urbanland use and land values by manikanta swamy v s

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classification of urban land use

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urbanland use and land values by manikanta swamy v s

  1. 1. Urban land use and land values BY MANIKANTASWAMY V S FIRST SEMESTER (M U R P) INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF MYSORE MANASAGANGOTHRI, MYSORE-6
  2. 2. What is land use?  Land use is the human use of land. Land use involves the management and modification of natural environment into built environment such as fields, pastures, and settlements.  'Land use' is also often used to refer to the distinct land use types in zoning  ." As of the early 1990s, about 13% of the Earth was considered arable land, with 26% in pasture, 32% forests and woodland, and 1.5% urban areas.
  3. 3. Need for Land Use Planning •To ensure orderly arrangement of the various parts of the town put to different uses such as Residential, Industrial, Commercial etc. •Equitable distribution of land uses with respect to population •To utilize the high valuable land which are either unutilized or underutilized at present. •To reconstruct the older part of the town so as to bring it into a liveable condition, and •To ensure equitable distribution of basic amenities and facilities and to locate them within easy reach of the residents
  4. 4. Classification of Land Use (Urban) AS PER (TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING ORGANISATION Ministry of Urban Development & Poverty Alleviation Government of India)
  5. 5. Multiple Nuclei Model (Harris/Ullman) More complex model involving the development of urban areas around pre-existing villages.
  6. 6. . How many characteristics of a CBD can you spot in the next four slides?
  7. 7. What typical characteristic s of a CBD are shown here? The Tallest Buildings Public Buildings eg. Corn Exchange / Town Hall Busy – lots of pedestrians Markets
  8. 8. shopping centres providing undercover shopping experience What typical characteristics of a CBD are shown here? Big Department Stores and National Chain Stores
  9. 9. What typical characteristics of a CBD are shown here? Some of the oldest buildings Historic/ old street pattern – often some narrow streets Public Buildings eg. Corn Exchange / Town Hall Very accessible – public transport & traffic management required due to congestion.
  10. 10. Entertainment – e.g. restaurants Entertainment e.g. pubs What typical characteristics of a CBD are shown here? Entertainment e.g. cinemas (although increasingly these are moving further out of town)
  11. 11. What is land value?  “The price, of a particular site of land is what a fair exchange brings in terms of money during an agreed trade or transaction between two parties, one of whom is the land owner is called land value”  . The ingredients that constitute land value are utility, scarcity and desirability
  12. 12. FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO LAND VALUE  The physical attributes of land  quality of location, fertility and climate;  convenience to shopping, schools and parks;  availability of water, sewers, utilities and public transportation;  absence of bad smells, smoke and noise; and
  13. 13. •The legal or governmental forces •the type and amount of taxation, •zoning and building laws, •planning and restrictions.
  14. 14. •The social factors •population growth or decline, •changes in family sizes, •typical ages, •attitudes toward law and order, •prestige and •education levels.
  15. 15. •The economic forces •value and income levels, •growth and new construction, •vacancy and •availability of land.
  16. 16. . Land Value Variation from CBD to outskirts of the city . Retail Ability to pay Industrial/ Commercial family housing Agriculture Distance from centre Superimpose of different graphs
  17. 17. Mysore city Land use (2001) Category Area in hectares % Area 2001 Residential 2,849.91 39.9 Commercial 215.95 3.02 Industrial 962.61 13.48 Park and open spaces 981.7 13.74 Public semi public 639.69 8.96 Transportation 1,150.27 16.1 Public utility 36.48 0.51 Water sheet 143.99 2.02 Agricultural 162.33 2.27 7,142.93 100 Nehru Loka 2,078.14 Total 9,221.07
  18. 18. Mysore city Land use (2011) Category Area in hectares % Area 2001 Residential 6,097.87 43.45 Commercial 344.07 2.45 Industrial 1855.05 13.22 Park and open spaces 1055.05 7.52 Public semi public 1180.78 8.41 Traffic and Transportation 2,380.56 16.96 Public utility 43.35 0.31 Water sheet 178.95 1.27 Agricultural 898.99 6.41 Nehru Loka 1,634.82 Total 15669.49 100
  19. 19. conclusions Land is a finite resource ; require policy to be conservation and waste minimization
  20. 20. Reference  GUIDE TO PRELIMINARY PLANNING SURVEYS OF URBAN AREAS INCLUDING LAND USE CLASSIFICATION BY TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING ORGANISATION Ministry of Urban Development & Poverty Alleviation Government of India  Arthur B.Gallion, Simon Eisner; Part IV, Elements of Land Use; The Urban Pattern, Fifth Edition,  Mysore C.D.P . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Land_use

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