The Peloponnesian War431 BC Marked the beginning of education.Socrates 470-399 BC Originated the Study of formal logic.Aristotle Recognized the need for differences in teaching the children
Erasmus 1490-1650 Humans can be self determinate.Martin Luther Education for all, and a large range of subjects including art and music.John Comenius Wrote the first parenting book,and designed the first illustrated children’s text.
John Locke 1632-1704 Natural Education- Thought as children as an empty slate.Old Deluder Satan Act 1647 A religious in Massachusetts. Learning to read kept children from evil.Jean Rousseau 1762 Wrote “Emile” about a child and taught apart from other children. Thought of childhood as a unique experience.
Johann Pestalozzi 1746-1827 Must raise and teach children in a naturalistic way.Noah Webster 1783 Standardized spelling for American English.Fredrich Froebel 1782-1852 The Father of Kindergarten.
Mother Goose Tales 1647 Poems and stories created by Charles Perot.The New England Primer: late1600’s A religious primer for teacher reading to children. Margarethe Schurz 1865 Opened the first Kindergarten in Watertown. With 6 children.
Elizabeth Peabody 1850 Opened the first English speaking Kindergarten in Boston with 30 children.Harris and Blow 1873 Opened the first public Kindergarten.RuthBurrit 1876 Taught the model Kindergarten.
G.Stanley 1920 Recapitulation Theory. Children pass thought stages that the whole human race passed through and in the same order.Arnold Gessell 1925 Children grow intrinsically in an automatic unfolding. Formed a guidance Clinic at Yale.Mary Reed 1927 Suggested reading instruction be delayed.
Morphett and Washburne 1931 Set age 6.5 as the optimal reading age when students should begin instruction.Jerome Bruner 1959 Believed that any child could be taught effectively at any stage of development.Lev Vygotsky 1981 Believes mental functions are aquired through social relationships and that children learn by internalizing the world around the,
Y. Goodman 1984 Found that many young children already knew certain things necessary for reading.