Lecture 1 Skim Scan Nouns

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Lecture 1 Skim Scan Nouns

  1. 1. READING PRE-READING WHILE-READING POST-READING SKIMMING SCANNING
  2. 2. PRE-READING  Figure out your purpose of reading  State what you know about the topic  Look at the questions that follow the text (if any) WHILE-READING  Write down your thoughts  Identify the writer’s main points  Highlight any words, phrases or sentences that interest you
  3. 3. POST-READING  Think again about what you have read  Write down your opinion  Answer the questions that follow (if any)  Discuss with your friends about the topic
  4. 4. SKIMMING  A reading skill used to get the general idea of the text  Quicker-it is done in 3 to 4 times quicker than normal reading  Employed when readers have a lot to read in a short time  Look out for key words, phrases, headings, subheadings to get the general idea  E.g reading newspapers, flipping through magazines, surfing the Internet
  5. 5. SCANNING  A selective reading skill used to find specific information quicker  Involves quick eye movement down the page to look for specific words, phrases or sentences  Readers do not read everything in detail but pay attention to only specific parts that may concern the information sought after  E.g looking for cupcakes recipe in a cookbook, searching for an electrician in Yellow Pages, looking for an answer in a specific paragraph
  6. 6. GRAMMAR NOUNS PRONOUNS
  7. 7. NOUNS  Words or expressions that refers to people, places, things and activity  Countable and Uncountable nouns COUNTABLE NOUNS UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS A panda is missing from the zoo Sugar is not good for our health A lot of pandas are missing from A lot of sugar is not good for our the zoo health
  8. 8.  Concrete and Abstract nouns CONCRETE ABSTRACT five senses: you see them, You cannot see them, hear them, smell them, hear them, smell them, taste them, and feel taste them, or feel them. them. student intelligence fire fighter bravery dog loyalty pencil eloquence computer convenience
  9. 9.  Collective nouns  Group or class that is composed of members army council minority audience department navy board faculty public cabinet family school class firm senate committee group society company jury team corporation majority troupe
  10. 10.  Common and Proper nouns Common Noun Proper Noun writer Muhammad Haji Salleh lecturer Miss Dia cat Garfield cookie Oreo city Johor Bahru restaurant Secret Recipe university UiTM
  11. 11.  Gerunds  Every gerund ends with –ing but not every word that ends with –ing is gerund  Gerunds show activities, present participles show actions GERUNDS PRESENT PARTICIPLE Masyi’s hobby is shopping Masyi is shopping some dresses Shima and Aan enjoy swimming I cannot eat with Shima and Aan more than watching Upin & Ipin because they are swimming right now When he was alive, singing was Fall Out Boys are singing Michael Jackson’s talent Michael Jackson’s song in Singapore
  12. 12. PRONOUN PERSONAL PRONOUNS REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS POSESSIVE PRONOUNS RELATIVE PRONOUNS INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS
  13. 13.  Personal pronouns- replace nouns  E.g I, you, he, she, it, we, they, you  Reflexive pronouns- reflect and emphasizes nouns  E.g myself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves, yourself, yourselves  She always hurts herself in P.E. class  Possessive pronouns- shows ownership of the nouns  E.g my, mine, your, yours, our, ours, his, hers  Relative pronouns- relates the information that comes after them to specific nouns  E.g students who are lazy will be kicked out  Interrogative pronouns- form questions  E.g what, when, how, who, why, where

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