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Historia De La Medicina Forense

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Historia De La Medicina Forense

  1. 2. Lina Su Meza
  2. 3. INTRODUCCIÓN <ul><li>La medicina Legal se ha denominado a travéz de la historia como: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jurisprudencia médica </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicina legal judicial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicina Forense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicina Judiciaria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicina Legal y forense </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. DEFICICIÓN <ul><li>Varios autores han definido </li></ul><ul><li>a la medicina legal como: </li></ul><ul><li>El arte de redactar informes con fines de justicia </li></ul><ul><li>“ La disciplina que utiliza la totalidad de las ciencias médicas a las cuestiones que conciernen los derechos y deberes del hombre reunidos en una sociedad” (Bonnet) </li></ul>
  4. 6. DEFICIONES <ul><li>“ Es el arte de periciar los hechos de las ciencias medicas para auxiliar a la legislación y la administración de justicia” (Casper) </li></ul><ul><li>“ El estudio de la aplicación de la ciencia a los fines del derecho” (Matta) </li></ul>
  5. 7. DEFICIONES <ul><li>“ La aplicación de las ciencias médicas al estudio y a la solución de todas las cuestiones que se presentan en la institución de las leyes y acción de justicia” (Legrand du Saulle) </li></ul><ul><li>Es la ciencia que une la medicina y el derecho, que aplica recíprocamente de sus conocimiento específicos” (Maestro Neri Rojas) </li></ul>
  6. 8. DEFICIONES <ul><li>Es la especialidad médica que, encuadrada en las normas jurídicas vigentes y con métodos, técnicas y procedimientos que le son propios, trata de dar respuesta a las cuestiones de origen biológico que se plantean en el campo del Derecho en sus diversas vertientes. </li></ul>
  7. 10. EL ORIENTO <ul><li>El médico chino “Sang Tzu” en 1247 escribió su libro Hsi Yuan Lu donde habla de su técnica del estudio del cadáver, data de la muerte, variedades de lesiones. </li></ul>
  8. 11. MESOPOTAMIA <ul><li>Las leyes de Ur Nammu o tablas de Nuppur (2050 a.C) son los escritos mayor antigüedad. </li></ul><ul><li>El monarca babilónico Hammurabi en el siglo XVIII a.C. Entre su escrito se establece sanciones para los errores que implican responsabilidad médica. </li></ul>
  9. 12. MESOPOTAMIA <ul><li>En el código de Hammurabi constaba </li></ul><ul><li>“ si un médico hace a alguien una grave herida con el cuchillo de bronce de las operaciones y lo mata, se le amputarán las manos” </li></ul>
  10. 13. EGIPTO <ul><li>Los papiros de Kahum, de Luxor y de Tebas describen las tecnicas de conservación de los cadáveres; ejemplo: evisceración. </li></ul>
  11. 14. GRECIA <ul><li>Platon hace referencia a las deformaciones en el cuerpo por efectos del trabajo </li></ul><ul><li>Hipocrates escribe el libreo del médico donde hay precisiones sobre intoxicacción por plomo </li></ul>
  12. 15. GRECIA <ul><li>Claudio Galeno (131-201) menciona la simulación de enfermeddaes y la diferencia entre los pulmones fetales y lo RN vivo (prueba que lleva su nombre) </li></ul>
  13. 16. ROMA <ul><li>La ley Aquilia sobre el ejercicio profesional. </li></ul><ul><li>La ley de las doce tablas para la capacidad civil y la enfermedad mental. </li></ul><ul><li>Ley Cornelia para casos de envenenamiento, aborto criminal y negligencia profesional. </li></ul>
  14. 17. CÓDIGO JUSTINIANO <ul><li>DEL 482 AL 565 </li></ul><ul><li>REGULA LA PRÁCTICA MÉDICA E IMPONÍA SANCIONES POR FALTAS EN EL EJERCICIO PROFESIONAL. </li></ul>
  15. 18. CARLOMAGNO <ul><li>Consigue la forma normalizada de expresión médica antes los requerimientos de la justicia </li></ul>
  16. 19. ESPAÑA <ul><li>El Fuero de la Vieja Castilla (1250) establecía un baremo de indemnización en “sueldos” para las lesiones corporales (la pérdida de un ojo se indemnizaba con 100 sueldos). </li></ul>
  17. 21. RAMAS DE LA MEDICINA LEGAL <ul><li>Deontología médica </li></ul><ul><li>Ética Médica </li></ul><ul><li>Patología Forense </li></ul><ul><li>Criminalística </li></ul><ul><li>Sexología medicolegal </li></ul><ul><li>Tocoginecología medicolegal </li></ul><ul><li>Criminología </li></ul><ul><li>Medicina legal Social </li></ul>
  18. 22. Deontología médica <ul><li>Es el estudio de los deberes u obligaciones y derechos de los médicos. </li></ul><ul><li>Deriva de los vocablos griegos deon y logos que respectivamente son “deber” y “estudio” </li></ul>
  19. 23. Ética Médica <ul><li>Son las normas de conducta que debe observarse el médico respecto de la sociedad y de los colegas </li></ul><ul><li>Contenidos en el código de Ética. </li></ul>
  20. 24. Criminalística <ul><li>Es el estudio de aplicar los métodos y las técnicas destinados a la identificación de personas, cadáveres y restos humanos, huellas, manchas y rastros. </li></ul>
  21. 25. Sexología medicolegal <ul><li>Es el estudio medicolegal de las manifestaciones relacionadas con el sexo </li></ul>
  22. 26. Tocoginecología medicolegal <ul><li>Es el estudio del embarazo, parto, nacimiento, aborto, fecundidad asistida y clonación, enmarcado en las disposiciones legales vigentes. </li></ul>
  23. 27. Criminología <ul><li>Es el estudio del delito y del delincuente, por la temática especifica, está ligada íntimamente a la psiquiatría forense. </li></ul>
  24. 28. Medicina Legal Social <ul><li>El VIH </li></ul><ul><li>La violencia familiar </li></ul><ul><li>La medicina del trabajo </li></ul><ul><li>Medicina Legal del Deporte </li></ul><ul><li>Medicina Legal del Seguro </li></ul>
  25. 30. Trascendencia <ul><li>Los conocimientos atraves del tiempo de la medicina legal tratan de resolver los problemas que afectan al individuo como tal desde que comienza su existencia con la concepción hasta que finaliza con su muerte. </li></ul>

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