Self efficacy

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Self efficacy

  1. 1. SELF EFFICACY THEORY OF MOTIVATION
  2. 2. • Self Efficacy Theory is also known as Social Cognitive Theory or Social Learning Theory • This theory was given by Albert Bandura • It refers to an individual’s belief that he or she is capable of performing a task • The higher the self efficacy, the more confidence a person has in his abilities Albert Bandura
  3. 3. COMPARISON LOW SELF EFFICACY HIGH SELF EFFICACY
  4. 4. ADVANTAGES OF SELF EFFICACY THEORY High levels of self-efficacy enhance one's accomplishments and feelings of personal well being Self-efficacy helps one to remain calm when approaching challenging tasks High self-efficacy increases one's willingness to experiment with new ideas Self-efficacy encourages one to set higher expectations for future performances
  5. 5. JOINT EFFECTS OF GOALS SETTING AND SELF EFFICACY THEORY Individual has confidence that given level of performance will be attained (SELF EFFICACY) Individual has higher level of job or task performance Individual sets higher personal (self set) goal for his performance Manager sets difficult,specific goal for job or task
  6. 6. FOUR WAYS TO INCREASE SELF EFFICACY ENACTIVE MASTERY • Gaining relevant experience with the task or job VICARIOUS MODELING • Becoming more confident because you see someone else doing the task VERBAL PERSUASION • Becoming more confident because someone else convinces you that you have the skills necessary to be successful AROUSAL • It leads to an energized state which drives a person to complete a task
  7. 7. OB IMPLICATIONS OF SELF EFFICACY THEORY TRAINING PROGRAMS MAKE USE OF ENACTIVE MASTERY PYGMALION EFFECT GALATEA EFFECT
  8. 8. GALATEA EFFECT means that the individual's self- expectations and his opinion about his ability largely determines his performance. PYGMALION EFFECT is the phenomenon in which the greater the expectation placed upon people, the better they perform.
  9. 9. LIMITATIONS OF SELF EFFICACY THEORY High self-efficacy beliefs do not always guarantee positive outcome expectations Self-efficacy beliefs vary greatly between individuals, which makes them very difficult for researchers to assess High self-efficacy can sometimes lead to an individual applying less effort to a particular task. This is because high self-efficacy can sometimes lead to overconfidence Basing one's self-efficacy for a new task on results of previous tasks may be misleading
  10. 10. THANK YOU
  11. 11. PRESENTED BY • MEGHA KUSHWAHA • SAHIL DHAWAN

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