Conference on IMPROVEMENT AND RECOVERY      OF THE ACOUSTIC QUALITY, ACTION PLANS                        20 of September o...
Powers of the Department of Planning and Sustainability1. Controlling noise pollution from transport infrastructure.2. The...
Crowds of people in Catalonia                                                      Supramunicipal agglomerations:         ...
The strategic noise maps in CataloniaObjective: To obtain data on the population exposed to different noiselevels, using G...
Objectives of the action plansa) Tackling global issues that relate to noise pollution in the areas   concerned.b) Determi...
Contents of a Plan of Action - 1 The description of the agglomeration, the major roads, major railwaylines or major airpor...
The action plans in Catalonia        Barcelonès I        Barcelonès II             Establish criteria and methodology of  ...
Structure of the Action Plan document    In each action is performed, a summary table with the following format:[1] Type o...
Thank you for your attention Eduard Puig Solé, epuigs@gencat.cat Service for the Prevention of Pollution Acoustics and Lig...
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Environmental Management of Noise in Catalunya - Eduard Puig [en]

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Environmental Management of Noise in Catalunya - Eduard Puig [en]

  1. 1. Conference on IMPROVEMENT AND RECOVERY OF THE ACOUSTIC QUALITY, ACTION PLANS 20 of September of 2011 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF NOISE IN CATALONIAEduard Puig Solé, epuigs@gencat.catService for the Prevention of Pollution Acoustics and LightDirectorate General of Environmental Quality 1 Noise Management What is sound management? The management of environmental noise can be understood as the set of tools and strategies that aim to avoid, prevent or reduce the noise to which the population is exposed and the preservation and / or improving the acoustic quality of the territory . Tools and Strategies: Capacity acoustics maps Strategic noise maps Studies of acoustic impact Action plans, specific plans Statement of special areas: ZARE, ZEPQA 2
  2. 2. Powers of the Department of Planning and Sustainability1. Controlling noise pollution from transport infrastructure.2. The temporary suspension of the objectives of sound quality in case of public works infrastructure owned by the Government of Catalonia.3. Declaring supra-municipal areas (more than one cities).4. Provide technical support, administrative law and necessary for the preparation of strategic noise maps for local governments and infrastructure owners.5. Coordinate and approve the strategic noise maps of a metropolitan-wide supra.6. Gather the strategic noise maps and to comply with the reporting requirements of Directive 2002/49/EC of 25 June. 3 Powers of the Department of Planning and Sustainability7. Declaring an area of ​special protection for sound (ZEPQA) in areas not included in land development.8. Coordinate and approve action plans regarding noise from the crowded field of supramuncipal agglomerations.9. Report of the action plans relating to noise pollution of the big roads, railways, major airports and ports.10. To support the work of inspection and control of noise pollution, when requested local authorities.11. Managing the system of accreditation and monitoring bodies for the prevention of noise pollution. 4
  3. 3. Crowds of people in Catalonia Supramunicipal agglomerations: 1. Barcelonés I (> 250 000 c) 2. Barcelonès II (> 250 000 c) 3. Baix Llobregat I (> 250,000 c) 4. Baix Llobregat II (> 100,000 c) 5. Gironès (> 100,000 c) 6. Vallès Occidental I (> 100,000 c) 7. Vallès Occidental II (> 100,000 c) Local authorities: 8. Lleida (> 100,000 c) 9. Reus (> 100,000 c) 10. Mataró (> 100,000 c) 5Viewer with information of strategic noise maps http://sima.gencat.cat/Visors/Soroll/Inici.html 6
  4. 4. The strategic noise maps in CataloniaObjective: To obtain data on the population exposed to different noiselevels, using GIS tools, across the population data with maps ofexisting noise situation. Benefit: strategic noise maps with minimal cost. A good compromise between cost and precision of the tool results. Philosophy: the money must be spent on making plans and not on the maps. 7 Those responsible for drawing up strategic noise maps and action plans1. Infrastructure: Holders of the infrastructure, develop and approve.2. Agglomerations: Local authorities. The council develops and approves. Supra Scope: The municipality prepares and the Department of Planning and Sustainability (DTES) approves. Approval of the Action Plan also corresponds to DTES. Establish performance Town 1criteria and presentation ofresults. Coordination betweenmunicipalities. Municipality 2 Quality control. Technical advice. 8
  5. 5. Objectives of the action plansa) Tackling global issues that relate to noise pollution in the areas concerned.b) Determine the priority actions to be performed if it exceeds the emission limit values ​or emission targets or fails to sound quality.c) Protect the quiet areas in agglomerations and open country against the increase in noise pollution. Determine, through action plans, actions to be performed and the timetable for implementation over a period of five years to achieve the objectives set out in the previous section. 9 Problems in the preparation of action plansa) Must establish criteria and priorities for action: on passing levels on population ratios of benefit / cost measures, to define areas that are quiet.b) Although there is a minimum content that must contain a plan of action: Directive 2002/49, Decree 176/2009, Law 37/2003 ,..., noise that content is too generic.c) The action plans should contain specific corrective measures, the financial investment. It is difficult for local authorities to work with medium and long term budgets.d) The decisions of implementation and execution of an action plan, including areas not sound economic, political, social,.... Recommended its internalization.e) Lack of technical and financial resources to carry out the plan. 10
  6. 6. Contents of a Plan of Action - 1 The description of the agglomeration, the major roads, major railwaylines or major airports and other sources considered. The responsible authority. The legal context. The emission limits established under the map of acoustic capacity. The summary of the results of noise mapping tasks. The evaluation of the estimated number of people exposed to noise,identification of problems and situations that must be improved. The relationship of the allegations or observations received inprocessing public information. The measures already implemented to reduce noise and projects inpreparation. 11Contents of an Action Plan - 2 The actions envisaged by the competent authorities for the next five years, including measures to protect the quiet areas. The long-term strategies. The financial information (if available): budgets, cost-effectiveness assessments or cost-benefit. The provisions for evaluating the implementation and results of the action plan. 12
  7. 7. The action plans in Catalonia Barcelonès I Barcelonès II Establish criteria and methodology of Baix Llobregat I format and structure of the shares (Action Plan document). Coordination between municipalities. Technical advice. Written action plan of the agglomeration and supra Barcelona In process of approval for its initial public exhibition 13 Classification of actions TYPES OF SOURCES TYPE OF ACTION Infrastructure REGULATION AND COMPLIANCE • Road WITH LAW • Railway •Air Industry and INCENTIVES activities Works and INVESTMENTS works on public roads Facilities and STRATEGIES urban living AWARENESS Planning and urban designStakeholders responsible for the development and implementation 14
  8. 8. Structure of the Action Plan document In each action is performed, a summary table with the following format:[1] Type of action: There are 5 types of actions as: regulation and compliance, economic incentives and economicinvestment, strategic actions, awareness and consciousness.[2] Priority: High, medium or low[3] agent that promotes action: Who supports this action, for example the technical services of the council.[4] agent who directed the action: For whom or who benefits from this action, for example the group of carriers[5] Description / purpose: A brief description of the action.[6] Monitoring: If any monitoring has been done and what, for example, periodic measurements of noise levels[7] Field of activity: outreach in the town: local or global[8] Resources: economic expenditure if quantifiable[9] Benefit: If the expected benefit can be obtained, with decreased levels, affected population, ... 15 Example Area school Ld levels> 70 dB (A) due to vehicle traffic in the streets in the area. Possible actions to perform: • To reduce traffic passing through, with speed reductions, etc. ... and introducing facilities for the traffic passing choose other alternative routes. STRATEGIES • Reducing traffic in the area school, improving alternatives to private car to the nearby residential areas. STRATEGIES • Raise awareness and inform users of the area school for the existence of alternative transport. AWARENESS • To encourage travel within the school area, with economic sales, using public transportation. INCENTIVES • Installation of exterior walls of the school area, replacing the metal grates and / or changes in the area outside of the school zone. INVESTMENTS • Installing double glazing to protect the inside of the classroom. INVESTMENTS Coordination Other authorities Local Government: involved: 1. Area Planning 1. EMT - ATM 2. Environment Area 2. DTES DMAH 3. Department of Urban Mobility 3. Dep. Education 4. Local police 16
  9. 9. Thank you for your attention Eduard Puig Solé, epuigs@gencat.cat Service for the Prevention of Pollution Acoustics and Light Directorate General of Environmental Quality 17

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