Public speaking


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Public speaking

  2. 2. PREPARING FOR DELIVERY The manner in which you prepare your speech will depend on the method of delivery you choose Impromptu speeches (those delivered on the spur of the moment) are either not prepared at all or prepared very hastily.
  3. 3. Using Note Cards • Use standard three – by – five - , four – by – six - , or five – by – eight – inch note cards • Always use note cards as unobtrusively as possible expect when reading a direct quotation or complicated statistics • Make sure your notes are legible • Number multiple note cards • Write on only one side of your note card • Avoid wirting your notes in too much detail • Avoid putting too much down on each card • Highlight ideas you wish to stress
  4. 4. THE MANUSCRIPT Clarity Appropriat e Interestin g
  5. 5. WRITING AND REVISING YOUR SPEECH While extemporaneous speech is carefully prepared in a full – sentence outline form, and the central idea, main point, and subpoints are carefully phrased the rest of the speech is worded by the speaker as the speech is being presented
  6. 6. Following are some suggestions for preparing a manuscript speech: 1. Set aside an adequate block of time in which to write your manuscript 2. Write your first draft a soon as possible after yuo have finished your preparation outline 3. When writing the rough draft of your manuscript, skip every other line and leave ample margins 4. Write your speech as if you were talking to friends 5. If you experience trouble writing in an oral style; try delivering your speech into a tape recorder from your preparation outline 6. Don’t be afraid of writing too much for your first draft 7. Allow a cooling – off period of at least twenty – four hours before you revise abnd rewrite the first draft of your manuscript 8. An manuscript speech should have a specific form
  7. 7. The following are typical: • A manuscript should be devided into three parts – the introduction, the body, and the conclusion • A manuscript should be typed or printed (double or triple spaced) on only one side of the paper • A manuscript must be legible at a glance. Never write out a manuscript longhand. Consider typing or printing it in caps. Underline or circle important parts. • Multiple pages of a manuscript should be numbered, and the pages should be loose rather than stapled together. • A manuscript should be neat in appearance, punctuated correctly, and free from grammatical errors, misspelled words, and awkward sentences.
  8. 8. PRACTICING THE SPEECH 1. Allow ample time for practice 2. Always practice with the same key – word outline, note cards, or manuscript that you plan to use when delivering your speech 3. Always practice your speech as if you werw delivering it to your intented audience 4. Go trough the entire speech during each practice 5. Do not try to deliver your speech the same way each time you practice it, whether your tspeech is extemporancous, manuscript or memorized, an important characteristic is spontaneity 6. Do not coordinate specific gestures with the exact of your speech. To be effective, gestures must be spontaneous 7. Practice your speech alound with the same volume you plan to use in delivering it 8. Practice your speech each time with whatever visual aids you plan to use 9. Time your speech in practice 10.Practice the way you will approach the speaker’s stand at the beginning of the speech and leave it at the conclusion. 11.If you have acces to a tape or video recorder, use it. 12.If possible, try to practice at least once in the room where you will be delivering your speech or a similiar room.
  9. 9. STAGE FRIGHT How to Control Anxiety Causes of Stage Fright
  10. 10.  Develop a positive mental attitude about speaking  Be alert both mentally and phsycally  Prepare your speech carefully  Develop an attention- getting introduction  Practice your speech adequately  Make sure your speech is audience centered  Give yourself a pep talk before speaking  Go through a few relaxing exercises prior to speaking  Look for friendly faces in the audience  Listen carefully to the speakers who precede you How to Control Anxiety :
  11. 11. THE END