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culture presentation


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saudi arabia culture and theory related like cluster and hofstede and other theories related.

Published in: Travel, Business
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culture presentation

  2. 2. GROUP MEMBERS Aditi Jalan Bhavika Kalaani Megha Bafna Yashwardhan Modi
  3. 3. THE KINGDOM SAUDI ARABIA Located in the middle-east, bounded by Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait,Oman, Qatar, UAE and Yemen Important cities are Riyadh, Mecca and Medina The ethnic make-up consists of 90% Arabs and 10% Afro-Asians. Arabic is the official language. English is widely spoken.
  4. 4. CULTURE OF SAUDI ARABIA Islam is practiced by all Saudis and governs their personal,political, economical and legal lives. Family and tribe are the basis of the social structure. Saudis are cognizant of their heritage, their clan and theirextended families. Nepotism is considered a good thing.
  6. 6. NON-ANGLO • Power Distance (PDI) • Large Power DistanceANGLO (40) (PDI) (80) • Individualism (IDV) • Individualism (91) (IDV)(38) • Uncertainty Avoidance • Uncertainty Avoidance (UAI) (46) (UAI) (68) • Masculinity (MAS) • Masculinity index (62) (MAS) (52) • Long Term • Long term oriented to Orientation (LTO) (29) “group”
  7. 7. ETIQUETTE AND CUSTOMS Men shake hands. Women generally hug and kiss close friends but men and women would not greet each other in public If you are invited to a Saudi‟s house bring something small as a „Thank you‟ since gifts are not accepted. Entertainment will generally be same-gender only. If both sex are included, they will be in separate rooms.
  8. 8. C U LT U R A L L E A R N I N G P RO F I L ECOLLECTIVIST LARGE HIGH ACHIEVEMENT• 62 out of 100 POWER UNCERTAINTY ORIENTED DISTANCE AVOIDANCE (MAS)• Tribe and family oriented 80 out of 100 • 68 out of 100 • 52 Out of 100• Students expect to • Structured learning • Failure in school is Teacher-centered damaging to one‟s learn how to „do‟ education environment self image and family• High context preferred standing communication Subordinates expect • Low ambiguity • Students compete managers to outline tolerance with each other in• Positive learning path • Teachers‟ expected class associations with traditions Quality of learning to have all answers attributed to quality of manager
  9. 9. BUSINESS STRUCTURE The business culture in Saudi Arabia is developed around a family unit, with all key employees coming from the extended family. It is a non-egalitarian structure. Business is developed along strongly hierarchical lines, with majority of power being held at top by senior or older family members. This shows that the power distance (80) is high and they have a collective (62) approach.
  10. 10. MANAGEMENT STYLE Having a strongly hierarchical structure, managers tend to be veryinstructional in their approach Subordinates view it as the boss‟ role to take decisions and conveyit down the chain of implementation They believe that leaders lead and followers follow
  11. 11. FORMAL MEETINGS Prior appointments are necessary several weeks in advance Arriving on time for the meeting, although it is an accepted custom tokeep foreigners waiting (synchronic/polychromic orientation) Meetings are generally not private until after a relationship of trust hasbeen developed Business meeting start after prolonged inquires about family, healthetc. “Never inquire about Saudi‟s wife”
  12. 12. TIME ORIENTATION The Arab‟s have a Polychromic cultural approach towards time. Work days: Saturday – Wednesdays. No work during Islamic prayertimes: observed five times a day. Past-orientated because it values its traditions, history and culturalroots This is especially because of the strong sub-cultural association In Islam, man does not determine his future only God does
  13. 13. COMMUNICATION STYLES Saudi Arabia is considered a very high context culture. Particular emphasis is placed on tone of voice, the use of silence,facial cues and body language. For instance, silence is often used for contemplation and youshould not feel obliged to speak during these periods. Maintaining private and public proximity is important.
  14. 14. WOMEN AND BUSINESS Women in Saudi Arabia make up between 5% to 15% of the workforce. Saudi sharia (Islamic law) allows women to work provided it doesnot lead to her neglecting essential duties of home making. Any woman visiting on business needs to be very conservative inboth their dress code and behavior.
  15. 15. BUSINESS DRESS CODE Visitors to Saudi are expected to dress in a very conservativemanner. Men should wear formal clothing whereas women should wearbusiness suits (not trousers), where there is no exposure of skin at all. Expatriate should not be wearing traditional Saudi costume as itmay look bizarre or offend the local Saudis.
  17. 17. NEGOTIATION Saudi‟s are tough negotiators. The society being extremely bureaucratic, most decisions requireseveral layers of approval. There is a tendency to give bad news and give effusive acceptances,which may not mean „perhaps‟. Decisions are made by the highest ranking person.
  19. 19. CONCLUSION Saudi Arabia‟s high uncertainty avoidance will probably create high barriers ofentry which will reduce their international trade. Discouragement of innovation and creativity due to the unwillingness to takerisk. High power distance affects the laws and regulations due to the unlimited powerand authority by the government . Saudi Arabia is an extremely conservative country and therefore all expatriatesare expected to act accordingly. NOTE : VIDEO!
  20. 20. REFERENCES (Accessed on: 2nd December‟11) on:1nd December‟11) (Accessed on:4nd December‟11) on:3nd December‟11) (Accessed on:3nd December‟11)
  21. 21. THANK YOU