Ch06 outline


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Ch06 outline

  1. 1. The School Health Program: A Component ofCommunity Health Chapter 6
  2. 2. Introduction• The school health program has great potential for affecting health of the community
  3. 3. Coordinated School Health Program• An organized set of policies, procedures, and activities designed to protect, promote, and improve the health and well-being of students and staff
  4. 4. CSHP
  5. 5. The School Health Council• Individuals from a school or school district and its community who work together to provide advice and aspects of the school health program • Should include diverse representation• Primary role – provide coordination of the CSHP components
  6. 6. The School Nurse• Can provide great leadership for the CSHP• Has medical knowledge and formal training• Has multiple responsibilities• Often districts do not have resources to hire full-time nurses
  7. 7. Teachers• Heavy responsibility in making sure the CSHP works• Often spend more waking hours with children than parents
  8. 8. The Need for School Health• An unhealthy child has a difficult time learning• Health and success in schools are interrelated• A CSHP provides the integration of education and health
  9. 9. Foundations of the School Health Program• School administration that supports the effort• A well-organized school health council• Written school health policies
  10. 10. School Health Policies• Steps for creating local health-related policies include • Identify the policy development team • Assess the district’s needs • Prioritize needs and develop an action plan • Draft a policy • Build awareness and support • Adopt and implement the policy • Maintain, measure, and evaluate
  11. 11. Policy Development• Should be executed by the school health council• Should cover all facets of the school health program• Gain approval from key stakeholders
  12. 12. Policy Implementation• Policies only effective if implemented • Distribute policies to those affected • Distribute with a memorandum of explanation • Place in faculty, staff, and student handbooks • Present them at group meetings (PTO) • Hold a special meeting for explaining policies • Place them in the school district newsletter
  13. 13. Monitoring Policy Status• National survey conducted by CDC every 6 years• Assesses: • School health policies • School health practices at the state, district, school, and classroom levels
  14. 14. Components of a CSHP• Administration and organization• School health services• Healthy school environment• School health education• Counseling, psychological, and social services• Physical education• School nutrition services• Family/community involvement• School-site health promotion for staff
  15. 15. Administration and Organization• A CSHP should be administered by a School Health Coordinator • Multiple responsibilities • Often not a position required by states
  16. 16. School Health Services• Health services provided by school health workers to appraise, protect, and promote health • Health screenings, emergency care for injury and sudden illness, chronic disease management, communicable disease prevention and control, health counseling• Advantages: equitability, confidentiality, breadth of coverage, user friendliness, convenience
  17. 17. Healthy School Environment• By law, school districts are required to provide a safe school environment• Physical environment • Buildings and structures, and the behaviors of those using them • Location, age, air quality, food service, temperature, etc.• Psychosocial environment • Attitudes, values, feelings of students and staff
  18. 18. School Health Education• The development, delivery, and evaluation of a planned curriculum • Priority health content: • Alcohol and other drugs, healthy eating, mental and emotional health, personal health and wellness, physical activity, safety/unintentional injury prevention, sexual health (abstinence and risk avoidance), tobacco, violence prevention
  19. 19. Development of and Sources of Health Education Curricula• Many available from national specialists• Approved curricula from state departments of education or health• Health agencies and associations• Commercially produced curricula
  20. 20. Issues and Concerns of the School Health Program• Lack of support for CSHP• School health curriculum challenges• School-based health centers• Violence in schools
  21. 21. Lack of Support for CSHP• Limited success in getting CSHP implemented across the country• Need supportive legislation
  22. 22. School Health Curriculum Challenges• Controversy • Strong opinions on various topics• Improper implementation • Often provided by individuals other than health education specialists • Barriers to school health education
  23. 23. School-Based Health Centers or School-Linked Health Centers• Rapidly growing concept• Provided in different ways; most common is in school building• Common features among various centers• “Cultural wars”• Funding challenges
  24. 24. Violence in Schools• High profile incidents of violence in schools• Bullying• Electronic aggression• Recommendations for improving school climate as it relates to violence
  25. 25. Discussion Questions• Why is a CSHP so challenging to implement in every school district?• How can schools have more effective health programs with limited funding?