Early childhood

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Early childhood

  1. 1. The Peloponnesian War431 BC Marked the beginning of education.Socrates 470-399 BC Originated the Study of formal logic.Aristotle  Recognized the need for differences in teaching the children
  2. 2. Erasmus 1490-1650 Humans can be self determinate.Martin Luther Education for all, and a large range of subjects including art and music.John Comenius Wrote the first parenting book,and designed the first illustrated children’s text.
  3. 3. John Locke 1632-1704 Natural Education- Thought as children as an empty slate.Old Deluder Satan Act 1647 A religious in Massachusetts. Learning to read kept children from evil.Jean Rousseau 1762 Wrote “Emile” about a child and taught apart from other children. Thought of childhood as a unique experience.
  4. 4. Johann Pestalozzi 1746-1827 Must raise and teach children in a naturalistic way.Noah Webster 1783 Standardized spelling for American English.Fredrich Froebel 1782-1852 The Father of Kindergarten.
  5. 5. Mother Goose Tales 1647 Poems and stories created by Charles Perot.The New England Primer: late1600’s A religious primer for teacher reading to children. Margarethe Schurz 1865 Opened the first Kindergarten in Watertown. With 6 children.
  6. 6. Elizabeth Peabody 1850 Opened the first English speaking Kindergarten in Boston with 30 children.Harris and Blow 1873 Opened the first public Kindergarten.RuthBurrit 1876 Taught the model Kindergarten.
  7. 7. G.Stanley 1920 Recapitulation Theory. Children pass thought stages that the whole human race passed through and in the same order.Arnold Gessell 1925 Children grow intrinsically in an automatic unfolding. Formed a guidance Clinic at Yale.Mary Reed 1927 Suggested reading instruction be delayed.
  8. 8. Morphett and Washburne 1931 Set age 6.5 as the optimal reading age when students should begin instruction.Jerome Bruner 1959 Believed that any child could be taught effectively at any stage of development.Lev Vygotsky 1981 Believes mental functions are aquired through social relationships and that children learn by internalizing the world around the,
  9. 9. Y. Goodman 1984 Found that many young children already knew certain things necessary for reading.

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