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8/1/2017
Compiled by
Dr. Medicherla Shyam Sunder Kumar
samc108@gmail.com
MALA, VIKSHEPA AND AVARANA
https://ignorancetobliss.blogspot.com/2008/02/chapter-xi.htmlhttp://ignorancetobliss.blogspot.com/2008/02/chapter-xii-fina...
8/1/2017
BODY MIND INTELLECT CHART BY SWAMI CHINMAYA
PHYSICAL personality
MENTAL personality
INTELLECTUAL personality
SPIR...
8/1/2017
{
{
From Tamas to Rajas
From Sattva to pure Sattva
Tamas
from Rajas to Sattva,
Rajas
Sattva
Pure Sattva
The seeke...
ONE DESIRE BECOMES MANY
GITA-Ch14/12
VASANAS FROM PREVIOUS BIRTHS
MIND
Single essential power, an inward urge,
which we ma...
8/1/2017
Vedanta says that one can attain unconditional
security, peace, and happiness once these
impediments are removed....
Fourfold Mind Or Antahkarana Chatushtaya
MINDMIND BUDDHIBUDDHI
CHITTACHITTA AHAMKARAAHAMKARA
Tanmatras are
Sukshma Bhutas ...
SALVATION How? Is it possible?
VASANAKSHAYA
HOW ?
TATTVA JNANA
OR
BRAHMA JNANA
MANO NASHANA
REMOVE 3 DEFECTS OF THE MIND
R...
8/1/2017
VASANAKSHAYA
How to put
off bonfire?
1-By sand
2-By water
3-By taking out one
stick at a time
To remove Vasanas
C...
MIND IS LIKE A CLOTH ,
IT WILL TAKE THE COLOR YOU DIP IT IN.
AGRA, INDIA
MANO NASHANA
REMOVE 3 DEFECTS OF THEMIND
MANO NASHANA
REMOVE 3 DEFECTS OF THE MIND
1-MALA
IMPURE or MANY THOUGHTS
Rx---KAR...
This body is covered with the thick cloth of
Mamatvam (mineness).
The two thick coverings are the ego ofThe two thick cove...
3 defects of the MIND
To understand these defects let us consider an anomaly of a tank filled
with water. If we want to se...
MANO NASHANA
I st DEFECT OF THE MIND
1-MALA ( IMPURE or dIRTY
OR MANY THOUGHTS )
Rx---KARMA YOGA
the six passions of mind(...
SIX ENEMIES WITHIN US
(RAJASIC & TAMASIC)
GET RID OF ENEMY WITH IN YOU
THE REAL MEANING OF JIHAD in ISLAM.
Mahishasura mar...
8/1/2017
KAMA KRODHA LOBHA MOHA MADA MATSARYA
Desire for
riches,
property,
honour,
status, fame,
children; why
list the lo...
PRIDE
Cloth of Eight Forms of Pride cover the MindCloth of Eight Forms of Pride cover the Mind
1-Dhana madam ---------(pri...
1st defect of the MIND
To get over these practical difficulties, the way out suggested by the scriptures is to
offer the f...
8/1/2017
Mans offenses
Knowingly or
Un knowingly
This & past life
Imprint carried in Chitta
Like dust on mirror
Annam brah...
8/1/2017
1st defect of the MIND
The follower of karma yoga adopts the supportive practices of
either bhakti yoga or jnana yoga.
Why...
8/1/2017
To stop the uncontrollable spinning of what Buddha called the "wheel of reincarnation", the
immortal soul must wa...
8/1/2017
Is it possible to eliminate desire and anger?
The material energy maya is composed of three inherent qualities of...
8/1/2017
MANO NASHANA
2 nd DEFECT OF THE MIND
VIKSHEPA
(AGITATIONS OF MIND)
TOSSING POWER Gita 2.63,6.34
BHAKTI YOGA
WITH & WITHOUT FORM
Need NERVES OF STEEL to cope wi...
8/1/2017
http://livingthebhagavadgita.blogspot.com/2012/04/anger-management-part-i.html
desire
The movement from desire to
destruction can be illustrated as under:
Brooding on the objects of senses
attachment
d...
8/1/2017
Detachment is freedom
GITA 2.71
Attachment is
bondage
Ignorance -->
confused understanding
sorrow and delusion
(s...
8/1/2017
What are the four attributes described here ?
It is restless,
turbulent,
strong and
unyielding.
Our elders compar...
8/1/2017
it is more difficult to control the mind than to control the wind.
The mind is difficult to control; swiftly and ...
2nd defect of the MIND
The second defect ieVikshep (tossing of mind) can be directly compared to
the disturbance in water ...
There are five types of restlessness
The PLACE
you are in.
In the BODY
Eating the wrong
food
eating at odd times
not exerc...
8/1/2017
Ok The MIND is restless.
(VIKSHEPA DEFECT)
How to control it ?
MIND IS LIKE A MONKEY
pole is “GOD”
Tame the mind with POOJA ,
chanting the name of the “GOD”
Reading scriptures etc.
Keep...
8/1/2017
http://kirtimukha.com/Chinmaya_Gita/gita/topic_4.htm
2. How can one control
one's mind?
4. What to do if
mind is ...
8/1/2017
http://www.narayanashramatapovanam.org/spirituality/2.html
8/1/2017
This part of the Gita – from 54 to 72 verses describing the
qualities of the sthltaprajna is very important.
1. D...
8/1/2017
KRISHNA EATING MUD
YASHODA LOOKED INSIDE THE
MOUTH OF BOY KRISHNA & SEEN
COSMOS
REMOVE 2REMOVE 2NDND DEFECT OFDEF...
Bhakti Yoga removes the 2nd defect of the MINDBhakti Yoga removes the 2nd defect of the MIND
Upasana (Sanskrit: upāsanā) l...
8/1/2017
http://slideplayer.com/slide/5257356/
8/1/2017
CHAPTER 12.8-12
-The words-Disciple and Discipline has the same root. Disciple means one is who has disciplined h...
8/1/2017
-T
-The words-Disciple and Discipline has the same root. Disciple means one is who has disciplined himself
http:/...
8/1/2017
Krishna Himself says ,"And of all yogis, the one with great faith who
always abides in Me, thinks of Me within hi...
8/1/2017
PARA BHAKTI
NIRGUNA BHAKTI
APARA BHAKTI
SAGUNA bhakti on a formon a form
Premature stage of Bhkti
ParA bhakti dwe...
8/1/2017
Krishna divides the entire humanity into 5 groups as per ATTITUDEas per ATTITUDE..
7.16
THE DEVOTEES OF 4 TYPESTH...
To remove 2nd defect of the MIND
Meditation, prayer and
the nine modes of
devotion mentioned in
the scriptures, viz.,
(1) ...
8/1/2017
Why not talk about bhakti of a kind applicable to us ordinary mortals?
Three stages
http://www.krishnamurthys.com...
8/1/2017
the three grades of bhakthi is talked off in the Bhagavatham.
The highest bhakthi will not come in the beginning ...
8/1/2017
BHAKTI (UPASANA) YOGA
The extrovert, turbulent, restless,
outgoing, wandering, fidgety mind has to
have some relaxation. A...
  
Imprisoned in a Cage
We become angry when our cravings are not fulfilled.
Greed is the food that sustains cravings and ...
8/1/2017
MANO NASHANA
3 rd DEFECT OF THE MIND
Ignorance
" I" and "MINE"
8/1/2017
If he turns the mind outside, the world is reflected in it;
if he turns it inside God is realized.
This Atma is s...
3rd DEFECT OF THE MIND
AVARANA
IGNORANCE
(VEILING POWER)
CAN’T UNDERSTAND
REFLECTION
(MANANA)
HAVE NO EXPERIENCE-
MEDITATI...
8/1/2017
MANO NASHANA
3 rd DEFECT OF THE MIND
Ignorance
" I" and "MINE"
3rd DEFECT OF THE MIND
AVARANA
IGNORANCE
(VEILING POWER)
CAN’T UNDERSTAND
REFLECTION
(MANANA)
HAVE NO EXPERIENCE-
MEDITATI...
8/1/2017
http://explorevedanta.com/vbc-jnana-yoga/
8/1/2017
Nididhyasana
is that kind of spiritual discipline
by means of which one concentrates
one's mind on the subtle
pri...
8/1/2017
ShravanamShravanam can be defined as “the systematic and
continuous listening to the scriptures or teachings for ...
EDUCARE - VOL 3. P739
http://slideplayer.com/slide/6048453/
8/1/2017
http://explorevedanta.com/vbc-jnana-yoga/
Jnana yoga summary
the 3 Bodies, the 5 Sheaths, the 3 states of mind, A...
JNANA YOGA
Do I need peace, security & happiness
from outside?
Or
is my very nature peaceful, secure and
happy state ?
Jnā...
3rd defect of the MIND
You have covered this nine- holed body of yours with a thick cloth, which
is woven with the warp fo...
8/1/2017
MANO NASHANA
3 rd DEFECT OF THE MIND
" I" and "MINE"
Gita 3.27
The human being with his
two fangs of
ahamkara (eg...
8/1/2017
https://www.actualized.org/forum/topic/10005-this-guy-really-gets-it/
8/1/2017
It is a special feature in Hindu tradition that every action should be done with the Dharma in fore
front. This i...
8/1/2017
calling bhagvan at this stage
treating him lika a driver & depend on
the tone of voice
“I’ Symbolic of EGO (Ahamk...
8/1/2017
There are two factors that bind everyone
There is no kartRRitvam (sense of doership) in the Atman.
Wrongly superi...
8/1/2017
Killing PUTANA - Removing " I" AND " MINE "
Putana, a female demon,
Her breasts symbolic of " I" AND " MINE"Her b...
8/1/2017
The inner chamber have two doors
symbolic of " I" AND " MINE"symbolic of " I" AND " MINE"
When you remove " I" AN...
8/1/2017
There are in fact three stages to the realization “I am not the doer.”
To be free from Karma
http://goldenageofga...
Give Up The Sense Of Doership ~ Sri Ramana
Bhagavan Ramana says in Talk 41 (Talks with Sri Ramana
Maharshi) known as karma...
8/1/2017
The first of these four
identities is Mamakara
or Inner Image.
It is the inner image
and ... The second
identity ...
8/1/2017
The FIRST grand themes
of jñana yoga
The SECOND grand
themes of jñana yoga
The first shows us how
wisdom develops...
8/1/2017
HOW TO REMOVE
THE 3rd DEFECT OF THE MIND
(AVARANA or IGNORANCE)
His only option is to
follow the ATMA
He needs constant
reminder to stay tuned to
ATMA.
The message of GITA
The man is the...
8/1/2017
REMOVAL OF IGNORANCE / AVIDYA
When we wake up from Dream state, we instantly know that it was a dream; the charac...
8/1/2017
WHY FEAR ? REMOVAL OF IGNORANCE / AVIDYA
ATMA
When we wrongly identify our Self with the
Jeeva (the Anaatma porti...
8/1/2017
SNAKE AND ROPE
When we know with certainty that I AM THE ATMA OR THE SELF - all fears will vanish.-
The example g...
8/1/2017
MANO NASHANA
3 DEFECTS OF THE MIND
SUMMARY
THE THREE DEFECTS OF MIND
MALA
( IMPURE
OR
TOO MANY THOUGHTS )
VIKSHEPA
(AGITATIONS OF THE
MIND)
TOSSING POWER
AVARANA
IGN...
8/1/2017
What is the problem with HUMAN ? 3 MIND Defects -SUMMARY3 MIND Defects -SUMMARY
"karma yogena mala nivruttihi"
Ka...
8/1/2017
Selfless service
KARMA
YOGA
Remove 1st
defect of the
mind
MALA (Dirty)
Remove Vasanas
Remove 1st defect of the mi...
8/1/2017
Selfless service
KARMA
YOGA
Remove 1st
defect of the
mind
MALA (Dirty)
Remove Vasanas
Remove 1st defect of the mi...
8/1/2017
The people in the yoga group reported positive results that more than doubled those of
the relaxation group. What...
8/1/2017
Fabian Maman, a French acupuncturist and sound
healer took Kirlian photographs of hemoglobin blood
cells that wer...
8/1/2017
Fa
The effect on water crystals
The Vibrational Science of Mantra
Remove 2nd defect of the mind Vikshepa or Stres...
8/1/2017
Remove 2nd defect of the mind Vikshepa or Stress
https://www.slideshare.net/anandabhavanani/mental-health-wellbei...
8/1/2017
Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)
https://www.sl...
8/1/2017
Religions play an important role in
reinforcing the basic cognitive
processes of self-control and thereby
help in...
8/1/2017
https://www.slideshare.net/anandabhavanani/mental-health-wellbeing-through-yoga
When we mindfully and
consciously...
8/1/2017
ignorance about ourselves causes the feeling of
“I”ness or separateness,
which finally causes fear of not
satisfy...
8/1/2017
https://www.slideshare.net/anandabhavanani/mental-health-wellbeing-through-yoga
Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Ava...
8/1/2017
http://graphs.net/yoga-infographics.html
Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)Remove 3rd defect of th...
8/1/2017
OM
BRAHMAN
THYAGA ( Let go the results )
SANYASA ( Let go the desire prompted actions)
MOKSHA
THYAGA & SANYASA (R...
8/1/2017
TARGET
SANYASA
RENUNCIATION
THROUGH THYAGA
ACTION
TyAga alone can lead to Moksha
(Mohasya Kshaya - removal of Moh...
8/1/2017
1. bhranthi
(delusion)
2. pramadam
(hazard or danger)
3.karanaapaatavam
(weakness of the
instruments)
4.vipralips...
8/1/2017
6377769-Bhagvad-Gita-Be-Emotionally-Intelligent
8/1/2017
http://livingthebhagavadgita.blogspot.com/2012/04/anger-management-part-i.html
8/1/2017
““ MOKSHAMOKSHA ”” is not an easy fruit to obtain .is not an easy fruit to obtain .
Need practice or SADHANANeed ...
8/1/2017
OM SHANTI
OM SHANTI
OM SHANTI
MIND -THREE DEFECTS ( MALA, VIKSHEPA AND AVARANA)
MIND -THREE DEFECTS ( MALA, VIKSHEPA AND AVARANA)
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MIND -THREE DEFECTS ( MALA, VIKSHEPA AND AVARANA)

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MIND -THREE DEFECTS ( MALA, VIKSHEPA AND AVARANA)
karma Bhakti and Jnana Yoga,
Bhagvad Gita and Mind

Published in: Spiritual
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MIND -THREE DEFECTS ( MALA, VIKSHEPA AND AVARANA)

  1. 1. 8/1/2017 Compiled by Dr. Medicherla Shyam Sunder Kumar samc108@gmail.com MALA, VIKSHEPA AND AVARANA
  2. 2. https://ignorancetobliss.blogspot.com/2008/02/chapter-xi.htmlhttp://ignorancetobliss.blogspot.com/2008/02/chapter-xii-final-journey-to-bliss.html The body level Physical personality The orgons are directed by both Mind & Intellect The MIND level Emotional personality The Intellect level Intellectual personality Spiritual personality
  3. 3. 8/1/2017 BODY MIND INTELLECT CHART BY SWAMI CHINMAYA PHYSICAL personality MENTAL personality INTELLECTUAL personality SPIRITUAL personality WE HAVE 4 PERSONALITIES World of s THOUGHTS AS EMOTIONS & AS IDEAS OR DECISIONS Carried in your DNA from previous births EGOLESS (NO AHAMKARA) DESIRELESS VASANALESS PURPOSE SALVATION MADHAVA (GOD)MADHAVA (GOD) MANAVA (HUMAN)MANAVA (HUMAN) TOTO PHYSICAL personality MENTAL personality INTELLECTUAL personality SPIRITUAL personality ! EGO (AHAMKARA Gunas influence
  4. 4. 8/1/2017 { { From Tamas to Rajas From Sattva to pure Sattva Tamas from Rajas to Sattva, Rajas Sattva Pure Sattva The seeker has to rise gradually
  5. 5. ONE DESIRE BECOMES MANY GITA-Ch14/12 VASANAS FROM PREVIOUS BIRTHS MIND Single essential power, an inward urge, which we may call the longing for freedom Sensory desires, Mental desires, Intellectual desires, Social desires, etc ACTIVITIES OF SENSES WHAT IS THE PROBLEM ?
  6. 6. 8/1/2017 Vedanta says that one can attain unconditional security, peace, and happiness once these impediments are removed. Mala, Viksheps, Āvarana Three Obstacles on the Spiritual Path
  7. 7. Fourfold Mind Or Antahkarana Chatushtaya MINDMIND BUDDHIBUDDHI CHITTACHITTA AHAMKARAAHAMKARA Tanmatras are Sukshma Bhutas or subtle elements. Prithvi- Tanmatra Agni-Tanmatra;Vayu-Tanmatra Heart from Akasa-Tanmatra Functional aspects of the mind Sankalpa-Vikalpa (will-thought and doubt), Discriminates and decides RIGHT WRONG (VIBHAGA) Thinking (Smriti) of those objects which are identified by Ahankara. Assertion Self-identification, Atman-the Source For The Mind Jala-Tanmatra
  8. 8. SALVATION How? Is it possible? VASANAKSHAYA HOW ? TATTVA JNANA OR BRAHMA JNANA MANO NASHANA REMOVE 3 DEFECTS OF THE MIND REMOVE VASANA ONE BY ONE 1-MALA ( IMPURE OR TOO MANY THOUGHTS Rx---KARMA YOGA SALVATION 2-VIKSHEPA (AGITATIONS OF MIND) TOSSING POWER Rx---BHAKTI YOGA 2-AVARANA – IGNORANCE (VEILING POWER) Rx--- JNANA YOGA BONFIRE
  9. 9. 8/1/2017 VASANAKSHAYA How to put off bonfire? 1-By sand 2-By water 3-By taking out one stick at a time To remove Vasanas Collectively they are very very strong Isolate each Vasana and with practice (Sadhana) and work on it.  Vasanas are subtle impressions which the individual soul will carry with when the soul separates itself from the physical body upon the death of a person. The vasanas are like the humidity in the air; subtlest of all.  transformation at the level of the intellect into thoughts.  transformation at the level of the mind into desires;  transformation at the level of the physical body into actions. The software or the programmes that run the computer is like the vasanas
  10. 10. MIND IS LIKE A CLOTH , IT WILL TAKE THE COLOR YOU DIP IT IN. AGRA, INDIA
  11. 11. MANO NASHANA REMOVE 3 DEFECTS OF THEMIND MANO NASHANA REMOVE 3 DEFECTS OF THE MIND 1-MALA IMPURE or MANY THOUGHTS Rx---KARMA YOGA 2-VIKSHEPA (AGITATIONS OF THE MIND) TOSSING POWER Rx---BHAKTI YOGA 3-AVARANA – IGNORANCE (VEILING POWER) Rx--- JNANA YOGA First & third defects have a component of agitation. This ignorance is both veiling and projecting (Avarana and Vikshepa). This ignorance veils Sat and Chit (Being and Consciousness) of Brahman and projects the phenomenal world by Vikshepa.
  12. 12. This body is covered with the thick cloth of Mamatvam (mineness). The two thick coverings are the ego ofThe two thick coverings are the ego of ““II”” (Nenu)(Nenu) and the possessiveness ofand the possessiveness of ““MineMine”” (Naadi).(Naadi). If we can remove these two coverings and if we can control our identification with the body, then we will be able to see that the One has actually become the many – Ekoham Bahusyaam.
  13. 13. 3 defects of the MIND To understand these defects let us consider an anomaly of a tank filled with water. If we want to see the bottom of the tank, There will be three factors responsible for its lack of clarity from the top:- Turbulence of the water Impurities of the Water Fish tank covered Now these three factors can directly be compared with the defects of mind. Impurities of the MIND "MALA" MIND AGITATED "VIKSHEPA: MIND COVERTED BY IGNORANCE "AVARANA" http://indianethos.com/defects-of-mind/
  14. 14. MANO NASHANA I st DEFECT OF THE MIND 1-MALA ( IMPURE or dIRTY OR MANY THOUGHTS ) Rx---KARMA YOGA the six passions of mind(arishadvarga)are: • Kama (Lust) • Krodha (Anger) • Lobha (Greed) • Moha (Delusion) • Mada (Pride) • Matsarya (Jealousy) Each of these aspects or negative characteristics prevent man from realizing the atman, the reality of his True Being or moksha: salvation Mala is dust on the mirror of the mind INDISCRIMINATION Thinks he is the doer of the KARMA &Thinks he is the doer of the KARMA & becomesbecomes EGOISTICEGOISTIC HOW TO CORRECT ? KARMA YOGA Chapter 18 mentioned Karma yoga asKarma yoga as ““THYAGATHYAGA”” NEED MUSCLES OF IRON TO DO WORK purification of the Anta-karana (Mano-Buddhi-Ahamkara-Chitta).
  15. 15. SIX ENEMIES WITHIN US (RAJASIC & TAMASIC) GET RID OF ENEMY WITH IN YOU THE REAL MEANING OF JIHAD in ISLAM. Mahishasura mardhani Symbolic meaning of removing the negative qualities with in you
  16. 16. 8/1/2017 KAMA KRODHA LOBHA MOHA MADA MATSARYA Desire for riches, property, honour, status, fame, children; why list the lot? Attachment to all things of this sensory world, this false, temporary, impure world. Yearning to harm others and cause ruin to them. Determination that no one else should partake of even a small fraction of what one has earned or what one has; also, that even in times of distress, one's possessions should not be diminished by use. The delusion that some people are nearer to one than others and the desire to please them more than others, leading to exertions for earning and accumulating for their sake. Mada means the develops when one feels that he has either scholarship or strength or riches or fame, more than others. Even when one has not got these, Mada makes men move about without reverence for elders and consideration for others' feelings and craving only for one's own comfort and security. Mada is extreme egoism. Immense love and jealousy are two sides of a same coin When others are as happy as yourself, Maathsry makes one miserable; one cannot tolerate it. lust, craze, desire anger, hatred greed, miserliness, narrow minded delusory emotional attachment ahankara — pride, arrogance, conceit & stubborn mindedness envy, jealousy, show or vanity, and pride http://www.divinebrahmanda.com/2009/10/arishadvarga-kama-krodha-lobha-moha.html ARISHADVARGA- 6 INNER ENEMIES
  17. 17. PRIDE Cloth of Eight Forms of Pride cover the MindCloth of Eight Forms of Pride cover the Mind 1-Dhana madam ---------(pride of wealth), 2-Vidya madam ----------(pride of scholarship), 3-Kula madam----------- (pride of lineage), 4-Aishwarya madam ----(pride of prosperity), 5-Saundarya madam---- (pride of beauty), 6-Yauvana madam ------(pride of youth), 7-Tapa madam ----------(pride of penance) 8- Padavi madam –--------(pride of position or status These are the eight forms of pride that are covering the mirror (of the mind). http://hismessagehisvoice.blogspot.com/2012/07/three-vagaries-of-mind-mala-vikshepa.html
  18. 18. 1st defect of the MIND To get over these practical difficulties, the way out suggested by the scriptures is to offer the food to God before eating it, duly regarding it as God's gift. To the question, "Where is God?" the answer is given in verse 14 of Chapter 15 of theverse 14 of Chapter 15 of the GitaGita——"Aham Vaiswanaro bhutva""Aham Vaiswanaro bhutva" etc.—which declares that the Lord dwells in every one as vaiswanara (the digestive fire and digests the different kinds of food that is consumed). If you eat food without first offering it to God, you will be affected by all the impurities and defects present in it. On the contrary, if you offer the food to the Lord before eating, as sug- gested in verse 24 ofverse 24 of Chapter 4 of the Gita "Brahmaarpanam"Chapter 4 of the Gita "Brahmaarpanam" etc., it becomes prasada (gift from God), and consequently all the impurities in the food are thereby eliminated. 2. Padaartha suddhi 3. Paaka suddhi1. Patra suddhi One should strictly avoid eating impure food to keep the mind pure. the food materials used for cooking 3. the process of cooking Purity should be ensured with regard to the vessels used for cooking http://www.sssbpt.info/summershowers/ss1990/ss1990-07.pdf So also the impurity of man's mind, called "mala", can be eliminated only by constant practice over a period of time.
  19. 19. 8/1/2017 Mans offenses Knowingly or Un knowingly This & past life Imprint carried in Chitta Like dust on mirror Annam brahma (Solids) (Brahma gives us food) Raso Vishnu (Liquid essence) (Vishnu the ability to find its essence) Pakto Devo Mahesvara Enjoyer of the meal) (Shiva cooks this essence into us) Evam Jnatva Tu Yo Bhunkte (When you eat with this awareness) Anna Dosho Na Lipyate (The food becomes pure and no toxins stay in you) Partaker prays for TRINITY TO ENDOW WITH TRIKARANA SUDDHI ( HEAD,HEART & HANDS) By this food is SANCTIFIED) MALA ( IMPURE OR TOO MANY THOUGHTS ) FOOD Avoid impurities The quality of food is the chief formative force for Moral conduct Good habits Spiritual effects vessel cooked-Clean vessels (patra suddh Food used for cooking (Padartha suddhi) The process of cooking (Paaka suddhi) Food obtained by unfair means Cook with habits, attitude mental condition, & thoughts while cooking creates vibrations Things bought by fair or unfair means Regulate food habits The law of moderation. the inner conscious (Antahkarana-mind,intellect,memory & ego ) is dependent on intake of food Your activities shape your character. YOU ARE WHAT YOU FEED ON. Sprinkle water on the food & offer food to GOD. Person serving Clean habits ,character & conduct Living habits including recreation Free from –hate anger,worry & indiffernce while serving Cheerful cheerful,humble & full of love while serving Persons mind should not dwellon wicked & vicious thoughts. Offer to GOD 4/24 Take as prasaada Serve with love Correct impurities by oy offering to GOD How ?
  20. 20. 8/1/2017
  21. 21. 1st defect of the MIND The follower of karma yoga adopts the supportive practices of either bhakti yoga or jnana yoga. Why Clean The Mind? If any of the above pollutants infest the mind, it can neither be happy nor focused If you do not bathe the body for 5 days, it begins to stink badly. We often do not clean the mind for years together. Imagine how unbearable our minds can become if we don't start cleaning them daily! With messy minds, we end up having messed up lives! How to Clean the Mind? Think clearly - Understand life and think clearly. We may know all about things in the world, but we are not really aware of exactly how the mind works. What is love? What is hatred? What is anger? How to be selfless? When we are ignorant, we are helpless. Gain the right knowledge by systematic study of spiritual textbooks like the Bhagawad Geeta and learn to think clearly. Live the Indispensable Values - Values are powerful mind-cleansers. They keep the mind on track in all situations. People who stick to even one value uncompromisingly, in such people the value becomes their virtue. They have pure minds. http://southbaybv.blogspot.com/2017/01/shoucham-purity-cleanliness.html
  22. 22. 8/1/2017 To stop the uncontrollable spinning of what Buddha called the "wheel of reincarnation", the immortal soul must wake up from its "delusion of ego". To do this, all bad karma accumulated over thousands of lifetimes, must be destroyed. The chakras must be neutralized of all negative energy (vrittis). One is through right action (dharma). (Ch 3) Karma Yoga There are only two ways immortal souls can expect to find freedom and emancipation from reincarnation by utterly destroying all seeds of earthly desires and karma. Right action and meditation http://tawyoga.com/law-of-karma--reincarnation.html Only upon ego transcendence will the dual opposites merge into the One Consciousness and liberate that soul. The other, and more powerful method, is through contact with God in daily deep meditation, of which kriya yoga is the most effective.
  23. 23. 8/1/2017 Is it possible to eliminate desire and anger? The material energy maya is composed of three inherent qualities of sattvagun, rajogun and tamogun. According to verses 37 and 40 of Chapter 3, desire is a natural product of rajogun.According to verses 37 and 40 of Chapter 3, desire is a natural product of rajogun. Since our mind is a product of maya, the three qualities of maya are inherent in the mind. The one sure way to conquer desire and anger There is only one method which is effective in internally reducing desire and anger – that is to attach your mind to Godthat is to attach your mind to God. Chapter 3, verse 42 explains that God is beyond all the mayic things like the body, senses, emotional mind (man), and intellectual mind (buddhi). So we see that the solution is elegantly simple: if we attach our mind to God, we will be able to conquer the enemies of desire and anger (chapter 3, verse 43). To the extent that we attach our mind to God, our mind is purified. It happens naturally, since God is Divine and all-purifying. Bhagwad Gita teaches us how to conquer desire and anger http://radhamadhavdham.org/bhagwad-gita-teaches-us-how-to-conquer-desire-and-anger/
  24. 24. 8/1/2017 MANO NASHANA 2 nd DEFECT OF THE MIND
  25. 25. VIKSHEPA (AGITATIONS OF MIND) TOSSING POWER Gita 2.63,6.34 BHAKTI YOGA WITH & WITHOUT FORM Need NERVES OF STEEL to cope with emotional problem. First & third defects have a component of agitation. RX (Treatment 0r prescription) MANO NASHANA 2 nd DEFECT OF THE MIND
  26. 26. 8/1/2017 http://livingthebhagavadgita.blogspot.com/2012/04/anger-management-part-i.html
  27. 27. desire The movement from desire to destruction can be illustrated as under: Brooding on the objects of senses attachment delusion anger loss of memory utter ruin loss of reason GITA 2.62 & 63 http://srimadbhagvatgita.blogspot.com/2013/07/bhagavad-gita-chapter-2-saankhya-yogah.html
  28. 28. 8/1/2017 Detachment is freedom GITA 2.71 Attachment is bondage Ignorance --> confused understanding sorrow and delusion (shoka and moha) feeling of "I" and "Mine" (ahamkara and mamakara) overpowering of discriminative faculty GITA 2.62 & 63 perform work disinterestedly without asking for results thereof because desire for the result of works is the chain that binds men and drags them into the den of delusion or maya.http://www.esamskriti.com/essay-chapters/Bhagavad-Gita-~-Chapter-1-%28Part~2%29-~--Yoga-of-the-Despondency-of-Arjuna-4.aspx
  29. 29. 8/1/2017 What are the four attributes described here ? It is restless, turbulent, strong and unyielding. Our elders compared our mind to a monkey. It is like a monkey, which is drunk, which leapt over fire, which is infected by a ghost and which is stung by a scorpion. This shows theThis shows the intensity of the wavering mind. But that needintensity of the wavering mind. But that need not be the finale. Such a monkey mind can benot be the finale. Such a monkey mind can be made a gem of a mind. It is all in our hands.made a gem of a mind. It is all in our hands. Every man knows the vagaries of the mind. GITA Ch 6 , Verses 34
  30. 30. 8/1/2017 it is more difficult to control the mind than to control the wind. The mind is difficult to control; swiftly and lightly, it moves and lands wherever it pleases. It is good to tame the mind, for a well-tamed mind brings happiness. (35). Dhammapada1, Verse 35 GITA Ch 6 , Verses 34 Kalahasti temple has one of the elemental lingas, the vayu (air) linga. There is a lamp inside the inner sanctum that is constantly flickering despite the lack of air movement inside.
  31. 31. 2nd defect of the MIND The second defect ieVikshep (tossing of mind) can be directly compared to the disturbance in water hindering the true vision of bottom. The mind hasThe mind has got an inherent characteristic of tossing between the objects continuously.got an inherent characteristic of tossing between the objects continuously. It cannot stay on one particular subject for a longer period, and always craves for something more sensational,and thus overall decision making is affected. It is due to tossing nature of mind that people love stories, movies withIt is due to tossing nature of mind that people love stories, movies with fast paced incidents and climax.fast paced incidents and climax. Bhakti yoga advises prayer, ritualistic worship, japa (repetition of a sacred word), and meditation. The Meditation, Pranayama and Trataka helps in removing Vikshep andThe Meditation, Pranayama and Trataka helps in removing Vikshep and make our mind still with consciousness.make our mind still with consciousness. The mind after removal of Vikshep is better equipped with the skills of dwelling deep inside the subject matter to be able to solve the toughest of the problems of the world. http://indianethos.com/defects-of-mind/
  32. 32. There are five types of restlessness The PLACE you are in. In the BODY Eating the wrong food eating at odd times not exercising, overworking move away from that place you immediately feel better Chanting, singing, the vibration in the place changes. children playing and laughing can change this atmospheric restlessness exercise,moderation in work habits (6.17) yuktahara-viharasya MENTAL caused by ambition, strongstrong thoughts,thoughts, likes or dislikeslikes or dislikes Seeing life from a broader perspective, knowledge about the Self the impermanence of everything. Knowledge of your death or life, confidence in the Self, in the Divine, can all calm down EMOTIONAL presence of the Guru, a wise person, or a saint will help 4.34 It is the restlessness of the SOUL When everything feels empty and meaningless, know you are very fortunate. This restlessness of the soul alone can bring authentic prayer in you. It brings perfection, Siddhis and miracles in life. Satsang, the presence of the enlightened one, soothes the restlessness of the soul.
  33. 33. 8/1/2017 Ok The MIND is restless. (VIKSHEPA DEFECT) How to control it ?
  34. 34. MIND IS LIKE A MONKEY pole is “GOD” Tame the mind with POOJA , chanting the name of the “GOD” Reading scriptures etc. Keep the “MIND” busy with divine thoughts (Ex; Namasmarana) ATTACH TO “GOD” MAKE THE MIND CALM & QUIET The Pole is “GOD”
  35. 35. 8/1/2017 http://kirtimukha.com/Chinmaya_Gita/gita/topic_4.htm 2. How can one control one's mind? 4. What to do if mind is very fickle and unsteady? 1.Why should one control one's mind? 3. How can one practice 'concentration of mind'? 5. What is the ultimate in mind- control? HOW TO CONTROL THE RESTLESS MIND ? By practice and by renunciation.6.356.35 Start now and strengthen it by practice.6.266.26 The mind uncontrolled, is one's worst enemy causing great sorrow and bondage. So, one must control one's mind. One can gain single pointedness by dropping all one's agitation-causing desires and then, with an extra strength in one's mind, withdraw one's attention to the Self. 6.256.25 To rest in knowledge of Brahman 5.195.19 "Undoubtedly, O mighty-armed, the mind is difficult to control and is restless; but, by practice, O Son of Kunti, and by dispassion it is restrained 6.266.26"From whatever cause the restless and the unsteady mind wanders away, from that let him restrain it, and bring it back to be under the control of the Self alone." 6.256.25 "Abandoning without reserve all desires born of SANKALPA, and completely restraining the whole group of senses by the mind from all sides, Little by little, let him attain quietude by his intellect, held firm; having made the mind established in the self, let him not think of anything." 5.195.19 "Even here (in this world) birth (everything) is overcome by those whose minds rest in equality. Brahman is spotless indeed, and equal, therefore they are established in Brahman." BG 2.67:BG 2.67: Just as a strong wind sweeps a boat off its chartered course on the water, even one of the senses on which the mind focuses can lead the intellect (discrimination) astray.
  36. 36. 8/1/2017 http://www.narayanashramatapovanam.org/spirituality/2.html
  37. 37. 8/1/2017 This part of the Gita – from 54 to 72 verses describing the qualities of the sthltaprajna is very important. 1. Desireless, Satisfied in the Self.-----2.55 2. Situational Stability --------------------2.56 3. Emotional Stability --------------------2.57 4. Perfect Self Control ------------------2.58-61 (58-61 Sense & mind control) 5. In state of Tranquility ----------------- 2.64,65,68 ( 66 Importance of meditation) (2.67, what happens if not meditated) 6. Established in fullness of ego ----- 2.69 7. Oneness with Brahman. 2.71-72 The next two verses, 2.62 & 2.63 tells how a person falls down from the ideal by having or developing attached to the sensory system. MANASTHITI PARISTHITI 4 Questions asked by Arjuna in 2 ,v 54
  38. 38. 8/1/2017 KRISHNA EATING MUD YASHODA LOOKED INSIDE THE MOUTH OF BOY KRISHNA & SEEN COSMOS REMOVE 2REMOVE 2NDND DEFECT OFDEFECT OF MIND VIKSHEPA (MENTALMIND VIKSHEPA (MENTAL AGITATIONS)AGITATIONS) SEE GLIMPSE OF COSMIC CONSCIOUSNESS ENTIRE UNIVERSE IN YOUR CONSIOUSNESS
  39. 39. Bhakti Yoga removes the 2nd defect of the MINDBhakti Yoga removes the 2nd defect of the MIND Upasana (Sanskrit: upāsanā) literally means "Worship" and "sitting near, attend to meditation will not give you Moksha. Meditation is a tool to aid Self-Inquiry or Jnana Yoga, but it does not equal Self-Inquiry. The traditional practices of bhakti yoga
  40. 40. 8/1/2017 http://slideplayer.com/slide/5257356/
  41. 41. 8/1/2017 CHAPTER 12.8-12 -The words-Disciple and Discipline has the same root. Disciple means one is who has disciplined himself http://dinesh-krsna.blogspot.com/2013/07/
  42. 42. 8/1/2017 -T -The words-Disciple and Discipline has the same root. Disciple means one is who has disciplined himself http://dinesh-krsna.blogspot.com/p/yoga-or-bhoga.html
  43. 43. 8/1/2017 Krishna Himself says ,"And of all yogis, the one with great faith who always abides in Me, thinks of Me within himself, and renders transcendental loving service to Me -- he is the most intimately united with Me in yoga and is the highest of all. That is My opinion"- Bhagavad Gita # 6.476.47 http://dinesh-krsna.blogspot.com/p/yoga-or-bhoga.html Also Krishna says,"One can understand Me as I am, as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, only by devotional service. And when one is in full consciousness of Me by such devotion, he can enter into the kingdom of God."- Bhagavad Gita As It Is-18.5518.55
  44. 44. 8/1/2017 PARA BHAKTI NIRGUNA BHAKTI APARA BHAKTI SAGUNA bhakti on a formon a form Premature stage of Bhkti ParA bhakti dwells on the unmanifested brahman rather than anything with name and form Effortlessly through all the currents of life, gaining merit on the way through love and adoration of a manifestation of God, who responds by His Grace to their prayers. According to the Gita, there are two types of bhakti DEVOTION (BHAKTI) ParA bhakti is obviously the more difficult path and is open only to a very small minority of adepts • The matter of the different attitudes with which we might approach God. http://www.krishnamurthys.com/profvk/Bhakti_Tradition_page7.html Two types, Three stages & Nine facets of Bhakti
  45. 45. 8/1/2017 Krishna divides the entire humanity into 5 groups as per ATTITUDEas per ATTITUDE.. 7.16 THE DEVOTEES OF 4 TYPESTHE DEVOTEES OF 4 TYPES 7.17.155 -The lowliest of those are those nonbelieversnonbelievers A.-A.-āārthartha is one who worships the Lord when he is in distress Gajendra &DraupadiGajendra &Draupadi B.ArthB.Arthāārthrthīī •is one who worships the Lord for material prosperity. ••VibhIshana, Upamanyu, DhruvaVibhIshana, Upamanyu, Dhruva and Sugrivaand Sugriva C.JijC.Jijñāñāsusu, who is discriminative enough to discern the limitation of everything else, seeks the Lord through knowledge.Janaka andJanaka and UddhavaUddhava D.JD.Jñāñānnīī is one who has reached the destination of his life’s journey by discovering his identity with the Lord Sukadeva and the 4 KumarasSukadeva and the 4 KumarasA & B are materialistic The C class is in between all he wants is to realize the Absolute. the A,B,C have to come to the higher level, otherwise they will eventually fall down
  46. 46. To remove 2nd defect of the MIND Meditation, prayer and the nine modes of devotion mentioned in the scriptures, viz., (1) sravanam (listening to the Lord's stories, leelas, and mahima), (2) kirtanam (singing His glories), (3) smaranam (remembrance), (4) Pada sevanam (service to the Lotus Feet), (5) archanam (worship), (6) vandanam (salutation), (7) daasyam (master-servant relationship), (8) sakhyam (companionship), (9) Atma nive- danam (offering oneself to the Lord i.e., Self-surrender). http://indianethos.com/defects-of-mind/ http://devotioninformation.blogspot.com/2009/02/navadha-bhakti.html
  47. 47. 8/1/2017 Why not talk about bhakti of a kind applicable to us ordinary mortals? Three stages http://www.krishnamurthys.com/profvk/Bhakti_Tradition_page7.html 1-BAhya-bhakti or external bhakti. 2-ANANYA BHAKTI ( Rajasic) 3-EKANTA BHAKTI (Pure Sattvic) Ex; Gopis towards Krishna. Our pilgrimages, our worship of images, symbols and sacred books are all examples of bAhya-bhakti. Popular religion does not ordinarily rise above this level. Nevertheless it is also true that no religion, no less Hinduism, can exist without these external expressions of devotion. It is the most advanced stage of Bhakti and is threfore also called Mukhya-bhakti. This is the stage which prepares the mind of the devotee fully and perfectly for the final realization. Here the worshipper loves God for His own sake and not for His gifts, not even for moksha It is free from feeling for any other object. the uninitiated is of this kind of bhakti and its outward manifestations – festivals, prostrations, pilgrimages and rituals. the exclusive and passionate (rAjasik) worship of one’s ishTa devatA in one’s heart. It is in fact an intense monotheism. It clears the worshipper’s mind of the cobwebs of superstition and gives a healthy direction to the spirit of devotion. Nevertheless it is also true that no religion, no less Hinduism, can exist without these external expressions of devotion. The entire Ramcaritamanas of Tulsidas is a monumental example of the purity and majesty of ananya-bhak This Divine Love is distinguished from ordinary human love by the fact that it is not based on ahamkAra or selfishness and is therefore untainted by any motive. It negates all worldly love in the mind of the devotee and there is complete self-effacement.
  48. 48. 8/1/2017 the three grades of bhakthi is talked off in the Bhagavatham. The highest bhakthi will not come in the beginning itself. And if that attitude does not come it does not mean that you should stop worshipping. Start with the lowest type of bhakthi. Lowest mechanical puja is better than no puja at all. -Between no puja and tamasic bhakthi, tamasic is better. Slowly it will become rajasic bhakthi. And later to Sattvic. Until a person sees the Lord in everyone or until one reaches the highest state of Brahman, he should confine to lower levels of bhakthi. Some people ask, “ If the Lord is everywhere, why should one go to temples?” Then you ask, “ Do you see the Lord everywhere?” If that is the case, then puja can be dropped. But sine a person has not reached that state, he should start with the lowest type of bhakthi http://spiritualsathya.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2009-05-16T08:19:00%2B04:00&max-results=10&start=14&by-date=false - No puja - Tamasic puja - Rajasic puja - Sattvic puja
  49. 49. 8/1/2017
  50. 50. BHAKTI (UPASANA) YOGA The extrovert, turbulent, restless, outgoing, wandering, fidgety mind has to have some relaxation. A stress free mind is the result of Upāsana Yogaha which we call Vikshepa Nivritti. Upāsana Yoga consists of different types of meditation. All different forms of meditation will help in quietening the mind. Vikshepa Nivritti can be positively presented as attaining the steadiness of mind – Chitta Nischalatvam http://www.vedanta.gr/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/SwParam_1Gita-Intro+Dhyanaslokas_ENA4.pdf
  51. 51.    Imprisoned in a Cage We become angry when our cravings are not fulfilled. Greed is the food that sustains cravings and feeds the ego. The ego is the cheerleader of cravingsThe ego is the cheerleader of cravings— it enshrines self- conceit, possessiveness, and jealousy (BG XVI:12-16).(BG XVI:12-16). 3. Superfluous desires are better called cravings. THIS IS A MUST DESIRES ONE DESIRE BECOME MANY UNHAPPY AT THE END 2. DESIRE FOR PROGENY AND LIVING 1. Some desires must be met to keep us alive—the desires for food, water, and clothing
  52. 52. 8/1/2017 MANO NASHANA 3 rd DEFECT OF THE MIND Ignorance " I" and "MINE"
  53. 53. 8/1/2017 If he turns the mind outside, the world is reflected in it; if he turns it inside God is realized. This Atma is seen only by such sages who can discriminate between the real and the unreal, the seer and the seen. (Seeing the Atma means, self-realisation.) When the mind & senses (snake hood) is turned outside, the whole of the phenomenal world (Drishya)is seen. The deluded are not able to see Atma (Seer-Drik) GITA Ch 15 , Verse 10 The mind & Senses turned inward (Pratyahara) Gita 5.27-28, 6.8Gita 5.27-28, 6.8 Towards ATMA (Seer-Drik). If the mind is turned within, kept calm, pure and firm, Atma is beheld. If the mirror(mind) is turned to us, we see ourselves. if he turns mind inside God is realized.
  54. 54. 3rd DEFECT OF THE MIND AVARANA IGNORANCE (VEILING POWER) CAN’T UNDERSTAND REFLECTION (MANANA) HAVE NO EXPERIENCE- MEDITATION (NIDIDHYASA) JNANA YOGA ENQUIRY RX DON’T’ KNOW LISTENING (SRAVANA) GITA-Ch11/55,13/25 CLOUDED,AGITATED,COVERD MIND SEE HOW GOD CAN ENTER IF YOU LET HIM HE WILL EVEN through CRACKS IN the DOOR When you open your heart He will enter. •Ajnana avaranam •Covered with Ignorance REMOVE "I" & "MINE"
  55. 55. 8/1/2017 MANO NASHANA 3 rd DEFECT OF THE MIND Ignorance " I" and "MINE"
  56. 56. 3rd DEFECT OF THE MIND AVARANA IGNORANCE (VEILING POWER) CAN’T UNDERSTAND REFLECTION (MANANA) HAVE NO EXPERIENCE- MEDITATION (NIDIDHYASA) JNANA YOGA ENQUIRY RX DON’T’ KNOW LISTENING (SRAVANA) GITA-Ch11/55,13/25 •Ajanana avaranam •Covered with Ignorance REMOVE "I" & "MINE"
  57. 57. 8/1/2017 http://explorevedanta.com/vbc-jnana-yoga/
  58. 58. 8/1/2017 Nididhyasana is that kind of spiritual discipline by means of which one concentrates one's mind on the subtle principle, Atman. At the end of this discipline, one becomes conscious of the fact that the mind itself is a superimposition on Atman. Then the mind becomes no mind, that is to say, it is realized essentially as Atman himself. Nididhyasana (concentrated contempla-tion) Sravana and the other means are enjoined only in so far as they turn the seeker inwards and direct him to stay his mind on Atman, but the resultant knowledge is no object of any injunction. The means for realizing Atman Manana refers to the type of reasoning suggested by the Sruti itself conducive to experience. Hence the term 'ex- perience' here should be understood to mean the supersensu-ous intuition which results from our enquiry which takes in one sweep the whole field possible of whatever is knowable. Manana (reflective thinking) Sravana (study of sacred revelation) http://www.vedanta.gr/wpcontent/uploads/2012/06/SwSatchidanandendra_Cardinal-Tenets-of-Sankaras-Vedanta_ENA5.pdf/ Many confound Nididhyasana with 'Upasana' and believe it to be a sort of spiritual imagination. It is this confusion that prompts some to believe that Nididihyasana must end in 'trances', Savikalpa and Nirvikalpa (with and without conscious-ness of distinctions),
  59. 59. 8/1/2017 ShravanamShravanam can be defined as “the systematic and continuous listening to the scriptures or teachings for a length of time from a competent teacher.” Each word of this definition is important. Systematic StudySystematic Study The word “systematic” is used because the study must be a gradual build up from beginning to the end. It should not be a chaotic study of unconnected topics. The study should be systematic in the sense that between one topic to the next there should be a gradual build up with a connection.with a connection. The study of Vedanta can be compared to building a house with bricks. A house is built by arranging and cementing bricks in a systematic and orderly manner. When the same number of bricks are dumped in one place, it won’t make a house, it ecomes rubble. Similarly gathering stray ideas by reading various books here and there, without connecting the diverse topics, and without building up the knowledge gradually, our mind will be full of cluttered idea just like a rubble of bricks. This knowledge will not be of any use, and won’t provide any spiritual growth. In fact it becomes an obstruction to spiritual growth. Vedantic study will be beneficial only when there is a systematic study. Continuous StudyContinuous Study The second point is that the study should be continuous. To continue with the house example.. I cannot lay a few bricks and then come after 6 months and start again. A house is not built in fits and starts. Similarly a continuous study is also important. And the study must be for a length of time until the knowledge of Vedanta is properly and completely understood. Just as a certain length of time is requiredJust as a certain length of time is required to build a complete house, a complete study of Vedanta requires a certain length of time. Therefore the time factor is also essential. So Shravanam is a systematic, continuous study ofSo Shravanam is a systematic, continuous study of scriptures for a length of time under a competent teacher.scriptures for a length of time under a competent teacher. Another important point to be noted about Shravanam is that during this stage, I only gather the ideas, I avoid asking questions. The reason for this is that for a person new to Vedanta every topic can throw up a number of questions. One may encounter a number of “seemingly” contradictory statements. Most of these questions get answered automatically over time as the student studies the other topics. So until I complete a comprehensive study of all topics, I avoid asking any questions. In the 2nd stage Mananam,In the 2nd stage Mananam, I connect all the ideas of Vedanta so that every idea fits into the grand building of Vedanta. Every brick, every window, every tile has a role to play in the house. SEvery idea and topic is important. The study of the individual, the study of the total, the unity of the individual and the total, the qualifications, every topic should be well connected in my mind. I should know how the topics are linked and what is their role. What is the role of Karma Yoga, what is the role ofWhat is the role of Karma Yoga, what is the role of Upasana Yoga, what is the role of any Sadhana (practice).Upasana Yoga, what is the role of any Sadhana (practice). Everything should fall in its place.Everything should fall in its place. When I take a topic individually, it may be understood clearly. But when I try to connect the topics I may see some “seeming” contradictions, I may have doubts. So I have to resolve all my doubts through understanding the teachings more carefully. Some of the doubts and questions are answered by independent reflection. For others I need the help of my teacher. Therefore Vedanta encourages questions from the students. Vedanta is not a faith or belief, Vedanta is knowledge. And how long should one ask questions? Until all questions or doubts about the teachings are resolved. And how do we know there are no more doubts? I must be able to say “Aham Brahmasmi”, I am Brahman. I am immortal. I am all-pervading. I survive the death of the body. The world cannot affect me. I must be able to make each of these statements with total conviction. This conviction should be based on knowledge, not belief. So Mananam is the process of conviction. It is aboutSo Mananam is the process of conviction. It is about solving intellectual obstacles to Self-Knowledge becausesolving intellectual obstacles to Self-Knowledge because doubts belong to the intellect. Therefore Mananam is andoubts belong to the intellect. Therefore Mananam is an intellectual process.intellectual process. The 3rd stage is called Nididhyasanam, which is solving our emotional problems in the light of Knowledge. Nididhyasanam is about getting emotional strength because even though Samsara is a problem of ignorance, the ignorance is appearing or expressing in the form of emotional turmoil. The basic problem may be ignorance, but I am experiencing problems in the form of my likes (raga), dislikes (dvesha), desire (kama), anger (krodha), greed (lobha), delusion (mada), jealousy (matsarya), fear (bhayam) etc. All these emotional problems are born out of ignorance. Therefore unless all my emotional problems are solved, I have not assimilated the knowledge totally. If on one hand I say “I am Brahman”, and on the other I keep getting worried, irritated and angry, then the knowledge is of no use. Self-Knowledge should give me practical benefits, it should make my day to day experience better. This transformation of intellectual knowledge into emotional strength is called Nididhyasanam. And how do I accomplish this transformation? All problems in life can be divided into two situations: a. Choiceless situations & b. Choiceful situations http://www.holy-bhagavad-gita.org/
  60. 60. EDUCARE - VOL 3. P739
  61. 61. http://slideplayer.com/slide/6048453/
  62. 62. 8/1/2017 http://explorevedanta.com/vbc-jnana-yoga/ Jnana yoga summary the 3 Bodies, the 5 Sheaths, the 3 states of mind, Atma, and the creation can be called “Knowledge” (Jnana), Knowledge of our true nature. We call this Self-Knowledge or Atma Jnana. 1. The means of gaining Self-Knowledge. Jnana Yoga is course of discipline involving 3 stages Self-Knowledge or Atma Jnana 2. And the benefits of gaining Self- Knowledge. CAN’T UNDERSTAND REFLECTION (MANANA) HAVE NO EXPERIENCE- MEDITATION (NIDIDHYASA) DON’T’ KNOW LISTENING (SRAVANA) GITA-Ch11/55,13/25 a metaphysical benefit called Videha Mukti, which means liberation after death. a practical benefit to our daily life called Jivan Mukti, which means liberated while living BENEFITS a. Independence (Svatantram) b. Fullness (Purnatvam) c. Equanimity (Samatvam) Self-Knowledge cushions the person from emotional disturbances. manasthiti-paristhiti When the 3 Bodies is gone, he is one with the Self. So the Jiva Atman is now the Atman, losing its individuality.
  63. 63. JNANA YOGA Do I need peace, security & happiness from outside? Or is my very nature peaceful, secure and happy state ? Jnāna Yogaha consists of enquiry into my real nature. Jnāna Yogaha is called Atma Vichāra. SELF ENQUIRY http://www.vedanta.gr/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/SwParam_1Gita-Intro+Dhyanaslokas_ENA4.pdf
  64. 64. 3rd defect of the MIND You have covered this nine- holed body of yours with a thick cloth, which is woven with the warp for woof of "I" or ahamkara and "mine" (mamakara). When you remove the cloth made up of "I" and "mine", and when you get rid of the wrong identification with the body, the avarana of the mind disappears, and you see the light of your Real Self (the Atma Jyothi), the only Light (Eka Jyothi), dispelling the darkness of the illusory multiplicity. 1 & 2--They are two eyes, 3 & 4- Two ears, 5-One nose, 6-One mouth, 7-One for releasing urine and for sex purpose, 8-One for excretion,i.e.Anus. These all put together become eight which can be observed by all of us without any problem. 9-The Ninth one it is told that it is available in the skull and is called Brahma Randhra,which is generally not visible.
  65. 65. 8/1/2017 MANO NASHANA 3 rd DEFECT OF THE MIND " I" and "MINE" Gita 3.27 The human being with his two fangs of ahamkara (ego) and mamakara (attachment) is roaming aboutis roaming about which is the root cause ofwhich is the root cause of Ranga and DweshaRanga and Dwesha The three gunas are born out of Ahankara Tattva which itself is born out of MAHAAT (Universal Mind) https://vaishnavismsatsang.wordpress.com/2011/10/19/creation-what-do-our-scriptures-say/
  66. 66. 8/1/2017 https://www.actualized.org/forum/topic/10005-this-guy-really-gets-it/
  67. 67. 8/1/2017 It is a special feature in Hindu tradition that every action should be done with the Dharma in fore front. This is why even the action such as a terrible war was arranged in a holy place so that all who die in the war will get the merit of doing a good deed. 1.1 Dhrtarashtra uvaca dharma-ksetre kuru-ksetre, samaveta yuyutsavah mamakah pandavas caiva, kim akurvata sanjaya (Gita 1:1) O' Sanjay, assembled on the sacred plain of Kurukshetra, eager to fight, what did my sons and those of Pandavas do? From God's viewpoint there is no distinction of mine and your.From God's viewpoint there is no distinction of mine and your. The whole universe is made of five great elements. Everyone is given the same freedom to use space, wind, fire, water and the earth. But the human being compelled by ignorance makes divisions such as these people, village, province, country, space, water etc. are mine and those are yours. All quarrels and fights are created due to the idea of mine and your. So is the case with Mahabharta war that was started by Dhritrashtra with this sense of “mine” (my sons) and Pandu's sons. http://www.swamiramsukhdasji.net/eBooks/Gita/Gita_Prabodhani/Gita_Prabodhani.htm
  68. 68. 8/1/2017 calling bhagvan at this stage treating him lika a driver & depend on the tone of voice “I’ Symbolic of EGO (Ahamkara) GITA CH 1 v 21 Symbolically O Acyuta! place my chariot between the two armies my chariot “MINE’ Symbolic of attachment As long as we have this notion of “I’ &“MINE’ we don’t recognize God even if he is right next to us.
  69. 69. 8/1/2017 There are two factors that bind everyone There is no kartRRitvam (sense of doership) in the Atman. Wrongly superimposing these two on the Self, one gets bound. the ego involves two aspects.We are imprisoned by two guards AHAMKARA(outer image) The “I” The sense of doership the identification or attachment of one's ego MAMAKARA (Inner image) The “MINE.” The sense of ownership, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahamkara Verses 28-46 of the 1st Chapter, if properly analyzed word for word, give us the clue. Arjuna saw in the huge armies his own people, (svajana)-fathers, grandfathers, brothers,(svajana)-fathers, grandfathers, brothers, teachers, friends etc.teachers, friends etc., and was overcome with pity. The key word here is svajana, people who are one’s very own. It may be noted that Arjuna uses the word ‘‘svajanasvajana’’ four timesfour times in these verses. Arjuna’s lament and depression are rooted in this feeling of svajanatva - one’s own- ness. Arjuna’s ego that strongly felt this attachment engendered by possessiveness - own ness or svajanatva- plunged him into theown ness or svajanatva- plunged him into the abyss of sorrow and delusion (shoka and moha)abyss of sorrow and delusion (shoka and moha) In ahaṃkāra, a state of rajas guna (agitation) predominates. This is because it identifies onlyThis is because it identifies only with a small part of the creation (the bodywith a small part of the creation (the body) and rejects everything else as "not me"; it becomes subject to a series of afflictions such as: pride, egoism, competitiveness, hate and jealousy. ahaṃkāra is thus only able to be in a superior position to buddhi from a functional point of view. From an absolute point of view, ahaṃkāra is created by buddhi and thus subordinate to it
  70. 70. 8/1/2017 Killing PUTANA - Removing " I" AND " MINE " Putana, a female demon, Her breasts symbolic of " I" AND " MINE"Her breasts symbolic of " I" AND " MINE" When you remove " I" AND " MINE " "Jivatma " merges with "Paramatma" Putana, merged in to "Paramatma" PUTANA'S story symbolic of removing Vasana's = tendencies & 3rd defect of MIND
  71. 71. 8/1/2017 The inner chamber have two doors symbolic of " I" AND " MINE"symbolic of " I" AND " MINE" When you remove " I" AND " MINE " you have Darshan of the GOD.
  72. 72. 8/1/2017 There are in fact three stages to the realization “I am not the doer.” To be free from Karma http://goldenageofgaia.com/spiritual-essays/emergence-2/dropping-the-sense-of-doership/ we continue to do but without creating a “sense” of the doer.’ (2) The Consequences for(2) The Consequences for Behavior of Dropping theBehavior of Dropping the Sense of DoershipSense of Doership (3) The Consequences for(3) The Consequences for Enlightenment of Dropping theEnlightenment of Dropping the Sense of DoershipSense of Doership 1) Dropping the Sense of1) Dropping the Sense of DoershipDoership When you cease being the doer, you also cease being the victim, for the two always go hand in hand This is the cycle of birth and death, the karmic wheel. “What is knowledge? And what is the nature of the ego? ‘God alone is the Doer, and none else’ – that is knowledge. I am not the doer; I am a mere instrument in His hand. Another way “get present,” “be in the flow,” “be in the here and now.” When one is present, one again loses the sense of the doer and is only aware of doing itself I am speaking, When it comes you will know it and I will also know it. It is a happening, something comes through me. I am not at all a doer; something happens in me.” We are not the ego, the constructed self, the vasanas. And the ego, the constructed self, the vasanas are not the doer. In the first stage, the vasanas drop away and so does the sense of the doer along with them. get in the habit of saying to yourself, This is not mine and I am not the doer. Everything belongs to God and He is the real doer.the attitude of non-doer ship and non- ownership. Always by thinking that you are a garden-keeper In the second stage, we begin to observe what actually happens and see that we are not in fact the doer, that doing happens. In the third stage, we actually become aware of who the doer is – God -and intend to realize Him (Her, It). God is the subject of all thoughts, feelings and actions. In the end there is only God, the realization of which marks the end of the journey.
  73. 73. Give Up The Sense Of Doership ~ Sri Ramana Bhagavan Ramana says in Talk 41 (Talks with Sri Ramana Maharshi) known as karma yogaknown as karma yoga that one should give up thethat one should give up the sense of doership in order to be free from the bondage of birthsense of doership in order to be free from the bondage of birth and death.and death. Bhagavan is saying that karma pertains to the body/mind. If we give up the sense of doership, the karma will go on or drop away. Either way, it is not our concern. 'Arjuna, this feeling of "mine" comes because of body-consciousness or body attachment. And such an attitude automatically arises when a person thinks he is the body. But I remind you once again, you are NOT the perishable body but the Eternal Atma!' Sri Krishna tells Arjuna to act as necessary according to dharma (duty), but surrender all fruits of action to the Lord. “In this way, you will not incur any sin,” Krishna tells Arjuna. By giving up the sense of doership, we allow our remaining karma to work itself out without creating new karma. You have jurisdiction over your respective duty only, but no control or claim over the results. The fruits of work should not be your motive. You should never be inactive (BG 2.47). Therefore, always perform your duty efficiently and without attachment to the results, because by doing work without attachment one attains the Supreme. (BG 3.19). https://luthar.com/2016/04/10/give-up-the-sense-of-doership-sri-ramana/ Treating pleasure and pain, gain and loss, victory and defeat alike, engage yourself in your duty. By doing your duty this way you will not incur sin (BG 2.38).
  74. 74. 8/1/2017 The first of these four identities is Mamakara or Inner Image. It is the inner image and ... The second identity is Ahamkara or Outer Image. It is how you project ... sriparamahamsanithyananda.com/wisdom /authenticity-power-of-thinking/ BG 'Arjuna, this feeling of "mine" comes because of body-consciousness or body attachment. And such an attitude automatically arises when a person thinks he is the body. But I remind you once again, you are NOT the perishable body but the Eternal Atma!' http://vahini.org/downloads/gitaforchild.html
  75. 75. 8/1/2017 The FIRST grand themes of jñana yoga The SECOND grand themes of jñana yoga The first shows us how wisdom develops through discrimination between the field and the inner knower of the field, between the body/mind and individual consciousness. CHAPTER 13 The second shows us how the limited sense of I, reflected by the ego, is gradually replaced by a limitless vision of the Self. CHAPTER 2-18 JNANA YOGA IN GITA
  76. 76. 8/1/2017 HOW TO REMOVE THE 3rd DEFECT OF THE MIND (AVARANA or IGNORANCE)
  77. 77. His only option is to follow the ATMA He needs constant reminder to stay tuned to ATMA. The message of GITA The man is the conglomerate of BODY( Including senses) + Mind + ATMA (SOUL) MAN He will descend to the level of an ANIMAL IF HE FOLLOWS ONLY THE BODY He is in danger of being transformed in to a DEMON IF HE FOLLOWS ONLY THE BODY + MIND IF HE FOLLOWS ONLY THE ATMA DEHATMA BUDDHI DAIVATMA BUDDHI The message of the lord, the practical philosophy
  78. 78. 8/1/2017 REMOVAL OF IGNORANCE / AVIDYA When we wake up from Dream state, we instantly know that it was a dream; the characters in it, the actions in it, the emotions in it and the entire sequences in it – are all created by us and none of them are real. It is similar with this life, till we attain Self Knowledge. When Self knowledge dawns, the real nature of this worldly life becomes evident. As part of self knowledge, our foremost task is to dis-identify from Sareera thrayam and identify with the real self, the Atma, the ever existing consciousness-bliss principle. Can any action like worship, Meditation or Sathkarma (Good Deeds) remove Ignorance or Avidya and lead to Moksha? NONO A purified Buddhi gives a better reflection of Atma. The identification continues with the purified, reflection in the Buddhi and not with the original consciousness, the Atma, as long as avidya persists in us. Their role is to purify the mind and Buddhi. Total removal of Ignorance can be accomplished only by acquiring of Self Knowledge. Till we achieve self Knowledge, our worldly life goes on without awareness, very much like Swapnavastha or Dream state. http://wisespiritualideas.blogspot.com/2010/09/
  79. 79. 8/1/2017 WHY FEAR ? REMOVAL OF IGNORANCE / AVIDYA ATMA When we wrongly identify our Self with the Jeeva (the Anaatma portion of it), all of its actions, transactions, changes etc are bound to create fear in us. when the identification is with the higher Atma (Param- aatma, the Brahman, or, the original consciousness), which is our true Self, none ofnone of these modifications and dualities can touch us.these modifications and dualities can touch us. Aatma is changeless and unaffected by allAatma is changeless and unaffected by all changes occurring in the Anaatma around it.changes occurring in the Anaatma around it. The Anaatma is subject to (i) birth, growth, decay, disease and death cycle and to (ii) all the dualities of Raaga-Dvesha (likes and dislikes), Sukha-DuhkhaSukha-Duhkha (comforts & sorrows) etc(comforts & sorrows) etc ANAATMA the para-Atma (the higher self), which is free from all Gunas,Sanchita, aagami and prarabdha Karmas, Karma Phalam and all dualities. So, automatically we are freed from all Fears. As Atma, we are eternal and pure consciousness and Bliss and there is no cause for any fear for us. These are bound to create fear – as our identification is with this Chidaabhasa (Reflected Consciousness) in the Anaatma portion of Jeeva and this is subject to quick changes. Also, the Ahankaara in the Anaatma feels as the Kartha and Bhoktha (Doer-enjoyer) and this doer-Kartha and Bhoktha (Doer-enjoyer) and this doer- enjoyership is bound to take us through allenjoyership is bound to take us through all dualities.dualities. http://wisespiritualideas.blogspot.com/2010/09/
  80. 80. 8/1/2017 SNAKE AND ROPE When we know with certainty that I AM THE ATMA OR THE SELF - all fears will vanish.- The example given in the Sloka is of confusing the rope for a snake and getting into fear. How does this fear go? We must clearly come to the understanding that (i) the rope is not the snake (ii) rope is not some thing else and (ii) rope is only ROPE. This is called Nischaya Jnanam or the certainty of knowledge http://wisespiritualideas.blogspot.com/2010/09/ as the snake is superimposed on the rope On Paramatma the whole universe with all the worlds in it is created as a wonderful illusion. As the rops is the basis, Paramatma is the basis, the foundation, the Reality behind all this illusion.
  81. 81. 8/1/2017 MANO NASHANA 3 DEFECTS OF THE MIND SUMMARY
  82. 82. THE THREE DEFECTS OF MIND MALA ( IMPURE OR TOO MANY THOUGHTS ) VIKSHEPA (AGITATIONS OF THE MIND) TOSSING POWER AVARANA IGNORANCE (VEILING POWER) CAN’T UNDERSTAND REFLECTION (MANANA) HAVE NO EXPERIENCE- MEDITATION (NIDIDHYASA) KARMA YOGA (THYAGA) MUSCLES OF IRON TO WORK JNANA YOGA (SANYASA) ENQUIRY RX RX RX INDISCRIMINATION THINK DOER OF KARMA &BECOME EGOISTIC DON’T’ KNOW LISTENING (SRAVANA) GITA-Ch11/55,13/25 GIGANTIC WILLS TO LEARN BHAKTI YOGA WITH & WITHOUT FORM NERVES OF STEEL TO THINK GITA-Ch 18 / v 1-4 GITA CH 18, INTRODUCTION
  83. 83. 8/1/2017 What is the problem with HUMAN ? 3 MIND Defects -SUMMARY3 MIND Defects -SUMMARY "karma yogena mala nivruttihi" Karma yoga is the way to get rid of all the impurities in the mind. The idea is to disentangle the sense of 'I' from one's actions and thoughts, there by one can avoid having limitations which are not in reality his. The details of the method in Brahmana part of the Vedas.Brahmana part of the Vedas. Tamasic & Rajasic The impurities (Arishad varga)of the mind as per Vedas are a. Kama - lust b. Krodha - anger c. Lobha - greed d. Moha - temptation e. Mada - pride f. Matsarya - jealousy 2. vikshepa (Agitation,Disturbance or Extrovertedness) 3. AVARANA (Ignorance ,Maya) both veiling and projecting (Avarana and Vikshepa). 1. MALA (Impurities) "jnana yogena ajnana nivruttihi" Upanishads part of the VedasUpanishads part of the Vedas answering questions such as "Who am I ?", "What is my nature ?" etc. lack of knowledge about the subject matter . Avarana altogether hides the Reality (Self) and makes one identify himself wrongly with his body. Remove the cloth made up of "I" and "mine""I" and "mine" "upasana yogena vikshepa nivruttihi" Bhakti Yoga Aranyaka part of the VedasAranyaka part of the Vedas Continuous generation of thoughts is an impediment to remain focused and peaceful, While Karma Yoga disentangles one from his actions, wherein one stops identifying himself with his ever-changing body, mind, family etc. Meditation, prayer and the nine modes of devotion mentioned in the scriptures, viz., (1) sravanam (listening to the Lord's stories, leelas, and mahima), (2) kirtanam (singing His glories), (3) smaranam (remembrance), (4) Pada sevanam (service to the Lotus Feet), (5) archanam (worship), (6) vandanam (salutation), (7) daasyam (master-servant relationship), (8) sakhyam (companionship), and (9) Atma nive- danam (offering oneself to the Lord i.e., Self- surrender). CAN’T UNDERSTAND REFLECTION (MANANA) HAVE NO EXPERIENCE- MEDITATION (NIDIDHYASA) DON’T’ KNOW LISTENING (SRAVANA)
  84. 84. 8/1/2017 Selfless service KARMA YOGA Remove 1st defect of the mind MALA (Dirty) Remove Vasanas Remove 1st defect of the mind MALA (Dirty) http://www.advaita-vision.org/self-control-and-the-brain/#more-1220
  85. 85. 8/1/2017 Selfless service KARMA YOGA Remove 1st defect of the mind MALA (Dirty) Remove Vasanas Remove 1st defect of the mind MALA (Dirty) http://www.advaita-vision.org/self-control-and-the-brain/#more-1220
  86. 86. 8/1/2017 The people in the yoga group reported positive results that more than doubled those of the relaxation group. What’s more, those who did the kirtan kriya also showed improvement in cognitive functioning, and had increased telomerase activity. Telomerase is an enzyme that protects our cells, and prevents them from dying—so a boost in this enzyme (which is negatively affected by stress) can potentially add years to our lives. Dr. Helen Lavretsky, a professor of psychiatry at the UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, published the findings recently in the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. She stated that the kirtan kriya was chosen because it employed several elements of meditation—including chanting, mudras, and visualization—which offered not only relaxation benefits, but a mini workout for the brain, as well. Hari om! A study finds that daily yogic chanting (Bhajans or The Name Chanting ) greatly benefits caregivers of dementia patients. Remove 2nd defect of the mind Vikshepa or Stress https://www.yogajournal.com/blog/yogic-chanting-benefits-caregivers
  87. 87. 8/1/2017 Fabian Maman, a French acupuncturist and sound healer took Kirlian photographs of hemoglobin blood cells that were exposed to different sounds. Each note affected the cell differently, creating a different shape and different Kirlian color. This demonstrated clearly that cellular structure and energy are affected by sound. Masuru Emoto demonstrated that water molecules are actually affected by sound and our intention. Intention involves our thoughts and feelings. He had photographs of polluted water molecules, which at first looked like mud. After a priest chanted over the polluted water, it was photographed again and the water looked like a snowflake—the sound and intentionality had restored it to its pristine shape. Is there a connection between sound, vibrations and physical reality? Yes, and it is called Cymatics.The Vibrational Science of Mantra Remove 2nd defect of the mind Vikshepa or Stress http://www.tokenrock.com/explain-cymatics-16.htmlhttp://integralyogamagazine.org/the-vibrational-science-of-mantra/
  88. 88. 8/1/2017 Fa The effect on water crystals The Vibrational Science of Mantra Remove 2nd defect of the mind Vikshepa or Stress http://www.masaru-emoto.net/english/water-crystal.htmlhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tAvzsjcBtx8
  89. 89. 8/1/2017 Remove 2nd defect of the mind Vikshepa or Stress https://www.slideshare.net/anandabhavanani/mental-health-wellbeing-through-yoga
  90. 90. 8/1/2017 Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance) https://www.slideshare.net/anandabhavanani/mental-health-wellbeing-through-yoga When we mindfully and consciously perform techniques of Yoga repeatedly, we create neural pathways that get stronger & stronger with time. • T
  91. 91. 8/1/2017 Religions play an important role in reinforcing the basic cognitive processes of self-control and thereby help in establishing valuable and peaceful inter-relationships in the society. Scientists of the Georgia university demonstrated a couple of years ago that self-control is contagious. Seeing someone with good self-control or even thinking of such a person helps you in your self-control. No wonder the ancient Indian system promoted satsangatya and held personalities like “Maryada Purushottama Rama (Highly Well-Mannered Best of Men)” as worthy of constant remembrance (smaran). Moreover, thoughts about bad men will also influence your ability at self- control negatively. https://vedanet.com/2012/06/13/self-inquiry-and-its-practice/ JNANA YOGA Remove 3rd defect of the mind AVARANA (Ignorance) Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)
  92. 92. 8/1/2017 https://www.slideshare.net/anandabhavanani/mental-health-wellbeing-through-yoga When we mindfully and consciously perform techniques of Yoga repeatedly, we create neural pathways that get stronger & stronger with time. • T Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)
  93. 93. 8/1/2017 ignorance about ourselves causes the feeling of “I”ness or separateness, which finally causes fear of not satisfying these desires. the six negative characteristics of the mind, that lead to suffering. the six negative characteristics of the mind, which causes us to have likes/dislikes or desire These fears finally lead to the Arishadvargas, kama (lust), krodha (anger), lobh (greed), moha (attachment), mada (pride) matsarya (jealousy) Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)
  94. 94. 8/1/2017 https://www.slideshare.net/anandabhavanani/mental-health-wellbeing-through-yoga Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)
  95. 95. 8/1/2017 http://graphs.net/yoga-infographics.html Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)Remove 3rd defect of the Mind Avarana (Ignorance)
  96. 96. 8/1/2017 OM BRAHMAN THYAGA ( Let go the results ) SANYASA ( Let go the desire prompted actions) MOKSHA THYAGA & SANYASA (Renunciation) are the two steps to go through the door of MOKSHA (Salvation) to merge with Brahman (GOD) . GITA CH 18, Verse 2
  97. 97. 8/1/2017 TARGET SANYASA RENUNCIATION THROUGH THYAGA ACTION TyAga alone can lead to Moksha (Mohasya Kshaya - removal of Moha or delusion, leading Liberation). THYAGA All other paths or means (some listed are Karma, Yagna etc) are only the means to purification of the anta-karana (Mano-Buddhi-Ahamkara-Chitta). They are the stepping-stones to the final step of realization ACTION THROUGH THYAGA GITA CH 18, Verse 2
  98. 98. 8/1/2017 1. bhranthi (delusion) 2. pramadam (hazard or danger) 3.karanaapaatavam (weakness of the instruments) 4.vipralipsa (jealousy) The antha karana is subject to four kinds of defects, These four defects result in the malfunctioning of the antha karana. Bhranthi refers to the deluded state of mind in which a person mistakes, for instance, a rope for a snake and vice versa. In other words, he regards the unreal as real and the real as unreal; the temporary as permanent and the permanent as temporary.. a jaundiced eye will see everything as yellow, irrespective of whether the actual colour is white, red or black etc. It must, however, be noted that the ailments of the external instruments have an adverse effect on the internal instruments, because of their relatedness.. weakness or debility of the instruments. This weakness affects both the inner instrument (antha karana) and the external instruments (the sense organs.) . It is one of the worst qualities of man. He cannot endure or tolerate the prosperity or happiness of others. There is no cure for this disease. Feel happy when others are happy. Such delusions invariably lead to accidents or dangerous situations (pramadam). If you hold a snake thinking it is a rope, you are certainly in for trouble. Man today regards the body as real, not knowing that it is as unreal as a water bubble, which is sure to burst at any time, at any place. 2. the karana-apaatavam in respect of the rich man’s antha karana, which obviously was weak because of its inconsistent behaviour based on the feeling of “I” and “mine” as opposed to the “other” man.. 4. http://media.radiosai.org/journals/vol_13/01MAR15/SUMMER-SHOWERS-ILLUSTRATED-1990-DISCOURSE-07.htm
  99. 99. 8/1/2017 6377769-Bhagvad-Gita-Be-Emotionally-Intelligent
  100. 100. 8/1/2017 http://livingthebhagavadgita.blogspot.com/2012/04/anger-management-part-i.html
  101. 101. 8/1/2017 ““ MOKSHAMOKSHA ”” is not an easy fruit to obtain .is not an easy fruit to obtain . Need practice or SADHANANeed practice or SADHANA Explained inExplained in GITA,GITA,BHAGAVATAMBHAGAVATAM anD RAMAYAN.anD RAMAYAN. DHARMA+ ARTHA & KAMA = You ascend up the ladder by fullfiliing your desires and earn wealth by righteous means . MOKSHA - SALVATION. KAMA ONLY- DESIRES / LUST ARTHA ONLY
  102. 102. 8/1/2017 OM SHANTI OM SHANTI OM SHANTI

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