]
5 . h; cg';f/ ?s'ddf klg v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm agfpg] cleofg
kgL hf/L /x]sf] 5 . ;g @)!% ;Dd k'/} lhNnf v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm
agfpg] nIo lnPsf] cleofgn] s]lx ufla;x? v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm
3f]if0ff ;d]t ul/Psf] 5 . kl5Nnf] k6s z'qmaf/ ?s'dsf]
k'lt{dsfF8f ufla; v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla; 3f]if0ff ul/P;u}
v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla;sf] ;+Vof ^ k'u]sf] 5 . cfpbf Psb'O{
;ftfleq lhNnfsf cGo ufla;x? klg 3f]if0ff ug]{ tof/Ldf /
x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . cleofgsf nflu s]Gb| b]lv lhNnf:t/df
hf]8tf]8sf ;fy nfuL/x]sf] atfO{Pklg s]lx ;xsfo{x?df
c;'Gtng cfpbf cem} ;f]r]h:tf] k|ult b]lvPsf] 5}g . o;
sfo{qmddf ;/f]sf/ /fVg] ;+3;+:yf tyf lgsfox?sf] /fd|f]
;xeflutf /x]sf] ePklg To;;+u k|ToIf hf]l8Psf lgsfox?
5fFofdf /x]sf] sltkon] l6KkgL ug]{ u/]sf] 5 . h;sf sf/0f
cleofg ;+rfng qmddf s]lx c;dembf/L t 5 g} cleofgdf
sfd ug]{ AolQm tyf lgsfox?nfO{ t]/f] / d]/f] cleofgsf] ?kdf
lnO{Psf] 5 . ?sdnfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff ug]{ sfd s;}sf]
:jfy{df rflnPsf] cleofg geO{ of] ?s'dnfO{ ;Do ;dfhsf]
lgdf0f{ ug]{ ;femf cleofg xf] . o; cleofgnfO{ ;kmn agfpg
;a}sf] / ;a} If]qaf6 ;xof]u ckl/xfo{ b]lvG5 . To;df lhNnf
l:yt ;a} ldl8of tyf ;+rf/sdL{x?nfO{ klg pkof]u ug]{
aftfa/0f agfpg'k5{ . To;sf/0f v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm cleofg
rkL{ lgdf0f{ u/]/ dfq geO{ ;DaGwLt lgsfox?df ;dw'/
;DaGw tyf ;xsfo{ ;+u} :yflgox?df dgf]a}1flgs tyf
;r]tgfTds sfo{qmd lg/Gt/ ?kdf ug'{kg]{ b]lvG5 . s'g}
ufla; v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff u/]/ emf/f d]6]h:tf] u/]/ To;tkm{
kms]{/ gx]g]{ xf] eg] klg 3f]if0ffsf] s'g} ;fy{stf x'b}g To;df
Ifl0fs :jfy{ n'6g ul/Psf] sfo{ ;d]t x'g]5 . To;sf/0f o;
cleofg cGt/ut lhNnfsf laleGg ufla;x?df nIo cg';f/
v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff ug]{, 3f]if0ff u/]sf ufla;x?nfO{ klg
cg'udgsf] Aoa:yf ug]{, lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ffdf 7'nf] s'/f gePsf]n]
cfaZos k'a{wf/sf] klg lasf; ug]{ / lhNnfsf s]lx cfaZos
If]qdf ;fa{hlgs zf}rfno lgdf0f{ ug'{ cfaZos b]lvG5 .
# !! c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/  ;dfrf/  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs 
cfxf ;~rf/
 ?s'd
?s'ddf klxnf] k6s
cfxf ;~rf/
 ?s'd
du/ ;d'bfox?n]] 7"nf] rf8sf]
?kdf dgfpg] e"d] gfFrsf]
?s'ddf ;dfkg ul/Psf] 5 .
du/ ;d'bfox?n] ?s'd lhNnf
;b/d'sfd d'l;sf]6 vn+ufsf]
;lxb d}bfgdf e'd] b]jtfsf] k'hf
tyf gfFr]/ e'd] ka{ agfPsf x'g
. e'd] gfFr ?s'd tyf /f]Nkfsf
du/ ;d'bfox?n] laz]if u/]/
dgfpg] u/]sf 5g . ?s'dsf] k'la{
ufla;x?af6 a;fFO{;/L cfPsf
du/ ;d'bfox?n] cfkmgf]
;+:s[ltnfO{ hu]{gf ub{} eJo
?kdf lautsf aif{b]lv dgfpb}
cfPsf 5g . of] gfrdf e'd]
b]jtfnfO{ k'hf tyf anL
r9fPkl5 nufPsf] afnL ;lk|g],
e'Ifo, af9L klx/f] ghfg],
clgsfn gx'g] du/ ;d'bfosf
xflsd:t/sf] gfFr M du/ ;d'bfox?n] dgfpg] e"d] gfFrsf] ;dfkg
sfo{qmddf ;xefuL eP/ kf]iffs ;lxt e'd] gfFRb} qmd;M ?s'dsf k|d'v lhNnf
clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/L, k|x/L gfoa pkl/Ifs /fh]Gb| e66 tyf :yflgo
lasf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{ . tl:a/ M d]u/fh v8sf
e'd]df /dfP xflsd ;fÚkx?laZjf; 5 . e'd] gfFr ;dfkg
sfo{qmddf lhNnf l:yt ;/sf/L
sfof{nosf k|d'vx?sf] ;d]t
;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] .
sfo{qmddf ?s'dsf k|d'v lhNnf
clwsf/L s[i0f k|;fb clwsf/L,
:yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/t
s'df/ zdf{, k|x/L gfoa
pkl/Ifs /fh]Gb| e66 nufot
cGo AolQmTjx?sf] ;xeflutf /
x]sf] lyof] .
To:t} lb km]d; dlxGb|
bnu0fsf u0fklt cle/fh
cfrfo{, lhNnf phf{ tyf
aftfa/0f zfvf ?s'dsf k|d'v
uf]laGb kf]v/]n, e'';+/If0f
sfof{nosf k|d'v /fh' u'?ª
nufoft cGo sfo{nosf k|d'v
tyf kqsf/x?sf] ;xefuLtf
/x]sf] lyof] . ;dfkg sfo{qmddf
;xeflu ;a} AolQmTjx? du/
;d'bfosf] kf]zfs ;lxt gfFrdf
;xefuL ePsf lyP .
cGt/fli6«o Psn dlxnf lbj;
?s'ddf klxnf]k6s ;b/d'sfd
d'l;sf]6 vn+ufdf t]>f]
cGt/fli6«o Psn dlxnf lbj;
dgfO{Psf] 5 . Psn dlxnfx?sf]
xs clwsf/sf If]qdf lqmofl;n
Psn dlxnfx?sf] ;+hfn dfga
clwsf/sf nflu Psn dlxnf
lhNnf ;+hfn ?s'dn] cfO{taf/
lba;sf] ca;/df cGt/lqmof
sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf] xf]
. Psn dlxnfsf] dfgj
clwsf/sf] ;Ddfg tyf ;'/Iff u/
eGg] d'n gf/fsf ;fy laxfg
vn+uf ahf/df k|eft ¥ofnL;lxt
ahf/ k/Lqmdf u/L afn dlGb/
xndf cGt/lqmof sfo{qmd ePsf]
lyof] . cGt/lqmof sfo{qmddf
af]Nb} ?s'dsf k|d'v lhNnf
clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Ln]
?s'ddf Psn dlxnfx?sf] sfo{
km/flsnf] aGb} uPsf] atfPsf
lyP . To:t} :yflgo ljsf;
clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{n]
sdhf]/ dfgl;stf ePsf]nfO{
;a}n] ckx]ngf ug{] ePsfn]
cfTdzlQm anLof] agfP/ sfd
ug{ cfu|x u/]sf lyP . ;fdflhs
s';+:sf/sf sf/0f ;dfhdf clxn]
klg Psn dlxnfx?nfO{ x]g{]
b[li6sf]0f km/s ePsfn] dlxnfx?
cem} lx+;fdf k/]sf] dlxnf
clwsf/sld{n] atfPsf lyP .
Psn dlxnfx?sf] kIfdf
dxTjk'0f{ sfd u/]sf] eGb}
lbj;sf] cj;/df :yflgo ljsf;
clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{ / dfgj
clwsf/ tyf sfg'lg ;]jf s]Gb|
x/Kn]; ?s'dsf sfo{qmd
;+of]hs zf/bf 8fFuLnfO{ sb/
kq;lxt ;Ddfg u/LPsf] 5 .
vn+uf % sL a[4f Psn dlxnf
sdf{ lassf] k|d'v cfltYotf
/x]sf] sfo{qmddf ;+hfnsL cWoIf
1fg' la;Lsf] cWoIftf /x]sf] lyof]
hfh/sf]6 ;b/d'sfddf
lgdf{0flwg ;8sdf afn
dhb'/sf] k|of]u ul/Psf] 5 .
;b/d'sfdsf] u}/LvfnL b]vL
lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no ;Dd
lgdf{0f sfo{ eO{/fv]sf] ;8sdf
jfnjflnsfsf] k|of]u ul/Psf] xf]
. afnjflnsfsf] k|of]u u/]df
Hofnf sd lbg'kg]{ ePkl5
lgdf{0f ;ldltn] afn dhb'/sf]
k|of]u u/]sf] ;/f]sf/jfnfx?
atfp5g . afndhb'/ sfddf
nufPsf] 7fp dlxnf tyf
afnjflnsf sfof{no af6 %)
ld6/sf] b'/Ldf /xsf] 5 . sfd
ug{ cfPsf clwsf+z
afnjfnlnsfx? k'Gdf ufla;
j8f ^ u+ufl6osf /x]sf 5g .
pgLx? !) jif{ b]vL !$ jif{
pd]/sf ePsf pgL;+u} sfd ul/
/x]sf Ps dhb'/n] atfP .
ljBfnodf k9bf k9b} ul/jLsf
sf/0f k9fO{ 5f]8]/ ;8ssf]
sfddf nfu]sf] tL afnjflnsfn]
atfPsf 5g . pQm ;8s lhNnf
ljsf; ;ldlt / :yflgo ljsf;
dGqfnosf] sl/a @$ nfv
?k}ofFdf lgdf{0f sfo{ eO{/fv]sf]
5 .
s]lxdf ;Demf}tf e};s]sf] 5 eg]
s]lxdf x'g] qmddf /x]sf] 5 .
pTkfbg u/]sf] t/sf/L lap
Psd'i6 ?s'daf6} vl/b x'g]
ePkl5 lap lalqmdf ;d:of
em]n]sf ls;fgx? v'l; ;u} cfpbf
lbgx?df Aoa;los s[lifsf nflu
;d]t pT;flxt ePsf 5g .
utaif{ lhNnfdf pTkfbg ePsf]
t/sf/L lap glas]kl5 s[ifsx?n]
lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no 3]/]/
;/f]sf/jfnfx?nfO{ bafj lbPkl5
o:tf] sfo{ ul/Psf] d]8k ?s'dsf
pBd lasf; clws[t uf}tdn]
atfP . …?s'ddf pTkfbg ePsf]
;a} t/sf/L lap vl/bsf nflu
o;aif{ clu|d vl/blalqm ;Demf}tf
ePkl5 lap las]g, s'x'of] eGg]
;d:of x'g] 5}gÚ pgn] eg], …cGo
;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] ;dGoodf
d]8]kn] lhNnfsf s[ifsx/nfO{ 7'nf]
/fxft tyf Joj;flos s[lifsf
nflu ;xof]u k'u]sf] 5 .Ú cGo
t/sf/Lx?sf] lap s]lx aif{ /fVg
;lsg] ePklg Khfhsf] lap
pTkfbg ePs} aif{ lalqm gePdf
lau|g] u/]sf] atfO{Psf] 5 .
h;sf sf/0f k|To]s aif{ lap
;xh ?kdf lalqm gePdf
s[ifsx?n] 3f6f Aoxf]g'{kg]{ x'G5 .
vf]nfufpF $ ?s'dsL nB' pBdL
nIdL /f]sfon] ca cfkm'x?nfO{
t/sf/L lap lalqmdf s'g} ;d:of
gx'g] atfO{g . …o;k6sb]lv
sf7df08f}sf] Ps t/sf/L lap
vl/b sDkgL;+u vl/bsf nflu
;Demf}tf e};s]sf] 5Ú pgn] egLg
…cu|Ld ;Demf}tf x'bfF s[ifsx?nfO{
pTkfbg u/]sf] lap sxfF a]Rg]
eGg] ;d:of 6/]sf] 5 eg] cfpbf
lbgx?df pTkfbg ug{ xf};fPsf]
5 .Ú ut aif{ dfq % d]l6«s6g
Kofhsf] lap lalqmdf s[ifsx?n]
;d:of ef]Sg'k/]sf] lyof] . ?s'ddf
utaif{ ;a} vfn] u/L sl/a !
;o #) d]l6«s6g lap pTkfbg
ePsf] lyof] eg] o;aif{klg
To;s} xf/fxf/Ldf pTkfbg x'g]
;DaGwLt lgsfox?n] atfPsf
5g .
ca ufpFaf6}======
;8sdf afn
dhb'/sf] k|of]u
x]dGt s];L
 hfh/sf]6
xfdLnfO{ 6'O{6/df kmnf] ug'{xf]; .
@aahasanchar
. lhNnf l:yt ;/f]sf/jfnf
lgsfox?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf]
sfo{qmdsf] ;+rfng ;+hfnsL
;lra l;tf k'gn] u/]sf]
atfO{Psf] 5 .
 ?=lh=k|zf=sf=b=g+= !&÷@)^(÷&)  ?=lh=x'=sf=b=g+= )(÷@)^(÷&)  -clGtd k[i7_  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs $
cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs, vn+uf-!, ?s'd . kmf]g M (&$*%!!&)^, d'b|s M /fKtL ckm;]6 k|]; . k|sfzs÷;Dkfbs M d]u/fh v8sf
Aaha Sanchar National Weekly, Khalanga-1, Rukum.E-mail-aahasanchar.weekly@gmail.com Editor-in-Chief MMegraj Khadka
d}gfnLsf]…pkNnf] ynf]Ú
cfxf ;~rf/

lhNnfaf6 k[ys Anu
kqsfl/tfsf] cEof;
laZje/ kx'Frsf
nflu
nfdf] ;do;Dd kqsfl/tfdf lqmofzLn
/xL vf]hL kqsfl/tf -l/kf]l6{ª_sf] laDa
g} ag]sf kqsf/ df]xg d}gfnLn]
kl5Nnf]k6s …pkNnf] ynf]Ú ofqfj[tfGt
-k':ts_ k|sfzg u/]sf 5g .
pQ/L uf]/vfsf] sl7g,
/f]rs / r'gf}tLk"0f{ ofqfj[tfGt ;d]l6Psf]
…pkNnf] ynf]Údf ToxfFsf] hghLjg,
:yfgLo afl;Gbfx?sf] /xg;xg, e]ife'iff,
;+:s[lt / b}lgsLnfO{ ;'Id tl/sfn]
cWoog snfTds lsl;dn] ptfl/Psf]
5 . kqsfl/tf, 8s'd]G6«L lgdf{0f / vf]hL
kqsfl/tfsf ;kmn k|lzIfssf ?kdf
klxrfg agfO;s]sf d}gfnL o; k':ts;Fu}
;/n, ;'Id / snfTds n]vgz}nLsf wgL
lgaGwsf/sf ?kdf ;d]t kl/ro lbPsf
5g . rf/ v08df afFl8Psf] k':tssf]
klxnf], bf];|f] / t];|f] v08nfO{ a'9Lu08sL
/ rf}yf] v08nfO{ dfg;/f]j/ gfd lbP/
d}gfnLn] y'k|} zLif{sx?df ofqfj[tfGt
;d]6]sf 5g . vf]hkqsfl/tf s]Gb|sf
dxf;lrj x:t u'?ªn] …pkNnf] ynf]Ú nfO{
pQ/L uf]/vfsf] cIf/ofqf eg]sf 5g .
pgn] e"ldsfdf n]v]sf 5g . …
tkfO{+n] kbofqf, dgofqf jf
tLy{ofqf ubf{ ltgdf zf/Ll/s / dfgl;s
ysfg b'j} x'G5g . of] cIf/ofqfdf tL
b'j} x'Fb}gg . tkfOF cfkm}n] ofqf u/]sf]
hglxtsf nflu hf/L ;"rgf
hGd, d[To",ljafx,a;fO{;/fO{ / ;DaGw laR5]b h:tf 36gf
36]sf] #% lbgleq ufpF lasf; ;ldltsf] sfof{nodf uO{
btf{ u/f}+ . ;fy} olx c;f/ d;fGt;Dd v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm
ufla; 3f]if0ff ug'{kg]{ ePsf]n] rkL{ lgdf0f{ gu/]sf
3/w'/Ln] tTsfn lgdf0f{ ug{ cg'/f]w 5 .
plb/fd /f]sf
ufpF lasf; ;ldltsf] sfof{no
KjfË,?s'd
hglxtsf nflu hf/L ;"rgf
hGd, d[To",ljafx,a;fO{;/fO{ / ;DaGw laR5]b h:tf 36gf
36]sf] #% lbgleq ufpF lasf; ;ldltsf] sfof{nodf uO{
btf{ u/f}+ . ;fy} k|To]s 3/w'/Ln] cfcfkmgf] 3/3/df clgafo{
?kdf rkL{ lgdf0f{ u/L ;Eo gful/ssf] klxrfg lbcf}+ .
uf]kfn cf]nL
ufpF lasf; ;ldltsf] sfof{no
ts;]/f, ?s'd
h:tf], b]v]sf]
h:tf] / ef]u]sf]
h:tf] cg'e"lt
x'G5 .Ú k':tssf]
gfd M pkNnf] ynf]
ljwf M
o f q f j [ t f G t ÷
;+:d/0f
n]vs M df]xg
d}gfnL
k|sfzs M hubDaf
k|sfzg,kf6g9f]sf
nlntk'/
d"No M ?= #)).
;kmf /xf}+,:j:Yo agf}+ / ;Eo
gful/ssf] kl/ro lbcf}+ .
;g @)!% ;Dd ?s'dnfO{
v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm lhNnf agfpg
;lqmo ;xof]u u/f}+ ..
k|To]s 3/df rkL{ lgdf0f{ u/f}+ .
vfg]kfgL /fd|/L pdfn]/ jf z'l4s/0f u/]/ dfq lkpg] u/f}+ .
kmf]xf]/d}nf 5f]Pkl5 jf lbzf 3f]Pkl5 ;fa'gkfgLn] /fd|/L
xft w'g] u/f} . af;L ;8]un]sf], lem+uf a;]sf] / v'Nnf ?kdf
/flvPsf] vfg]s'/f gvfcf}+ . 3/, cfFug, rf]s / rkL{ ;kmf
/fvf}+ .
emf8fkvfnf nfu]kl5 ug'{kg]{ s'/fx?
zl//af6 emf8fkvfnfsf] ?kdf hlt kfgL v]/ uPsf] 5
Tolts} cg'kftdf k'g{hlno emf]n agfP/ vfg] / v'jfpg]
u/f}+ . emf8fkvfnf nfUg] lalQs} :jf:Yo ;+:yfdf nuL
:jf:YosdL{;+u t'?Gt} pkrf/ u/fcf}+ . :tfgkfg u/fO{/x]sf
aRrfnfO{ emf8fkvfnf /f]u nfu]df k6s k6s :tgkfg
u/fcf}+ . emf8fkvfnf x'Fbf ;flasdf h:t} vfg]s'/f vfg]
u/f}+ .
8f=ob'rGb| l3ld/]
lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no ?s'd
lhNnf :jf:Yo k|d'v
ef8fkvfnf /f]uaf6 aRg / arfpg
lgDg pkfox? ug'{x'g cg'/f]w 5 .

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6 aaha sanchar

  • 1. aif{ ! c+s ^ ?s'd !! c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/ Aaha Sanchar National Weekly 25 Jun 2013 k[i7 $ d"No ?= %.— www.aahasanchar.blogspot.com ca ufpFaf6} t/sf/L lap lalqm ^ ufla; v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ?s'd÷cfˆgf] ;+u7gsf du/ft /fHo ;ldlt ;lrjfno ;b:o tyf lgat{dfg ?s'd lhNnf ;lrj s[kfnfn k'g …kjgÚsf] xTofk|lt of]Ë sDo'lgi6 lnu du/ft /fHo ;ldltn] ulDe/ Wofgfsif{0f ePsf] hgfPsf] 5 . /fHo ;+of]hs lhtdfg k'g …dfz{nÚ 4f/f hf/L k|]; lj1KtLdf /x:odo tl/sfn] ePsf] xTofn] l;Ëf] ;+u7gnfO{ g} ddf{xt agfPsf] pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . kjgsf] xTofdf ;+nUgnfO{ tTsfn lu/ˆtf/ ul/ sfg"gL sfaf{xL ug{ :yfgLo k|zf;g ;+u dfu klg la1KtLdf ul/Psf] 5 . ;+u7gsf] cfu|xnfO{ a]jf:tf u/]df cfkm}n] pgLx?nfO{ lemsfP/ hgsfaf{xL ug]{ r]tfjgL klg la1KtLdf lbO{Psf] 5 . lj1KtLsf] cGTodf 36gfsf] ;To tYo kQf nufpg ;j} ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo ;dIf ;xof]usf] ck]Iff klg ul/Psf] 5 . o;}ljr jfO;LPn ?s'dn] klg cfˆgf] ;+u7gsf du/ft /fHo ;lrjfno ;b:o s[kfnfn k'g …kjgÚ sf xTof/fnfO{ tTsfn kqmfp ul/ sfg"gL sf/jfxL cl3 a9fpg dfu u/]sf] 5 . sfdsf] l;nl;nfdf l;:g] ufla;af6 ;b/d'sfdtkm{ kms{g] qmddf af6f]af6} a]kQf ePsf kjgsf] xTof ePsf] eGb} To;df ;+nUg uf]kfn k'g nufot # hgfnfO{ tTsfn kqmfp ug{ :yfgLo k|zf;g;+u dfu u/]sf] xf] . lhNNff OGrfh{ ;l/tf a'9f du/ / lhNnf pkfWoIf u+uf/fd rgf/f …hLjgÚ4f/f x:tfIf]/Lt la1KtLdf kjgsf] d[To' s'g} b'3{6gf ge} ;'lgof]lht tj/af6 ePsf] pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . c;f/ @ ut] /fª;L uflj; ( b]pvf]nf b]lv a]kQf kjgsf] zj c;f/ % ut] u/fPnf uflj;sf] a]n6fk'df e]l6Psf] lyof] . xTof/fnfO{ sfaf{xLsf] dfu cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd ?s'd lhNnfsf ^ j6f ufla;x? v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff ePsf 5g . z'qmaf/ lhNnfsf] k'lt{dsfF8f ufla;nfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla; 3f]if0ff ul/P;u} ^ cf]6f ufla;x? k'u]sf x'g . v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla;x?df cf7la;8fF8fufp, rf}vfafª, dUdf, vf/f / ?F3f ufla; /x]sf 5g . ;g @)!% ;Dd ?s'dsf $# j6} ufla;x? v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ug]{ nIo /flvPsf] 5 . clxn] lhNnfsf afFsL ufla;x?df klg cleofgs} ?kdf v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff tyf cfaZos k'a{wf/ lgdf0f{ ug]{ sfo{ wdfwd e}/x]sf] 5 . h;cg';f/ cfpFbf] ;ftf ?s'dsf] d'? ufla; v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ffsf] tof/L ul/Psf] 5 . ?s'dsf :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/t s'df/ zdf{n] lhNnfdf clxn] zf}rfno lgdf0f{ tyf v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla; 3f]if0ff ug]{ sfd lta| ?kdf cufl8 al9/x]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . pgsf cg';f/ cfwfbh{g a9L cGo ufla;x?klg v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff ug]{ clGtd tof/Ldf k'u]sf 5g . …lhNnfsf laleGg ufla;x? wdfwd v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla;x? 3f]if0ff e}/x]sf 5gÚ :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L zdf{n] eg], …of] cleofgnfO{ ;kmn agfpg tkfO{ ldl8ofsld{x?sf] klg 7'nf] e'ldsf 5 ;xof]u ug'{xf]; .Ú lhNnfsf] ;/;kmfO{ tyf zf}rfno lgdf{0f cleofgdf lhNnf lasf; ;ldlt, lhNnf vfg]kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO{ ;a lelehg sfof{no, ;DaGwLt ufp lasf; ;ldlt tyf cGo ;/f]sf/jfnf ;+3;:yfx?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] 5 . To:t} vfg]kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO{ :jR5tf ;dGjo ;ldlt, laleGg ;d'x, Snj, dlxnf tyf cfdf ;d'xnfO{ kl/rfng ul//x]sf 5g . lhNnfsf laleGg ufla;x?nfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ;u} 3/ leqsf] w'Fjf d'Qm / k'0f{vf]ko'Qm uflj; klg 3f]if0ff ul/Psf 5g . 3f]if0ff sfo{qmdx?nfO{ ;Daf]wg ub} :yfgLo ljsf; clwsf/L zdf{n] ?s'dsf ufpFufpFdf klg lbzfd'Qm ug]{ nx/ :jfut of]Uo ePsf] atfpb} cfPsf 5g . cGo ufla;x? v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff sfo{qmddf ;xefuL :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L zdf{ z'qmaf/ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] k'lt{dsfF8f ufla;df sfo{Ao:ttfn] hfg gkfPklg :yflgo /]l8of] dfkm{t To;If]qsf afl;Gbfx?nfO{ ;Daf]wg u/] . /]l8of] ;fgLe]/Laf6 k|ToIf k|zf/0f dfkm{t ;Djf]wg ub}{ :yfgLo ljsf; clwsf/L zdf{n] dflg;sf] k|ToIf hLjg;+u hf]l8Psf] ;/;kmfO{df ;j}n] laif]z Wofg lbg'kg]{ atfPsf lyP . ?s'ddf pTkfbg ePsf] t/sf/L lap ca s[ifsx?nfO{ sxfF / s;/L a]Rg] eg]/ ef}tfl/g' kg]{ ca:yfdf x6]sf] 5 . lautsf aif{x?df s[ifsx?n] pTkfbg u/]sf] t/sf/L lap lalqm ug{ pgLx?n] lgs} ;d:of em]Ng'k/]klg o;aif{b]lv 3/ cfFugaf6} ;a}vfn] t/sf/L lap lalqmlat/0f ug{ kfPsf 5g . ut aif{x?df ?s'dsf t/sf/L lap pTkfbs s[ifsx?n] s]lx lap a]Rgsf nflu /fhwfgL sf7df0f8f} ;Dd uP/ 7'nf] b'vsf ;fy lalqm u/]sf lyP eg] s]lx s[ifsx?sf] lap ;d]t lalqm ePsf] lyPg . h;sf sf/0f cfkm'n] pTkfbg u/]sf] lap lalqm gx'Fbf cfly{s ?kdf 3f6f t ;xg'k/]sf] lyof] cfpbf lbgx?df Aoj;flos lap pTkfbg sfo{qmdf ;d]t kl5 x6]sf lyP . t/ o;aif{b]lv ?s'dsf s[if{sx?nfO{ lap lalqmsf nflu s'g} ;d:of x'g] 5}g . :yflgo s[lif ;xsf/L / lap vl/b sDkgLlar pTkfbg u/]sf] ;a} lap ufpFd} cfP/ vl/b ug]{ ;Demf}tf eO{;s]sf] 5 . ;a}eGbf /fd|f] / w]/} t/sf/L lap pTkfbg ug]{ ?s'dsf s[ifsx?sf] o:tf ;d:of b]lvPkl5 n3' pBd lasf; sfo{qmd - d]8]k_ ?s'dn] o:tf] lap vl/blalqm ;Demf}tf lgdf0f{df ;xhLs/0f u/]sf] xf] . sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f kZrft b'O{ klIfo t/sf/L lap vl/blalqm ;DaGwfdf x:tfIf/ ;d]t e};s]sf] d]8]k ?s'dsf pBd lasf; clws[t /fhg uf}tdn] hfgsf/L lbP . pgsf cg';f/ klxnf] r/0fdf ;dlztf]i0f pGgt t/sf/L lap pTkfbg ;xsf/L ;+:yf lnld6]8 vf]nfufpF, lahoZj/L pGgt lap pTkfbg ;xsf/L ;+:yf lnld6]8 / ?s'd]sL s[lif ;xsf/L ;+:yf lnld6]8 ;fFv ?s'd tyf rf;f] PS;kf]6{ ODkf6{ k|fnL sf7df08f} lar t/sf/L lap vl/b lalqm ;DdGwdf ;Demf}tf ePsf] xf] . ;Demf}tfdf sDkgLsf] tkm{af6 zj]{z/fh zj0f{ / vf]nfufpFsf] ;xsf/L tkm{af6 uf]kf laPdn] x:tfIf/ u/]sf 5g . h;df ;fFIfLsf] ?kdf lhNnf s[lif lasf; sfof{nosf al/i7 s[lif lasf; clws[t s'nk|;fb clwsf/L, ;dlztf]i0f t/sf/L lap ptkfbg s]Gb|sf afuafgL lasf; clws[t lbn axfb'/ l;+x,o'PdPg ?s'dsf sfo{qmd clws[t ;'/]; a/fn, l;k|]8 ?s'dsf sni6/ l6dln8/ /fdeQm Gof}kfg],d]8]ksf pBd lasf; clws[t /fhg uf}td / lhNnf nB't pBdL ;d'x ;+3 ?s'dsf lhNnf sfo{qmd ;+of]hs ledaxfb'/ s];Ln] x:tfIf/ /x]sf 5g . To:t} cGo ufla;x?df /x]sf s[lif ;xsf/L dfkm{t d]u/fh v8sf÷cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd afFsL # k[i7df b'O{klIfo vl/blalqm ;Demf}tfdf x:tfIf/ ub{} sDkgL tyf ;xsf/Lsf k|ltlgwL, ;fydf ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox? .
  • 2. @!! c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/  ;DkfbsLo÷ cfxf larf/ ÷ cfxf /+u  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  @ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm cleofg / ;xsfo{  cJojl:yt lzIff If]q ;'wf ld> gofF lzIff ;q ;'¿ ePsf] sl/a b'O{ dlxgf hlt eof] . x/]s afnaRrfnfO{ lzlIft agfpgsf] nflu gofF lzIff ;q a}zfv dlxgfsf] klxnf] ;ftfaf6 ;'¿jft ul/G5 . a}zfv dlxgfaf6 ;'¿ eP/ r}t dlxgfdf aflif{s k/LIff lnP jfkt lzIff ;qsf] cGt ePsf] dflgG5 . cleefjsx¿n] cfcfˆgf] aRrfnfO{ lzIff k|flKtsf] lglDt a}zfv dlxgfdf cfˆgf] aRrfnfO{ ljBfnodf egf{ u/L ljBfno a7fpg] sfd ub{5g . ;'¿sf] dlxgf b]lv g} sIff lgoldt ¿kdf ;+rfng eO{ lzIfs x¿åf/f kf7oqmd k9fpg yflnG5 . laBfyL{nfO{ laBf cfh{gsf] lglDt ljBfno, lzIfs / kf7ok':t pknAw x'g' clt h¿/L x'G5 . t/ b'ef{Uosf] s'/f lzIff ;q ;'¿ ePsf] b'O{ dlxgf x'g nfUbf ;d]t klg dw]zsf sltko lhNnfdf kf7ok':tssf] ljt/0f ePsf] 5}g . laBfyL{x¿nfO{ lzIff cfh{gsf] lglDt rflxg] clt cfjZos ;fdu|L kf7ok':ts ljBfyL{x¿n] k|fKt u/]sf 5}gg . kf7ok':ts lagf lzIff cfh{g ug'{ slt sl7g sfd xf] ;fob eGg' kg]{ s'/f g} xf]Og . b'O{ dlxgf nfUg nfUbf ;d]t ljBfyL{x¿n] clt cfjZos ;fdu|L kf7ok':ts gkfpg' eg]sf] lgs} g} b'ef{Uosf] s'/f xf] . o;n] g} lzIff h:tf] ;+j]bgzLn If]q sltsf] cJojl:yt 5 eg]/ b]vfO/x]sf] 5 . Ps t dw]zsf lhNnfx¿df To;} g} laBfyL{ egf{ b/ yf]/} /x]sf] 5 To;df klg clxn] ;Dd kf7ok':ts gkfpg'sf] sf/0f ePsf] egf{b/ af6 klg ljBfyL{sf] ;+Vof 36g' :jefljs g} xf] . cleefjsx¿n] laBfnodf ;f]wk'5 ubf{ s]Gb|af6 g} kf7ok':ts gcfPsf]n] xfdL ljBfyL{nfO{ ljt/0f ug{ g;s]sf xf}+ . eg]/ u'gf;f] kf]V5g . ;/sf/n] ;f]Rg' kg]{ s'/f xf] . lzIff / :jf:Yo eg]sf] dflg;sf] cfwf/e"t cfjZostf xf] . lzIff / :j:YonfO{ g]kfnLsf] clGt/df ;+ljwfg @)^# n] df}lns xs leq /fv]sf 5g . lzIff xfl;n ug'{ dflg;sf] hGdl;4 clwsf/ xf] . lzIffsf] Hofltaf6 aRrfnfO{ 6f9f /fVg' eg]sf] l;+uf] g]kfnnfO{ g} cWof/f] lt/ ws]Ng' xf] . hgtf clzlIft ePs} sf/0f d'n's u/La dfq} geP/ x/]s If]qaf6 kl5 kg{ hfG5 . d'n'snfO{ ljsf;sf] lglDt tyf cGt/f{li6«o :t/df k'¥ofpgsf] lglDt ;j{k|yd ;/sf/n] lzIff / :jf:Yodf Wofg k'¥ofpg' kg]{ x'G5 . h'g b]z hlt g} a9L ljsl;t x'G5 To; b]zdf ;fIf/tf b/ klg Tolt a9L /x]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . d'n'sdf zflGt / cfly{s ;DkGtf Nofpgsf] lglDt x/]s 3/3/df lzIffsf] pHofnf] k'Ug} kg]{ x'G5 . lzlIft gful/sn] g} d'n'snfO{ zlGt / Jojl:yt agfpg' ;xof]u k'¥ofpF5 . lzIff h:tf] cltcfjZos If]qdf klg oltsf] nfk/jfxL sxfFsf] Gofo xf] < ;/sf/n] lzIff h:tf] ;+j]bgzLn If]qnfO{ lsg cgb]v u/]sf] xf]nf < s] ;/sf/sf] bfloTj xf]Og ;dodf kf7ok':ts pknAw u/fpg' < ;fob oxL sf/0fx¿n] ubf{ ;fj{hlgs ljBfnox¿ emgemg kl5 kb}{ uO/x]sf 5g / lghL :t/sf ljBfno lt/ dflg;x¿ cfslif{t e}/x]sf 5g . dw]zsf sltko lhNnfx¿df ul/aLsf sf/0f cleefjsx¿ cfˆgf aRrfnfO{ ;fj{hlgs ljBfno egf{ ub{5g . pgLx¿nfO{ xftd'v hf]g{ t ;d:of x'G5 eg] sxfF o:tf] dxFuf] lghL ljBfnodf cfˆgf aRrfnfO{ k9fpg ;S5g . cfˆgf] aRrf klg lzlIft xf]; eg]/ ljBfno egf{ u5{g t/ pgLx¿nfO{ s] yfxf ;/sf/n] slxn] klg ul/asf] ;d:ofnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /fv]sf 5}gg . ;/sf/sf] k|fyldstf eg]sf] t slt nfdf] ;do;Dd ;Qfdf l6sL /xg kfpF xf] . dw]zsf sltko lhNnfx¿df st} ljBfno 5 eg] lzIfssf] cefj 5 st} gfdsf] nflu dfq} laBfno /x]sf] 5 . laBfnosf] ejgx¿ eTs]sf] sf/0f laBfyL{ rf}/df a;]/ k9g afWo ePsf 5g . sltko laBfnodf t Pp6} sIffdf b'O{,tLg sIffsf laBfyL{nfO{ /fv]/ cWofkg u/fpg' kg]{ afWotf /x]sf 5 . clxn] jiff{ofdsf] sf/0fn] ubf{ lh0f{ sIff sf]7fx¿sf] dd{t ;Def/ gePsf] sf/0fn] ubf{ sIffsf]7f leq kfgL r'lxg] ePsf]n] cWofkg u/fpg lgs} g} sl7g eP/ uPsf] 5 . hgr]tgfsf] sdL ;Fu;Fu} lzIff If]qdf b]lvPsf] lo ;d:ofx¿n] ubf{ dw]zsf lhNnfx¿df ;fIf/tf b/ af/]df ;f/]sf/jfnf If]qsf] Wofg hfg' clt g} cfjZos ePsf] 5 . gq eg] dw]zsf lhNnfx¿df ;fIf/tf b/ a9g' abnf lbg k|ltlbg 36b} hfg]5 . lgtL dfq} dfWolds tx;Dd lzIff lgMz'Ns eP/ dfq} x'Fb}g . To;nfO{ Jojxf/df klg nfu' ug'{ kg]{ x'G5 . dfWolds tx ;Dd ;a}n] lzIff k|fKt u/f]; eGg] p2]Zo k|flKtsf] nflu laBfno Joj:yfkg Jojl:yt x'g' k¥of] . ljBfnosf] jftfj/0f ;dfj]zL tyf x/]s b[li6sf]0faf6 k"0f{ xf]; h;sf/0f Pp6f ljBfyL{n] ;xh / ;/n ¿kdf ljBf cfh{g ug{ ;sf]; . -dw]z bk{0f lkmr/ ;]jf_ ;]S;sf] laifonfO{ lnP/ gfos /fh]z xdfnnfO{ clego u/fOPsf] rnlrq lsg lsgdf /fh]z xdfn lgs} efj's ePsf 5g . gfos /fh]z xdfnnfO{ hlt hlt a'9of}nLkgn] 5'b}+ uPsf] 5, Tolt g} pgsf] dgeg] clxn] cfP/ tGg]/L cj:yfdf k|j]z ug{ yfn]sf] xf] h:tf] b]lvG5 . klxnf] r8bf] a9bf] pd]/df ;fdfGo r'Dagsf b[Zo ;d]t lbg gdfg]sf xdfnnfO{ clxn] s]6LnfO{ a]8 l;g / r'Dagsf b[Zo lbg s]xL vf;} ufx|f] kb}{g . rnlrq d]/f] hLjg ;fyLdf xdfnn] gflosf ;'idf sfsL{nfO{ pgn] a]8 l;g lbPsf 5g eg] rnlrq lsg lsgdf t pgn] gflosf c?l0fdf nfdf;+u lbPsf] a]8 l;g ´g} pTh]s 5 . lsg lsg rnlrqsf lgb]{zs ps]z bfxfnn] lgdf0f{ u/]sf] rnlrqdf /fh]z xdfn / gflosf c?l0fdf nfdfsf] /f]dfG; eg] w]/} /fd|f] /x]sf] kfOG5 . dxfgfos /fh]z xdfn / csf{ rlrt{ gfos ;'jf; yfkf;+u 6ª ls; lbPsf] tl:a/ ;fj{hlgs eP;+u} pgsf] rrf{ r'lnPsf] 5 . 6ª ls; / ;]ldGo'8 l;g lbPkl5 pgsf] cfnf]rgf klg ;'? ePsf] 5 . sltkon] pgnfO{ ;'hftf l;6f}nf;+u t'ngf ug{ yfn]sf 5g, ;'hftf ltg} gflosf x'g, hf] bfxfnn] o;cl3 lgb]{zg u/]sf] rnlrq …knkndfÚdf o:t} cZnLn / ljjfb:kb l;g lbPsf] sf/0f rnlrq If]qaf6} knfog ePsL lyOg . tg a'9f] ePklg dg j'9f] x'b}gÚ eGg] laifonfO{ d'Vo ?kdf p7fg u/]sf] of] rnlrqdf gfos /fh]z xdfn / gflosf c?l0fdf nfdflarsf] pTt]hs b[Zox? k|z:t ;dfj]z ul/Psf] 5 . t/ rnlrq ;]G;/ af]8{n] o:tf b[Zodf s}rL grnfO{ P8N6 ;l6lkms]{6 lbPsf] 5 . knkndf dfkm{t g]kfnL rnlrq pBfudf lgb]{zssf ?kdf b]vf k/]sf ps]; bfxfnsf] lgb]{zgdf rnlrq lsg lsg tof/ ePsf] 5 . ;Dk'0f{ k|flawLs sfo{ ;sfP/ clxn] k|rf/ k|;f/df nfu]sf] o; rnlrq cfufdL ;fpg #@ ut] b]lv b]ze/af6 ;fj{hlgs k|b{zgdf cfpg] tof/Ldf 5 . ;fef/ -/ftf]kf6L 86sd_ lsglsgdf /fh]zsf] pQ]hs l;g cfxf ;~rf/  clxn] b]z}e/L v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm If]q agfpg] cleofg rln/x]sf] 5 . h; cg';f/ ?s'ddf klg v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm agfpg] cleofg kgL hf/L /x]sf] 5 . ;g @)!% ;Dd k'/} lhNnf v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm agfpg] nIo lnPsf] cleofgn] s]lx ufla;x? v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff ;d]t ul/Psf] 5 . kl5Nnf] k6s z'qmaf/ ?s'dsf] k'lt{dsfF8f ufla; v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla; 3f]if0ff ul/P;u} v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla;sf] ;+Vof ^ k'u]sf] 5 . cfpbf Psb'O{ ;ftfleq lhNnfsf cGo ufla;x? klg 3f]if0ff ug]{ tof/Ldf / x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . cleofgsf nflu s]Gb| b]lv lhNnf:t/df hf]8tf]8sf ;fy nfuL/x]sf] atfO{Pklg s]lx ;xsfo{x?df c;'Gtng cfpbf cem} ;f]r]h:tf] k|ult b]lvPsf] 5}g . o; sfo{qmddf ;/f]sf/ /fVg] ;+3;+:yf tyf lgsfox?sf] /fd|f] ;xeflutf /x]sf] ePklg To;;+u k|ToIf hf]l8Psf lgsfox? 5fFofdf /x]sf] sltkon] l6KkgL ug]{ u/]sf] 5 . h;sf sf/0f cleofg ;+rfng qmddf s]lx c;dembf/L t 5 g} cleofgdf sfd ug]{ AolQm tyf lgsfox?nfO{ t]/f] / d]/f] cleofgsf] ?kdf lnO{Psf] 5 . ?sdnfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff ug]{ sfd s;}sf] :jfy{df rflnPsf] cleofg geO{ of] ?s'dnfO{ ;Do ;dfhsf] lgdf0f{ ug]{ ;femf cleofg xf] . o; cleofgnfO{ ;kmn agfpg ;a}sf] / ;a} If]qaf6 ;xof]u ckl/xfo{ b]lvG5 . To;df lhNnf l:yt ;a} ldl8of tyf ;+rf/sdL{x?nfO{ klg pkof]u ug]{ aftfa/0f agfpg'k5{ . To;sf/0f v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm cleofg rkL{ lgdf0f{ u/]/ dfq geO{ ;DaGwLt lgsfox?df ;dw'/ ;DaGw tyf ;xsfo{ ;+u} :yflgox?df dgf]a}1flgs tyf ;r]tgfTds sfo{qmd lg/Gt/ ?kdf ug'{kg]{ b]lvG5 . s'g} ufla; v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff u/]/ emf/f d]6]h:tf] u/]/ To;tkm{ kms]{/ gx]g]{ xf] eg] klg 3f]if0ffsf] s'g} ;fy{stf x'b}g To;df Ifl0fs :jfy{ n'6g ul/Psf] sfo{ ;d]t x'g]5 . To;sf/0f o; cleofg cGt/ut lhNnfsf laleGg ufla;x?df nIo cg';f/ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff ug]{, 3f]if0ff u/]sf ufla;x?nfO{ klg cg'udgsf] Aoa:yf ug]{, lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ffdf 7'nf] s'/f gePsf]n] cfaZos k'a{wf/sf] klg lasf; ug]{ / lhNnfsf s]lx cfaZos If]qdf ;fa{hlgs zf}rfno lgdf0f{ ug'{ cfaZos b]lvG5 .
  • 3. # !! c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/  ;dfrf/  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd ?s'ddf klxnf] k6s cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd du/ ;d'bfox?n]] 7"nf] rf8sf] ?kdf dgfpg] e"d] gfFrsf] ?s'ddf ;dfkg ul/Psf] 5 . du/ ;d'bfox?n] ?s'd lhNnf ;b/d'sfd d'l;sf]6 vn+ufsf] ;lxb d}bfgdf e'd] b]jtfsf] k'hf tyf gfFr]/ e'd] ka{ agfPsf x'g . e'd] gfFr ?s'd tyf /f]Nkfsf du/ ;d'bfox?n] laz]if u/]/ dgfpg] u/]sf 5g . ?s'dsf] k'la{ ufla;x?af6 a;fFO{;/L cfPsf du/ ;d'bfox?n] cfkmgf] ;+:s[ltnfO{ hu]{gf ub{} eJo ?kdf lautsf aif{b]lv dgfpb} cfPsf 5g . of] gfrdf e'd] b]jtfnfO{ k'hf tyf anL r9fPkl5 nufPsf] afnL ;lk|g], e'Ifo, af9L klx/f] ghfg], clgsfn gx'g] du/ ;d'bfosf xflsd:t/sf] gfFr M du/ ;d'bfox?n] dgfpg] e"d] gfFrsf] ;dfkg sfo{qmddf ;xefuL eP/ kf]iffs ;lxt e'd] gfFRb} qmd;M ?s'dsf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/L, k|x/L gfoa pkl/Ifs /fh]Gb| e66 tyf :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{ . tl:a/ M d]u/fh v8sf e'd]df /dfP xflsd ;fÚkx?laZjf; 5 . e'd] gfFr ;dfkg sfo{qmddf lhNnf l:yt ;/sf/L sfof{nosf k|d'vx?sf] ;d]t ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf ?s'dsf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0f k|;fb clwsf/L, :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/t s'df/ zdf{, k|x/L gfoa pkl/Ifs /fh]Gb| e66 nufot cGo AolQmTjx?sf] ;xeflutf / x]sf] lyof] . To:t} lb km]d; dlxGb| bnu0fsf u0fklt cle/fh cfrfo{, lhNnf phf{ tyf aftfa/0f zfvf ?s'dsf k|d'v uf]laGb kf]v/]n, e'';+/If0f sfof{nosf k|d'v /fh' u'?ª nufoft cGo sfo{nosf k|d'v tyf kqsf/x?sf] ;xefuLtf /x]sf] lyof] . ;dfkg sfo{qmddf ;xeflu ;a} AolQmTjx? du/ ;d'bfosf] kf]zfs ;lxt gfFrdf ;xefuL ePsf lyP . cGt/fli6«o Psn dlxnf lbj; ?s'ddf klxnf]k6s ;b/d'sfd d'l;sf]6 vn+ufdf t]>f] cGt/fli6«o Psn dlxnf lbj; dgfO{Psf] 5 . Psn dlxnfx?sf] xs clwsf/sf If]qdf lqmofl;n Psn dlxnfx?sf] ;+hfn dfga clwsf/sf nflu Psn dlxnf lhNnf ;+hfn ?s'dn] cfO{taf/ lba;sf] ca;/df cGt/lqmof sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf] xf] . Psn dlxnfsf] dfgj clwsf/sf] ;Ddfg tyf ;'/Iff u/ eGg] d'n gf/fsf ;fy laxfg vn+uf ahf/df k|eft ¥ofnL;lxt ahf/ k/Lqmdf u/L afn dlGb/ xndf cGt/lqmof sfo{qmd ePsf] lyof] . cGt/lqmof sfo{qmddf af]Nb} ?s'dsf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Ln] ?s'ddf Psn dlxnfx?sf] sfo{ km/flsnf] aGb} uPsf] atfPsf lyP . To:t} :yflgo ljsf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{n] sdhf]/ dfgl;stf ePsf]nfO{ ;a}n] ckx]ngf ug{] ePsfn] cfTdzlQm anLof] agfP/ sfd ug{ cfu|x u/]sf lyP . ;fdflhs s';+:sf/sf sf/0f ;dfhdf clxn] klg Psn dlxnfx?nfO{ x]g{] b[li6sf]0f km/s ePsfn] dlxnfx? cem} lx+;fdf k/]sf] dlxnf clwsf/sld{n] atfPsf lyP . Psn dlxnfx?sf] kIfdf dxTjk'0f{ sfd u/]sf] eGb} lbj;sf] cj;/df :yflgo ljsf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{ / dfgj clwsf/ tyf sfg'lg ;]jf s]Gb| x/Kn]; ?s'dsf sfo{qmd ;+of]hs zf/bf 8fFuLnfO{ sb/ kq;lxt ;Ddfg u/LPsf] 5 . vn+uf % sL a[4f Psn dlxnf sdf{ lassf] k|d'v cfltYotf /x]sf] sfo{qmddf ;+hfnsL cWoIf 1fg' la;Lsf] cWoIftf /x]sf] lyof] hfh/sf]6 ;b/d'sfddf lgdf{0flwg ;8sdf afn dhb'/sf] k|of]u ul/Psf] 5 . ;b/d'sfdsf] u}/LvfnL b]vL lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no ;Dd lgdf{0f sfo{ eO{/fv]sf] ;8sdf jfnjflnsfsf] k|of]u ul/Psf] xf] . afnjflnsfsf] k|of]u u/]df Hofnf sd lbg'kg]{ ePkl5 lgdf{0f ;ldltn] afn dhb'/sf] k|of]u u/]sf] ;/f]sf/jfnfx? atfp5g . afndhb'/ sfddf nufPsf] 7fp dlxnf tyf afnjflnsf sfof{no af6 %) ld6/sf] b'/Ldf /xsf] 5 . sfd ug{ cfPsf clwsf+z afnjfnlnsfx? k'Gdf ufla; j8f ^ u+ufl6osf /x]sf 5g . pgLx? !) jif{ b]vL !$ jif{ pd]/sf ePsf pgL;+u} sfd ul/ /x]sf Ps dhb'/n] atfP . ljBfnodf k9bf k9b} ul/jLsf sf/0f k9fO{ 5f]8]/ ;8ssf] sfddf nfu]sf] tL afnjflnsfn] atfPsf 5g . pQm ;8s lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt / :yflgo ljsf; dGqfnosf] sl/a @$ nfv ?k}ofFdf lgdf{0f sfo{ eO{/fv]sf] 5 . s]lxdf ;Demf}tf e};s]sf] 5 eg] s]lxdf x'g] qmddf /x]sf] 5 . pTkfbg u/]sf] t/sf/L lap Psd'i6 ?s'daf6} vl/b x'g] ePkl5 lap lalqmdf ;d:of em]n]sf ls;fgx? v'l; ;u} cfpbf lbgx?df Aoa;los s[lifsf nflu ;d]t pT;flxt ePsf 5g . utaif{ lhNnfdf pTkfbg ePsf] t/sf/L lap glas]kl5 s[ifsx?n] lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no 3]/]/ ;/f]sf/jfnfx?nfO{ bafj lbPkl5 o:tf] sfo{ ul/Psf] d]8k ?s'dsf pBd lasf; clws[t uf}tdn] atfP . …?s'ddf pTkfbg ePsf] ;a} t/sf/L lap vl/bsf nflu o;aif{ clu|d vl/blalqm ;Demf}tf ePkl5 lap las]g, s'x'of] eGg] ;d:of x'g] 5}gÚ pgn] eg], …cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] ;dGoodf d]8]kn] lhNnfsf s[ifsx/nfO{ 7'nf] /fxft tyf Joj;flos s[lifsf nflu ;xof]u k'u]sf] 5 .Ú cGo t/sf/Lx?sf] lap s]lx aif{ /fVg ;lsg] ePklg Khfhsf] lap pTkfbg ePs} aif{ lalqm gePdf lau|g] u/]sf] atfO{Psf] 5 . h;sf sf/0f k|To]s aif{ lap ;xh ?kdf lalqm gePdf s[ifsx?n] 3f6f Aoxf]g'{kg]{ x'G5 . vf]nfufpF $ ?s'dsL nB' pBdL nIdL /f]sfon] ca cfkm'x?nfO{ t/sf/L lap lalqmdf s'g} ;d:of gx'g] atfO{g . …o;k6sb]lv sf7df08f}sf] Ps t/sf/L lap vl/b sDkgL;+u vl/bsf nflu ;Demf}tf e};s]sf] 5Ú pgn] egLg …cu|Ld ;Demf}tf x'bfF s[ifsx?nfO{ pTkfbg u/]sf] lap sxfF a]Rg] eGg] ;d:of 6/]sf] 5 eg] cfpbf lbgx?df pTkfbg ug{ xf};fPsf] 5 .Ú ut aif{ dfq % d]l6«s6g Kofhsf] lap lalqmdf s[ifsx?n] ;d:of ef]Sg'k/]sf] lyof] . ?s'ddf utaif{ ;a} vfn] u/L sl/a ! ;o #) d]l6«s6g lap pTkfbg ePsf] lyof] eg] o;aif{klg To;s} xf/fxf/Ldf pTkfbg x'g] ;DaGwLt lgsfox?n] atfPsf 5g . ca ufpFaf6}====== ;8sdf afn dhb'/sf] k|of]u x]dGt s];L  hfh/sf]6 xfdLnfO{ 6'O{6/df kmnf] ug'{xf]; . @aahasanchar . lhNnf l:yt ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] sfo{qmdsf] ;+rfng ;+hfnsL ;lra l;tf k'gn] u/]sf] atfO{Psf] 5 .
  • 4.  ?=lh=k|zf=sf=b=g+= !&÷@)^(÷&)  ?=lh=x'=sf=b=g+= )(÷@)^(÷&)  -clGtd k[i7_  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs $ cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs, vn+uf-!, ?s'd . kmf]g M (&$*%!!&)^, d'b|s M /fKtL ckm;]6 k|]; . k|sfzs÷;Dkfbs M d]u/fh v8sf Aaha Sanchar National Weekly, Khalanga-1, Rukum.E-mail-aahasanchar.weekly@gmail.com Editor-in-Chief MMegraj Khadka d}gfnLsf]…pkNnf] ynf]Ú cfxf ;~rf/  lhNnfaf6 k[ys Anu kqsfl/tfsf] cEof; laZje/ kx'Frsf nflu nfdf] ;do;Dd kqsfl/tfdf lqmofzLn /xL vf]hL kqsfl/tf -l/kf]l6{ª_sf] laDa g} ag]sf kqsf/ df]xg d}gfnLn] kl5Nnf]k6s …pkNnf] ynf]Ú ofqfj[tfGt -k':ts_ k|sfzg u/]sf 5g . pQ/L uf]/vfsf] sl7g, /f]rs / r'gf}tLk"0f{ ofqfj[tfGt ;d]l6Psf] …pkNnf] ynf]Údf ToxfFsf] hghLjg, :yfgLo afl;Gbfx?sf] /xg;xg, e]ife'iff, ;+:s[lt / b}lgsLnfO{ ;'Id tl/sfn] cWoog snfTds lsl;dn] ptfl/Psf] 5 . kqsfl/tf, 8s'd]G6«L lgdf{0f / vf]hL kqsfl/tfsf ;kmn k|lzIfssf ?kdf klxrfg agfO;s]sf d}gfnL o; k':ts;Fu} ;/n, ;'Id / snfTds n]vgz}nLsf wgL lgaGwsf/sf ?kdf ;d]t kl/ro lbPsf 5g . rf/ v08df afFl8Psf] k':tssf] klxnf], bf];|f] / t];|f] v08nfO{ a'9Lu08sL / rf}yf] v08nfO{ dfg;/f]j/ gfd lbP/ d}gfnLn] y'k|} zLif{sx?df ofqfj[tfGt ;d]6]sf 5g . vf]hkqsfl/tf s]Gb|sf dxf;lrj x:t u'?ªn] …pkNnf] ynf]Ú nfO{ pQ/L uf]/vfsf] cIf/ofqf eg]sf 5g . pgn] e"ldsfdf n]v]sf 5g . … tkfO{+n] kbofqf, dgofqf jf tLy{ofqf ubf{ ltgdf zf/Ll/s / dfgl;s ysfg b'j} x'G5g . of] cIf/ofqfdf tL b'j} x'Fb}gg . tkfOF cfkm}n] ofqf u/]sf] hglxtsf nflu hf/L ;"rgf hGd, d[To",ljafx,a;fO{;/fO{ / ;DaGw laR5]b h:tf 36gf 36]sf] #% lbgleq ufpF lasf; ;ldltsf] sfof{nodf uO{ btf{ u/f}+ . ;fy} olx c;f/ d;fGt;Dd v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla; 3f]if0ff ug'{kg]{ ePsf]n] rkL{ lgdf0f{ gu/]sf 3/w'/Ln] tTsfn lgdf0f{ ug{ cg'/f]w 5 . plb/fd /f]sf ufpF lasf; ;ldltsf] sfof{no KjfË,?s'd hglxtsf nflu hf/L ;"rgf hGd, d[To",ljafx,a;fO{;/fO{ / ;DaGw laR5]b h:tf 36gf 36]sf] #% lbgleq ufpF lasf; ;ldltsf] sfof{nodf uO{ btf{ u/f}+ . ;fy} k|To]s 3/w'/Ln] cfcfkmgf] 3/3/df clgafo{ ?kdf rkL{ lgdf0f{ u/L ;Eo gful/ssf] klxrfg lbcf}+ . uf]kfn cf]nL ufpF lasf; ;ldltsf] sfof{no ts;]/f, ?s'd h:tf], b]v]sf] h:tf] / ef]u]sf] h:tf] cg'e"lt x'G5 .Ú k':tssf] gfd M pkNnf] ynf] ljwf M o f q f j [ t f G t ÷ ;+:d/0f n]vs M df]xg d}gfnL k|sfzs M hubDaf k|sfzg,kf6g9f]sf nlntk'/ d"No M ?= #)). ;kmf /xf}+,:j:Yo agf}+ / ;Eo gful/ssf] kl/ro lbcf}+ . ;g @)!% ;Dd ?s'dnfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm lhNnf agfpg ;lqmo ;xof]u u/f}+ .. k|To]s 3/df rkL{ lgdf0f{ u/f}+ . vfg]kfgL /fd|/L pdfn]/ jf z'l4s/0f u/]/ dfq lkpg] u/f}+ . kmf]xf]/d}nf 5f]Pkl5 jf lbzf 3f]Pkl5 ;fa'gkfgLn] /fd|/L xft w'g] u/f} . af;L ;8]un]sf], lem+uf a;]sf] / v'Nnf ?kdf /flvPsf] vfg]s'/f gvfcf}+ . 3/, cfFug, rf]s / rkL{ ;kmf /fvf}+ . emf8fkvfnf nfu]kl5 ug'{kg]{ s'/fx? zl//af6 emf8fkvfnfsf] ?kdf hlt kfgL v]/ uPsf] 5 Tolts} cg'kftdf k'g{hlno emf]n agfP/ vfg] / v'jfpg] u/f}+ . emf8fkvfnf nfUg] lalQs} :jf:Yo ;+:yfdf nuL :jf:YosdL{;+u t'?Gt} pkrf/ u/fcf}+ . :tfgkfg u/fO{/x]sf aRrfnfO{ emf8fkvfnf /f]u nfu]df k6s k6s :tgkfg u/fcf}+ . emf8fkvfnf x'Fbf ;flasdf h:t} vfg]s'/f vfg] u/f}+ . 8f=ob'rGb| l3ld/] lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no ?s'd lhNnf :jf:Yo k|d'v ef8fkvfnf /f]uaf6 aRg / arfpg lgDg pkfox? ug'{x'g cg'/f]w 5 .