Group 5: Drugs and the Quest for Higher Conciousness By: Steven Dobbs, William Sandall, Terrie Belt and Megan Waller
<ul><li>It was during the 1960’s when America’s youth began to challenge and question all authority figures and stand up f...
1965-1973   Vietnam War “ Fighting soldiers from the sky fearless men who jump and die  men who mean just what they say  t...
“ How much do I know To talk out of turn You might say that I'm young You might say I'm unlearned But there's one thing I ...
1965  March from Selma to Montgomery “ It's been too hard living but I'm afraid to die Cuz I don't know what's up there be...
1966  National Organization for Women <ul><li>“ R-E-S-P-E-C-T  Find out what it means to me  R-E-S-P-E-C-T  Take care, TCB...
<ul><li>1960 Students for a Democratic Society Established </li></ul><ul><li>1960 John F. Kennedy elected President </li><...
Means For An Escape <ul><li>The 1960’s youth, seeking a way to escape and open doors from their cultural confinement, ofte...
“ Turn on, tune in, and drop out.” <ul><li>By rejecting “the establishment” and using marijuana and LSD, many were able to...
A Higher Level of Understanding <ul><li>In 1964, Timothy Leary’s book  The Psychedelic Experience  suggested that the use ...
“ In places, small faces unbound.” <ul><li>While the counter-culture was at first somewhat restricted from the public view...
The Science of Things <ul><li>In 1943 while trying to develop the cure for migraine headaches, Swiss scientist Albert Hoff...
Cause <ul><li>During the 1950’s, the CIA used LSD as an aid in interrogations. Odorless, tasteless, and colorless, LSD was...
And Effect <ul><li>Through trial and error, the CIA eventually realized the instability of the drug when used as an interr...
Perception <ul><li>In addition to being used as a truth serum, LSD was believed by many psychiatrists to help bypass and u...
<ul><li>The youth of the 60’s rebelled against the normalcy of the 50’s looking for a fresh approach and new culture to ma...
authored  “One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest” in 1962.  He was inspired by his involvement in the Project Mkultra CIA study....
Kesey and his followers, called The Merry Pranksters, are best known for their 1964 travels cross country in a school bus ...
<ul><li>Kesey frequently hosted &quot;Acid Tests&quot; involving his favorite band, The Warlocks, now known as The Gratefu...
“ Come Together” written by John Lennon was inspired by Leary’s catch phrase…  <ul><li>held a Ph.D. in Psychology and was ...
<ul><li>Leary’s book  The Psychedelic Experience  was the inspiration behind The Beatles song “Tomorrow Never Knows” writt...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>The rebellion of the 1960’s youth and the introduction of drugs are directly tied to the growing events of the day...
Work Cited <ul><li>&quot;1960s.&quot; Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation Inc., 7 Nov. 2009. Web. 7 Nov. 2009. <http://en.wiki...
Works Cited Continued <ul><li>Google Images. Web. <http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.erowid.org/library/bo...
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GROUP 5: Drugs and the Quest for a Higher Conciousness

  1. 1. Group 5: Drugs and the Quest for Higher Conciousness By: Steven Dobbs, William Sandall, Terrie Belt and Megan Waller
  2. 2. <ul><li>It was during the 1960’s when America’s youth began to challenge and question all authority figures and stand up for their beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>They demonstrated these beliefs publicly and proudly by: protesting, rallies, marches, lyrically through song, and many other ways. </li></ul><ul><li>However, to truly understand the reasoning behind the youth’s rebellion one must first understand the monumental events that occurred in those short 10 years. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1965-1973 Vietnam War “ Fighting soldiers from the sky fearless men who jump and die men who mean just what they say the brave men of the Green Beret Silver wings upon their chest these are men Americas best one hundred men will test today but only three win the Green Beret ” Ballad of the Green Beret- SSgt. Barry Sadler (1966)
  4. 4. “ How much do I know To talk out of turn You might say that I'm young You might say I'm unlearned But there's one thing I know Though I'm younger than you Even Jesus would never Forgive what you do” Masters of War- Bob Dylan (1963)
  5. 5. 1965 March from Selma to Montgomery “ It's been too hard living but I'm afraid to die Cuz I don't know what's up there beyond the sky It's been a long, a long time coming but I know A change gon' come oh yes it will ” A Change is Gonna Come- Sam Cooke (1964)
  6. 6. 1966 National Organization for Women <ul><li>“ R-E-S-P-E-C-T Find out what it means to me R-E-S-P-E-C-T Take care, TCB ” </li></ul><ul><li>RESPECT - Aretha Franklin (1968) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>1960 Students for a Democratic Society Established </li></ul><ul><li>1960 John F. Kennedy elected President </li></ul><ul><li>1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion </li></ul><ul><li>1962 Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>1963 MLK “I Have a Dream” speech </li></ul><ul><li>1963 John F. Kennedy assassination </li></ul><ul><li>1964 Lynden B. Johnson elected President </li></ul><ul><li>1964 Civil Rights Act </li></ul><ul><li>1964-65 Free Speech Student Movement Protest- U.C. Berkley </li></ul><ul><li>1965 National Voting Rights Act </li></ul><ul><li>1965 Malcolm X assassination </li></ul><ul><li>1966 Black Panthers are formed </li></ul><ul><li>1968 Robert F. Kennedy assassination </li></ul><ul><li>1968 National Democratic Convention- Chicago 7 </li></ul><ul><li>1968 Martin Luther King Jr. assassination </li></ul><ul><li>1968 Richard Nixon elected President </li></ul><ul><li>1969 Stonewall Riots </li></ul><ul><li>1969 US landed on the moon </li></ul><ul><li>1969 Vietnam War Draft implemented </li></ul><ul><li>1969 Woodstock </li></ul>Other Important Events that Impacted the Youth
  8. 8. Means For An Escape <ul><li>The 1960’s youth, seeking a way to escape and open doors from their cultural confinement, often sought refuge in the open arms of Marijuana and LSD. </li></ul>
  9. 9. “ Turn on, tune in, and drop out.” <ul><li>By rejecting “the establishment” and using marijuana and LSD, many were able to unlock the “doors of perception” and suppress any feelings of confinement and resentment of a time too focused on normalcy. </li></ul>
  10. 10. A Higher Level of Understanding <ul><li>In 1964, Timothy Leary’s book The Psychedelic Experience suggested that the use of acid coincides with the Tibetan Book of the Dead , establishing a link between hallucinogenic drug use and Eastern religion and philosophy. Soon after, the 1960’s counterculture linked drug usage with not only philosophy, but music and art as well. </li></ul>
  11. 11. “ In places, small faces unbound.” <ul><li>While the counter-culture was at first somewhat restricted from the public view, in 1966, The Byrds’ “Eight Miles High” hit the charts, confirming that drug use was clearly becoming a part of not only their youth, but of rock music as well. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Science of Things <ul><li>In 1943 while trying to develop the cure for migraine headaches, Swiss scientist Albert Hoffman accidentally synthesized the chemical compound that is lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cause <ul><li>During the 1950’s, the CIA used LSD as an aid in interrogations. Odorless, tasteless, and colorless, LSD was thought to be the holy grail of truth serums and a way to get suspects to talk. </li></ul>
  14. 14. And Effect <ul><li>Through trial and error, the CIA eventually realized the instability of the drug when used as an interrogation method as there is no sure fire way to bypass the minds psyche and have immediate access to a persons deep, dark secrets. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Perception <ul><li>In addition to being used as a truth serum, LSD was believed by many psychiatrists to help bypass and unblock suppressed feelings and emotions in the subconscious, as well as to potentially aid and treat the symptoms of alcoholism. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The youth of the 60’s rebelled against the normalcy of the 50’s looking for a fresh approach and new culture to make their own. </li></ul><ul><li>The rebellion was met with acceptance from Dr. Timothy Leary and Ken Kesey. Adults who shared the same philosophy on life and were instrumental in leading the younger generation to reject “the establishment” and look to psychedelic drugs to lead to a higher consciousness. </li></ul><ul><li>Whether you chose to believe the drugs enhanced the music or the music enhanced the drugs…the anti-establishment theme can be heard in the music of the era. </li></ul>
  17. 17. authored “One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest” in 1962. He was inspired by his involvement in the Project Mkultra CIA study. The study evaluated the effects of psychoactive drugs on people .
  18. 18. Kesey and his followers, called The Merry Pranksters, are best known for their 1964 travels cross country in a school bus painted in psychedelic colors and named “Further”. The trip was a drug filled journey through America offering LSD to anyone who would try it.
  19. 19. <ul><li>Kesey frequently hosted &quot;Acid Tests&quot; involving his favorite band, The Warlocks, now known as The Grateful Dead. Lead singer, Jerry Garcia is quoted saying &quot; the acid tests allowed us to play with a certain kind of freedom that you rarely get as a musician...&quot; </li></ul>
  20. 20. “ Come Together” written by John Lennon was inspired by Leary’s catch phrase… <ul><li>held a Ph.D. in Psychology and was a proponent for the use of psychedelic substances to unleash the mind. He was a Harvard Professor who was fired, according to the University, for not showing up to his lectures. Leary speculates that he was fired for his views on psychedelic drugs. </li></ul>Leary advocated that people should turn on to their own way of thinking, tune in to themselves, and drop out of society.
  21. 21. <ul><li>Leary’s book The Psychedelic Experience was the inspiration behind The Beatles song “Tomorrow Never Knows” written by John Lennon. </li></ul>
  22. 29. <ul><li>The rebellion of the 1960’s youth and the introduction of drugs are directly tied to the growing events of the day and a distrust of adults who could create a world in which blacks and women were lesser humans, and old people had the right to send boys to die in a war that served no purpose other than to make money. </li></ul><ul><li>Out of that grew an attitude that there was a higher consciousness in which could be found the answers to societies troubles, and a deep desire to split from the thinking (adults) that brought about the problems. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a time of idealistic wonder where no dream was unattainable, and that together there was nothing that couldn't be changed. </li></ul><ul><li>The music of the 1960’s allows us, decades later, the opportunity to listen to the lyrics and melodies of music fueled by the passion and drive of a generation that forever changed America. </li></ul>
  23. 30. Work Cited <ul><li>&quot;1960s.&quot; Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation Inc., 7 Nov. 2009. Web. 7 Nov. 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1960s>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Against the War.&quot; The Movement. Ed. J. Morris. 2008. Web. 2 Nov. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Aretha Franklin: Respect Lyrics.&quot; Lyrics Mode. Web. 2 Nov. 2009. <http://www.lyricsmode.com/>. </li></ul><ul><li>Bacig, Tom, and Christopher M. House. &quot;The 1960s: The Role of Drugs and the Popular Culture of the 1960s.&quot; The University of Minesota Duluth. The University of Minesota, 4 Sept. 2002. Web. <http://www.d.umn.edu/>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Ballad of the Green Berets - SSgt Barry Sadler.&quot; Your Song Lyrics. Double Dollar Network. Web. 2 Nov. 2009. <http://yoursonglyrics.com/>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;A Change is Gonna Come.&quot; The Songs of Same Coke. Web. 2 Nov. 2009. <http://www.songsofsamcooke.com/>. </li></ul><ul><li>Covach, John, What's That Sound? Second ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Frank Olson Legacy Project. Web. <http://www.frankolsonproject.org/>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images. Web. <http://chandrakantha.com/articles/indian_music/filmi_sangeet/media/1965_Antiwar_Protest3.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images. Web. <http://chandrakantha.com/articles/indian_music/filmi_sangeet/media/1968_Maharishi_Beatles.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images. Web. <http://home.att.net/~chuckayoub/pink_floyd/pink_floyd_biography.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images. Web. <http://i.ehow.com/images/GlobalPhoto/Articles/5114029/241363-main_Full.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images. Web. <http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://archure.net/p/DrAlbertHoffman25.jpg&imgrefurl=http://archure.net/music/ethereal.html&usg=__mEJgW7iWHvmF-x-SsZJiwu1FtsY=&h=322&w=240&sz=27&hl=en&start=35&um=1&tbnid=1gveHFa8dtkpcM:&tbnh=118&tbnw=88&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dalbert%2Bhoffman%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Den%26rlz%3D1T4GGLL_enUS345US345%26sa%3DN%26start%3D20%26um%3D1>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images. Web. <http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://cache3.asset-cache.net/xc/BA09185.jpg%3Fv%3D1%26c%3DNewsMaker%26k%3D2%26d%3DC9FBA43AA5755CA7FC076C431A52E9AD&imgrefurl=http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/BA09185/Taxi&usg=__UY5ehOpE4KOgs2A97S4r907UGmw=&h=421&w=640&sz=48&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=qOJUVk3ePFuMIM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=137&prev=/images%3Fq%3DMan%2Bstanding%2Bnear%2Bmegalith,%2Bsmoking%2Bmarijuana,%26hl%3Den%26rlz%3D1T4GGLL_enUS345US345%26sa%3DN%26um%3D1>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images. Web. <http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://cdn3.ioffer.com/img/item/102/637/635/yPsIjPUtkcUlscm.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.ioffer.com/si/byrds&usg=__WUfmHlrNRpCVfPMz6kmRt7HnT4I=&h=580&w=406&sz=59&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=R1PWeN2nOwZ2iM:&tbnh=134&tbnw=94&prev=/images%3Fq%3DByrds%2BEye%2BView%2BTV%2Bperformances%2Bof%2Bthe%2B1960%25E2%2580%2599s%26hl%3Den%26rlz%3D1T4GGLL_enUS345US345%26um%3D1>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images. Web. <http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.erowid.org/library/books/images/psychedelic_experience.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.erowid.org/library/books/psychedelic_experience.shtml&usg=__cX3_GldApClBIJvFTSogsjAPYJM=&h=350&w=232&sz=18&hl=en&start=2&tbnid=TDY1LRfPTFYjgM:&tbnh=120&tbnw=80&prev=/images%3Fq%3DThe%2BPsychedelic%2BExperience%2Bcover%2Bimage%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG>. </li></ul>
  24. 31. Works Cited Continued <ul><li>Google Images. Web. <http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.erowid.org/library/books/images/psychedelic_experience.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.erowid.org/library/books/psychedelic_experience.shtml&usg=__cX3_GldApClBIJvFTSogsjAPYJM=&h=350&w=232&sz=18&hl=en&start=2&tbnid=TDY1LRfPTFYjgM:&tbnh=120&tbnw=80&prev=/images%3Fq%3DThe%2BPsychedelic%2BExperience%2Bcover%2Bimage%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DG>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images . Web. <http://img.letssingit.com/artists/qfjds/the_beatles3.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images . Web. <http://mentalfloss.cachefly.net/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/VVAW.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images . Web. <http://redhatrob.files.wordpress.com/2007/09/vietnam_protest_rs.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images . Web. <http://socialscience.cypresscollege.edu/~lyerby/image/vietnam/protest.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images . Web. <http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/protest-8.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images . Web. <http://www.2008electionconnection.com/uploads/2008ElectionConnection/selma.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images . Web. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/FP001063.jpg?size=67&uid=217DDB35-A549-4A30-9C1A-A10B17AE8F0A>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images . Web. <http://www.defmshop.com/uploads/k3/SL/k3SLFIL4sv2zkNiFz2X3ag/The_doors.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images . Web. <http://www.ethnicnewz.org/files/images/protest.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images . Web. <http://www.toontowncentral.com/forums/attachments/arts-creativity-sigs-avatars/130291d1242518736-tie-die-picture-help-tie_dye.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Henri Huet.&quot; Wikipedia . Web. 2 Nov. 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Huet>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Ken Kesey.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 3 Nov 2009, 01:57 UTC. 3 Nov 2009 < http:// en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title = Ken_Kesey&oldid =323601870 >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Masters of War.&quot; Bob Dylan . Sony Music Entertainment. Web. 2 Nov. 2009. <http://www.bobdylan.com/>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Merry Pranksters.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 1 Nov 2009, 18:19 UTC. 3 Nov 2009 < http:// en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title = Merry_Pranksters&oldid =323313574 >. </li></ul><ul><li>Photobucket . Web. <http://photobucket.com/images/marijuana>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Timothy Leary.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 3 Nov 2009, 11:00 UTC. 3 Nov 2009 < http:// en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title = Timothy_Leary&oldid =323668819 >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Vietnam War: A Time Line.&quot; Frances Farmers Revenge . Web. 2 Nov. 2009. <http://www.francesfarmersrevenge.com>. </li></ul><ul><li>Viklund, Andreas. &quot;LSD My Problem Child – Albert Hofmann.&quot; Eye of the Cyclone: Is There Life Out There or Are We Just Dreaming . Worldpress.com, 29 Oct. 2007. Web. <http://digitalseance.wordpress.com/>. </li></ul>

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