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Vitamins, Herbs, and Nutritional
Supplements

By:
Marvin Hall EMT-P, CPT, SPS
Kaplan University
19Jan2014
Objectives
• Define Vitamins, Herbs, and Nutritional
Supplements
• Define Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA)
• Define Di...
Vitamins, Herbs, and Nutritional
Supplements
• What are Vitamins?
– Support metabolism
– Support immunity
– Essential for ...
Vitamins, Herbs and Nutritional
Supplements
• What are Herbs?
– Parts of plants used
for flavor, medicine, or
therapeutic ...
Nutritional Supplements
• What are Nutritional
Supplements?
– Nutrients not
otherwise consumed
in sufficient quantities.
•...
Recommended Dietary Allowances
(RDA) and Dietary Reference Intakes
(DRI)
• What are RDA’s?
– RDA’s are quantities of nutri...
What’s the difference between Vitamins
and Herbs then?
• Vitamins
– Body cannot create
– Body must have to survive
– Can b...
Micronutrients and Macronutrients
• Micronutrients are those nutrients required by
organisms for physiological function
– ...
Vitamin A
• What Is Vitamin A?
– It’s fat-soluble
– Important for normal vision, the immune system, and
reproduction

• Wh...
Vitamin B
• Vitamin B comes in many forms B1, B2, B3, B5, B6,
B7, B9, B12
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–

B1 – Thiamine – supports metabo...
Vitamin C
• An antioxidant that
helps rid the body of
free radicals.
– Formation of collagen
– a protein to help
heal woun...
Vitamin D
• Helps maintain strong
bones
• Is needed to help the body
absorb calcium
• Vitamin D helps protect from
osteopo...
Vitamin E
• A fat-soluble nutrient
found in foods.
• Acts as an antioxidant
to rid the body of free
radicals.
• Boosts imm...
Vitamin K
• Fat-soluble
• Required by the body
to heal wounds and
stop bleeding
• Where is it found?
– Green leafy
vegetab...
Is Protein Supplementation Right For
You?
•
•

•

•

To protein or not to protein…
What are the benefits to using protein ...
Hydration
• Water
– The abundance of life
– The essential nutrient
your body needs
– Can be found
everywhere!

• Necessary...
Summary
• Vitamins are an essential part of life and needed to
sustain body function
• Herbs may look beneficial but consu...
References
• CDC. (2012, October). Protein. Retrieved from
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
http://www.cdc.gov/...
References
• Schlenker, E. D., & Roth, S. L. (2011). Williams'
Essentials of Nutrition and Diet Therapy. St. Louis:
Elsevi...
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Vitamins, herbs, and nutritional supplements presentation

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Vitamins, Herbs, and Supplements

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Vitamins, herbs, and nutritional supplements presentation

  1. 1. Vitamins, Herbs, and Nutritional Supplements By: Marvin Hall EMT-P, CPT, SPS Kaplan University 19Jan2014
  2. 2. Objectives • Define Vitamins, Herbs, and Nutritional Supplements • Define Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) • Define Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) • Differentiate between vitamins and herbs • Differentiate between macronutrients and micronutrients • Describe Vitamins A, B, C, D, E, K • Determine if protein supplementation is right for them • Understand the importance of hydration • Bringing it all together!
  3. 3. Vitamins, Herbs, and Nutritional Supplements • What are Vitamins? – Support metabolism – Support immunity – Essential for normal growth – Cannot be synthesized by the body – Support cardiac function – Support eyesight from retinal
  4. 4. Vitamins, Herbs and Nutritional Supplements • What are Herbs? – Parts of plants used for flavor, medicine, or therapeutic properties. – Includes flowers, barks, fruits, stems, roots, or leaves. – Just because herbs are natural does not mean they are safe.
  5. 5. Nutritional Supplements • What are Nutritional Supplements? – Nutrients not otherwise consumed in sufficient quantities. • Protein • Carbohydrates • Electrolytes – Dietary supplements are not intended to treat, diagnose, mitigate, prevent, or cure disease
  6. 6. Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) and Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) • What are RDA’s? – RDA’s are quantities of nutrients in the diet that are required to maintain good health (Nutrition.gov, 2014) – How do you determine your RDA’s? • What are DRI’s? – A set of values for the dietary intakes of healthy people used for planning and assessing diets (Nutrition.gov, 2014). The Department of Agriculture has built a tool to calculate these: RDA/DRI Calculator for Health Professionals
  7. 7. What’s the difference between Vitamins and Herbs then? • Vitamins – Body cannot create – Body must have to survive – Can be taken by mouth as a tablet, capsule, powder, or liquid – Comes from foods • Herbs – – – – Body cannot create Used as dietary supplementation Can mimic actions of drugs and/or medicines Can be taken by mouth as a tablet, capsule, powder, or liquid – Comes from plants, trees, roots, stems, leaves
  8. 8. Micronutrients and Macronutrients • Micronutrients are those nutrients required by organisms for physiological function – Only requires small amounts – Are not considered vitamins – Are the minerals needed to support function • • • • • • Calcium Chloride Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium • Macronutrients are those nutrients required by organisms for daily function – Required in larger amounts – Are not vitamins or minerals
  9. 9. Vitamin A • What Is Vitamin A? – It’s fat-soluble – Important for normal vision, the immune system, and reproduction • Where is it found? – – – – – – Salmon Green leafy vegetables Dairy products Fortified breakfast cereals Fruits Carrots
  10. 10. Vitamin B • Vitamin B comes in many forms B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B12 – – – – – – – – B1 – Thiamine – supports metabolism B2 – Riboflavin – supports metabolism B3 – Niacin – supports metabolism B5 – Pantothenic Acid – Oxidation of fatty acids and carbohydrates B6 – Pyridoxine – metabolism of amino acids and lipids. Important role in gluconeogenesis B7 – Biotin – metabolism of proteins and lipids B9 – Folic Acid – metabolism of nucleic acids and amino acids B12 – Cobalamin – cellular metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids
  11. 11. Vitamin C • An antioxidant that helps rid the body of free radicals. – Formation of collagen – a protein to help heal wounds – Immune system support • Scurvy – Where is it found? • Citrus fruits • Fortified foods and beverages • Dietary supplement
  12. 12. Vitamin D • Helps maintain strong bones • Is needed to help the body absorb calcium • Vitamin D helps protect from osteoporosis • Fat-soluble • Where is it found? – Fortified dairy – Fatty fish such as salmon and tuna – Beef liver, cheese, and egg yolks – Ultraviolet light – Sun light!
  13. 13. Vitamin E • A fat-soluble nutrient found in foods. • Acts as an antioxidant to rid the body of free radicals. • Boosts immune system • Where is it found? – – – – Vegetable oils Nuts (legumes) Green vegetables Fortified foods
  14. 14. Vitamin K • Fat-soluble • Required by the body to heal wounds and stop bleeding • Where is it found? – Green leafy vegetables – Vitamin supplements
  15. 15. Is Protein Supplementation Right For You? • • • • To protein or not to protein… What are the benefits to using protein powders? – Muscle retention – Muscle gain What types are available? – Soy – Whey – Isolate – Casein – Beef – Egg – Plant How much do you need?
  16. 16. Hydration • Water – The abundance of life – The essential nutrient your body needs – Can be found everywhere! • Necessary for survival • Necessary for cellular metabolism • Hunger may be disguised as thirst!
  17. 17. Summary • Vitamins are an essential part of life and needed to sustain body function • Herbs may look beneficial but consult a Health Professional before use • Nutritional Supplementation is on an as needed basis consult a Health Professional before use • If you’re unsure of what you should be doing consult a Health Professional • Health Professional – – – – – Nutritionist Health and Wellness Coach Personal Trainers Physician – Osteopathic Medicine Nurses with a nutritional background
  18. 18. References • CDC. (2012, October). Protein. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/everyone/basics/pr otein.html • NCCAM. (2014, January). Dietary and Herbal Supplements. Retrieved from National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine : http://nccam.nih.gov/health/supplements?nav= gsa • ODS. (2013, July 13). Dietary Supplementation. Retrieved from Office of Dietary Supplements: http://ods.od.nih.gov/Health_Information/ODS_ Frequently_Asked_Questions.aspx#Need
  19. 19. References • Schlenker, E. D., & Roth, S. L. (2011). Williams' Essentials of Nutrition and Diet Therapy. St. Louis: Elsevier Mosby. • Skidmore-Roth, L. (2010). Mosby's Handbook of Herbs & Natural Supplements. St. Louis: Elsevier. • Thompson, J., & Manore, M. (2009). Nutrition an Applied Approach. San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings. • USDA. (2014, January). Interactive DRI for Health Professionals. Retrieved from Unit

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