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Poetry Terms Presentation with Memes and Images

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Poetry Terms Presentation with Memes and Images

  1. 1. B Y M I S S WA L L I S POETRY TERMS
  2. 2. ALLITERATION • Definition: the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
  3. 3. ASSONANCE & CONSONANCE • Definitions: • Assonance: repetition of vowel sounds in words near one another Example: It seems I keep seeing memes! • Consonance: repetition of consonant sounds at the end of words near one another Example: The dove moved above the waves.
  4. 4. RHYME: END RHYME • Definition: End rhyme is the most common form of rhyme. The rhyming words end each line. Example: It runs through the reeds And away it proceeds, Through meadow and glade, In sun and in shade.
  5. 5. RHYME: INTERNAL RHYME • Definition: a rhyme involving a word in the middle of a line and another at the end of the line or in the middle of the next Example: “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. “ (“The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe)
  6. 6. ENJAMBMENT • Definition: The continuation of a phrase/sentence beyond the end of a line of verse Example: “A thing of beauty is a joy forever: Its loveliness increases; it will never Pass into nothingness but still will keep A bower quiet for us, and asleep Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet breathing.” (“Endymion” by John Keats)
  7. 7. FOOT • Definition: The metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured. • Iambic foot: the more popular foot used in poetry. This is one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable such as in the word “away.” • Trochaic foot: the less common foot found in poetry. One stressed syllable followed by one unstressed foot such as in the word “lovely.”
  8. 8. METER • Definition: When a rhythmic pattern of stresses recurs in a poem • Metrical patterns are determined by the type and number of feet in a line of verse.
  9. 9. HYPERBOLE (NOT HYPER BOWL) • Definition: an exaggeration or overstatement
  10. 10. IMAGERY • Definition: an appeal to the senses (you can see it, hear it, feel it, taste it, smell it) Example: This is an excerpt from “Preludes,” an imagery poem by T. S. Eliot. You can almost see and hear the horse steaming and stamping and smell the steaks: The winter evening settles down With smell of steaks in passageways. Six o'clock. The burnt-out ends of smoky days. And now a gusty shower wraps The grimy scraps Of withered leaves about your feet And newspapers from vacant lots; The showers beat On broken blinds and chimney-pots, And at the corner of the street A lonely cab-horse steams and stamps. And then the lighting of the lamps.
  11. 11. METAPHOR • Definition: Metaphor A metaphor is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, without using the word like or as.
  12. 12. SIMILE • Definition: a figurative comparison using like or as
  13. 13. ONOMATOPOEIA • Definition: the use of a word that resembles the sound it denotes.
  14. 14. PERSONIFICATION • Definition: giving human qualities to animals or inanimate objects
  15. 15. STANZA • Definition: In poetry, stanza refers to a grouping of lines, set off by a space, that usually has a set pattern of meter and rhyme. (A “paragraph” of poetry) • Two line stanza: couplet • Three line stanza: tercet • Four line stanza: quatrain • Five line stanza: cinquain/quintain/quintet • Six line stanza: sextet/sixain/hexastich/sestet • Seven line stanza: septet • Eight line stanza: octave/octet
  16. 16. KINDS OF POETRY: CONCRETE • Concrete Poem: the poem looks like its subject Example:
  17. 17. KINDS OF POETRY: DIAMANTE • Definition: a single unrhymed and untitled stanza with a visual structure shaped like a diamond
  18. 18. KINDS OF POETRY • Ballad: A form of narrative poetry(tells a story) • Blank Verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter • Epic: A long narrative poem, told in a formal, elevated style, that focuses on a serious subject and chronicles heroic deeds and events important to a culture or nation. • Free Verse: poetry that is written without proper rules about form, rhyme, rhythm, and meter.
  19. 19. KINDS OF POETRY • Lyric poetry: A type of brief poem that expresses the personal emotions and thoughts of a single speaker (Other kinds of poetry can come in lyrical form. For example, a lyrical haiku, a lyrical ode, a lyrical elegy, etc…) Elegy: A mournful, contemplative lyric poem written to commemorate someone who is dead Ode: A lyrical poem that addresses a particular subject
  20. 20. KINDS OF POETRY: HAIKU • Definition: A Japanese form of poetry written in three lines with the syllables 5-7-5.
  21. 21. LIMERICK • Definition: a humorous, frequently bawdy, verse of three long and two short lines rhyming aabba
  22. 22. SONNET • Definition: A fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter. • Italian Sonnet • abba abba (the remaining six lines are flexible c,d,e) • Shakespearean (or English) sonnet • abab cdcd efef gg
  23. 23. TO CONCLUDE…
  24. 24. NOT ALL POETRY IS DIFFICULT!
  25. 25. …AND IT’S NOT ALL EMO EITHER!
  26. 26. IT CAN BE WITTY!
  27. 27. AND ENTERTAINING!
  28. 28. SO DON’T JUDGE!

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