Question 4


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Question 4

  1. 1. QUESTION 4 By Rosanna ToddMonday, 25 February 13
  2. 2. “How did you use media technologies in the construction and research, planning and evaluation stages?” For this question I will reflect on the production process that took place whilst making our television documentary, radio trailer and double-page spread. I will talk about the software and hardware that we used in order to complete our products and how useful I found them to be. I will then reflect on how effectively we used the technology that was available to us.Monday, 25 February 13
  3. 3. RESEARCH AND PLANNING 2) 1) When first setting out to produce our Websites on Internet Explorer such products we started by making a list of what as Wikipedia, BBC, the Twitter the topic for our documentary would be. Many homepage and The Guardian also non-technological methods were used during provided us with facts and statistics this process such as making hand-drawn mind- that we included in our maps and lists on paper. Once we had decided documentary. We used google as on the topic of ‘Twitter’ we drew storyboards our main search engine and Internet to help us structure our documentary and so Explorer as our web browser. that we knew what to include. We found this a We found successful and useful way of planning even all these sites very though we did not use any media technologies. useful! 3) Whilst planning for our documentary, an important decision to make was to decide on which channel our documentary would be shown on. To do this we researched in depth into different existing television channels such as channel 4, BBC 1, BBC 3 and 4) We also used online programs such as iPlayer and 4OD to watch and analyse documentaries Channel 5. Factors which influenced our decision were issues from The BBC and Channel 4. YouTube also such as what time it would need to be shown at and which came in handy when wanting to view channel has the largest audience. We also took into consideration documentaries which were no longer running our target audience and what channel they would be likely to on regular channel websites. watch. In the end, our decision was to broadcast our documentary on BBC 3 as it already has existing documentaries shown on it which are similar to our genre of documentary. It also aims its programs at a young target audience which would match with our documentary. To carry out this research we used google to search for the channel websites where we could also view their documentaries and programs.Monday, 25 February 13
  4. 4. RESEARCH AND PLANNING To keep track of our progress and the research we had already done we uploaded our findings and analysis onto ‘’ where our group had our own blog which we updated regularly with our latest plans and ideas. This form of media technology was very useful to us because it meant we could store our ideas all in one place and also be able to see posts from each member of our group at any point. • Slideshare-I used Slideshare to convert my power- points into slides that can be more easily viewed on our blog • Scribd- I used this to change my word documents into files that can be read on a blog by scrolling down. This software allowed • Prezi- I used this as an alternative to powerpoint and me to upload my work onto: slideshare as it is a more interesting and interactive way of creating a presentation. This media technology was very useful to me as it made my research and planning stand out and make it more interactive and readable. I also used these websites in the evaluation stages of my courseworkMonday, 25 February 13
  5. 5. FILMING Camera- To film all of the footage for our documentary we used a Canon HG20 Video Camera which records all of the footage onto an internal 60GB hard drive. It had many useful features such as a flip Tripod out LCD screen, a USB connection, Lens, and zoom control and photo button. We used all these features to our advantage We used a tripod to place the camera on so that we particularly making the use of the “zoom” button and the lens could achieve a steady shot. This was particularly useful which allowed us to manipulate the focus. Certain effects on the when filming vox pops and expert interviews. The tripod camera also allowed us to change the lighting balance to “white” allowed us to be able to do steady pans and zooms which gave it a very natural look. In addition to using the camera without the camera shaking. This gave our documentary for filming, we also used it to take still shots for stills featured in a very professional look. our documentary such as the cyber-bullying poster. Microphone & To access the equipment we had to fill out an Headphones ‘Equipment To record sound for our documentary we used a directional microphone. This Request’ form and was needed for recording the vox pops, expert interviews and scripted get it signed by our narration for our documentary. To be able to hear what we were recording, teacher. we plugged in headphones to the camera so that we could ensure that the sound levels were equal (e.g. voice can be heard over any background noise). When recording around college this was useful, as places like the canteen were very rowdy and lots of background noise was being picked up. The headphones allowed us to hear this straight away and we could then make sure that we prevented from filming any interviews in there. We also went into a quiet empty room to record the narration so that no background noise was picked up and this worked effectively.Monday, 25 February 13
  6. 6. FILMING This shot was a pan of the police room. This is an example of where we used the tripod to be able to achieve a steady pan. Here we hand-held the camera as the tripod was not able to be placed at such a low angle. We had to lie on the floor to be able to achieve this shot but I think that it looks very effective and is different to the other shots in our documentary as it is at such a low tilted angle.Monday, 25 February 13
  7. 7. EDITING 1) To begin the editing process we uploaded the clips from the camera onto the Apple iMac. We did this by simply copying the files over to the media drive and then into our folder. Our folder on the media drive This is the content of our folder, here we stored all of our footage, music, documents and images.Monday, 25 February 13
  8. 8. EDITING 3) We used this software to “log and 2) We then opened up the transfer” the clips so software ‘Final Cut Express’ that we could then which we used to edit the edit them efficiently. Once they were all whole of our documentary. imported, we labelled each clip so that we could identify them easily and quickly. Our documentary was saved under “Video” so that we could access this quickly when starting the lesson’s work.Monday, 25 February 13
  9. 9. EDITING This is our documentary in Final Cut Express Window used for watching documentary Unedited imported footage Playback, rewind and Sequences fast-forward buttons Time Tools used for editing The Timeline Edited visual footage Background music Audio from footage clips (Diegetic) audio (non-diegetic)Monday, 25 February 13
  10. 10. EDITING We did many edits in our documentary and one of these was changing the speed of a clip to make them faster. We did this by going onto “Modify” then down to “Speed...”. This turned out to be a very successful edit and we used it twice in our documentary, firstly showing students feet walking past at a low angled camera and secondly a speeded up car journey. Both of these edits worked to show the passage of time in our documentary. Shots that we speeded upMonday, 25 February 13
  11. 11. EDITING The overall effect of the overlay Other edits that we did included overlays. This meant that the text overlapped the image on screen. This allowed us to make captions for the interviews stating the interviewee’s name and profession. We also had to “render” our footage and audio. This meant that our documentary was fluent and did not freeze when We experimented with video transitions by going onto played back. This “Effects” then “Video Transitions” at the top of the was vital when screen on the toolbar.. This then offered a wide range trying to achieve a of choices. professional look.Monday, 25 February 13
  12. 12. EDITING (The straight line marks the point of a cut) The main transition that we used for our documentary was the cut. This was because all of the other existing TV To do this “cut” edit documentaries that we had watched only used this transition. To make our we used the “razor documentary look as professional as blade” tool to cut possible we decided to only use this the clip in the exact and I think that this was a successful move as it didn’t overcomplicate things precise place that and made our documentary look we wanted. realistic. Once we had finished editing the visual footage we began to look in more detail at the audio levels. We added the narration in first and made sure that it fitted effectively with what was going on on screen. It was crucial that the beginning montage of images and footage had the appropriate narration being stated along with it and once we had fitted it into the right place this was very successful.Monday, 25 February 13
  13. 13. EDITING Adjusting audio levels for our documentary in Final Cut Express. We changed the sound levels by dragging this line. To make it louder we dragged it higher and to make it quieter we dragged it down. Overall we found that on average, the expert interviews were louder than the rest of the footage. This was more than likely due to the lack of background noise interfering with the person speaking Using the software Garage Band we created the music for our documentary . We used a mixture of drum beats and riffs which sounded realistic and professional. Once it was finished we exported the track as an mp3, opened it into Final Cut Express Our background music and dragged it onto our timeline.Monday, 25 February 13
  14. 14. EDITING To make the audio gradually become quieter or louder we used the “pen tool” to help achieve this effect. This came in useful during the interviews as we could make the background music quieter so that the interviewee could be heard over the top. It also made transitions between clips smoother as the sound could come back in or fade out gradually rather than a sudden loud noise. To use this tool we clicked onto the audio line and the point we wanted the volume to change and dragged accordingly to either higher (louder) or lower (quieter). Pen toolMonday, 25 February 13
  15. 15. EDITING We used the software “Photoshop” to create and edit the title page for our documentary. Having already had previous experience of using Photoshop for past media coursework, I found this software easy to use.Monday, 25 February 13
  16. 16. RADIO TRAILER To make our Radio Trailer we used the software Garage Band again like we did for the documentary music. After we had recorded in the individual vocal tracks using a microphone we cut and edited it in Garage Band. We then chose a laid-back style of music for the radio trailer as this is what we found existing radio trailers to have. Using a variety of time stretched drum beats and an upright bass, this gave a decent base for the music and it gave the We then added a series of vibraphone riffs and more mellow radio trailer a pulse, similar to that of BBC’s “Newsbeat” and relaxed instruments to give the track a relaxed feel.Monday, 25 February 13
  17. 17. RADIO TRAILER We used automation and panning to give the track fade ins and outs which gave the track more depth. Time stretching and looping to certain parts was also used to give the track a more modern feel to it. This style resembled some of the elements used in modern hip-hop production which our target audience may enjoy listening to. The track was mastered and produced to give a “vintage” feel but the modern hip-hop influence grabs the audience’s attention and appeals to the age bracket of people our documentary is aimed at.Monday, 25 February 13
  18. 18. RADIO TRAILER After using a selection of pre-installed loops, we found Garage Band a useful way of creating our own original music for our radio trailer. The editing and creation of the radio trailer was overall very simple and easy to do yet it remained realistic and sounded professional.Monday, 25 February 13
  19. 19. DOUBLE-PAGE SPREAD (MAGAZINE ARTICLE) I used the software InDesign to construct the double page spread for my magazine article. I think that as a publishing programme, it was very effective as it allowed me to just import my text in efficiently instead of having to make individual columns. Having used InDesign before for my previous media coursework I had some expertise with the program already, however, I still feel that I have learnt a lot about how to use this software from the process of constructing my media product. Whilst creating the double-page spread we had to remember that it was being produced for the ‘Radio Times’ magazine. This meant that we had to ensure we followed similar codes and conventions to that particular magazine so that our finished article looked realistic and professional.Monday, 25 February 13
  20. 20. DOUBLE-PAGE SPREAD (MAGAZINE ARTICLE) Construction process of double page spread 1) We started by making the masthead and adding a few images in. 2) We added some more images onto the page to see what they would look like and where we could place them.Monday, 25 February 13
  21. 21. DOUBLE-PAGE SPREAD (MAGAZINE ARTICLE) 3) We decided to put four images together to create one main image. All the images relate well to our documentary as they are screenshots taken from it. 4) We then added in the stand-first and pull-quote using the text icon.Monday, 25 February 13
  22. 22. DOUBLE-PAGE SPREAD (MAGAZINE ARTICLE) 5) We then finally imported the text into 3 columns on each page (rule of thirds) to make the article look realistic and professional. We also added in a drop-capital at the very start of the text by selecting the letter and enlarging the font size. 6) This is our finished product.Monday, 25 February 13
  23. 23. BLOGGER.COM This was our group on the blog (group 4)Monday, 25 February 13
  24. 24. BLOGGER.COM Composing a post to be put on blog. This often involved copy and pasting embedded codes such as off documents uploaded to Slideshare, Prezi and Scribd. Posts on blog showing labels which told us what work belonged to each member of our group.Monday, 25 February 13
  25. 25. YOUTUBE, PREZI AND SLIDESHARE These screenshots show us uploading our work onto the sites by using our own registered accounts.Monday, 25 February 13
  26. 26. MORE College computer and computer at home- I Memory stick- I used this form of used this technology to use the internet and to technology to transfer work I had write out my research. It was effective because done at college to my computer at it allowed me to set my work out neatly and to home and back, so I could continue find out more about existing television working on it wherever I was. I documentaries. found this very useful because it meant that I could spend more time on the documentary at college, and Scanner, printer and photocopier- I used the pick up from where I left off. scanner technology to transfer my hand-drawn drafts of the double-page spread, newspaper articles and the storyboard onto the computer. I used the printer and photocopier to print out our questionnaires and make more copies of them to hand out to my target College camera- I used this audience to fill out. This was effective as it allowed equipment to take the images for me to complete my audience research and feedback. the blog and double-page spread. This was effective because it was an industry standard camera so PowerPoint, word and excel- I used these therefore made my images look computer programs to aid me in my research. I also more professional and realistic. It used excel so that I could make graphs and charts of also meant that I did not have to my results (from my questionnaires). These programs bring my own personal camera in were effective because they ensured that my planning from home and risk losing or and research looked professional breaking it.Monday, 25 February 13
  27. 27. CONCLUSION In conclusion I believe that we used media technologies effectively in the construction and research, planning and evaluation stages. I now feel that I have learnt a lot of new skills and techniques from using different softwares and hardwares such as Final Cut Express and using a camera, tripod and microphone. I also think that we took full advantage of the technologies available to us and that these were a success in our work.Monday, 25 February 13