The Encounters Between
Native Americans and
By Miss Brubaker and Miss Otto
• The Europeans originally
went to the
Americas, thinking it was
Asia, in order to find spices
• The Europeans brought new
resources, such as horses, to
further advance agriculture.
• The Native Americans
taught the Europeans to be
more dependent on
• Europeans traded cast medal
beads made of silver, brass, and
German silver to improve
relations with the Native
• The Native Americans were eager
to trade furs for metal knives, axe
heads, pots, needles, muskets, clot
h, and glass beads.
• Native American tribes that
immediately began to trade with
the Europeans had significant
advantages over other tribes.
• Europeans began to rely
more on agriculture, while
the Native Americans began
to hunt more.
• The Native Americans used
to move around a lot, but
they began to stay on the
same land as the Europeans
began to take it.
• Europeans used to stay in
one place, but gradually
began to move farther and
• Native American tribes began
to make alliances with each
other in order to team up
against the Europeans.
• Native American alliances
began to use the same
techniques, such as horses and
• The Europeans began to team
up to make alliances to get rid
of the “lesser” Native
• The Indian Removal Act was
intended for fair exchanges of land
but it really forced the Europeans
to simply push the Native
Americans west of the Mississippi
• The Treaty of Greenville gave the
Native Americans a particular land
reservation, but the Europeans
quickly took it back.
• The Dawes Act of 1887 broke up
pieces of land for the different
Native American tribes. This land
was later taken back and sold by
the European settlers.
• During the Jamestown
Massacre, in March
1622, Powhatan killed 347
English men in effort to push the
English out of Virginia.
• The 500 Year War was referred to
as being the American Indian
Holocaust, starting when
Columbus arrived in 1492.
• The Battle of Kelly Creek in 1911
is one of the last massacres
between settlers, now
Americans, and Native Americans.
The Native Americans had no concept of
owning land because they practiced
communal land ownership. This caused
conflicts between the control of land
between Europeans and the indigenous.
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 called
for Natives to be removed from the states
(their homeland) to federal territory west
of Mississippi in exchange for their
In present day, Native Americans do not
have much land because of the
Europeans. Instead, they live on Indian
Control Over Land