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Jornada ambientalitzacio de les flotes de vehicles - TMB

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Jornada ambientalitzacio de les flotes de vehicles - TMB

  1. 1. Jornada d’Ambientalització de les flotes de vehiclesFlotes de transport públic urbà: TMB Ignasi Armengol. Director general de Bus 1 Barcelona, 14 de juny de 2011
  2. 2. Nous projectes de TMB BackgroundSistema de Tarificació Integrat en la Regió Metropolitana de Barcelona, 10anys de creixement del ferrocarril urbà: <M> i Tramvia, Fort Increment dels requisits mediombientals i de la Responsabilitat Social Optimització de la Xarxa de Bus Projecte RetBus Major eficiència Autobusos 100% accessibles Major legibilitat Més Jerarquia Combustibles més nets i vehicles millorats Muntatge de d’Hibridació Projectes Filtres GNC Pila de H2 Biodièsel Vehicles híbrids VEM 2 2
  3. 3. Nous projectes de TMBLlarga tradició en la participació de projectesinternacionals per a la investigació de combustiblesalternatius al Gas-oil: • GLP - Iveco • Cute: Mercedes/hidrogen • Gas Natural: 1ª estació d’Espanya de compressió per càrrega ràpida 3
  4. 4. Nous projectes de TMBAl llarg de l’any 2008 TMB va fer una decidida apostaper encapçalar la introducció d’híbrids i l’ampliacióde la flota de gas com a mecanismes de: • disminució del 50%, com a mínim, de l’ús del gas-oil en els propers 10 anys. • Com a mesura per reduir en un 90% les emissions de NOx i partícules de la flota de TMB 4
  5. 5. Nous projectes de TMB Millora ambiental de la flota de Bus Adquisició de Adquisició busos Filtres SCRT Retrofit busos híbrids GNC Filtres d’altes Consisteix en Preveiem: 32 nous Fins a 500 prestacions per transformar híbrids dièsel en el vehicles en eleliminar la pràctica vehicles dièsel i 2012 2015 totalitat de GNC en híbrids. Conveni de Nova cotxera partícules sòlides Preveiem: col·laboració per superar els (95%) i reduir 80 vehicles tècnica i 350 de l’any significativament dièsel i 20 GNC, d’investigació amb 2010(60%) els òxids de per a finals de Gas Natural i nitrogen 2012. Castrosua 5 5
  6. 6. Nous projectes de TMB Millora ambiental de la flota de Bus (Filtres) • Filtres d’altes prestacions per eliminar la pràctica totalitat de partícules sòlides (95%) i reduir significativament (60%) els Instal·lació de filtres a vehicles òxids de nitrogen. • Vehicles Euro II, III → vehicles Euro IV, V. • TMB actualment està instal·lant dispositius per reduir Euro II i Euro III emissions a més de 500 autobusos dièsel. • Fabricants: Eminox i Pirelli. 6 6
  7. 7. Nous projectes de TMB Millora ambiental de la flota de Bus (Retrofit) Principals objectius del projecte “Retrofit” i hibridització:Els projectes d’hibridització • Millorar el rendiment de la flota actual. • Reduir el consum de combustible. • Reduir el mapa d’emissions. de TMB • Reduir la contaminació acústica. • Introduir nova tecnologia i promoure I+D+i Partners: Partners de Projecte Partners tecnològics 7 7
  8. 8. Nous projectes de TMB Millora ambiental de la flota de Bus Estructura d’un vehicle millorat (retrofitted): Motor dièselEls projectes d’hibridització Caixa de canvis Caixa de canvis Motor automàtica amb Roda amb transmissió dièsel Eix transmisisó en directriu en angle tractor angle de TMB Estructura d’un vehicle dièsel Motor dièsel Motor Intensificador dièsel Intensificador Eix Generador Roda posterior Generador tractor 2 motors de tracció elèctrica Estructura d’un vehicle híbrid-dièsel 8 8
  9. 9. Nous projectes de TMB Conveni amb Gas Natural • Per a la compra de nous busos • Per a la transformació de l’estació de càrrega ràpida • Per a l’estudi i projectes de millora energètica en les instal·lacions • Per al desenvolupament del primer prototipus retrofit d’hibridització d’un vehicle Gas-Elèctric d’Europa 9
  10. 10. Nous projectes de TMBMoltes gràcies per la seva atenció 10

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