Electroconvulsive Therapy


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A project on Electroconvulsive Therapy for IB Psychology.

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Electroconvulsive Therapy

  1. 1. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) Anna Thum IB Psychology
  2. 2. What is Electroconvulsive Therapy? <ul><li>Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a procedure in which electric currents are passed through the brain, deliberately triggering a brief seizure. This seems to cause changes in brain chemistry that can alleviate symptoms of certain mental illnesses. (Mayo Clinic, 2008) </li></ul>Image retrieved from steadyhealth.com
  3. 3. Why is ECT important? <ul><li>In some cases ECT can be the only working treatment for mental disorders. </li></ul><ul><li>It can help someone who is severely ill recover quickly and almost completely. </li></ul><ul><li>It has much controversy about the ethical considerations taken when ECT is </li></ul><ul><li>used to treat a patient. </li></ul>Image retrieved from mindfully.org
  4. 4. What is ECT used for? <ul><li>ECT is used to treat: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Severe depression that can not be treated with drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bi-polar affective disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia </li></ul></ul>Image retrieved from forum.globaltimes.cn
  5. 5. How frequently is ECT used? <ul><li>Today, ECT is only used under the most extreme of circumstances such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No response to any other treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When treatment must be administered as fast as possible </li></ul></ul>Image retrieved from byfiles.storage.live.com
  6. 6. What are the side effects of ECT? <ul><li>ECT can have some side effects ranging in seriousness. Some of these include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Headaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle pain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amnesia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul></ul>Image retrieved from http://juliesandburg.com
  7. 7. What are some ethical problems and considerations with ECT? <ul><li>The side effects of ECT can be extremely </li></ul><ul><li>unpleasant or negatively impact a person’s </li></ul><ul><li>quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>ECT may cause brain damage </li></ul><ul><li>It is unethical to withhold ECT </li></ul><ul><li>treatment from someone if it could </li></ul><ul><li>save their life </li></ul><ul><li>Many patients are not fully </li></ul><ul><li>informed and therefore shouldn’t </li></ul><ul><li>consent to the procedure </li></ul>Image retrieved from cartoonstock.com
  8. 8. Can ECT be found in the media? <ul><li>ECT can be seen in the movies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Girl, Interrupted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ECT can also </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>be found on the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>internet, and other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>media resources </li></ul></ul>Images retrieved from shraygupta.files.wordpress.com and stephaniessecret.blogg.se
  9. 9. Where can I go if I need help with a mental problem? <ul><li>Friends Hospital 4641 Roosevelt Blvd. Philadelphia, PA 19124-2399 1-800-889-0548 </li></ul><ul><li>Belmont Center for Comprehensive Treatment 4200 Monument Road Philadelphia, PA 19131 (215) 877-2000 </li></ul><ul><li>CORA Services Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>8540 Verree Road </li></ul><ul><li>Philadelphia, PA 19111 </li></ul><ul><li>215-342-7660 </li></ul>Image retrieved from http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com
  10. 10. Reference <ul><li>Mayo Clinic Staff. (2008). Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/electroconvulsive-therapy/my00129 </li></ul><ul><li>Mental Health Foundation. (2000). Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT). Retrieved from http://www.mhf.org.uk/information/mental-health-a-z/electroconvulsive-therapy/#Used </li></ul><ul><li>Weiner, R. (2003). Ethical Considerations with Electroconvulsive Therapy . Retrieved from http://virtualmentor.ama-assn.org/2003/10/oped2-0310.html </li></ul><ul><li>Reisner, A.D. (2004). The Electroconvulsive Therapy Controversy: Evidence and Ethics . Retrieved from http://resources.metapress.com/pdf-preview.axd?code=n385863uut158357&size=largest </li></ul><ul><li>ECT.org (2006). Patient Info and Informed Consent . Retrieved from http://www.ect.org/category/information-electroconvulsive-therapy/patient-info-and-informed-consent/ </li></ul><ul><li>CORA Services Inc. (2010) Contact information retrieved from http://www.coraservices.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Albert Einstein Healthcare Network. (2010). Contact information retrieved from http://www.einstein.edu/facilities/belmont/article9780.html </li></ul><ul><li>Friends Hospital. (2010). Contact information retrieved from http://www.friendshospital.com/ </li></ul>