Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com        .VITAMINS Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comQuiz – Do You Need aMultivitamin/MineralSupplement?   Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com          What are vitamins ?s   Nutrients that our body does not make on its own.    Thus we...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comSupplements, what are they?s   Defn: synthetic or natural substances    which can be purchase...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comTop 10 ?’s asked aboutVitamin Supplements    Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Should I get my vitamins    from food or supplements?    s   A diet high in fiber and low...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Do I need a multivitamin    supplement?    s   It does not hurt to get a little to take  ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    What do Multivitamins    contain?    s   A multivitamin should contain fat-        solubl...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    What does RDA mean?    s   Recommended Dietary Allowances    s   These are suggested leve...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    What are antioxidants?    s   Defn: Substances that fight off        free-radicals in our...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comWhat is the difference between fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins?s   Fat-soluble are sto...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    What factors should I consider before    taking a vitamin supplement?s   Do you eat foods...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Can I take too many    vitamins?    s   For the most part vitamin        supplements are ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Should I take my    vitamins with food?    s   It is advised to take your vitamins       ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Stress & Nutrition of Your Body    s   Stress can cause your body to        excrete nutrient...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Supplements that aid in    suppressing stress    s   Increasing serotonin levels in the  ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comThe B Vitamins    B-1, B-2, B-3, B-6, B-12Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    B-1 Thiamin (Vitamin F)    s   Important in:         x Producing energy from           ca...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Sources of B-1    s   Pork    s   Fish    s   Liver    s   Legumes    s   Nuts    s   Who...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Recommendations    s   Men 14+                s   1 broiled pork chop,           1.2 mg/d...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Warnings    s   B-1 is nontoxic even at high        dosagesCopyright @ Forever Medic Onli...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    B-1 Deficiency    s   Loss of appetite    s   Weakness & Feeling tired    s   Insomnia   ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Who’s at Risk?    s   Homeless & Malnourished    s   Alcoholics    s   People with malabs...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    B-2 Riboflavin    s   Important in:         x   energy production         x   carbohydrat...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Sources of B-2    s   Large amounts in         x dairy         x eggs         x meats    ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com         Recommendationss   Men 14-70           s   1 cup raisin bran    1.3 mg/day          ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Warnings    s   B-2 is nontoxic at supplemental        and dietary levels.    s   Light c...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    B-2 Deficiency    s   Itching and burning eyes    s   Cracks and sores in mouth and lips ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Who’s at Risk?    s   People with cataracts    s   People with Sickle Cell Anemia    s   ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    B-3 Niacinamide &    Niacin    s   Important in:         x energy production         x ma...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    B-3 Niacinamide &    Niacin    s   Two Types         x   Niacinamide (Nicotinamide)      ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Recommendations    s   Men 14+                   s   1 cup rice           16 mg/day      ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comWarningss   In doses of only 50-100 mg nicotinic acid can    cause dilation of blood vessels ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    B-3 Deficiency    s   Pellegra         x disease caused by B-3 deficiency         x rare ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Who’s at Risk?    s   Most people get plenty of B-3 from        their diet because it is ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com                B-6 Pyridoxines   Important in:    x Production of red blood cells    x conve...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com                 Recommendationss   Men 14-50    1.3 mg/day              s   1 chicken breast...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Warnings    s   High doses of B-6 may be        recommended to treat PMS, carpal        t...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    B-6 Deficiency    s   nervousness, insomnia    s   loss of muscle control, muscle        ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Who’s at Risk?    s   very rare    s   alcoholics    s   patients with kidney failure    ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    B-12 Cobalamin    s   Important in:         x proper nerve function         x production ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com               Recommendationss   Men and Women         s   1 chicken breast        14+      ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Warnings    s   Vegetarians need to look for        fortified sources (soy milk,        s...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    B-12 Deficiency    s   anemia    s   nerve damage    s   hypersensitive skinCopyright @ F...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Who’s at Risk?    s   pernicious anemia         x   B-12 injections often taken          ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com   Vitamin ACopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com          What is Vitamin A?s   Fat-solubles   Retinol    x   One of the most active, usable ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    What does it do?    s   Vision         x Generates pigments for the retina         x Main...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Where does it come    from?    s   Animal Sources         x   Eggs         x   Meat      ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Plant Sources         •   Carrots         •   Sweet Potatoes         •   Cantaloupe      ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    What do these plants have in    common??s   Most are orange or yellow in colors   Beta-Ca...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    How much is enough?    s   Children           2000 – 3500 I.U.    s   Men           5000 ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Signs of Deficiency    s   Night blindness    s   Decreased resistance to infections    s   ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Who Is At Risk For    Deficiency?    s   Young children    s   Children with inadequate h...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Too Much Can Be    Toxic!!    s   Hypervitaminosis A leads to toxic        symptoms:     ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com            Other Side Effectss   Severe birth defects    x   Women of child-bearing age shou...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Foods High In Vitamin A     Retinol         x Liver (3 oz)           30,325 IU (610% DV)    ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com  … Foods High In Vitamin A   Beta-Carotene       x   Carrot (1 raw)                   20,250...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Polar Bear LiverOne ounce of polar bear liver containsenough vitamin A (retinol) to kill a p...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Vitamin A, Beta-    Carotene, and Cancer    s   Surveys suggest that diets rich in vitami...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Vitamin ECopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com       Vitamin EWhat is it?   s   Fat soluble   s   Antioxidant        x   Reduce the energy ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com                 Vitamin E          What does it do?s   Protects cell membranes and other fat...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com     Vitamin EHeart disease:     s   Two studies published in the New         England Journal...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com     Vitamin EWhat’s the difference?     s   Alpha Tocopherol     s   Tocopherol     s   Toco...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com     Vitamin EWhat’s the difference?     s   “d” = natural     s   “dl” = synthetic Copyright...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com     Vitamin EWhere does it come from?        s   wheat germ oil        s   vegetable oils   ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Specific Food Sources       s   vegetable oils           x   Corn, cottonseed, and peanut...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com        Vitamin E  Recommended Daily Allowances (RDA):Children0-12 months            3-4 mg  ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com     Vitamin EOther effects:     s   Taking more than RDA of vitamin         E improves the i...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com     Vitamin EWho is likely to be deficient?     s   Severe vitamin E deficiencies are       ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com     Vitamin ECan you take too much?        s   No harmful effects at 50 times            RDA...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com     Vitamin ENatural foods or supplements?        s   Natural form more bioavailable        ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com     Vitamin EWho should take supplements?        s   People over the age of 55        s   Sm...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com     Vitamin EMiscellaneous:     s   Freezing may destroy Vitamin E     s   Extreme heat caus...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com        Vitamin CCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Vitamin C    s   Ascorbic acid (Toxic to        viruses,bacteria, and some        maligna...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    What are C’s functions    in the body?    s   Protects you body from free radicals    s  ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Harmful effects in larger    doses:    (over 1000mg/ dose)    s   Diarrhea    s   gastroi...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    s   Since Vitamin C is water-soluble        excess amounts that the body        does not ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com      Vitamin C daily      recommendations  s   LINK  s   http://www.women-of-      faith.com...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Recommended Dietary    Intake    s   Men: 60mg/day             s   Take divided doses    ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Sources of Vitamin C    s   Guava, Broccoli, Cantaloupe, Red        Bell Pepper, Orange J...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Deficiency of C causes:    s   Weight loss    s   fatigue and joint pain    s   scurvy (b...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com                 Fact or Fiction: Vitamin C                 causes Kidney Stone              ...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    To learn about more    cool facts about Vitamin    C, log on to:    s   LINK    s   www.c...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    Food or Supplement?    s   The Mayo Clinic states that “your body needs        macronutri...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com         Regulation         of Vitamin        SupplementsCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com        The ODS        Office of Dietary        Supplements                     Mission: “..t...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comCongressional Mandate for theODS: s   To explore the role of dietary supplements to improve h...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com    ODS Scientific Goals:    s   1: Evaluate the role of dietary supplements in the        pr...
Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comT h e V it a m inG a me   Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
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Vitamins & Mineral Supplement Treatment

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MedicYatra provides the safe & best Vitamin Mineral Supplement treatment and procedure at its affiliate & trusted hospitals & clinics in various metro cities of India, like Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Pune etc.Our Associate Board certified doctors are extensively trained and vastly experienced and have performed hundreds of such cases at our state of the art JCI accredited hospitals & Clinics. Our aim is to provide you the best of the services at the most affordable costs. Don't forget to say hi at info@medicyatra.com

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Vitamins & Mineral Supplement Treatment

  1. 1. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com .VITAMINS Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  2. 2. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comQuiz – Do You Need aMultivitamin/MineralSupplement? Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  3. 3. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com What are vitamins ?s Nutrients that our body does not make on its own. Thus we must obtain them from the foods we eat, or via vitamin supplements.s They are essential for providing good health and are necessary for many life functions. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  4. 4. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comSupplements, what are they?s Defn: synthetic or natural substances which can be purchased as pills, tablets, capsules, wafers, powders, or liquids. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  5. 5. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comTop 10 ?’s asked aboutVitamin Supplements Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  6. 6. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Should I get my vitamins from food or supplements? s A diet high in fiber and low in fat is the best way to meet daily nutritional needs. s If you closely follow the “food pyramid” then you should meet the RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances) for vitamins and nutrients. s Supplements are best when accompanied by a well balanced diet. s Supplements should not replace a healthy diet. s Food provides calories and energy that are required for daily activities, vitamin supplements do not provide energy or calories. VCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  7. 7. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Do I need a multivitamin supplement? s It does not hurt to get a little to take a multivitamin daily to ensure proper nutrition. s Most college students are not eating a well balanced diet and could use the added nutrition of a multivitamin. s When choosing a supplement, select one that meets 100-300% of the RDA.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  8. 8. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com What do Multivitamins contain? s A multivitamin should contain fat- soluble vitamins A, D, E; water- soluble vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, folic acid , and Vitamin C. s They will also usually have minerals such as zinc, magnesium, copper, and calcium in them.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  9. 9. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com What does RDA mean? s Recommended Dietary Allowances s These are suggested levels of essential nutrients considered adequate to meet nutritional needs of healthy individuals.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  10. 10. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com What are antioxidants? s Defn: Substances that fight off free-radicals in our bodies. s Free radicals are compounds within our bodies that may lead to chronic disease and/or are involved in cell tissue damage. s Examples of vitamins that contain antioxidants are… C, E, and Beta Carotene.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  11. 11. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comWhat is the difference between fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins?s Fat-soluble are stored in the liver and fatty tissues. These are not readily excreted from the body.s Water-soluble vitamins travel in the blood and are stored in limited amounts. These are readily excreted from the body through urine. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  12. 12. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com What factors should I consider before taking a vitamin supplement?s Do you eat foods high in vitamins and minerals?s Are you dieting?s Do you follow the Food Guide Pyramid?s Do you smoke and/or drink regularly?s Are you pregnant?s Are you over 50 years old?s Are you taking prescription drugs? Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  13. 13. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Can I take too many vitamins? s For the most part vitamin supplements are safe to take. s Follow the recommended dosages on the label of the bottle. s Fat-soluble vitamins are more likely to be toxic to your health if taken in excess, because they are stored in the body, where as water- soluble are excreted.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  14. 14. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Should I take my vitamins with food? s It is advised to take your vitamins with a snack or meal to avoid stomach irritation. s The presence of carbohydrates and proteins stimulate digestive enzymes that will allow for better absorption of nutrients for the supplements. (Iron should be taken on an empty stomach)Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  15. 15. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Stress & Nutrition of Your Body s Stress can cause your body to excrete nutrients rather than using them to perform vital functions. s Stress can also cause the production of free radicals which play a role in the development of cancer, heart disease, and aging.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  16. 16. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Supplements that aid in suppressing stress s Increasing serotonin levels in the brain wards off stress related symptoms like depression, irritability, and frustration. s The mineral magnesium can help to regulate serotonin levels. s Antioxidant supplements can also break up free radicals that cause harm to your body.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  17. 17. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comThe B Vitamins B-1, B-2, B-3, B-6, B-12Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  18. 18. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com B-1 Thiamin (Vitamin F) s Important in: x Producing energy from carbohydrates x proper nerve function x stabilizing the appetite x promoting growth and good muscle tone x ATP productionCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  19. 19. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Sources of B-1 s Pork s Fish s Liver s Legumes s Nuts s Whole grain or enriched breads and cerealsCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  20. 20. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Recommendations s Men 14+ s 1 broiled pork chop, 1.2 mg/day s 1.25 cups corn s Women 14-18 flakes 1.0 mg/day OR s Women 19+ 1.1 mg/day s 1 baked potato (w/ skin) s 0.5 cup of lentils s 1 cup raisin branCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  21. 21. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Warnings s B-1 is nontoxic even at high dosagesCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  22. 22. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com B-1 Deficiency s Loss of appetite s Weakness & Feeling tired s Insomnia s Loss of weight s Depression s Heart & Gastrointestinal problemsCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  23. 23. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Who’s at Risk? s Homeless & Malnourished s Alcoholics s People with malabsorption conditionsCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  24. 24. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com B-2 Riboflavin s Important in: x energy production x carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism x formation of antibodies and red blood cells x cell respiration x maintenance of good vision, skin, nails, and hair x alleviating eye fatigueCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  25. 25. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Sources of B-2 s Large amounts in x dairy x eggs x meats s Small amounts in x leafy green vegetables x enriched grainsCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  26. 26. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Recommendationss Men 14-70 s 1 cup raisin bran 1.3 mg/day s 1 cup milks Women 14-70 s 1 egg 1.0 mg/day ORs 71+ s 1 small extra lean hamburger Larger doses s 1 cup plain yogurt s 0.5 cup fresh cooked spinach s 1 cup cottage cheese Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  27. 27. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Warnings s B-2 is nontoxic at supplemental and dietary levels. s Light can destroy riboflavin, so purchase milk in opaque containers.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  28. 28. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com B-2 Deficiency s Itching and burning eyes s Cracks and sores in mouth and lips s Bloodshot eyes s Dermatitis s Oily skin s Digestive disturbancesCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  29. 29. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Who’s at Risk? s People with cataracts s People with Sickle Cell Anemia s AlcoholicsCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  30. 30. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com B-3 Niacinamide & Niacin s Important in: x energy production x maintenance of skin and tongue x improves circulation x maintenance of nervous system x health of the digestive trackCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  31. 31. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com B-3 Niacinamide & Niacin s Two Types x Niacinamide (Nicotinamide) 3 does not regulate cholesterol x Niacin (Nicotinic Acid) 3 highly toxic in large doses 3 Inosital Hexaniacinate is a supplement that gives the cholesterol regulation without high toxicityCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  32. 32. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Recommendations s Men 14+ s 1 cup rice 16 mg/day s 4 oz. broiled salmon s Women 14+ s 1 tbsp peanut butter 14 mg/day s 1 bagel s OR s 1 small extra lean hamburger s 0.5 cup grape nuts cerealCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  33. 33. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comWarningss In doses of only 50-100 mg nicotinic acid can cause dilation of blood vessels and potentially painful tingling (“niacin flush”), diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and long term liver damage.s Nicotinamide is almost always safe to take, although a few cases of liver damage have been reported in doses of over 1000 mg/day. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  34. 34. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com B-3 Deficiency s Pellegra x disease caused by B-3 deficiency x rare in Western societies s gastrointestinal disturbance, loss of appetite s headache, insomnia, mental depression s fatigue, aches, and pains s nervousness, irritabilityCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  35. 35. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Who’s at Risk? s Most people get plenty of B-3 from their diet because it is added to white flour.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  36. 36. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com B-6 Pyridoxines Important in: x Production of red blood cells x conversion of tryptophan to niacin (B-3) x immunity x nervous system functions x reducing muscle spasms, cramps, and numbness x maintaining proper balance of sodium and phosphorous in the body Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  37. 37. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Recommendationss Men 14-50 1.3 mg/day s 1 chicken breasts Men 50+ s 0.5 cup cooked spinach 1.7 mg/day s 1 cup brown rices Women 14-18 OR 1.2 mg/day s 1 baked potato with skins Women 19-50 s 1 banana 1.3 mg/day s 4 oz. lean sirloins Women 50+ 1.5 mg/day Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  38. 38. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Warnings s High doses of B-6 may be recommended to treat PMS, carpal tunnel syndrome, and sleep disorders, but continued use of high doses may result in permanent nerve damage. s Pregnant women should always consult their doctor before taking this supplement and all others.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  39. 39. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com B-6 Deficiency s nervousness, insomnia s loss of muscle control, muscle weakness s arm and leg cramps s water retention s skin lesionsCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  40. 40. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Who’s at Risk? s very rare s alcoholics s patients with kidney failure s women using oral contraceptivesCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  41. 41. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com B-12 Cobalamin s Important in: x proper nerve function x production of red blood cells x metabolizing fats and proteins x prevention of anemia x DNA reproduction x energy production?Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  42. 42. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Recommendationss Men and Women s 1 chicken breast 14+ s 1 hard boiled egg 2-3 mcg/day s 1 cup plain low fat yogurt OR s 1 cup milk s 1 cup raisin bran Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  43. 43. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Warnings s Vegetarians need to look for fortified sources (soy milk, supplements). s Elderly often have trouble absorbing.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  44. 44. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com B-12 Deficiency s anemia s nerve damage s hypersensitive skinCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  45. 45. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Who’s at Risk? s pernicious anemia x B-12 injections often taken regularly s HIV s Chronic Fatigue SyndromeCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  46. 46. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin ACopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  47. 47. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com What is Vitamin A?s Fat-solubles Retinol x One of the most active, usable formss Found in animal and plant sources Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  48. 48. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com What does it do? s Vision x Generates pigments for the retina x Maintains surface lining of eyes s Bone growth s Reproduction s Cell division and differentiation s Healthy Skin s Regulate Immune SystemCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  49. 49. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Where does it come from? s Animal Sources x Eggs x Meat x Cheese x Milk x Liver x Kidney x Cod x Halibut fish oilCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  50. 50. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Plant Sources • Carrots • Sweet Potatoes • Cantaloupe • Pink Grapefruit • Apricots • Broccoli • Spinach • PumpkinCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  51. 51. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com What do these plants have in common??s Most are orange or yellow in colors Beta-Carotene is precursor of Vitamin As Masked in some green plants Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  52. 52. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com How much is enough? s Children 2000 – 3500 I.U. s Men 5000 I.U. s Women 4000 I.U.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  53. 53. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Signs of Deficiency s Night blindness s Decreased resistance to infections s Extremely dry skin, hair or nailsCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  54. 54. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Who Is At Risk For Deficiency? s Young children s Children with inadequate health care s Adults in countries with high incidences of vitamin A deficiency or measles s Adults or children with diseases of the pancreas, liver, intestines, or inadequate fat digestion/absorptionCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  55. 55. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Too Much Can Be Toxic!! s Hypervitaminosis A leads to toxic symptoms: x Dry, itchy skin x Headaches and fatigue x Hair loss x Liver damage x Blurred vision x Loss of appetite x Skin colorationCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  56. 56. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Other Side Effectss Severe birth defects x Women of child-bearing age should not consume more than 8000 IU per day x Retin-A (acne cream) or Accutane can cause birth defects x Retinol is most dangerous form because the body will not convert as much beta-carotene to vitamin A unless needed but it can still be harmfuls Skin can take on a yellow/orange glows Most cases of vitamin A overdose occur from supplements but can occur from diets RDA is considering establishing an Upper Limit Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  57. 57. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Foods High In Vitamin A Retinol x Liver (3 oz) 30,325 IU (610% DV) x Fortified milk (1 c) 1,355 IU (10% DV)Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  58. 58. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com … Foods High In Vitamin A Beta-Carotene x Carrot (1 raw) 20,250 IU (410% DV) x Carrot juice (1/2 c) 12,915 IU (260% DV) x Mango (1 raw) 8,050 IU (160% DV) x Sweet Potatoes (1/2 c) 7,430 IU (150% DV) x Spinach, boiled (1/2 c) 7,370 IU (150% DV) x Cantaloupe (1 c) 5,160 IU (100%DV) x Vegetable Soup (1 c) 3,005 IU (60% DV)Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  59. 59. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Polar Bear LiverOne ounce of polar bear liver containsenough vitamin A (retinol) to kill a person! Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  60. 60. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin A, Beta- Carotene, and Cancer s Surveys suggest that diets rich in vitamin A and beta-carotene can lower the risk for cancer (especially lung cancer) s However, one study was stopped because subjects with increased beta- carotene had a 46% higher risk of dying from lung cancer s Another study showed that smokers were more likely to develop lung cancer if they took beta-carotene supplements s Beta-carotene supplements are not advisable except in rare situationsCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  61. 61. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin ECopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  62. 62. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin EWhat is it? s Fat soluble s Antioxidant x Reduce the energy of the free radical x Stop the free radical from forming in the first place x Interrupt an oxidizing chain reaction to minimize the damage of free radicals Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  63. 63. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin E What does it do?s Protects cell membranes and other fat-soluble parts of the body (LDL cholesterol) from oxidation x May reduce the risk of heart disease x May also discourage development of some types of cancers Promotes normal growth and developments Promotes normal red blood cell formations Acts as anti-blood clotting agents Plays some role in the body’s ability to process glucoses Also been known to aid the process of wound healing Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  64. 64. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin EHeart disease: s Two studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine by Harvard researchers s Of 127,000 health professionals, those who took large doses of Vitamin E had a 40% lower risk of heart disease Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  65. 65. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin EWhat’s the difference? s Alpha Tocopherol s Tocopherol s Tocopheryl (Acetate, Succinate) Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  66. 66. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin EWhat’s the difference? s “d” = natural s “dl” = synthetic Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  67. 67. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin EWhere does it come from? s wheat germ oil s vegetable oils s nuts and seeds s whole grains s egg yolk s leafy green vegetables Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  68. 68. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Specific Food Sources s vegetable oils x Corn, cottonseed, and peanut oil s nuts and seeds x Almonds, hazelnuts, sunflower seeds, walnuts, and margarine s whole grains x whole-wheat flour, wheat germ s Vegetables and fruits x Spinach, lettuce, onions, blackberries, apples, and pearsCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  69. 69. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin E Recommended Daily Allowances (RDA):Children0-12 months 3-4 mg 9-12 IU1-7 years 6-7 mg 15-21 IU11-18 8 mg 24 IUMales18+ 10 mg 30 IUFemales18+ 8 mg 24 IUpregnant 12 mglactating 11 mg Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  70. 70. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin EOther effects: s Taking more than RDA of vitamin E improves the immune system in the elderly x Jean Mayer (USDA Human Nutrition Research Center) & Simin Meydani, D.V.M. , Ph.D. (Nutritional Immunology Laboratory) x The Journal of the American Medical Association Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  71. 71. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin EWho is likely to be deficient? s Severe vitamin E deficiencies are rare s Lack of vitality s Lethargy s Apathy s Inability to concentrate s Muscle weakness Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  72. 72. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin ECan you take too much? s No harmful effects at 50 times RDA (1200 – 1500 IU) s At 2,400 IU per day, may cause bleeding due to its clot-preventing ability s May reduce body’s supply of vitamin A s May alter immune system s Vitamin E toxicity is rare Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  73. 73. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin ENatural foods or supplements? s Natural form more bioavailable s Easier to obtain the amount needed from supplements Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  74. 74. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin EWho should take supplements? s People over the age of 55 s Smokers s People who abuse alcohol s Anyone with inadequate caloric or nutritional dietary intake or increased nutritional requirements Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  75. 75. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin EMiscellaneous: s Freezing may destroy Vitamin E s Extreme heat causes Vitamin E to break down s Avoid deep-fat frying foods that are natural sources of Vitamin E s Reduces potential toxicity of Vitamin A - Excessive doses causes Vitamin A depletion Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  76. 76. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin CCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  77. 77. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin C s Ascorbic acid (Toxic to viruses,bacteria, and some malignant tumor cells) s Antioxidant s water-solubleCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  78. 78. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com What are C’s functions in the body? s Protects you body from free radicals s helps form connective tissue that hold your bones, muscles, and tissues together (collagen) s aids in the healing of wounds s aids the body in absorbing iron from plant sources s helps to keep your gums healthy s helps your body to fight infections s aids in the prevention of heart disease s helps prevent some forms of cancerCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  79. 79. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Harmful effects in larger doses: (over 1000mg/ dose) s Diarrhea s gastrointestinal discomfort s rebound Scurvy s Avoid chewable tablets (may cause damage to teeth)Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  80. 80. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com s Since Vitamin C is water-soluble excess amounts that the body does not need will be excreted, but larger doses can cause some problems. . .Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  81. 81. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Vitamin C daily recommendations s LINK s http://www.women-of- faith.com/health/supplements/vitc.htmCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  82. 82. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Recommended Dietary Intake s Men: 60mg/day s Take divided doses of the vitamin twice s Women: daily to get the best 60mg/day results, and less s Pregnant women: excretion. 95mg/day s Smoking, oral contraceptives, s Children: steroids, excessive 45mg/day alcohol consumption, and analgesics increase the need for this vitaminCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  83. 83. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Sources of Vitamin C s Guava, Broccoli, Cantaloupe, Red Bell Pepper, Orange Juice, Strawberries, Tomato Juice, Raw Tomato, Sweet Potato, Tangerine, Spinach, Leafy Greens, Berries, Citrus Fruits s LINK (list of fruits &veggies that are good sources of C) s www.heartinfo.org/nutrition/vitc428 98.htmCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  84. 84. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Deficiency of C causes: s Weight loss s fatigue and joint pain s scurvy (bruising easily, bleeding gums, and tendency for bones to fracture) s reduced resistance to colds and infections s slow healing of wounds and fractured bonesCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  85. 85. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Fact or Fiction: Vitamin C causes Kidney Stone formations Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Healths Study done on 45,251 men that had no previous cases of kidney stones. Some subjects took up to 30 times the RDA values, and showed no increased risk of kidney stone formation. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  86. 86. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com To learn about more cool facts about Vitamin C, log on to: s LINK s www.cforyourself.comCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  87. 87. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Food or Supplement? s The Mayo Clinic states that “your body needs macronutrients (proteins, carbohydrates, and fat) for energy and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) for many functions. Whole foods are an excellent choice.” They also stated that “an orange provides not only vitamin C but also carotene, calcium, and free sugars for energy. A vitamin C supplement is lacking these.” s The American Heart Association “recommends that healthy individuals obtain adequate nutrient intakes from food eaten in variety and moderation, rather than from supplements.”Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  88. 88. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com Regulation of Vitamin SupplementsCopyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  89. 89. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com The ODS Office of Dietary Supplements Mission: “..to uncover new knowledge that will lead to better health for everyone”Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  90. 90. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comCongressional Mandate for theODS: s To explore the role of dietary supplements to improve health care s To promote scientific study of dietary supplements in maintaining health and preventing chronic disease. s To conduct and coordinate research on dietary supplements at the National Institute of Health. s To collect & compile databases of federally funded research & scientific papers on dietary supplements. s To coordinate funding for research on dietary supplements. s To provide advice to other HHS agencies related to dietary supplements. Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  91. 91. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.com ODS Scientific Goals: s 1: Evaluate the role of dietary supplements in the prevention of disease and reduction of risk factors associated with disease. s 2: Evaluate the role of dietary supplements in physical and mental health and in performance. s 3: Explore the biochemical and cellular effects of dietary supplements on biological systems and their physiological impact across the life cycle s 4: Improve scientific methodology as related to the study of dietary supplements. s 5: Inform and educate scientists, health care providers, and the public about the benefits and risks of dietary supplements.Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd
  92. 92. Email: enquiry@medicyatra.comT h e V it a m inG a me Copyright @ Forever Medic Online Pvt. Ltd

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