Classical Greece (L. 5 Pba)


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Classical Greece (L. 5 Pba)

  1. 1. Classical Greece: Accomplishments Megan Carty
  2. 2. Small Beginnings <ul><li>The Greeks were an Indo-European people who had completely taken over the peninsula of Crete by 1700 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong city-states were formed and each one had its own government. </li></ul><ul><li>This worked well for Greece because the peninsula was divided by harsh geographical features. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Small Beginnings cont. <ul><li>The Phoenician alphabet was derived. </li></ul><ul><li>The Greeks were very polytheistic in their religion and had many gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Sparta and Athens became the 2 leading city-states. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Phoenician Alphabet
  5. 5. Sparta and Athens <ul><li>Sparta had a strong military aristocracy by dominating a large slave population. </li></ul><ul><li>Athens had a diverse commercial state, including the use of slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Pericles dominated Athenian politics during the 5 th century BCE, who ruled through wise influence. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cleisthenes <ul><li>Cleisthenes was a Grecian aristocrat in Athens who invented the </li></ul><ul><li>idea of democracy and </li></ul><ul><li>decided that he would give </li></ul><ul><li>more power to poorer people. </li></ul><ul><li>The framers of the US </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution followed Greek </li></ul><ul><li>precedents, as did designers </li></ul><ul><li>of public buildings. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Differences in Mediterranean Civilizations <ul><li>Rome mastered in engineering, while Greece mastered in scientific thought. </li></ul><ul><li>Greek had city-states, as opposed to Rome’s great empire. </li></ul><ul><li>While there were many differences, similarities were also evident. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: common religion, economic structure, and artistic styles. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Aristotle, Socrates, and Plato <ul><li>Aristotle stressed the importance of moderation and the balance of human behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Socrates encouraged his pupils to question conventional wisdom, on the belief that the primary human duty was improvement of the soul. </li></ul><ul><li>Plato believed that a person who knows that moral virtue leads to happiness should act accordingly. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sources <ul><li>Stearns, Peter. Adas, Michael. Schwartz, Stuart and Gilbert, Marc. World Civilizations: The Global Experience . 4th ed. Von Hoffmann Corporation, 2003. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Osborne, Robin. Greek History . Routledge, 2004. Print </li></ul>