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Early On 101 Basics

Early On Michigan is an early intervention system that supports infants and toddlers with developmental delays and/or disabilities and their families. Visit us on the web at:

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Early On 101 Basics

  1. 1. Early On ® Michigan Part C of IDEA
  2. 2. History of Public Policy 1954 1964 1965 1965 1973 1973 1975 1986 1990 1991 1997 2002 2004 Brown vs. Board of Ed. Civil Rights Act ESEA Elementary & Secondary Educ. Act Michigan Mandatory Sp Ed Act Head Start SEC 504 Rehab Act PL 99-457 Part H PL 101-336 ADA PL 102-119 IDEA Part C PL 105-17 IDEA 97 Part C PL 107-110 NCLB (ESEA) PL 108-446 IDEA ’04 Part C Handicapped Children’s Act
  3. 3. IDEA <ul><li>Individuals with Disabilities Education Act </li></ul><ul><li>Part C = birth to 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>Part B = 3 to 21 years </li></ul>
  4. 4. Purpose of Part C <ul><li>To enhance the development of infants and toddlers; </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce costs to our society; </li></ul><ul><li>To maximize the potential of individuals with disabilities; </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance the capacity of families…; </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance the capacity of states… </li></ul>
  5. 5. State Performance Plan <ul><li>Child Outcomes (Indicator 3) </li></ul><ul><li>Improved positive social-emotional skills </li></ul><ul><li>Improved acquisition of knowledge and skills (language and communication) </li></ul><ul><li>Improved use of behaviors to meet their needs </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is Early On ® <ul><li>A statewide system of early intervention services mandated by federal legislation (Part C of IDEA) </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to help families find the social, health and educational services that will promote the development of their infants and toddlers with special needs </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is Early On ® <ul><li>Based on partnerships between families and service providers and on collaboration among community agencies, organizations and private practitioners; </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes early identification and early services </li></ul>
  8. 8. Structure of Part C in Michigan <ul><li>US Congress IDEA </li></ul>Michigan Interagency Coordinating Council (MICC) MI Dept. of Community Health MI Dept. of Human Services Dept of Public Health Community Mental Health Local Service Areas/ Intermediate School Districts (57) Early On Coordinator Local Interagency Coordinating Council (LICC) <ul><li>Major Grantees: </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative Compliance Information Project </li></ul><ul><li>Early On Training & Technical Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>EO Public Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>MI Alliance for Families </li></ul><ul><li>MI Compliance Info System (funded by Part B) </li></ul>US Dept of Education Office of Special Education Programs Michigan State Board of Education Michigan Department of Education Office of Early Childhood Education & Family Services
  9. 9. Early On Services Are: <ul><li>Strength based </li></ul><ul><li>Family Centered </li></ul><ul><li>Based on parent/professional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>partnerships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Based on interagency collaboration </li></ul>
  10. 10. Early On is a System of Services Mental Health Health Services Children’s Special Health Care Hospital Early Intervention Services Child Care Easter Seals Insurance Physician Health Dept. Social Services Early Head Start
  11. 11. Eligibility for Early On Services <ul><li>Any infant or toddler with an established condition (i.e., a physical or mental condition likely to lead to a delay) </li></ul><ul><li>Any infant or toddler with a developmental delay </li></ul>
  12. 12. Categories of Established Conditions <ul><li>Chromosomal anomaly/genetic disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Neurological disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Congenital malformations </li></ul><ul><li>Inborn errors of metabolism </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Atypical developmental disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Severe toxic exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Severe infectious diseases </li></ul>
  13. 13. Developmental Delay in one of more of the following categories: <ul><li>Physical (including hearing and vision) </li></ul><ul><li>Gross and Fine Motor Development </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Development </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive Development </li></ul><ul><li>Social/Emotional Development </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive (self-help) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Services Provided by Early On <ul><li>Assistive Technology Services </li></ul><ul><li>Audiology Services </li></ul><ul><li>Family Training, Counseling & Home Visits </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing Services </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition Services </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Speech Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Special Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Social Work </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological Services </li></ul><ul><li>Health Services </li></ul><ul><li>Service Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Vision Services </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Early On Process <ul><li>A referral is made because there is a suspicion that a child may be showing a delay or have an established condition; </li></ul><ul><li>Contact is made with the family; </li></ul><ul><li>A multidisciplinary developmental evaluation occurs; </li></ul><ul><li>An interview with the family re: </li></ul><ul><li>concerns and daily routines. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Early On Process <ul><li>A report is written including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Results of the evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observation of parent and child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developmental History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results from the vision and hearing screening </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) meeting with the family. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Early On Process <ul><li>The IFSP meeting will include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Results of the evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concerns of the parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcomes desired by the parents for their child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcomes in natural environments and daily routines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports needed by the family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early intervention services identified to support the outcomes </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Six-Month Review <ul><li>Every six months, or sooner, the IFSP outcomes must be evaluated: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has the outcome been met? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the outcome need to be changed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has there been progress made toward achieving the outcome? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are new strategies needed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do services need to be more intense, less intense or stay the same? </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Annual IFSP <ul><li>At least every 12 months a new IFSP is developed: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the child’s current level of development? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are new outcomes needed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are new services to support the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>outcomes needed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have there been changes in the family? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are there new concerns? </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Transition <ul><li>Up to nine months before a child turns three years of age a transition planning meeting is held. </li></ul><ul><li>A Transition plan with steps and services is written. </li></ul><ul><li>Progress is measured. </li></ul><ul><li>Eligibility for special education determined. </li></ul><ul><li>The child successfully transitions to special education or to other community services. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Clinton County RESA Early On ® Training & Technical Assistance This presentation was produced and distributed through an IDEA Mandated Activities Project for CCRESA EOT&TA, awarded by the Michigan Department of Education. Permission to reproduce granted. 13109 Schavey Rd. Suite 4 DeWitt, MI 48820 (866)334-5437