Instructional design final

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Instructional design final

  1. 1. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGNRatheesh KaliyadanDirector,Media Analysis & Research Center,Koyilandy, Kerala, IndiaPh: +91 9946445970marckerala@gmail.comwww.mediamarx.blogspot.com INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  2. 2. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  3. 3. BEHAVIORISMBehavioral researches have been conducted on animals but arerelated to human behavior.Cognitive Psychologists studied human behavior.Learning involves associations established through contiguityand repetition. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  4. 4. BEHAVIORISM…Based on observable changes in behavior which can be measured.Learning results from the classical conditioning of simple reflexes.Learning is the formation of a connection between stimulus and response. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  5. 5. COGNITIVISMCognitive Psychologists studied human behavior.Theory is based on the thought process behind the behavior.Stressed on the role of reinforcement which provides feed backabout the correctness of responses.Learning involves subsuming new material to existing cognitive structure. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  6. 6. CONSTRUCTIVISMLearners construct their own perspective of the world, through individual experiences and schema.Learners construct their own knowledge. Learners are encouraged to search for other related relevant information.Prepare the learner to problem solving ambiguous situations. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  7. 7. CONSTRUCTIVIST VALUES Collaborative learning Personal autonomy Generativity Reflectivity Active engagement Pluralism Personal relevance INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  8. 8. CAN WE USE THESE THEORIES?There is no one single theory which designers keep in mind while designing the instructional strategies and content.Behavioural approach can effectively facilitate mastery of the content. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  9. 9. CAN WE…cognitive strategies are useful in teaching problem solving tactics.constructivist strategies are suited for dealing with ill defined problems INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  10. 10. DESIGNS OF INSTRUCTIONA plan or blue print of concepts.Designs the learningenvironment and a specificclass room interaction.Instructional Design is a process to make your class fruitful and more interactive. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  11. 11. CREATE LEARNING OBJECTS Most powerful tool inthe hands of teachers Exploration of veryshort, single concept. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  12. 12. LEARNING OBJECTS Self learning helps. Directly end product. Final test and previous test should be mentioned in the analysis part. Emotions are equally important in all process. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  13. 13. TAXONOMY OF LEARNING OBJECTSFundamental: One piece of information, photo etc.Combined-closed: Combination of two; may be a picture and text.Combined-open: Leads to open various sources. eg: links INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  14. 14. OUR LEARNING OBJECTSAssets: photo/still visuals, audio, video, animation, text, sound files, graphics.Feedback: should motivate. In the form of a question or the follow up activitiesDuration:10-15 minuets. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  15. 15. DESIGN Entire letter writing. Sequencing chunks-flow charts, maps etc. One or two objectives of Learning Objects. Evaluation strategy. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  16. 16. ADDIE MODELThe ADDIE model is the generic process traditionally used by instructional designers and training developers.The five phasesAnalysisDesignDevelopmentImplementationEvaluationAnalysis > Design > Development > Implementation > Evaluation INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  17. 17. ANALYSIS PHASE In the analysis phase, instructional problem is clarified, the instructional goals and objectives are established and the learning environment and learners existing knowledge and skills are identified. * Who is the audience and their characteristics? * Identify the new behavioral outcome? * What types of learning constraints exist? * What are the delivery options? * What are the online pedagogical considerations? * What is the timeline for project completion? INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  18. 18. DESIGN PHASE The design phase deals with learning objectives, assessment instruments, exercises, content, subject matter analysis, lesson planning and media selection. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  19. 19. DEVELOPMENT PHASEThe development phase is where thedevelopers createand assemble theassets that werecreated in the designphase. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  20. 20. IMPLEMENTATION PHASE During the implementation phase, a procedure for training the facilitators and the learners is developed. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  21. 21. EVALUATION PHASE The evaluation phase consists of two parts: formative and summative.Formative evaluation is present in each stage of the ADDIE process. Summative evaluation consists of tests designed for domain specific criterion- related referenced items and providing opportunities for feedback from the users. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP
  22. 22. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN / RATHEESH KALIYADAN / SCERT ID WORKSHOP

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